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Consultants

Mr. Matthew Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what information technology consultants his Department has employed in each of the last five years ; for what purpose ; and at what total cost.

Mr. Norris : Since January 1992, the Department of Transport and its agencies have awarded commissions to 62 information technology consultancy companies. The tasks involved range from strategic analysis to system review and system maintenance. The cost of the commissions in this period is about £10 million. Earlier information is not readily available.


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Canning Town Flyover

Mr. Spearing : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) what assessment he has made as to whether traffic flows by the alternative lower Lea crossing would be adequate to deal with current and future demands on the Canning Town four-lane flyover ;

(2) how the proposed works in respect of the scheme to widen the Canning Town flyover from four lanes to six will reduce existing congestion and delay ;

(3) when he expects the Canning Town flyover with (a) two and (b) three lanes in each direction will produce significant delays to traffic ; and over what periods of the day.


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Mr. Norris : The questions relate to operational matters of the Highways Agency and I have asked the chief executive to write to the hon. Member.

Letter from Lawrie Haynes to Mr. Nigel Spearing, dated 14 April 1994 :

Steven Norris, the Minister for Transport in London has asked me to write to you about the three questions on the proposed improvement of the A13 from Ironbridge to Canning Town which you tabled for answer in the House by the Secretary of State for Transport. You asked when delays could be expected and how the proposed trunk road improvements would reduce existing congestion and delay. With the present four lanes, delays are expected to be significant for westbound traffic in the morning peak period from the year 2000 onwards. With the capacity increased to six lanes, three in each direction, the proposed improved capacity at the Canning Town flyover would match that of the A13 elsewhere and would remove the present constriction on the flow of traffic. Therefore, no significant delays would be expected at this location in the foreseeable future. You also asked whether the capacity of the alternative Lower Lea Crossing would be adequate to deal with the current and future demands on the Canning Town four lane flyover. The purpose of the lower crossing was to accommodate traffic between the development areas of the Royal Docks and the Isle of Dogs. Once these areas are fully developed there would be very little, if any, reserve capacity for use by trunk road traffic as an alternative route.

I believe this is the information you want, but please let me know if there is anything further you require.

Rail Privatisation

Mr. Wilson : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the salaries and principal conditions from 1 April of (a) the chairman of British Rail, (b) the chairman of Railtrack, (c) the Rail Regulator and (d) the Franchising Director.

Mr. Freeman : The salaries and principal conditions are in the table. Salaries are at 1993-94 rates, to be reviewed with effect from 1 April 1994.


Name                               |Salary                            |Time commitment and                                                  

                                   |£                                 |expiry of                                                            

                                                                      |appointment                                                          

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(a) Sir Bob Reid                   |131,663                           |Three days per week-31 March 1995                                    

(b) Robert B. Horton               |121,800                           |Three days per week-31 March 1997                                    

(c) John Swift, QC                 |125,000                           |Full time-30 November 1998                                           

(d) Roger Salmon                   |100,000                           |Four days per week-7 November 1998                                   

Mr. Bayley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether the Government intend to privatise Railtrack within the next three years.

Mr. Freeman : The Government's aim is to transfer all parts of the railway, including Railtrack, to the private sector. Railtrack has been established as a Government-owned company which will adopt the commercial approach expected of successful private sector businesses. This will facilitate its privatisation, although it is too soon to say when that will be.

Mr. Lester : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he will be consulting the British Rail pension trustees and other interested parties on the Government's detailed proposals for railway pensions after privatisation.


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Mr. Freeman : Drafts of the initial pensions orders, the proposed trust deed and rules of the joint railway industry pension scheme, and associated documents were sent to the trustees and other interested parties on 31 March. Comments are requested by 25 April. Copies of these documents have been placed in the Libraries of both Houses.

Railway Employees (Substance Abuse)

Mr. Wilson : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many employees in (a) London Underground and (b) British Rail have been (i) tested for drugs or alcohol, (ii) failed such a test, (iii) been prosecuted following such a test and (iv) been convicted following prosecution under the Transport and Works Act 1992.

Mr. Freeman : During the period 7 December 1992 to 28 February 1994 the British Transport police acting under the Transport and Works Act 1992, carried out the following tests :


                                         |London                                

                                         |Underground |British Rail             

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total number of tests administered       |57          |181                      

Total number of positive tests           |12          |33                       

Total number of tests refused or failed  |8           |7                        

Total number of prosecutions in progress                                        

  or completed                           |16          |30                       

Total number of convictions to                                                  

  28 February 1994<1>                    |1           |15                       

<1> These figures relate to convictions currently registered on the BTP force   

computer system.                                                                

Isle of Wight

Mr. Barry Field : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) what plans he has to provide signing to the Isle of Wight ; (2) if he will provide signing to the Isle of Wight from the M27.

Mr. Key : After careful consideration I have asked the Highways Agency to provide a sign on the eastbound approach to the M27 junction 3 and one on the westbound approach to M27 junction 12. These will sign the Isle of Wight as a major destination and provide travellers with clear directions.

EDUCATION

Books and Equipment

Mr. Byers : To ask the Secretary of State for Education how much was spent by each local education authority outside London on books and equipment in 1992-93 prices in (a) 1979-80 and (b) 1992-93.

Mr. Robin Squire : The information is given in the table.


Total expenditure on books and equipment by Outside  

London LEAs,                                         

in 1992-93 prices                                    

                       |1979-80  |1992-93            

LEA                    |(£000)   |(£000)             

-----------------------------------------------------

Birmingham             |12,813   |17,895             

Coventry               |6,291    |<1>5,116           

Dudley                 |2,094    |3,027              

Sandwell               |4,056    |2,738              

Solihull               |1,899    |3,505              

Walsall                |3,177    |4,730              

Wolverhampton          |5,007    |2,975              

Knowsley               |2,058    |2,832              

Liverpool              |8,623    |4,921              

St. Helens             |1,745    |<1>3,094           

Sefton                 |3,068    |4,316              

Wirral                 |3,706    |5,122              

Bolton                 |3,385    |<1>3,666           

Bury                   |1,958    |<1>2,593           

Manchester             |12,238   |7,904              

Oldham                 |2,511    |3,891              

Rochdale               |2,394    |2,221              

Salford                |2,994    |1,316              

Stockport              |2,928    |5,586              

Tameside               |2,405    |3,120              

Trafford               |2,112    |<1>2,884           

Wigan                  |3,738    |5,723              

Barnsley               |2,476    |4,645              

Doncaster              |4,011    |143                

Rotherham              |2,453    |3,999              

Sheffield              |9,369    |7,397              

Bradford               |5,354    |8,422              

Calderdale             |1,915    |2,886              

Kirklees               |5,678    |9,193              

Leeds                  |9,236    |9,499              

Wakefield              |3,137    |<1>4,428           

Gateshead              |2,359    |2,797              

Newcastle upon Tyne    |5,464    |3,588              

North Tyneside         |1,973    |<1>2,590           

South Tyneside         |2,820    |2,656              

Sunderland             |5,812    |5,422              

Isles of Scilly        |12       |5                  

Avon                   |10,140   |17,988             

Bedfordshire           |7,316    |12,347             

Berkshire              |7,949    |17,118             

Buckinghamshire        |6,236    |11,552             

Cambridgeshire         |7,250    |11,153             

Cheshire               |9,345    |12,276             

Cleveland              |7,111    |<1>10,691          

Cornwall               |4,949    |8,311              

Cumbria                |5,002    |6,574              

Derbyshire             |8,907    |12,914             

Devon                  |10,954   |18,741             

Dorset                 |5,957    |9,024              

Durham                 |5,283    |8,660              

East Susex             |10,103   |10,087             

Essex                  |5,403    |20,296             

Gloucestershire        |5,318    |7,952              

Hampshire              |16,538   |26,957             

Hereford and Worcester |7,163    |10,782             

Hertfordshire          |15,666   |7,030              

Humberside             |10,619   |21,141             

Isle of Wight          |1,629    |2,117              

Kent                   |17,317   |7,088              

Lancashire             |15,343   |<1>25,623          

Leicestershire         |12,910   |25,876             

Lincolnshire           |5,124    |9,693              

Norfolk                |8,474    |8,153              

North Yorkshire        |7,064    |15,476             

Northamptonshire       |6,205    |11,000             

Northumberland         |3,552    |4,113              

Nottinghamshire        |13,315   |15,973             

Oxfordshire            |8,080    |11,602             

Shropshire             |3,848    |1,110              

Somerset               |4,340    |8,400              

Staffordshire          |14,434   |17,330             

Suffolk                |6,115    |20,396             

Surrey                 |7,714    |9,884              

Warwickshire           |4,532    |14,351             

West Sussex            |6,721    |12,693             

Wiltshire              |5,657    |11,709             

<1> Indicates a provisional figure for 1992-93.      


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General National Vocational Qualifications

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what plans he has to divide provision of various levels of general national vocational qualifications between the further and higher education sectors.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : General national vocational qualifications are currently available up to advanced level-- broadly equivalent to GCE advanced level--and are not therefore regarded as higher education. Higher education institutions are, however, free to offer them and to seek funding from the Further Education Funding Council. The National Council for Vocational Qualifications proposes shortly, at the request of the Government to consult on the possibility of introducing GNVQs at levels above advanced level.

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if it is his intention that general national vocational qualifications at all levels shall be available in each travel-to-work area via the further education sector.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : The Government intend that all 16-year-olds should have the option of studying for GNVQs-- at foundation, intermediate or advanced level--in their locality. More than 80,000 students in over 1,400 schools and colleges are already taking GNVQ courses. We intend that the number should continue to increase rapidly, consistent with securing quality and rigour.

Further Education

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will bring forward proposals to allow students aged 16 to 18 years to be able to attend a further education college of their choice without incurring financial penalties from their local authority.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : It is a condition of grant to the Further Education Funding Council that colleges in the further education sector should not charge tuition fees to home and EC full-time students aged 16-18. Assistance with the costs of part-time study, and with other expenses, is a matter for local education authorities, which are free to decide their own discretionary awards policies in the light of local needs and circumstances, their priorities and the resources available to them.

Temporary Employment

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what are the reasons for ceasing to list separately those going into temporary employment in table 16 of his latest departmental report Cm 2510 regarding destinations of full-time and sandwich graduates on first degree courses.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : The information on graduates in temporary or short-term employment, subsumed within table 16 of the departmental report Cm 2510 for reasons of simplicity and brevity, is shown in the table.


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Destination of full-time and sandwich graduates<1> on first degree courses, England                                           

Percentage                                                                                                                    

Academic year                             |1987-88      |1988-89      |1989-90      |1990-91      |1991-92                    

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Employment                                |60           |58           |52           |45           |42                         

Temporary employment<2>                   |4            |5            |6            |6            |7                          

Overseas employment<3>                    |3            |3            |3            |3            |3                          

Further education/training<4>             |19           |19           |20           |22           |23                         

Overseas graduates leaving United Kingdom |5            |5            |5            |7            |7                          

Not available for employment              |4            |5            |6            |5            |5                          

Believed unemployed                       |6            |5            |8            |12           |13                         

                                                                                                                              

Total whose destination was known                                                                                             

  (thousands)                             |85           |85           |90           |96           |104                        

                                                                                                                              

  Not known (thousands)                   |13           |15           |15           |16           |16                         

                                          |----         |----         |----         |----         |----                       

Total (thousands)                         |99           |101          |106          |112          |121                        

<1> Destination in the December following graduation. Excludes Open university students.                                      

<2> Students reporting entering employment which will last for three months or less and due to end during the first three     

months of the calendar year following graduation.                                                                             

<3> Home students.                                                                                                            

<4> Includes teacher training.                                                                                                

<5> Includes not available because of having a fixed offer or acceptance of a place on another course, involved in portfolio  

preparation, taking time out, pregnancy/maternity/paternity, age past retirement, health and death.                           

Sources: DFE survey exam results and first destination Universities' statistical record.                                      

Comparable data for graduates from Great Britain institutions were published in March 1993 in tables 4 to 7 of Statistical Bulletin 7/93, a copy of which has been placed in the Library, and figures for those graduating in academic year 1991-92 consistent with table 16 will be available shortly.

The destination surveys conducted by the "Universities Statistical Record" and the Department are intended to collect the first destination of graduates at or around the end of the calendar year in which they graduate. In many cases those graduates reporting their first destination as short- term employment continue in employment at the end of that period.


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Higher Education

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will list the numbers and percentages of students in higher education undertaking two-year diploma courses and three and four-year first degree courses in each of past 10 years.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : The information requested for the academic years 1988-89 to 1992-93 is shown in the table. I shall write to the hon. Member when the information for the earlier years has been collated.


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Full-time and sandwich higher education students in England enrolled on two year     

diploma and three and four year first degree courses 1988-89 to                      

1992-93                                                                              

(Figures in brackets are percentage of all students)  (000s)                         

                    1988-89     1989-90     1990-91     1991-92     1992-93          

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Two-year diplomas  |20.6 |(12) |21.2 |(11) |25.0 |(11) |30.0 |(12) |36.1 |(12)       

Three-year degrees |82.8 |(48) |93.1 |(48) |104.2|(48) |120.6|(47) |141.9|(48)       

Four-year degrees  |38.6 |(22) |46.1 |(24) |51.6 |(24) |61.7 |(24) |70.2 |(24)       

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what percentage of full-time undergraduates in English higher education institutions are on four-year courses.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : In the academic year 1992-93, 24 per cent. of all full-time undergraduates, including sandwich students, in English higher education institutions were enrolled on four-year courses.


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Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will set out the numbers of students per academic member of staff in higher education in the latest six years for which he has information, stating any assumptions made in providing the information.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : Information for the most recently available five years is given in the table. Comparable data for the sixth year is not immediately available and will take some time to collate. I will write to the hon. Member shortly and place a copy in the Library.


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M

                             |1987-88|1988-89|1989-90|1990-91|1991-92        

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Universities (Great Britain) |10.3   |10.7   |11.3   |11.9   |13.3           

PCFC institutions            |-      |-      |-      |15.3   |17.1           

LEA institutions<1>          |12.0   |11.3   |11.8   |8.2    |9.1            

<1>Includes institutions that transferred to the PCFC in 1989 for all years  

up to and including 1989-90.                                                 

Sources: DFE surveys Further Education Student Record, Form 618G and Annual  

Monitoring Survey, Universities' Statistical Record, PCFC surveys PARISS and 

Staff Record.                                                                

Assumptions made in the calculations include :

(i) one full-time equivalent represents one full-time student or member of staff ;

(ii) part-time students and members of staff have been converted pro-rata to full-time equivalents ;

(iii) university staff with some teaching coimmitment are included, whatever their source of funding and ;

(iv) universities are on a Great Britain basis, other institutions on an England only basis.

Student Grants

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what estimate he has made of the cost of restoring student grants to their 1989 levels in real terms, assuming current student numbers in higher education were maintained ; and what percentage rise this represents.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : My right hon. Friend has made no such estimate. To do so would require, in addition to assuming current student numbers, further assumptions about changes in his current policy on student support.

Discretionary Awards

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what information he has regarding local authorities which have ceased to offer any discretionary awards to students in further education.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : The latest returns by local education authorities to the Department indicate that in 1992-93 the following six authorities made no further education discretionary awards : Haringey, Harrow, Isles of Scilly, Newham, Sunderland, Westminster. Six authorities have yet to make returns on their discretionary awards expenditure. The recently published Gulbenkian report stated that nine LEAs, not named in the report, planned to make no new discretionary awards in 1993-94.

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what information he has regarding local authorities refusing to consider granting discretionary awards to students in further education due to the college's being located outside the local authority area where the student lives.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 15 April 1994] : Local education authorities are free to decide their own discretionary awards policies in the light of local needs and circumstances, their priorities, and the resources available


Column 342

to them. My right hon. Friend has no power to intervene and does not seek information on their policies on a regular basis.

Business and Technician Education Council Courses

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what proportion of staff teaching BTEC courses in (a) secondary schools and (b) further education colleges are known to have industrial experience.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : This information is not collected centrally.

Further and Higher Education Statistics

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what procedures exist for secondary schools catering for 11 to 16-year-olds to be systematically informed of the performance of former pupils in entering further and higher education ; and if he will make a statement on his assessment of the desirability for parents of this information being made available when they are considering the choice of a secondary school.

Mr. Robin Squire [holding answer 12 April 1994] : There are no procedures for secondary schools to be informed of the performance of former pupils in further and higher education. However, all colleges in the further education sector are required to provide local secondary schools with a breakdown of their results.

GCSE Examinations

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what information he has on the proportion of year 11 pupils in secondary schools who are not entered for any GCSE examinations ; and what information he has available to distinguish between (a) small and large schools, (b) urban and rural schools, (c) schools in deprived and affluent areas and (d) schools with low, average and high unit costs.

Mr. Robin Squire [holding answer 12 April 1994] : The proportion of pupils aged 15 in maintained schools excluding special schools in England at the beginning of the 1992-93 academic year who were not entered for any GCSE examination by the summer of 1993 is estimated to be 3.9 per cent. Information by size of 15-year-old age group in school is given in the table. Analyses by population density, by type of area or by unit costs are not readily available.


Column 341


15-year-old pupils in maintained schools 1992-93                                                                   

                    |Number not        |Total number of   |Percentage not    |Number of schools                    

                    |attempting any    |15-year-old pupils|attempting any                                          

                    |GCSE                                 |GCSE                                                    

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Less than 60 pupils |164               |4,386             |3.7               |96                                   

60-89               |1,244             |25,375            |4.9               |330                                  

90-119              |3,303             |75,273            |4.4               |714                                  

120-159             |3,542             |88,396            |4.0               |654                                  

150-179             |3,981             |104,042           |3.8               |633                                  

180-209             |2,640             |73,477            |3.6               |381                                  

210-239             |1,425             |43,677            |3.3               |195                                  

240 and over        |1,867             |52,550            |3.6               |187                                  

                    |---               |---               |---               |---                                  

Total               |18,166            |467,176           |3.9               |3,190                                


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Accredited Engineering Degree

Mr. Rooker : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will list the higher education institutions which will be offering the accredited engineering degree in 1994-95 for which students will qualify for the £500 bursary.

Mr. Boswell [holding answer 12 April 1994] : Most United Kingdom higher education institutions offer accredited engineering degree courses. I will obtain and send to the hon. Member a copy of the latest Engineering Council list of accredited engineering degrees. Every United Kingdom student with AAB at A-level or its equivalent starting one of these degrees in autumn 1994 will be eligible for the bursary.

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD

Cars

Mr. Spellar : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food how many cars were purchased by her Department in each of the last five years ; and how many of those were of British manufacture.

Mr. Jack : The numbers of vehicles, including cars, purchased by my Department are as follows :


Year   |Number       

---------------------

1989   |86           

1990   |81           

1991   |74           

1992   |43           

1993   |65           

The policy is for the Department to buy the models necessary for the purpose intended where this provides the most cost-effective option. All purchases are made through central call-off contracts set up for that purpose.

There are no centrally kept records according to manufacturer.

Bovine Immunodeficiency Virus

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if she will authorise further investigation into the severity of the bovine immuno-deficiency virus in cows at the Blything farm in Kelsall ; and if she will make a statement.

Mr. Soames : Veterinary officials from this Department have already put considerable efforts into detailed investigations at the farm in Kelsall where cattle with serological evidence of exposure to bovine immuno -deficiency-like virus have been identified. We are continuing with these investigations.

Dairy Surpluses

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if she will make it her policy to allow dairy farmers who have exceeded their production quota to donate their surplus milk to third-world aid agencies ; and if she will make a statement.

Mr. Jack : The European Commission has confirmed that under the present EC regulations, using surplus milk


Column 344

for food aid purposes would have to count against producers' quota allocations. I have, however, asked officials to review the matter in consultation with the Commission.

EMPLOYMENT

Computer Systems

Mr. Matthew Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what computer systems his Department has brought in, for what function and at what cost for each of the last five years ; and in each case whether the computer system is still in use.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Information in the form requested could be provided only at disproportionate cost.

Consultants

Mr. Matthew Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what information technology consultants his Department has employed, for what purpose and at what total cost for each of the last five years.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Information in the form requested could be provided only at disproportionate cost.

European Social Fund

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what ESF funding is allocated to support youth training and

training-for-work schemes ; and what percentage of the cost of these schemes, or their forerunners, has been met by the European social fund in each of the past 10 years.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Information in the form requested is not available.

Mr. Tony Lloyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how much money his Department has received from the European social fund in each year since 1990 ; and to what that money has been allocated.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : Figures for money from the European social fund handled by the Department over the years in question are as follows :


          |£ million          

------------------------------

1990      |296.18             

1991      |367.75             

1992      |377.57             

1993      |624.01             

The figures for 1990, 1991 and 1992 relate to final amounts paid to applicant bodies, whereas figures for 1993 relate to amounts originally approved, since final claims for the programmes in question have not yet been submitted. Figures for Community initiatives between 1991 and 1993 are included in the 1993 figures. Over the period, the ESF has supported a wide range of vocational training schemes and employment measures run by a variety of bodies, including voluntary organisations, further and higher education colleges, Government Departments, local authorities, training and enterprise councils and local enterprise companies and industry training organisations.


Column 345

Dame Elaine Kellett-Bowman : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what recent changes there have been in the policy of the European Community Commission towards the provision of money for the United Kingdom under objective 3 of the social fund for training for the unemployed ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : In July last year the regulations governing the EC structural funds, including the European social fund, were revised. As a result, help for the long-term unemployed and young people are combined under objective 3, together with new priorities for others at risk of permanent exclusion from the labour market and promotion of equal opportunities for men and women.

The Government submitted to the European Commission in early November 1993 a plan for objective 3 spending in Great Britain over the period 1994-99 ; a copy of this has been placed in the Library. We await a decision from the Commission on the plan.

Departmental Office Space, Ipswich

Mr. Cann : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how many square feet of office space his Department leases, rents or owns inside the boundary of the borough of Ipswich ; and what was the equivalent area in June 1979.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : The total area of office space leased, rented or owned by the Employment Department group is 32,175 sq ft. The equivalent figure for June 1979 was 29,367 sq ft.

Unemployment Measures

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will consider introducing a spectrum of unemployment measures similar to the U1-U7 classifications adopted by the United States Bureau of Labour Statistics ; and if he will make a statement.

Miss Widdecombe : The information required to compile the U1-U7 measures is available from the labour force survey database which is publicly released each quarter. Any United Kingdom decision to publish such measures in their own right will be taken only in consultation with the relevant international organisations, and following consideration of the recent decision by the United States Bureau of Labour Statistics to suspend publication of all but one of these measures pending their review.

Working Hours

Mr. Alex Carlile : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what were the total number of hours worked in the economy for each of the last five years ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Michael Forsyth : I refer the hon. Member to the answer given to the hon. Member for Great Grimsby (Mr. Mitchell) on 31 March 1994 at column 928.


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Training and Enterprise Councils

Mr. Tony Lloyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what were the objectives of the research commissioned by his Department from KPMG Peat Marwick regarding training and enterprise councils ; what were the conclusions of that report ; and if he will place a copy in the Library.

Miss Widdecombe : KPMG Peat Marwick was commissioned in June 1992 to explore the advantages, disadvantages and practical implications of moving to a higher level of output-related payments to training and enterprise councils for youth training and employment training. The consultants concluded that it was not feasible to move entirely to output-related payments without major changes to the systems when operating.

New funding arrangements for YT and training for work are now being tested in a smaller number of TECs in England.

A copy of the report from KPMG will be placed in the Library.


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