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Educational Psychologists

Mr. Steinberg : To ask the Secretary of State for Education what is his estimate of the increase in numbers of educational psychologists needed to fulfil the additional requirements set by the Education Act 1993 and the code of practice on the identification and assessment of special educational needs.

Mr. Forth : Local education authorities should be able to meet the requirements of the 1993 Act and the code of practice within existing resources : the number of educational psychologists has increased by over 30 per cent. in the last 10 years. It is for each LEA to determine staffing levels based on local needs and priorities.

Mr. Steinberg : To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many educational psychologists have (a) entered and (b) left the profession during the past three years for which figures are available.

Mr. Forth : This information is not held centrally.


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Schools Research

Mrs. Gorman : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will list those research projects into (a) local management of schools and (b) grant-maintained


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status which have been supported by public funds, stating, in each case, the cost of support and the names of the applicants and their institutions.

Mr. Robin Squire : The following projects have been supported by the Department for Education :


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Subject                                                  |Researcher                           |DFE grant                                                                  

                                                                                               |£                                                                          

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Financial Delegation to Schools                          |Coopers and Lybrand Associates       |68,277                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                           

Local Management of Schools-Guidance Manual and Training |Chartered Institute of Public Finance                                                                            

Programme                                                |and Accountancy (CIPFA)              |135,000                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                           

LMS: Extension to Special Schools: Feasibility Study     |Touche Ross Management Consultants   |40,000                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                           

Review of LMS Initiative-Formula Funding Study           |CIPFA                                |25,000                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                           

Advice to Schools on Service Contracts: LMS              |Coopers and Lybrand Associates       |54,500                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                           

LMS: Advice for Small Schools                            |Coopers and Lybrand Associates       |55,999                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                           

Effectiveness of Schooling and Educational Resource      |University of Birmingham                                                                                         

Management                                               |(Professor H. Thomas)                |45,927                                                                     

The following projects have been supported by the Economic and Social Research Council :


Subject                                                      |Researcher                            |ESRC Grant                                                                   

                                                                                                    |£                                                                            

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

LMS and Provision for Special Educational Needs              |University of London Institute of                                                                                   

                                                             |Education (Ms J. M. Evans;                                                                                          

                                                             |Ms I. Lunt; Dr. P. E. Young)          |73,537                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                  

Parental and Institutional Choice: Effects of More Open      |Open University (Professor R. Glatter;                                                                              

Enrolment and LMS                                            |Dr. A. Hibbert)                       |35,910                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                  

Industrial Relations and the Local Management of Schools     |Keele University (Dr. R. Seifert;                                                                                   

                                                             |Mr. M. Ironside)                      |43,150                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                  

LMS and School Culture: The Perceptions of Teachers, Heads   |Sheffield University (Mr. D. Shearn;                                                                                

and Chairs of Governors                                      |Dr. R. Laughlin; Mrs. P. Broadbent)   |9,970                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                                  

The Effects of the Education Reform Act's Formula Funding on                                                                                                                      

Resource Setting                                             |Open University (Ms R. Levacic)       |32.400                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                  

Opting for Grant-Maintained Status: A Study of Policy Making |University of West of England                                                                                       

in Education                                                 |(Dr. J. Fitz; Dr. D. Halpin)          |53,071                                                                       

School Budgets

Mrs. Gorman : To ask the Secretary of State for Education if he will list those local education authorities whose local management schemes contain provision for schools to carry forward budget deficits from year to year.

Mr. Robin Squire : All local education authorities are required to include provision in their local management of schools schemes for the recovery of deficits incurred by individual schools at the end of the financial year. This will normally be from the following year's budget share, except where clear practical considerations preclude recovery on this timescale.


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OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION

South Africa

Mr. Cox : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what plans he has to introduce a know-how fund for South Africa.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : On 4 May the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs announced that we expect to provide £100 million of British assistance over the next three years. This includes £60 million of bilateral aid which will provide know-how and support to the Government of National Unity and assistance to initiatives arising from the non-government sector.

Palestine

Mr. Battle : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how much aid (a) was given through Britain's bilateral aid programme to Palestine in each year between 1990 and 1993 and (b) will be given in


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(i) 1993-94, (ii) 1994-95 and (iii) 1996-97 ; and in each year, how much of this aid was or will be spent (1) in the form of direct grants to local Palestinian organisations, and (2) on the provision of consultation services and technical assistance by British organisations.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Our bilateral aid flows to the occupied territories from 1990-91 to 1992-93 were as follows :


Year      |£ million          

------------------------------

1990-91   |1.1                

1991-92   |1.5                

1992-93   |1.5                

Apart from the British Council-managed training programme--£0.2 million in 1990-91, £0.3 million in 1991-92 and £0.4 million in 1992-93--most of the funds were disbursed through British non-government organisations--NGOs--in many cases working with local Palestinian NGO partners.

In addition we have been making an annual contribution of £6 million to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency--UNRWA--which is responsible for Palestinian refugees.

In 1993-94 we spent about £2.9 million which includes a contribution of £1.3 million to the technical assistance trust fund set up by the World bank following the signature of the Israeli/Palestinian declaration of principles.

Over the next three years our assistance to the Palestinians will be primarily through our contributions to EC aid and UNRWA. Our bilateral aid will continue to include assistance through NGOs, as well as direct help to Palestinian institutions. The exact proportions of each type of aid are not determined in advance. We aim to respond flexibly to Palestinian needs.

AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES AND FOOD

Blue Ear Disease

Mr. Colvin : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what action is being taken by Her Majesty's Government to counter blue ear disease in pigs.

Mr. Soames : The Blue Eared Pig Disease Order 1991 was revoked in November 1992, in line with an EC decision which made it clear that official control measures had become inappropriate and unnecessary. The disease was considered by veterinary experts to be of less economic significance than was orginally thought and had become milder in its effects. The United Kingdom pig industry was subsequently provided with advice which included recommended disease control measures and guidance on steps to take to deal with an outbreak. I am arranging for copies of the advice note prepared for farmers to be left in the House of Commons Library.

Milk Marketing Board

Mr. Harvey : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if she will estimate how long she expects the residuary milk marketing board to continue in existence.

Mr. Jack : A residuary milk marketing board will come into existence only if an approved reorganisation scheme is


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implemented. My right hon. Friends, the Secretary of State for Wales and the Minister, have yet to reach a decision on whether to grant the milk marketing board's application for approval. If a residuary MMB were to take over it might need to remain in existence for six years or more, given the legal possibility which exists for product liability claims to be brought in that period.

Mr. Harvey : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if she will bring forward proposals providing for milk producers to have majority representation on (a) the residuary milk marketing board, (b) the milk development council and (c) Genus.

Mr. Jack : The milk marketing board has proposed in its reorganisation scheme that the board of a residuary MMB should have majority producer representation. I cannot comment on individual aspects of the MMB's proposals in advance of a formal decision on whether to grant the board's application for approval but we have said that we believe producers should be strongly represented on any residuary board. If the MMB's proposals were implemented Genus would become Genus Ltd, an independent company. The constitution proposed by the MMB does not make special provision for producer representation on the board.

No decision has been taken to establish a milk development council. We are awaiting the result of the recent poll of producers.

Mr. Harvey : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if she will make it her policy to promote a free market in milk supply rather than establish an arbitration mechanism.

Mr. Jack : My right hon. Friends the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretary of State for Wales are considering, in accordance with the provisions of the Agriculture Act 1993, whether to grant the milk marketing board's application for approval of its reorganisation scheme. The question whether or not approval should be granted does not pose itself in the terms suggested.

Milk Marque

Mr. Harvey : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food when she will bring forward proposals to enable the operations of Milk Marque to begin officially.

Mr. Jack : It is not for my right hon. Friend the Minister to bring forward proposals but rather to consider, together with the Secretary of State for Wales, whether to grant the milk marketing board's application for approval of its reorganisation scheme. They will announce a decision as soon as they are in a position to do so.

Fishing Nets

Mr. Beith : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, pursuant to her answer of 12 May, Official Report , columns 201-2 , what instructions have been given to inspection officers as to the conditions which must be satisfied for a net to be acceptable in which the square mesh panel is fitted forward of the flapper.

Mr. Jack : The statutory instruments to which I referred in my reply of 12 May at column 201-02 and to which my hon. Friend the Palriamentary Under-Secretary of State at


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the Scottish Office referred in his reply of 17 May at column 410 set out the requirements for the use of square mesh panels. Inspecting officers are instructed to enforce these SIs as part of their fisheries enforcement work.

Article 4(i)(c) of Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 1344 requires square mesh panels to be sited in the codend, or in any extension piece or immediately in front of any extension piece or, in the absence of any extension piece, immediately in front of the codend. Article 4(i)(f) additionally requires that the panels be placed forward of any flapper or with the front end of the panel to the rear of any flapper by at least three flapper lengths.

In the light of the questions raised by the hon. Member the legislation and related instructions are currently being examined by Fisheries Departments to see whether there is any need for clarification in order to ensure that the objective of the legislation, to facilitate the escape of undersized immature fish, is achieved.

Mr. Morley : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what actions the Government are taking in response to breaches by the French Government of EU rules on drift-net lengths ; and if she will make a statement.

Mr. Jack : It is for the Commission to ensure that member states comply with European Union law and to institute infraction proceedings as necessary.

Straw Disposal Survey

Mr. Chris Smith : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what plans she has to undertake a survey of straw disposal and utilisation following the 1994 harvest ; and what are her plans in respect of the future publication of the results of the straw disposal survey.


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Mr. Jack : A survey of straw disposal is planned for the autumn of 1994 and results will be published as normal through a statistics notice. In common with all Government statistical inquiries the content and frequency of this survey is subject to regular review.

Earnings

Dr. Strang : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what were the average earnings of regular full time hired workers on holdings in the special development areas, development areas and less- favoured areas for each year since 1979.

Mrs. Gillian Shephard : I regret that the information requested is not available.

Hill Farmers

Dr. Strang : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food how many less-favoured area hill farmers there were on land designated (a) a special development area and (b) development area, for each year since 1979 for England as a whole and for each county.

Mrs. Gillian Shephard : The table shows estimates of the number of LFA farms classified as SDA or DA are obtained from the annual June agricultural census. This information is available on a consistent basis only for the years 1987-1993.


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Number of LFA holdings (wholly or mainly in the LFA) designated as wholly or mainly SDA or DA  

by County                                                                                      

County                         |1987   |1988   |1989   |1990   |1991   |1992   |1993           

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cheshire               |SDA    |181    |179    |181    |179    |178    |176    |174            

                       |DA     |39     |39     |39     |39     |40     |41     |42             

Cleveland              |SDA    |121    |120    |115    |108    |107    |106    |103            

                       |DA     |18     |18     |19     |19     |20     |20     |20             

Cornwall               |SDA    |168    |169    |163    |147    |147    |142    |140            

                       |DA     |1,342  |1,355  |1,352  |1,222  |1,205  |1,190  |1,172          

Cumbria                |SDA    |1,873  |1,975  |1,988  |1,938  |1,949  |1,952  |1,972          

                       |DA     |611    |618    |610    |602    |605    |601    |610            

Derbyshire             |SDA    |1,128  |1,131  |1,126  |1,085  |1,094  |1,104  |1,103          

                       |DA     |314    |318    |319    |318    |327    |330    |332            

Devon                  |SDA    |1,279  |1,272  |1,262  |1,237  |1,226  |1,231  |1,234          

                       |DA     |1,351  |1,347  |1,364  |1,327  |1,347  |1,351  |1,359          

Durham                 |SDA    |1,053  |1,052  |1,061  |1,004  |982    |980    |977            

                       |DA     |187    |185    |182    |185    |190    |186    |191            

Hereford and Worcester |SDA    |223    |210    |208    |207    |210    |207    |206            

                       |DA     |132    |131    |137    |137    |138    |146    |153            

Isles of Scilly        |SDA    |65     |68     |68     |62     |55     |50     |58             

                       |DA     |0      |0      |0      |0      |0      |0      |0              

Lancashire             |SDA    |1,001  |997    |996    |936    |927    |923    |911            

                       |DA     |766    |769    |778    |822    |827    |865    |860            

Northumberland         |SDA    |1,360  |1,374  |1,361  |1,332  |1,330  |1,329  |1,316          

                       |DA     |189    |185    |185    |181    |187    |185    |183            

Shropshire             |SDA    |433    |420    |414    |411    |414    |440    |449            

                       |DA     |325    |325    |320    |292    |295    |294    |301            

Somerset               |SDA    |369    |381    |395    |376    |365    |357    |355            

                       |DA     |50     |48     |48     |46     |45     |47     |46             

Staffordshire          |SDA    |323    |325    |323    |319    |320    |321    |326            

                       |DA     |717    |720    |713    |664    |657    |664    |670            

Greater Manchester     |SDA    |128    |134    |138    |144    |155    |162    |162            

                       |DA     |101    |102    |106    |148    |157    |170    |172            

South Yorkshire        |SDA    |82     |83     |95     |94     |94     |91     |92             

                       |DA     |140    |150    |169    |165    |169    |170    |170            

North Yorkshire        |SDA    |1,528  |1,515  |1,514  |1,495  |1,495  |1,508  |1,519          

                       |DA     |745    |741    |749    |747    |767    |769    |767            

West Yorkshire         |SDA    |1,173  |1,144  |1,176  |1,095  |1,109  |1,094  |1,095          

                       |DA     |205    |237    |256    |250    |260    |258    |255            

                       |-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------|-------        

England                |SDA    |12,488 |12,549 |12,584 |12,169 |12,157 |12,173 |12,192         

                       |DA     |7,232  |7,288  |7,346  |7,164  |7,236  |7,287  |7,303          

Footnotes:                                                                                     

Source: June Agricultural Census of main holdings. The last minor holdings survey was carried  

out in 1989, as a result of which a number of holdings were removed from the register of main  

holdings in 1990.                                                                              

Very small areas of land have been amalgamated with the LFA areas in adjacent counties in      

order to avoid disclosure                                                                      

SDA are holdings with at least half their land in the LFA and at least half of this is the SDA 

DA are holdings with at least half their land in the LFA and more than half of this in the DA  

Dr. Strang : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food how many less-favoured area hill farmers there were for each year since 1979 for England and each county (a) over eight European size units and (b) below eight ESUs.


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Mrs. Gillian Shephard : Estimates of the number of farms wholly or mainly in the LFA, classified by the two ESU size groups, are contained in the table. This information is available on a consistent basis only for the years 1987-1993.


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Number of LFA holdings (wholly or mainly in the LFA) by county and ESU size groups                                        

County                 |ESU       |1987      |1988      |1989      |1990      |1991      |1992      |1993                 

                       |size group                                                                                        

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cheshire               |<8 ESU    |105       |103       |107       |104       |110       |103       |107                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |115       |115       |113       |114       |108       |114       |109                  

Cleveland              |<8 ESU    |37        |40        |42        |34        |40        |37        |37                   

                       |>=8 ESU   |102       |98        |92        |93        |87        |89        |86                   

Cornwall               |<8 ESU    |792       |825       |828       |710       |713       |704       |680                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |718       |699       |687       |659       |639       |628       |632                  

Cumbria                |<8 ESU    |602       |677       |690       |643       |645       |678       |712                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |1,882     |1,916     |1,908     |1,897     |1,909     |1,875     |1,870                

Derbyshire             |<8 ESU    |627       |650       |646       |614       |644       |663       |661                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |815       |799       |799       |789       |777       |771       |774                  

Devon                  |<8 ESU    |1,160     |1,148     |1,162     |1,115     |1,158     |1,158     |1,209                

                       |>=8 ESU   |1,470     |1,471     |1,464     |1,449     |1,415     |1,424     |1,384                

Durham                 |<8 ESU    |461       |459       |462       |419       |431       |429       |441                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |779       |778       |781       |770       |741       |737       |727                  

Hereford and Worcester |<8 ESU    |123       |124       |125       |127       |134       |130       |130                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |232       |217       |220       |217       |214       |223       |229                  

Isles of Scilly        |<8 ESU    |28        |32        |31        |26        |19        |19        |20                   

                       |>=8 ESU   |37        |36        |37        |36        |36        |31        |38                   

Lancashire             |<8 ESU    |702       |707       |731       |721       |720       |737       |721                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |1,065     |1,059     |1,043     |1,037     |1,034     |1,051     |1,050                

Northumberland         |<8 ESU    |384       |404       |403       |363       |374       |364       |363                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |1,165     |1,155     |1,143     |1,150     |1,143     |1,150     |1,136                

Shropshire             |<8 ESU    |288       |291       |274       |262       |266       |285       |293                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |470       |454       |460       |441       |443       |449       |457                  

Somerset               |<8 ESU    |177       |187       |204       |190       |192       |184       |181                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |242       |242       |239       |232       |218       |220       |220                  

Staffordshire          |<8 ESU    |471       |495       |502       |448       |441       |451       |463                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |569       |550       |534       |535       |536       |534       |533                  

Greater Manchester     |<8 ESU    |110       |117       |121       |150       |165       |174       |181                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |119       |119       |123       |142       |147       |158       |153                  

South Yorkshire        |<8 ESU    |79        |81        |98        |96        |102       |100       |104                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |143       |152       |166       |163       |161       |161       |158                  

North Yorkshire        |<8 ESU    |563       |574       |596       |578       |604       |641       |663                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |1,710     |1,682     |1,667     |1,664     |1,658     |1,636     |1,623                

West Yorkshire         |<8 ESU    |887       |880       |925       |837       |856       |839       |843                  

                       |>=8 ESU   |491       |501       |507       |508       |513       |513       |507                  

                                                                                                                          

England                |<8 ESU    |7,596     |7,794     |7,947     |7,437     |7,614     |7,696     |7,809                

                       |>=8 ESU   |12,124    |12,043    |11,983    |11,896    |11,779    |11,764    |11,686               

Footnotes:                                                                                                                

Source: June Agricultural Census of main holdings. The last minor holdings survey was carried out in 1989, as a result of 

which a number of holdings were removed from the register of main holdings in 1990.                                       

Very small areas of land have been amalgamated with the LFA areas in adjacent counties in order to avoid disclosure.      

Dr. Strang : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food how many less-favoured area hill farmers of (a) less than eight European size units and (b) over eight ESUs operate as a proportion of all LFA hill farmers and all farmers in the English LFA and in each county.


Column 146

Mrs. Gillian Shephard : The table shows, for each county in England, the number of holdings wholly or mainly in the LFA which are less than eight ESU and more than or equal to eight ESU as a proportion of all holdings that are wholly or mainly in the LFA. In addition it shows the number of holdings wholly or mainly in the LFA as a proportion of all holdings with land in the LFA.


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June 1993               Proportion of the                 Number of holdings               

                        number of holdings                (wholly or mainly                

                        (wholly                                                            

                        or mainly in the                  in the LFA) as a                 

                        LFA)                              proportion of all                

                       |less than 8 ESUs|8 ESUs or more                                    

                       |Percentage      |Percentage      |Percentage                       

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cheshire               |49.5            |50.5            |89.6                             

Cleveland              |30.1            |69.9            |93.2                             

Cornwall               |51.8            |48.2            |87.2                             

Cumbria                |27.6            |72.4            |80.6                             

Derbyshire             |46.1            |53.9            |96.3                             

Devon                  |46.6            |53.4            |95.5                             

Durham                 |37.8            |62.2            |97.7                             

Hereford and Worcester |36.2            |63.8            |79.8                             

Isles of Scilly        |34.5            |65.5            |100.0                            

Lancashire             |40.7            |59.3            |92.9                             

Northumberland         |24.2            |75.8            |91.6                             

Shropshire             |39.1            |60.9            |83.4                             

Somerset               |45.1            |54.9            |93.0                             

Staffordshire          |46.5            |53.5            |95.6                             

Greater Manchester     |54.2            |45.8            |93.8                             

South Yorkshire        |39.7            |60.3            |96.0                             

North Yorkshire        |29.0            |71.0            |90.6                             

West Yorkshire         |62.4            |37.6            |94.5                             

                       |--              |--              |--                               

England                |40.1            |59.59           |90.8                             

Notes:                                                                                     

The proportions are based on counts of holdings.                                           

Source: 1993 June Agricultural Census of main holdings.                                    

Dr. Strang : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what is the average occupancy rate of a hill farm in England.

Mrs. Gillian Shephard : I regret that the information requested is not available.

Upper Limb Disorders

Dr. Marek : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what is the present number of civil servants taking legal action against her Department as a result of work-related upper limb disorders.


Column 148

Mr. Jack : There is currently one case of legal action being undertaken against this Ministry in relation to an alleged work-related upper limb disorder.

Animal Transportation

Mrs. Roche : To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food if she will make a statement about the transport of live animals.

Mr. Soames [holding answer 23 May 1994] : I refer to the reply which I gave to the hon. Members for Worsley (Mr. Lewis) and for Sunderland, South (Mr. Mullin) on 24 March 1994 at column 370.


 

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