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Written Answers to Questions

Thursday 12 May 1994

DUCHY OF LANCASTER

Citizens Charter

Dr. Wright : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster if he will define the words "aim", "target", "guarantee" and "commitment", as they are used in the citizens charter programme.

Mr. Waldegrave : A key principle of the citizens charter is that public services should publish standards of service--that is a clear statement of the level of service which service users can expect--and an explanation of how the service will respond if standards are not met. Within the charter programme, the words "aim", "target", "guarantee" and "commitment" have their normal meanings.

South Korea (PhDs)

Mr. Gordon Prentice : To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster how many PhDs in technical subjects there are per capita in (a) South Korea and (b) the United Kingdom.

Mr. Waldegrave : The information is not available. However, comparable information is available relating to the number of PhDs awarded in each country per year. The figures for 1990 are :


                               |South Korea   |United Kingdom               

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Engineering and Technology     |440           |750                          

Maths and Computer Science     |75            |290                          

Natural Science                |170           |2,290                        

                               |--            |---                          

Total (of above)               |685           |3,330                        

National Population (millions) |43            |58                           

Sources: Human Resources for Science and Technology: The Asian Region (     

1993), National Science Foundation, United States of America; University    

Statistics (1992-93), Volume 1, Students and Staff, University Statistical  

Record.                                                                     

OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION

Nicaragua

Mr. Parry : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much overseas aid Her Majesty's Government have given to Nicaragua in each of the past five years ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : United Kingdom gross bilateral aid was as follows :


            |£ thousands            

------------------------------------

1988-89     |244                    

1989-90     |20                     

1990-91     |158                    

1991-92     |206                    

1992-93     |1,814                  

Mr. Parry : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what overseas aid Her Majesty's Government are currently providing to Nicaragua ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : British aid to Nicaragua comprises English language teaching experts and scholarships. In this financial year we hope to spend £240,000. Finance is also provided for projects jointly funded with non-governmental organisations.

Indonesia

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many soft loan projects for Indonesia have been approved in the past 10 years ; what was their value in cash terms ; what purposes they were serving ; and which British-based firms have benefited.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Soft loan projects for Indonesia approved in the past 10 years are as follows :


Title                     |Contract Value           |United Kingdom                                     

                                                    |Supplier                                           

                          |£ million                                                                    

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Steel Bridging            |9.930                    |Mabey & Johnson                                    

Navigational Aids         |9.906                    |Pharos Marine                                      

Rehabilitation of         |11.384                   |Quantel Link                                       

Bandung TV Studios                                                                                      

Scattered Diesels         |7.233                    |Rustons                                            

Cigading-Serpong          |31.860                   |Davy BRI                                           

Railway                                                                                                 

Citayam-Cibinong          |22.915                   |Foster-Wheeler                                     

Railway                                                                                                 

Cigading Port             |17.280                   |Tarmac                                             

Refurbishment                                                                                           

Rehabilitation of         |6.330                    |Audix Ltd.                                         

Jakarta Radio Studios                                                                                   

Steel Bridging            |3.832                    |Mabey & Johnson                                    

Radio Communications      |37.234                   |Philips                                            

System for the                                                                                          

Ministry of Forestry                                                                                    

Airport Security          |11.452                   |International Aeradio                              

Systems                                             |Ltd.                                               

Flight Simulator          |4.960                    |Aeronautical Systems                               

(Merpati)                                           |Designers Ltd.                                     

Shortwave Radio           |29.000                   |Marconi                                            

Transmitters for                                                                                        

National Broadcasting                                                                                   

Network                                                                                                 

Jambi Diesel Power        |5.739                    |Mirrless Blackstone                                

Plant                                                                                                   

Western Universities      |14.284                   |Philip Harris Int./Fisons                          

Equipment                                                                                               

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of state for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what are the financial terms of soft loans of the category of that given to Indonesia on 7 April.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : The £80 million loan arrangement signed with the Indonesian Government on 7 April 1994 provided finance at 3.343 per cent. interest, repayable over 25 years with a seven-year grace period.


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TRADE AND INDUSTRY

Scott Inquiry

Mr. Byers : To ask the President of the Board of Trade how many current and former officials and Ministers in his Department have been asked to give written or oral evidence to the Scott inquiry.

Mr. Needham : Eighteen current and former officials and Ministers have been asked to give written evidence. Of these, 10 have also provided oral evidence.

Power Lines

Mr. Deva : To ask the President of the Board of Trade what consideration he has given to the report of the public inquiry into the construction of power lines from Lackenby, Cleveland, to Shipton, north Yorkshire ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Eggar : My right hon. Friend has today given a provisional response to the National Grid Company's applications to install new 400 kv overhead electric lines between Lackenby and Shipton via Picton.

Implementation of the inquiry inspectors' recommendations would enable the National Grid Company to place a new line, mostly above ground, between Lackenby and Shipton. However, the inspectors recommended that consent should not be granted for certain sections where they judged that the environmental impact would be too great. The recommendations of the inquiry inspectors were, in summary, as follows :

(a) Lackenby to Picton

It was recommended that consent should be refused for the 30 km northern-- Portrack--route option, but that it should be granted for the greater part of the 22 km southern route option running south-westwards from Lackenby passing to the east of Middlesbrough. The exceptions are a section of the route south-east of Nunthorpe and a section to the south of Newby.

Installation of the new line would enable 31 km of existing 275 kv overhead line to be dismantled.

(b) Picton to Shipton

Of the three route options, all around 53 km in length and aligned broadly north-south, the inspectors recommended a significant part of the westernmost route passing to the east of Northallerton and Thirsk. However they recommended refusal of that section of the route which would pass through the East Moor site of special scientific interest. From a point some 3 km south of Easingwold, they recommended a switch from the westernmost route to the central route for the remainder of the line to Shipton.

In line with usual practice, my right hon. Friend will not proceed to a decision on whether to grant consent until the company secures the necessary rights to run any new line across land on the recommended route. Consent needs to be obtained from the landowners in question. If consent is not obtained, the company can apply to my right hon. Friend for the necessary right to be granted, but decisions whether or not to grant such rights will not be taken without giving the landowners an opportunity to make representations.

My right hon. Friend has, however, indicated that, in the event that the necessary rights are obtained, then, as he is minded at present, any consents granted by him on the


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applications for the new line would be likely to follow the inspectors' recommendations as to the route the line should take. He is at present minded to refuse the applications for those routes--or parts of routes--which the inspectors considered should be rejected. I am placing in the Library of the House copies of the inspectors' report and the letter to the company conveying my right hon. Friend's provisional decision.

Mr. Deva : To ask the President of the Board of Trade, how many dwellings lie (a) within 200 m of the proposed new route and (b) within 200 m of lines which are likely to be dismantled if permission is given for the new overhead line in Cleveland and north Yorkshire.

Mr. Eggar : In relation to the overhead line route for which my right hon. Friend is minded to grant consent, around 100 dwellings lie within 200 m. I understand that more than 4,400 dwellings lie within 200 m of the existing line in the Middlesbrough area, which would be dismantled if the new line is installed.

Energy Technology Support Unit

Mr. Deva : To ask the President of the Board of Trade when he will publish the appraisal of United Kingdom energy research and development prepared by the energy technology support unit.

Mr. Eggar : My Department's summary of this appraisal is published today by HMSO as energy paper 61, entitled "Energy Technologies for the UK". I have placed a copy in the Library of the House. The Energy Technology Support Unit will shortly be publishing the supporting technical papers as ETSU Report R-83.

US Telecommunications Market

Mr. Spellar : To ask the President of the Board of Trade, pursuant to his answer of 4 May, Official Report, column 513 , what has been the response of the United States authorities to his representations regarding access for British telecommunications companies to the United States market.

Mr. McLoughlin : The United States authorities have, since 1991, revised their rules to require United States carriers to provide leased lines for international simple resale ; adopted the United Kingdom principle of equivalence in judging routes suitable for ISR ; and removed their prima facie treatment of all foreign

telecommunications operators as "dominant".

More recently the United Kingdom has actively supported applications from United Kingdom companies to gain licences in the United States, and to remove discriminatory treatment of foreign applicants for telecommunications licences requiring radio frequencies. These are being considered by the United States authorities.

Malaysia

Mr. Worthington : To ask the President of the Board of Trade if he will give details of the water supply projects in Malaysia won by Thames Water ; and what is his resulting assessment of

British-Malaysian trade relations.

Mr. Needham : Any contracts won by Thames Water in Malaysia have been on commercial terms. The details of such contracts are a matter for the company.


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A large number of British companies are continuing to trade with Malaysia in areas outside the ban on Government contracts imposed on 25 February. We are in close touch with the Malaysian Government and are working hard to restore relations to a sound and flourishing basis as soon as possible.

HOME DEPARTMENT

External Frontiers Convention

Mr. Spearing : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what assessment he has made of whether the current wording of article 10 of the draft European Union convention on controls on persons crossing its extreme frontiers takes sufficient account of the rights of persons opposing the public policies of any of its member states.

Mr. Charles Wardle : The provisions of article 10 of the draft external frontiers convention broadly reflect the principles contained in the United Kingdom immigration rules for refusal of admission in such cases and the equivalent principles operated by other member states. Member states will be giving further consideration to the precise way in which article 10 will be implemented.

Crime Clear-up Rate

Mr. Barnes : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what is the clear-up rate for recorded offences in each police district in the last year for which figures are available.

Mr. Maclean : The information requested is published in table 4 of "Home Office Statistical Bulletin 6/94", a copy of which is available in the Library.

Carl Bridgewater Case

Mr. Corbett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many civil servants within his Department are working (a) full time and (b) part time on considering new evidence submitted on 8 June 1993 in relation of the conviction of four persons for the murder of Carl Bridgewater in 1978.

Mr. Maclean : No official is working full time on this case. In accordance with normal working procedures, one officer is principally responsible for examining the various representations that have been submitted since June 1993. Other officials have also given substantial consideration to the case and will continue to be involved as necessary while the current review is in progress.

Mr. Corbett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department when he now expects to decide whether to refer to the Court of Appeal new evidence submitted on 8 June 1993 in relation to the conviction of four persons for the murder of Carl Bridgewater in 1978.

Mr. Maclean : A number of representations on behalf of those convicted in this case were received between June 1993 and April 1994. We understand that more may follow. We have asked the police to make inquiries into some of the matters raised. When those inquiries have been completed and any further representations have been considered, my right hon. Friend will consider in the light


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of all the information available to him whether it would be right for him to refer any of the convictions to the Court of Appeal or to take any other action.

Mr. Corbett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department which factors he is considering as part of the new evidence submitted to him on 8 June 1993 in relation to the conviction of four persons for the murder of Carl Bridgewater in 1978 before determining whether the case should be referred to the Court of Appeal.

Mr. Maclean : All the matters raised in the latest series of representations will be taken fully into account before any decision is taken on whether to refer any of the convictions to the Court of Appeal.

Weapons

Mr. Blair : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many weapons were voluntarily surrendered to the police in each year since 1979.

Mr. Charles Wardle : No central record is kept of the numbers of weapons surrendered to the police. The available information is that the national firearms amnesty held in 1988 resulted in over 47,000 guns being handed in. Local operations by seven police forces in Great Britain resulted in the surrender of 7,494 bladed weapons in the three years from April 1990 to March 1993.

British National Party

Mr. Winnick : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will call for a report from the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis on why police officers provided the defeated British National party candidate in Tower Hamlets with a police escort at the count when reporters wished to put questions to him ; and how many officers were involved.

Mr. Charles Wardle : I understand from the Commissioner that two officers escorted the British National party candidate, Mr. Derek Beackon, when he left York Hall, Bethnal Green after the announcement of the election result. Supporters and opponents of the British National party had gathered outside the building and the police were concerned that Mr. Beackon's appearance there might result in a breach of the peace.

Court of Appeal

Mr. Corbett : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what have been the changes in the last five years for which figures are available for the number of civil servants within his Department working full time on considering new evidence in relation to convictions for serious criminal offences where he has to make a decision on whether to refer such cases to the Court of Appeal.

Mr. Maclean : I refer the hon. Member to the table :


Staff engaged in     

considering alleged  

wrongful convictions 

and related          

matters              

Year   |Number       

---------------------

1989   |18           

1990   |17           

1991   |17           

1992   |20           

1993   |21           

Elections

Mr. Wareing : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will review the situation in respect of the description of candidates on ballot papers during local, parliamentary and European elections to reduce possible confusion as to the political party affiliations of candidates ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : We have at present no plans to do so.

Life Sentences

Mr. Rooney : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department in how many cases of current life sentence servers the judge's recommended minimum imprisonment has been increased by the Home Secretary by (a) less than five years (b) five to 10 years and (c) more than 10 years.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Information in the form requested could be obtained only at disproportionate cost. For the readily available information I refer the hon. Member to my reply to the hon. Member for Jarrow (Mr. Dixon) on 3March 1994 Official Report, columns 830-31.


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Prisons (Hospital Visits)

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list for each HM prison and remand or detention centre in (a) South Yorkshire, (b) North Yorkshire, (c) West Yorkshire and (d) Humberside how many hospital visits have been allowed to prisoners in each year since 1985 ; and if he will show the hospitals attended.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 5 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from Derek Lewis to Mr. Martin Redmond, dated 12 May 1994 :

The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Question about hospital visits since 1985 by prisoners in South Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and Humberside.

Central statistical information about visits to NHS facilities details only the number of visits or transfers, not the hospital attended. The available information is shown in the attached tables, copies of which have been placed in the Library of the House.


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South Yorkshire                                                                           

                                              HMP Moorland                                

                                              (opened July 1991)                          

               |HMYOI Hatfield|HMP Lindholme |Convicted     |Remand                       

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1985    (i)    |127           |16            |-             |-                            

        (ii)   |8             |3             |-             |-                            

1986    (i)    |122           |425           |-             |-                            

        (ii)   |4             |37            |-             |-                            

1987    (i)    |119           |392           |-             |-                            

        (ii)   |6             |23            |-             |-                            

1988    (i)    |155           |366           |-             |-                            

        (ii)   |6             |30            |-             |-                            

1989    (i)    |197           |187           |-             |-                            

        (ii)   |7             |25            |-             |-                            

1990    (i)    |146           |314           |-             |-                            

        (ii)   |5             |32            |-             |-                            

1991    (i)    |226           |243           |56            |24                           

        (ii)   |9             |20            |12            |8                            

1992    (i)    |182           |337           |51            |53                           

        (ii)   |8             |38            |4             |8                            

(i)Number of occasions on which prisoners attended outpatient facilities.                 

(ii) Number of occasions on which prisoners were transferred to NHS hospitals.            


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North Yorkshire                                                                     

              |HMP Wakefield|HMYOI        |HMP Askham   |HMYOI                      

                            |Weatherby    |Grange       |Northallerton              

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1985    (i)   |69           |165          |417          |78                         

        (ii)  |24           |10           |31           |8                          

1986    (i)   |49           |148          |252          |50                         

        (ii)  |30           |10           |9            |7                          

1987    (i)   |72           |202          |349          |67                         

        (ii)  |27           |10           |51           |9                          

1988    (i)   |84           |138          |309          |80                         

        (ii)  |25           |13           |21           |11                         

1989    (i)   |115          |163          |243          |118                        

        (ii)  |21           |8            |21           |12                         

1990    (i)   |168          |98           |234          |73                         

        (ii)  |35           |8            |23           |17                         

1991    (i)   |125          |56           |359          |96                         

        (ii)  |11           |5            |37           |8                          

1992    (i)   |192          |58           |155          |86                         

        (ii)  |39           |5            |31           |10                         

(i)Number of occasions on which prisoners attended outpatient facilities.           

(ii) Number of occasions on which prisoners were transferred to NHS hospitals.      


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West Yorkshire                                   

              HMP LeHMP and YOI HMP RuHMP Thorp  

                    Hall                         

                                     |Arch       

-------------------------------------------------

1985    (i)  |367  |94         |205  |154        

        (ii) |30   |2          |14   |7          

1986    (i)  |411  |45         |240  |100        

        (ii) |26   |4          |9    |2          

1987    (i)  |220  |101  |13<1>|162  |75         

        (ii) |24   |13   |1    |12   |0          

1988    (i)  |244  |126  |25   |182  |75         

        (ii) |24   |17   |6    |13   |3          

1989    (i)  |201  |123  |39   |230  |54         

        (ii) |26   |17   |3    |6    |2          

1990    (i)  |225  |120  |37   |189  |148        

        (ii) |23   |27   |10   |13   |2          

1991    (i)  |160  |134  |30   |312  |156        

        (ii) |29   |21   |8    |28   |6          

1992    (i)  |216  |125  |13   |314  |134        

        (ii) |24   |27   |2    |21   |10         

<1>  Separate figures available, for prison and  

YOI, from this date.                             

(i)Number of occasions on which prisoners        

attended outpatient facilities.                  

(ii) Number of occasions on which prisoners were 

transferred to NHS hospitals.                    


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Humberside                                                                                      

                |HMP Everthorpe |HMP Full Sutton|HMP Hull       |HMYOI Hull                     

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1985    (i)     |148            |(Opened 1987)  |60             |3                              

        (ii)    |12             |-              |9              |0                              

1986    (i)     |136            |-              |163            |27                             

        (ii)    |12             |-              |18             |4                              

1987    (i)     |107            |8              |164            |60                             

        (ii)    |5              |0              |21             |3                              

1988    (i)      64              61               <1>213                                        

        (ii)     6               10               22                                            

1989    (i)      76              69               277                                           

        (ii)     0               23               31                                            

1990    (i)      52              129              230                                           

        (ii)     12              25               20                                            

1991    (i)      61              145              323                                           

        (ii)     13              14               32                                            

1992    (i)      129             119              208                                           

        (ii)     11              18               24                                            

<1>  Combined figures for Health Care Centre at Hull from this date.                            

(i)Number of occasions on which prisoners attended outpatient facilities.                       

(ii) Number of occasions on which prisoners were transferred to NHS hospitals.                  

SCOTLAND

Conservation

Mr. Nicholls : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how many proposed Ramsar sites there are in Scotland.

Sir Hector Monro : There are at present 48 sites in Scotland proposed for designation under the Ramsar convention. In addition, 18 sites have already been formally designated.

Homelessness

Mr. Raymond S. Robertson : To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland how he intends to address the question of homelessness in Scotland ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lang : I have today placed in the Library of the House copies of a consultation paper entitled "Tackling Homelessness". This follows the publication on 29 March of a research report dealing with the operation of the 1991 code of guidance on homelessness in Scotland. The consultation paper takes into account the results of this


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research and sets out a range of specific questions about the way in which the present framework of legislation on homelessness is interpreted and applied in practice by local authorities. The primary statutory responsibility for dealing with homelessness lies with local housing authorities and there is no intention of changing this arrangement. At present there are essentially two methods of acquiring a tenancy with a local housing authority--either by making a direct application to the landlord concerned, and usually going on the relevant waiting list until a suitable property becomes available, or by being accepted as unintentionally homeless and in priority need by a local housing authority--in which case the authority has a duty to secure long- term accommodation for that household.

There is a considerable overlap between these approaches. It is known from the code of guidance research that in the six local authority areas studied, around 31 per cent. of homlessness applicants were already on a general waiting list. In 1992-93, 24 per cent. of all new housing authority lets in Scotland were to homeless households.

I am concerned to ensure that there are no legislative or other barriers which may prevent local housing authorities arriving at a suitable balance between the needs of different groups of applicants. One of the purposes of this


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consultation is therefore to find out whether such barriers exist in Scotland and, if so, to decide how they can be overcome. Consequently the consultation paper sets out a number of questions for discussion on this and other related issues which need to be addressed by local authorities, Scottish Homes and other housing agencies.

The Government's overall aim is to achieve a fair and effective system for meeting the housing needs of those who rely on rented housing in both the public and private sectors. I intend to review the results of this consultation very carefully before bringing forward any proposals to change or reform the basis for homelessness provision in Scotland. At this stage, I look forward to a helpful and constructive response to the consultation paper which is being circulated to all Scottish hon. Members and to a wide range of housing interests.

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD

Mobile Telephones and Pagers

Mr. Vaz : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food how many (a) portable telephones, (b) pagers and electronic bleepers and (c) car telephones are currently used by her Department ; what are the annual costs of operating this equipment ; and to which personnel it is made available.

Mr. Jack : The Ministry and associated agencies currently have approximately 1,200 mobile telephones of various types. This figure includes carphones, but these are normally issued only to Ministers and to some members of senior management.

The Ministry currently has approximately 500 radio pagers, including tone, numeric and message pagers.

The Ministry has centrally arranged call-off contracts for the provision of mobile telephones and radio pagers but financial and procurement responsibility for such equipment rest with local managers. However, total expenditure for service rental and call charges for 1993-94 was approximately £398,855.

The Ministry and its associated executive agencies have a large number of field officers providing service to food, farming and fishing interests. In order that the service can be fast and efficient, these officers need to be able to make contact and be contacted whatever their situation.

Local management evaluate the business need and financial justification and decide which type of equipment is best suited to meet requirements and to whom it should be issued. Financial, technical and procurement advice is provided centrally.

Nephrops Nets

Mr. Beith : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food why the Seahouses fishing vessels Fidelis and Providence were boarded and instructed on his Department's behalf on 5 May to cease using nephrops nets in which the square mesh panel was fitted forward of the flapper ; whether the notice issued by district inspector W. P. Bridge about the square mesh panel being placed either forward or to the rear of any flapper had been withdrawn on or before 5 May ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Jack : A requirement to incorporate square mesh panels in nephrops nets was introduced in 1991 after full


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consultation with the industry. Experients had shown that these panels, when placed in the net's cod end, any extension piece or immediately in front of any extension piece, allow undersized fish a greater opportunity to escape from nets and grow on to maturity. This is reflected in Statutory Instrument 1991 No. 1380 as amended by Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 1344. The district inspector's notice correctly sets out the essential provisions of these SIs as they relate to North sea nephrops nets. It has not been withdrawn. FVs Fidelis and Providence were routinely inspected at sea by officers from the fisheries protection vessel HMS Quorn on 5 May. The nephrops nets examined did not appear to the inspecting officer to conform with the requirements of the statutory instruments and the skippers concerned were cautioned.

DEFENCE

Service Personnel (Redundancy)

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what procedures have been established for those service personnel who wish to appeal against their selection for compulsory redundancy.

Mr. Hanley : Personnel selected for compulsory redundancy can appeal against the decision through commanding officers, to specially constituted appeal boards. The appeals procedure is explained in the instructions giving details of proposed redundancies and inviting applications for redundancy. If appeals are rejected, personnel can seek redress of complaint in accordance with provisions laid down in the Service Discipline Acts.

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will list the criteria used to select service personnel for compulsory redundancy.

Mr. Hanley : Service personnel have been selected for redundancy in those areas where strengths exceed requirements, taking into account the need to retain a proper balance of age, skills, career structures and levels of experience. Volunteers have been selected wherever possible, but insufficient volunteers in some ranks and specialisations, and the need to maintain career structures, has meant that some compulsory redundancies have been necessary. Over 90 per cent. of those selected for redundancy have been volunteers.

Ex-service Personnel

Dr. David Clark : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his answer to the hon. Member for Delyn (Mr. Hanson) of 24 March, Official Report, column 366, if he will place in the Library data obtained from voluntary post-exit returns relating to employment among ex- service personnel.

Mr. Hanley : Data from the voluntary returns made by the service personnel after discharge is obtained through the Tri-Service Resettlement Organisation's post-exit survey. I am placing a copy of synopsis No. 3 of the most recently published survey in the Library of the House.


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Service Staff Colleges

Mr. Raynsford : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) when he expects to take a decision on the future location of the three service staff colleges ;

(2) further to his answer of 6 May, Official Report, column 674, when he expects to give consideration to the future location of the three service staff colleges.

Mr. Hanley : Formal recommendations arising from tthe Defence costs study as a whole will be put before Ministers shortly. It will take some time to consider all the issues involved, but we expect to be able to announce our broad conclusions before the House rises for the summer recess.

Mr. Raynsford : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what studies have been commissioned by his Department into issues relating to the future location of the three service staff colleges ; and what were their terms of reference.

Mr. Hanley : The defence costs study into training examined a number of issues relating to the future location of the service staff colleges. Its remit was to identify means for achieving maximum efficiency and rationalisation in individual and specialist training in MOD and the services. The study was to range as broadly as necessary and :

consider where common practices can be adopted across the services explore options for rationalising existing structures and arrangements, identifying any penalties/costs and savings identify timescale for implementation


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