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about the nature of those handicaps which might be considerd to be so severe as to fall within the provision of the existing legislation that abortions might in those cases be performed up until birth ; and, specifically, whether dwarfism or acondraplasia might reasonably be considered as grounds for such late abortions.

Mr. Sackville : Decisions as to what constitutes "substantial risk" and "serious handicap" within the ground specified in the Abortion Act 1967, as amended, are matters for the clinical judgment of the doctor concerned taking into account all of the facts and circumstances of each case.

Mrs. Ann Winterton : To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether she has yet received a formal notification of the abortion in a pregnancy of 35 weeks' gestation, performed at St. George's hospital, Tooting over the weekend of 5 and 6 February ; and if she will indicate the name of the doctor performing that abortion and the grounds upon which it was authorised.

Mr. Sackville : Information provided to the chief medical officer on abortion notification forms under regulation 4 of the Abortion Regulations 1991 may not be disclosed because of restrictions set out in regulation 5.

Formula Milk

Mr. Blunkett : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what plans she has to introduce new regulations to regulate the advertising of formula milk for babies.

Mr. Sackville : Draft regulations to implement two European Community directives covering the composition, marketing and export of infant formula and follow-on formula have been the subject of a public consultation exercise carried out by my right hon. Friend the Minister for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. The closing date for receiving comments was 4 March. The regulations will be finalised once we have considered carefully the comments received.

Advertising

Mr. Steen : To ask the Secretary of State for Health, pursuant to her answer of 22 February, Official Report, column 212, what were the actual costs for publications and advertising in 1992-93.

Mr. Sackville : The costs for publications and advertising in 1992- 93 were :

Publications £10.110 million

Advertising £5.053 million

NHS Services

Mr. Blunkett : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how much money has been spent by her Department since April 1992 on formal analysis and review of NHS services in London.

Dr. Mawhinney : The analysis and review of national health service services in London has been undertaken as a normal part of the duties of the Department's officers working within the NHS Management Executive. Additionally, since April 1992, approximately £1.6 million has been spent by the Department on specific studies including the Tomlinson inquiry.


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Grants

Mr. Alfred Morris : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how much was given to (a) the Centre for Living Foundation, (b) the Centre for Accessible Environments, (c) the British Council of Organisations of Disabled People and (d) the Terrence Higgins Trust in grants under section 64 of the Health Services and Public Health Act 1968, at current prices, in each year since financial help under the section was first approved.

Mr. Bowis : The information will be placed in the Library.

Mr. Alfred Morris : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how much was given to the Royal Association for Disability and Rehabilitation in grants under section 64 of the Health Services and Public Health Act 1968, at current prices, in each year since 1979 ; and what grants are planned in each of the next four financial years.

Mr. Bowis : This information will be placed in the Library.

Child Care

Ms Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how much her Department spends on child care ; on what provision the sum is spent ; how many children receive the child care ; and if she will make a statement about child care.

Mr. Sackville : The Department expects to spend £93,000 this financial year on the provision of child care. This includes purchasing 35 nursery places ; holiday playschemes catering for 61 children in total each half term and major school holidays ; a child care co-ordinator seconded from Leeds city council to provide members of staff who relocated with the National Health Service Management Executive with advice on local childcare facilities ; and a subscription to Childcare Solutions, an information service on child care facilities available nationally.

DEFENCE

Pilots

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many pilots there were (a) under training but not on training courses and (b) under training and on training courses in (i) 1985, (ii) 1990 and (iii) 1993 ; and what is planned in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : At 1 April 1985 and 1 April 1990, the overall total numbers of pilots under training were 881 and 633 respectively. A break- down between those on training courses and those not on training courses, could be provided only at disproportionate cost. At 1 April 1993 there were (a) 247 pilots under training but not on training courses and (b) 423 under training and on training courses. The forecasts for 1 April 1995 are 228 and 342 respectively.


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Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many pilots there were in RAF front-line sqadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : It is not our practice to disclose information on this kind as it relates to operational capability.

Royal Air Force

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many aircrew below the rank of group captain there were in the RAF in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what is planned in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : The numbers of RAF aircrew--including trainees--below the rank of group captain for the years requested were as follows :


1 April for |Number                 

each year                           

------------------------------------

1980        |7,783                  

1985        |8,009                  

1990        |7,601                  

1993        |7,233                  

The current forecast for 1 April 1995 is around 6,460.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the total cost of the RAF in 1993 prices in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990, (d) 1992 and (e) 1993 ; and what is projected in the current year, and in 1995 and 1996.

Mr. Hanley : The costs of each of the services are not separately calculated and could be provided only at disproportionate cost.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) how many reconnaissance aircraft there were in RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned in 1995 ; (2) how many close air support aircraft there were in RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned for 1995 ;

(3) how many air defence aircraft there were in RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned in 1995 ;

(4) how many maritime patrol aircraft there were in RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned in 1995 ;

(5) how many strike/attack aircraft there were in RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned for 1995.

Mr. Hanley : The details requested on aircraft in RAF front line squadrons, not including in-use reserves or those on operational conversion units are :


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                |1980     |1985     |1990     |1995     |Role               

                                              |(planned)                    

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nimrod MR1/2    |28       |28       |28       |21       |MP                 

Vulcan SR2      |8        |-        |-        |-        |R                  

Canberra        |22       |3        |3        |3        |R                  

Nimrod R        |3        |3        |3        |3        |R                  

Jaquar          |<1>108   |<1>60    |36       |36       |CAS/R/A            

Vulcan B2       |48       |-        |-        |-        |S/A                

Buccaneer       |60       |24       |24       |-        |S/A/CAS            

Harrier         |52       |48       |48       |39       |CAS/R              

Tornado GR1 a/b |-        |100      |120      |96       |CAS/R/S/A          

Lightning F3/F6 |24       |24       |-        |-        |AD                 

Phantom FG1     |31       |31       |5        |-        |AD                 

Phantom FGR2    |57       |55       |34       |-        |AD                 

Phantom F4J     |-        |12       |10       |-        |AD                 

Tornado F3      |-        |-        |70       |80       |AD                 

Note 1. Includes aircraft designated for the strike role.                   

KEY MP (maritime patrol), R (reconnaissance), CAS (close air support), A (  

attack), S (strike), AD (air defence).                                      

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many new aircraft were delivered to the RAF in (a) 1990, (b) 1991, (c) 1992 and (d) 1993 ; and what is planned in the current year and in 1995.

Mr. Aitken : I refer my hon. Friend to the RAF forward equipment tables in the statement on the defence estimates 1991, 1992 and 1993 for the statistics requested for the financial years 1990-91, 1991-92, 1992-93. The information for the current and next two financial years is as follows :


                |1993-94|1994-95|1995-96        

------------------------------------------------

VC10 tankers<1> |4      |9      |3              

Chinook Mk2<2>  |8      |16     |11             

Tucano          |2      |-      |-              

Harrier T10     |-      |8      |4              

Sea King HAR3   |-      |-      |6              

<1> Conversion of existing aircraft to tanker   

role.                                           

<2> 32 RAF Chinook Mk1s are being updated to a  

new Mk2 standard. In                            

addition three new-build Chinook Mk2s will be   

delivered during 1995-96.                       

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many ground crew there were on RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985 and (c) 1990 ; and what is planned for 1995.

Mr. Hanley : This information is not available in the form requested and could be provided only at disproportionate cost.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many aircrew there were on RAF front-line squadrons in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what is planned in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : It is not our practice to disclose information of this kind as it relates to operational capability.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many officers of air rank there were in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what is planned in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : The numbers of RAF officers of air rank in the years requested were as follows :


Year         |Number       

---------------------------

1 April 1980 |182          

1 April 1985 |174          

1 April 1990 |174          

1 April 1993 |163          


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The current forecast for 1 April 1995 is some 124.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the total strength of the RAF in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what is planned for 1995.

Mr. Hanley : The total strength of the RAF, including trainees, for the years requested was as follows :


Year         |Number       

---------------------------

1 April 1980 |89,641       

1 April 1985 |93,425       

1 April 1990 |89,685       

1 April 1993 |80,909       

The current forecast for 1 April 1995 is around 70,000.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many pilots below the rank of group captain there were in the RAF in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what are the figures projected for 1995.

Mr. Hanley : The number of pilots, including trainees, below the rank of group captain in the RAF for the years requested were as follows :


             |Number       

---------------------------

1 April 1980 |3,146        

1 April 1985 |4,059        

1 April 1990 |3,570        

1 April 1993 |3,429        

The current forecast for 1 April 1995 is around 3,050.

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the total amount spent on RAF pensions at 1993 prices in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what is projected in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : Total expenditure on RAF pensions, at 1993-94 prices, in the financial years in question was :


            | £                     

------------------------------------

1980-81     |300,730,000            

1985-86     |400,797,000            

1990-91     |519,904,000            

Current forecasts for financial years 1993-94 and 1995-6 are :


            | £                     

------------------------------------

1993-94     |638,843,000            

1995-96     |639,409,000            

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many RAF stations there were in (a) 1985, (b) 1990 and (c) 1993 ; and what is planned for 1996.

Mr. Hanley : I will write to my hon. Friend.

Service Personnel (Pensions)

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the total amount spent on pensions for armed service men in 1993 prices in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990 and (d) 1993 ; and what is planned in 1995.

Mr. Hanley : Total expenditure on armed forces pensions, at 1993-94 prices, in the financial years in question was :


               | £                           

---------------------------------------------

1980-81        |<1>959,034,000               

1985-86        |1,273,780,000                

1990-91        |1,629,837,000                

<1> Does not include expenditure on terminal 

grants for Army other                        

ranks, records of which are not available    

for financial year 1980-81.                  

Current forecasts for financial years 1993-94 and 1995-96 are :


              | £                         

------------------------------------------

1993-94       |2,067,587,000              

1995-96       |1,890,198,000              

Defence Expenditure

Mr. Mans : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the total amount spent on defence, in 1993 prices in (a) 1980, (b) 1985, (c) 1990, (d) 1992 and (e) 1993 ; and what is projected in the current year, and in 1995 and 1996.

Mr. Aitken : The information requested is as follows :


        | £           

----------------------

1980-81 |23,784       

1985-86 |27,837       

1990-91 |25,438       

1992-93 |24,387       

1993-94 |23,440       

1994-95 |22,583       

1995-96 |21,037       

1996-97 |20,610       

Notes:                

1. All figures are in 

£ million and are at  

1993-94 constant      

prices.               

2. Figures are        

adjusted for          

technical changes in  

the treatment of      

Armed                 

Forces and civilian   

pensions described in 

the 1992 autumn       

statement,            

Cmnd. 2096, and other 

classification        

changes.              

3. Figures include    

expenditure on the    

Falklands and Gulf    

conflicts and         

redundancies but      

exclude Gulf          

burden-sharing        

contributions from    

other                 

Governments.          

Public Interest Immunity Certificates

Mr. Llew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many public interest immunity certificates he, or his predecessors, have been asked to sign in each year since 1979 ; how many he or his predecessors decided not to sign ; and if he will make a statement on his policies in respect of signing public interest immunity certificates.


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Mr. Hanley : The information requested is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. The policy of my right hon. and learned Friend the Secretary of State for Defence in respect of signing such certificates is to be found in his evidence to the Scott inquiry. It is for the court in any particular case to weigh the public interest asserted in the certificate against the competing public interest in the due administration of justice.

14MU RAF Carlisle

Mr. Martlew : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his answer of 21 February, Official Report, column 66, what contractural conditions govern the disposal price of the 14MU RAF Carlisle site in the event of former owner interest in the site ; and how far this possibility was reflected in the investment appraisal.

Mr. Hanley : Any sale of land at 14MU RAF Carlisle under the former owner offer-back criteria would be at an open market price reflecting the most favourable planning permission achievable for the future potential development of the site. The investment appraisal reflected the estimated open market value of the establishment which assumed that the land would be used for similar purposes as at present.

Search and Rescue Operations

Rev. Martin Smyth : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will list the occasions, within the past three years, when the Royal Navy or RAF have engaged in search and rescue operations within the territorial waters of the Irish Republic ; and what was the cost of such operations.

Mr. Hanley : During the period 1 January 1991 to 31 December 1993, there were 13 occasions on which either RN or RAF aircraft have been engaged in search and rescue operations within the territorial waters of the Irish Republic. The total cost of these operations was approximately £388,500 at full cost.

Maternity Leave (Armed Forces)

Dr. Reid : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what is the maternity leave entitlement for women serving in the armed forces.

Mr. Hanley : Service women are eligible for a maximum of 48 weeks maternity leave, of which 14 weeks may be on full pay depending upon length of service and other conditions.

Redundancies

Mrs. Helen Jackson : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the process whereby the selection recommendations were made regarding officers and soldiers for the redundancy notices that were sent out on 24 February.

Mr. Hanley : The selection process involved impartial boards made up of experienced officers, who carefully considered the age, skills and experience of individuals who fell within the redundancy categories which were promulgated in August 1993. Where possible, volunteers were selected in preference to non-volunteers. In the third phase of Army redundancies, 85 per cent. of those selected were voluntary.


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Mrs. Helen Jackson : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what criteria have been used in selecting the officers for compulsory redundancy.

Mr. Hanley : The primary aim of the Army redundancy programme was to ensure that the Army would retain the proper structure and balance of age, skills and experience necessary for the future. Selections were based on these principles.

Malaysia

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the cost of the extra training on military strategy and other defence items promised as part of the arms deal negotiated with Malaysia between 1985 and 1988 ; who was to provide it ; how many military personnel were involved ; and for what purpose such training was provided.

Mr. Aitken : My Department has provided only technical training under the terms of the 1988 memorandum of understanding signed with Malaysia. This training has taken place both in the United Kingdom and Malaysia, and has included the provision of loan service personnel. Further details, including costs, are confidential between the two Governments.

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what was the difference between the normal commercial rate and the concessionary rate offered by the United Kingdom for the purchase of arms to Malaysia under the 1988 memorandum of understanding ; how much was actually paid to make up this difference, under what heading of expenditure this was paid ; and what assessment he has made of the consistency of such concessionary rate with the Washington convention on export credits and other international agreements.

Mr. Aitken : I would refer the hon. Member to the reply I gave to the hon. Member for Wallsend (Mr. Byers) on 21 February, Official Report , column 69 .

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his answer to the hon. Member for Wallsend (Mr. Byers) of 22 February, Official Report, column 69, who heads the special unit set up inside his


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Department in support of the arms deal to the Malaysians under the 1988 memorandum of understanding ; what are its functions : and to whom it is accountable.

Mr. Aitken : A director heads the Malaysian project office. The MPO exists to provide advice and support to the Malaysian Government in their procurement of defence equipment from United Kingdom suppliers ; the director is accountable through the head of the Defence Export Services Organisation to Ministers.

Mr. Meacher : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence in what way Her Majesty's Government fulfilled their offer to the Malaysians, under the 1988 memorandum of understanding, to assist in fixing easier terms ; if there was any shortfall in the funding by the Malaysian Government ; and what are the precedents for making such provisions.

Mr. Aitken : All defence purchases by Malaysia under the 1988 MOU have been made on a cash basis. As to precedents, at that time Malaysia was eligible under OECD conventions for export credit at consensus rates.

Child Care

Ms Harman : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much his Department spends on child care ; on what provision the sum is spent ; how many children receive the child care ; and if he will make a statement about child care.

Mr. Hanley : No central records are maintained of total departmental expenditure on providing child care facilities, or the number of children catered for. It is departmental policy, however, to increase the provision of child care facilities for staff wherever possible ; budget holders are encouraged to set up new child care facilities for staff where there is sufficient demand.

Falkland Islands

Mr. Boyes : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his answer of 8 February, Official Report, column 240, with which third parties the possibility of their clearing minefields in the Falklands is being explored.

Mr. Heathcoat-Amory : I have been asked to reply. We have not explored with any third parties the possibility of their clearing minefields in the Falkland Islands.


 

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