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Column 495


                                                                     Notified                                          
                                                                     reductions in                                     
                                                                     numbers of                                        
Grant recipient                   |Grant cost £    |Allocation £    |April 1994      |September 1994                   
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Avon                              |818,931         |615,251         |-               |-                                
Barking and Dagenham              |323,379         |230,860         |-               |-                                
Barnet                            |863,312         |748,243         |-               |-                                
Bedfordshire                      |3,151,026       |2,361,022       |-               |-                                
Berkshire                         |1,423,166       |1,053,875       |<2>14.00        |-                                
Bexley                            |161,586         |100,138         |-               |-                                
Birmingham                        |5,483,109       |4,046,501       |-               |-                                
Blackburn                         |68,107          |49,539          |-               |-                                
Bolton                            |1,171,230       |880,595         |<2>1.00         |-                                
Bradford                          |5,611,597       |4,204,150       |-               |-                                
Brent                             |2,402,307       |1,742,385       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Buckinghamshire                   |1,490,140       |1,180,697       |-               |-                                
Burnley                           |25,772          |18,774          |-               |-                                
Bury                              |486,477         |354,547         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Calderdale                        |1,165,370       |853,361         |-               |9.00                             
Cambridgeshire                    |1,335,768       |976,563         |-               |-                                
Camden                            |1,563,056       |1,111,346       |-               |-                                
Cardiff                           |10,727          |7,888           |-               |-                                
Cheshire                          |99,664          |73,862          |-               |-                                
Cleveland                         |653,286         |479,638         |-               |-                                
Coventry                          |2,785,023       |2,108,375       |-               |<2>76.76                         
Croydon                           |1,327,959       |949,775         |-               |-                                
Derbyshire                        |1,432,669       |1,046,415       |-               |22.50                            
Devon                             |15,816          |11,949          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Doncaster                         |137,275         |100,338         |-               |-                                
Dudley                            |1,121,136       |877,198         |-               |-                                
Durham                            |171,737         |119,090         |-               |-                                
Ealing                            |3,418,619       |2,632,879       |-               |<1>-                             
East Sussex                       |179,216         |139,412         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Enfield                           |1,432,895       |1,058,164       |-               |-                                
Essex                             |34,685          |25,755          |-               |-                                
Gateshead                         |32,918          |22,732          |-               |-                                
Gloucester                        |40,868          |28,983          |-               |-                                
Gloucestershire                   |362,423         |265,008         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Greenwich                         |1,770,981       |1,329,673       |13.70           |-                                
Gwent                             |268,583         |192,662         |-               |-                                
Hackney                           |3,957,860       |3,147,620       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Hammersmith and Fulham            |962,912         |713,289         |3.60            |-                                
Hampshire                         |748,448         |558,367         |-               |-                                
Haringey                          |3,165,094       |2,604,874       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Harrow                            |752,412         |556,992         |-               |-                                
Havering                          |50,636          |39,169          |-               |-                                
Hereford and Worcester            |238,339         |175,235         |-               |-                                
Hertfordshire                     |1,975,256       |1,503,058       |-               |<1>-                             
Hillingdon                        |413,068         |317,055         |-               |-                                
Hounslow                          |1,905,257       |1,401,864       |-               |-                                
Humberside                        |390,983         |275,983         |-               |-                                
Hyndburn                          |23,426          |17,860          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Islington                         |2,120,080       |1,434,673       |<2>6.50         |-                                
Kensington and Chelsea            |1,152,828       |899,845         |14.00           |-                                
Kent                              |1,386,302       |1,095,957       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Kingston                          |152,223         |106,742         |-               |-                                
Kirklees                          |3,222,136       |2,402,511       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Lambeth                           |1,477,280       |1,109,603       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Lancashire                        |5,843,285       |4,629,966       |-               |<1>128.31                        
Leeds                             |2,153,838       |1,725,338       |-               |-                                
Leicester                         |165,214         |115,597         |-               |-                                
Leicestershire                    |4,290,729       |3,228,512       |-               |<1>-                             
Lewisham                          |2,155,486       |1,637,467       |-               |-                                
Lincolnshire                      |69,958          |61,319          |-               |-                                
Liverpool                         |216,630         |165,185         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
London Boroughs Grants Unit       |160,067         |123,071         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Manchester                        |2,827,118       |2,225,999       |3.60            |<1>9.50                          
Merton                            |713,163         |490,246         |-               |-                                
Middlesbrough                     |7,179           |<3>-            |-               |-                                
Newcastle                         |411,262         |303,140         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Newham                            |2,847,660       |2,206,728       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Norfolk                           |78,002          |68,285          |-               |-                                
North Tyneside                    |161,692         |115,586         |-               |-                                
North Yorkshire                   |65,123          |49,312          |-               |-                                
Northamptonshire                  |890,134         |663,758         |-               |-                                
Nottingham                        |84,003          |61,435          |-               |-                                
Nottinghamshire                   |1,991,441       |1,519,199       |-               |-                                
Oldham                            |2,510,714       |1,909,961       |2.50            |<1>-                             
Oxford City                       |7,650           |3,322           |-               |-                                
Oxfordshire                       |871,818         |684,260         |-               |<1>-                             
Preston                           |18,199          |12,834          |-               |-                                
Redbridge                         |1,240,862       |933,052         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Redditch                          |17,935          |12,971          |-               |-                                
Richmond                          |76,799          |56,225          |-               |-                                
Rochdale                          |1,582,323       |1,193,213       |17.00           |-                                
Rotherham                         |442,168         |327,313         |-               |-                                
St. Albans                        |23,628          |18,105          |-               |-                                
St. Helens                        |18,975          |14,043          |0.90            |-                                
Salford                           |64,834          |47,498          |-               |-                                
Sandwell                          |1,644,471       |1,228,775       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Scunthorpe                        |31,615          |16,103          |-               |-                                
Sheffield                         |2,299,408       |1,697,662       |-               |-                                
Shropshire                        |114,218         |84,104          |-               |-                                
South Glamorgan                   |591,519         |444,978         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
South Yorkshire FCDA              |16,649          |12,751          |-               |-                                
Southampton                       |5,876           |11,422          |-               |-                                
Southwark                         |2,513,573       |1,965,479       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Staffordshire                     |1,088,534       |924,043         |5.75            |-                                
Stockport                         |103,265         |76,079          |-               |-                                
Suffolk                           |317,330         |237,235         |-               |-                                
Sunderland                        |115,825         |87,284          |-               |-                                
Surrey                            |400,899         |291,845         |-               |-                                
Sutton                            |62,881          |46,902          |-               |-                                
Tameside                          |780,925         |585,940         |-               |-                                
Tower Hamlets                     |9,048,416       |6,826,782       |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Trafford                          |329,296         |242,981         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Wakefield                         |404,567         |296,729         |-               |-                                
Walsall                           |2,125,562       |1,579,939       |-               |50.30                            
Waltham Forest                    |2,056,550       |1,585,015       |-               |-                                
Wandsworth                        |1,809,548       |1,434,386       |-               |19.00                            
Warwickshire                      |1,045,855       |785,021         |-               |-                                
West Midlands FCDA                |86,633          |65,241          |-               |-                                
West Sussex                       |280,628         |212,623         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
West Yorkshire FCDA               |129,534         |95,651          |-               |-                                
Westminster                       |1,958,679       |1,498,548       |-               |-                                
Wigan                             |60,071          |44,078          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Wiltshire                         |163,849         |121,565         |-               |-                                
Wirral                            |95,393          |75,839          |-               |-                                
Wolverhampton                     |2,065,570       |1,575,008       |-               |-                                
                                                                                                                       
FE Colleges                                                                                                            
Arnold and Carlton                |69,417          |45,530          |-               |-                                
Barnet                            |70,552          |59,505          |-               |-                                
Bexley                            |31,028          |24,920          |-               |-                                
Birmingham FE                     |1,918,978       |1,376,534       |-               |-                                
Bradford and Ilkley               |315,097         |219,568         |-               |-                                
Cambridge Regional                |192,189         |142,792         |-               |-                                
Charles Keene                     |100,043         |77,199          |-               |-                                
Coventry Tech                     |58,620          |47,229          |-               |-                                
Crawley                           |48,191          |34,688          |-               |0.64                             
Croydon                           |108,841         |77,665          |-               |-                                
Dewsbury                          |70,764          |52,895          |-               |-                                
Doncaster                         |26,428          |18,684          |-               |-                                
Dudley                            |187,614         |136,755         |-               |-                                
Ealing                            |124,070         |93,710          |-               |-                                
Enfield                           |149,646         |111,567         |-               |-                                
Gateshead                         |30,524          |21,437          |-               |-                                
Gloscat                           |33,781          |24,312          |-               |-                                
Greenhill                         |218,531         |162,085         |-               |-                                
Hackney                           |304,289         |234,260         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Hammersmith and West London       |38,774          |28,865          |-               |1.00                             
Hendon                            |174,843         |128,419         |-               |-                                
Henley                            |72,099          |50,799          |1.33            |-                                
Hopwood Hall                      |23,630          |<3>-            |-               |-                                
Huddersfield                      |108,625         |68,385          |-               |-                                
Islington                         |92,214          |67,102          |-               |-                                
Joseph Chamberlain                |93,841          |67,762          |-               |-                                
Keighley                          |51,246          |44,658          |0.44            |-                                
Kensington and Chelsea            |41,761          |33,119          |-               |-                                
Kingsway                          |65,894          |49,613          |-               |-                                
Leyton 6th Form                   |23,680          |18,574          |-               |-                                
Luton 6th Form                    |87,785          |64,118          |-               |-                                
Mancat                            |43,847          |32,652          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Newcastle                         |55,715          |39,206          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Newham                            |426,655         |225,627         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
North East London                 |174,501         |124,985         |-               |-                                
North Hertfordshire               |73,449          |56,138          |-               |-                                
North West London                 |446,261         |352,602         |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Northampton                       |104,267         |77,420          |-               |-                                
Nottingham Consortium             |134,419         |110,736         |-               |-                                
Oakland                           |82,996          |60,499          |0.70            |-                                
Oldham                            |68,447          |58,463          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Park Lane                         |137,391         |110,314         |-               |-                                
Rotherham                         |33,933          |24,874          |-               |-                                
Sandwell                          |<4>-            |51,876          |-               |-                                
Sheffield                         |244,610         |172,067         |-               |-                                
Southgate                         |61,584          |49,649          |-               |-                                
Tameside                          |53,649          |40,638          |-               |-                                
Thomas Danby                      |200,581         |146,874         |-               |<1>-                             
Tile Hill                         |66,060          |47,158          |-               |-                                
Tower Hamlets                     |485,309         |356,733         |-               |-                                
Tresham                           |70,489          |59,848          |-               |-                                
Uxbridge                          |77,084          |51,481          |-               |-                                
Wakefield                         |32,847          |24,773          |0.50            |-                                
Walsall                           |26,680          |18,074          |-               |-                                
Waltham Forest                    |47,021          |35,591          |-               |-                                
Wandsworth                        |59,480          |48,140          |-               |-                                
West Hertfordshire                |71,787          |64,296          |-               |<1>-                             
Westminster                       |54,137          |44,189          |-               |<1>-                             
Wirral                            |14,754          |10,788          |-               |-                                
Woolwich                          |35,767          |24,583          |-               |-                                
                                                                                                                       
Grant-maintained schools, etc.<5>                                                                                      
Ash Green                         |7,525           |6,217           |-               |-                                
Ashcroft                          |4,546           |3,549           |-               |-                                
Avon Valley                       |15,571          |11,750          |-               |-                                
Beechview                         |9,322           |6,995           |-               |-                                
Bridgewater and Brindley Hall     |17,746          |13,111          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Burntwood                         |74,081          |55,687          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Claremont                         |18,016          |13,629          |-               |-                                
Copland                           |50,336          |33,860          |-               |0.50                             
Deacons                           |49,746          |24,823          |-               |1.50                             
Djanogly CTC                      |31,072          |23,343          |-               |-                                
Francis Bacon                     |32,166          |24,645          |0.30            |-                                
George Dixon                      |<6>28,445       |81,865          |-               |-                                
Graveney                          |94,891          |69,720          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Greenford                         |61,314          |39,461          |-               |-                                
Greenwood Dale                    |34,388          |26,111          |-               |-                                
Hall Green                        |12,810          |9,320           |-               |-                                
Hamilton                          |54,648          |41,410          |-               |-                                
Hendon                            |35,052          |28,041          |-               |-                                
Holly Hall                        |<6>2,083        |3,778           |-               |-                                
Holy Trinity                      |14,151          |10,819          |-               |-                                
London Oratory                    |54,050          |38,025          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Myton                             |26,977          |19,888          |-               |-                                
Ninestiles                        |<6>12,687       |16,530          |-               |-                                
Northampton Boys                  |21,001          |13,372          |-               |-                                
Northolt                          |7,745           |5,379           |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Oldfield                          |5,409           |3,645           |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Radcliffe                         |13,903          |10,478          |<1>-            |<1>-                             
Raines Foundation                 |36,169          |27,146          |-               |-                                
Reading Girls                     |16,566          |12,773          |-               |-                                
Robert Napier                     |1,652           |1,220           |-               |-                                
Small Heath                       |67,441          |50,626          |-               |-                                
Stratford                         |71,641          |54,277          |-               |-                                
Wood End                          |6,726           |6,815           |-               |-                                
Wrenn                             |36,240          |27,351          |-               |-                                
<1>Information, or further information, is awaited from the authority or institution.                                  
<2>It is understood that functions previously funded under section 11 will continue under the authority's mainstream   
funding.                                                                                                               
<3>Section 11 project approved only until 31 March 1994.                                                               
<4>Separate project not established until 1 April 1994.                                                                
<5>The table does not include schools with new project proposals which are in the process of consideration, or where a 
budget allocation figure for 1994-95 has not yet been finally notified.                                                
<6>Part-year expenditure figure-separate project established during 1993-94.                                           

Local Authority Elections

Mr. Gordon Prentice : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make it his policy to collect centrally and arrange for the official publication of the results of all local authority elections and by-elections.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Results of local authority elections outside London are collected by the local government chronicle elections centre, university of Plymouth, and published in the local elections handbook series. Electoral data for London boroughs are collected and published by the London Research Centre. It would not be an effective use of resources for the Home Office to duplicate the work of either the university of Plymouth or the LRC.

The Home Office collects information on the number and turnout in by- elections. This is published annually in "Social Trends" and the Central Statistical Office's "Annual Abstract of Statistics". We do not currently publish the results of individual by-elections and there are no plans to do so.


Column 502

Homicide

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prisoners in England and Wales were serving sentences for homicide at the latest available date, given (a) as an absolute number and (b) as a percentage of the prison population, and broken down by gender.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from A. J. Butler to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 :

The Home Secretary has asked me, in the absence of the Director General from the office, to reply to your recent Question asking how many prisoners in England and Wales were serving sentences for homicide at the latest available date, given (a) as an absolute and (b) as a percentage of the prison population, and broken down by gender.

The latest available provisional information is for 31 March 1994. On that date sone 3,600 persons in Prison Service establishments in England and Wales for whom an offence was recorded were serving sentences for murder, attempted murder, making threats to kill, conspire/aid/incite murder, manslaughter,


Column 503

infanticide, death by reckless driving and "other" homicides. They accounted for 11 per cent. of the sentenced prison population for whom an offence was recorded. The corresponding proportion for males was 11 per cent. and for females 12 per cent.

Restraint Use

Mr. Michael : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many times restraints were used on (a) prison inmates and (b) persons in police custody during 1993.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Provisional information for 1993 shows that there were 111 applications of restraints under rule 46 of the Prison Rules 1964 and rule 49 of the Young Offender Institution Rules 1988 in Prison Service establishments. Those applications cover the use of canvas jackets, body belts, handcuffs and ankle straps but do not include the use of protective rooms and special cells. It also does not cover the use of restraints while prisoners are being escorted between Prison Service establishments or between cells to the governor's office within an establishment, matters on which information is not collected centrally.

No information is collected centrally on those held in police custody on whom restraints are used.

Prison Staff Ratios

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the ratio of staff to prisoners at each prison in England and Wales at the latest available date.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from D. Lewis to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 : The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Question about staff to prisoner ratios in the Prison Service.

A table showing the ratios of staff of all grades to prisoners at each prison, as at 25 May, has been placed in the House of Commons library.


25 May 1994                                  
Establishment    |Ratio                      
---------------------------------------------
Acklington       |1:1.8                      
Albany           |1:1.3                      
Aldington        |1:1.6                      
Ashwell          |1:2.1                      
Askham Grange    |1:1.3                      
Aylesbury        |1:0.8                      
Bedford          |1:1.1                      
Belmarsh         |1:1.0                      
Birmingham       |1:1.4                      
Blakenhurst      |1:1.7                      
Blantyre House   |1:1.4                      
Blundeston       |1:1.5                      
Brinsford        |1:1.4                      
Bristol          |1:1.1                      
Brixton          |1:0.9                      
Brockhill        |1:1.2                      
Bullingdon       |1:1.3                      
Bullwood Hall    |1:0.9                      
Camp Hill        |1:1.3                      
Canterbury       |1:1.2                      
Cardiff          |1:1.3                      
Castington       |1:1.6                      
Channings Wood   |1:2.2                      
Chelmsford       |1:1.2                      
Coldingley       |1:1.3                      
Cookham Wood     |1:1.3                      
Dartmoor         |1:1.4                      
Deerbolt         |1:1.5                      
Dorchester       |1:1.4                      
Dover            |1:1.1                      
Downview         |1:1.5                      
Drake Hall       |1:1.6                      
Durham           |1:1.2                      
East Sutton Park |1:1.4                      
Elmley           |1:1.5                      
Erlestoke        |1:1.2                      
Everthorpe       |1:1.2                      
Exeter           |1:1.2                      
Featherstone     |1:1.9                      
Feltham          |1:1.4                      
Finnamore Wood   |1:2.2                      
Ford             |1:2.5                      
Frankland        |1:0.8                      
Full Sutton      |1:0.8                      
Garth            |1:1.5                      
Gartree          |1:1.0                      
Glen Parva       |1:1.7                      
Gloucester       |1:1.1                      
Grendon (including Spring Hill) 1:4.0        
Guys Marsh       |1:1.0                      
Hollesley Bay    |1:1.0                      
Haslar           |1:1.7                      
Hatfield         |1:1.1                      
Haverigg         |1:1.5                      
Hewell Grange    |1:1.4                      
High Down        |1:1.3                      
Highpoint        |1:1.7                      
Hindley          |1:1.1                      
Holloway         |1:1.0                      
Holme House      |1:1.6                      
Hull             |1:1.1                      
Huntercombe      |1:1.2                      
Kingston         |1:1.2                      
Kirkham          |1:2.7                      
Kirklevington    |1:1.0                      
Lancaster Farms  |1:1.3                      
Lancaster        |1:2.0                      
Latchmere House  |1:1.8                      
Leeds            |1:1.6                      
Leicester        |1:1.1                      
Lewes            |1:1.1                      
Leyhill          |1:2.2                      
Lincoln          |1:1.6                      
Lindholme        |1:1.5                      
Littlehey        |1:2.0                      
Liverpool        |1:1.6                      
Long Lartin      |1:0.7                      
Low Newton       |1:1.5                      
Maidstone        |1:1.4                      
Manchester       |1:1.1                      
Moorland         |1:1.6                      
Morton Hall      |1:2.2                      
New Hall         |1:1.0                      
North Sea Camp   |1:1.9                      
Northallerton    |1:0.8                      
Norwich          |1:1.0                      
Nottingham       |1:1.0                      
Onley            |1:1.7                      
Oxford           |1:2.1                      
Parkhurst        |1:0.5                      
Pentonville      |1:1.4                      
Portland         |1:1.3                      
Preston          |1:1.2                      
Pucklechurch     |1:0.6                      
Ranby            |1:1.6                      
Reading          |1:0.9                      
Risley           |1:1.5                      
Rochester        |1:0.8                      
Rudgate          |1:2.2                      
Send             |1:1.4                      
Shepton Mallet   |1:1.3                      
Shrewsbury       |1:1.3                      
Stafford         |1:1.5                      
Standford Hill   |1:1.9                      
Stocken          |1:1.8                      
Stoke Heath      |1:1.3                      
Styal            |1:1.0                      
Sudbury (including Foston Hall) 2:1.0        
Swaleside        |1:1.5                      
Swansea          |1:1.1                      
Swinfen Hall     |1:1.1                      
Thorn Cross      |1:1.4                      
The Mount        |1:2.4                      
The Verne        |1:1.9                      
Thorp Arch       |1:1.3                      
Usk              |1:1.3                      
Wormwood Scrubs  |1:1.3                      
Wakefield        |1:1.1                      
Wandsworth       |1:1.2                      
Wayland          |1:2.1                      
Wellingborough   |1:1.6                      
Werrington       |1:1.3                      
Wetherby         |1:1.1                      
Whatton          |1:1.6                      
Whitemoor        |1:0.8                      
Winchester       |1:1.0                      
Wolds            |1:1.7                      
Woodhill         |1:1.1                      
Wymott           |1:1.0                      
Note: The figures are to the nearest decimal 
point.                                       

Prison Population

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) what percentage of (a) remand and (b) sentenced male prisoners were aged (i) 16 and under, (ii) 17 to 21 inclusive, (iii) 22 to 24 inclusive, and (iv) over 24 years at the latest available date ;

(2) what percentage of (a) remand and (b) sentenced female prisoners were aged (i) 16 and under, (ii) 17 to 21 inclusive, (iii) 22 to 24 inclusive and (iv) over 24 years at the latest available date.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answers 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for these matters has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given.

Letter from D. Lewis to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 : The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Questions asking what percentage of (a) remand and (b) sentenced male and female prisoners were aged (i) 16 and under, (ii) 17 to 21 inclusive, (iii) 22 to 24 inclusive and (iv) over 24 years at the latest available date.

The latest available provisional information is for the prison population in Prison Service establishments on 31 March 1994 and is given in the attached tables.


Percentage of population in Prison Service establishments in England                
and Wales by type of custody and sex on 31 March 1994<1>                            
                      Type of custody                                               
Age                  |Percentage of       |Percentage of                            
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Males                                                                               
16 and under         |2                   |1                                        
17-21                |29                  |18                                       
22-24                |17                  |15                                       
Over 24              |52                  |66                                       
                                                                                    
Females                                                                             
16 and under         |0                   |1                                        
17-21                |19                  |13                                       
22-24                |16                  |15                                       
Over 24              |65                  |71                                       
<1>Provisional figures. Sentenced includes fine defaulters but not non-criminal     
prisoners.                                                                          

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the prison population broken down by security category, at the latest available date.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from D. Lewis to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 : The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Question asking what was the prison population broken down by security category, at the latest available date.

The latest information is for 3 May 1994 and is given in the attached table.


Estimated adult male       
sentenced population       
in Prison Service          
establishments in England  
and Wales                  
by security category on 3  
May 1994<1>                
             |Number       
---------------------------
Category "A" |600          
Category "B" |5,500        
Category "C" |15,400       
Category "D" |5,600        
<1>Excludes sentenced      
adult males awaiting       
categorisation, young      
offenders and sentenced    
female prisoners who are   
categorised as suitable    
for open or closed         
conditions only and remand 
prisoners who are not      
assigned a security        
category until they are    
sentenced.                 

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many prisoners in England and Wales were serving sentences for violent offences at the latest available date, given (a) as an absolute number and (b) as a percentage of the prison population, and broken down by gender.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from D. Lewis to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 : The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Question asking how many prisoners in England and Wales were serving sentences for violent offences at the latest available date, given (a) as an absolute number and (b) as a percentage of the prison population, and broken down by gender.

The latest available provisional information is for 31 March 1994. On that date some 16,200 persons in Prison Service establishments in England and Wales for whom an offence was recorded were serving sentences for violence against the person, robbery or for a sexual offence. They accounted for 46 per cent. of the sentenced prison population for whom an offence was recorded. The corresponding proportion for males was 46 per cent. and for females 27 per cent.


Column 507

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what percentage of the prison population was (a) remand and (b) sentenced prisoners in each of the last 36 months and at the latest available date.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from D. Lewis to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 : The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Question asking what percentage of the prison population were (a) remanded and (b) sentenced prisoners in each of the last 36 months and at the latest available date.

The available information for the percentage of remand and sentenced prisoners in custody is calculated for the last day of each month. It is given in the table for the period March 1991 to March 1994.


Percentage of prison population by type of  
custody                                     
England and Wales, March 1991 to March      
1994<1><2>                                  
           |Percentage|Percentage           
           |on remand |sentenced            
--------------------------------------------
1991                                        
March      |21        |78                   
April      |22        |77                   
May        |22        |77                   
June       |22        |77                   
July       |22        |77                   
August     |22        |77                   
September  |23        |76                   
October    |23        |76                   
November   |22        |77                   
December   |22        |77                   
                                            
1992                                        
January    |23        |76                   
February   |23        |76                   
March      |22        |77                   
April      |22        |77                   
May        |22        |77                   
June       |22        |77                   
July       |21        |78                   
August     |22        |77                   
September  |22        |77                   
October    |22        |77                   
November   |22        |77                   
December   |21        |78                   
                                            
1993                                        
January    |23        |76                   
February   |23        |76                   
March      |23        |76                   
April      |23        |76                   
May        |24        |75                   
June       |24        |75                   
July       |24        |75                   
August     |25        |74                   
September  |25        |74                   
November   |25        |73                   
December   |24        |75                   
                                            
1994                                        
January    |26        |73                   
February   |25        |73                   
March      |24        |74                   
<1> Prisoners held in police cells are      
included in both the total prison           
population and included with the remand and 
sentenced populations.                      
<2> Non-criminal prisoners are included in  
the total prison population but are         
excluded from both the remand and           
sentenced.                                  

Remand Prisoners

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the average time spent on remand by (a) males and (b) females remanded into custody in 1993.

Mr. Peter Lloyd : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given.

Letter from D. Lewis to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 : The Home Secretary has asked me to reply to your recent Question asking what was the average time spent on remand by (a) males and (b) females remanded into custody in 1993.

The available information is estimated from the figures for the population and receptions of untried prisoners in 1993. For males the average time served as an untried prisoner was estimated as 55 days and for females 39 days.

Prisoners (Time Served)

Ms Ruddock : To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the average amount of time served by (a) male and (b) female prisoners released from prison in England and Wales in each year since 1980.

Mr. Peter Lloyd [holding answer 26 May 1994] : Responsibility for this matter has been delegated to the Director General of the Prison Service, who has been asked to arrange for a reply to be given. Letter from A. J. Butler to Ms Joan Ruddock, dated 14 June 1994 :

The Home Secretary has asked me, in the absence of the Director General from the office, to reply to your recent Question about the average amount of time served by (a) male and (b) female prisoners released from prison in England and Wales in each year since 1980.

Information on the average time served in custody is published in successive volumes of "Prison Statistics, England and Wales" (Tables 3.15, 4.15 and 5.15 of the 1991 edition, Cm 2157), copies of which are available in the Library of the House. I attach a table giving the available information. Information for 1992 will be published in "Prison Statistics England and Wales 1992" which is to be published this month. I regret that incomplete information is available before 1988.


Column 507


Average time served in custody in Prison Service establishments under sentence<1>   
by prisoners discharged from determinate sentences on completion of                 
sentence or on licence, 1980-1991<2>                                                
Months                                                                              
               Average time                                                         
               served in custody                                                    
               under sentence<1>                                                    
               Young Offenders                                                      
              |Males        |Females      |Adult Males  |Adult Females              
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1980          |-            |-            |8.3          |-                          
1981          |-            |-            |-            |-                          
1982          |-            |-            |-            |-                          
1983          |-            |-            |-            |-                          
1984          |-            |-            |-            |-                          
1985          |-            |-            |6.0          |-                          
1986          |-            |-            |6.6          |4.2                        
1987          |-            |-            |6.7          |4.6                        
1988          |4.1          |3.3          |7.0          |4.8                        
1989          |4.7          |3.7          |7.5          |5.3                        
1990          |5.0          |4.8          |8.0          |5.8                        
1991          |4.7          |3.9          |8.4          |6.2                        
<1>Excluding time served in custody on remand awaiting trial or sentence, which     
counts towards the discharge of sentence.                                           
<2>Excludes discharges following recall after release on licence, non-criminals and 
persons committed to custody for non-payment of a fine.                             

TRANSPORT

Security

Mr. Donohoe : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make a statement on the use of private detective agencies and security companies by his Department.

Mr. Key : Private detective agencies are principally used by the Department to assist with prosecutions for failure to pay vehicle excise duty, claims for damage to roads and actions against trespassers. Other uses include tracing former employees who inadvertently have been overpaid, and inquiring into complaints by the public about an employee.

Security companies are used by the Department to provide a building custody service at some locations ; for the collection and conveyance of cash for banking ; for the protection of property required for road schemes ; and for security advice and training.

Private Members' Bills

Ms Lynne : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport on what occasions since April 1992 Ministers from his Department have (a) requested parliamentary counsel to assist in preparing amendments to private Members' Bills on behalf of other private Members and (b) authorised officials to instruct parliamentary counsel to prepare amendments which were subsequently passed to private Members.

Mr. Norris : Parliamentary counsel drafts not on behalf of private Members but on the instructions of Departments acting on the authority of Ministers.

With the authority of Ministers, amendments were drafted by parliamentary counsel on instructions from my Department and subsequently passed to private Members in respect of the Merchant Shipping (Registration of Ships) etc. Act 1993 and the Merchant Shipping (Salvage & Pollution) Bill.

Vehicle Inspectorate

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much money was spent in each of the last two financial years on Vehicle Inspectorate enforcement.

Mr. Key : Some £22,427,000 was spent on Vehicle Inspectorate enforcement in 1992-93. For 1993-94, the forecast outturn spend is £22,109,000.


Column 510

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what is the budget set for Vehicle Inspectorate enforcement for this financial year.

Mr. Key : The answer is £22,021,000.

Efficiency Savings

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what are the efficiency targets set for each executive agency within this Department for the next two years.

Mr. MacGregor : My reply of 29 April Official Report , column 385 and that of my hon. Friend the Minister for Roads and Traffic of 12 April, Official Report , column 83 , set out the key targets, including efficiency targets, which I have set the executive agencies in my Department for the year 1994-95. I have also set the Department, including the agencies, a requirement to make a 20 per cent. improvement in efficiency with the target of achieving it over the two years beginning 1 April 1994.

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what efficiency savings his Department will make this financial year ; and what are the Department's efficiency savings targets for the next financial year.

Mr. John MacGregor : As I explained in my reply of 9 May to the hon. Member, Official Report , column 58 , I have set my Department the requirement that it deliver a 20 per cent. efficiency saving and the target of securing this by 31 March 1996. Plans for delivering this saving are still being formulated. It is, therefore, too early to say how much of the saving will be achieved in 1994-95 and how much in 1995-96. It is not my intention to set separate targets for the two financial years.

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether any Vehicle Inspectorate testing stations will be closed because of the Department's target of 20 per cent. efficiency savings over the next two years.

Mr. Robert Key : There are no plans for closures of the Vehicle Inspectorate's testing stations. The network will be kept under review in the light of customer demand and the availability of suitable alternative facilities. Proposals for achieving the 20 per cent. efficiency savings required by my right hon. Friend have yet to be determined and considered by Ministers.

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport whether any driving test centres in addition to the 22 test centre closures recently announced will be closed as a result of the Department's target to make 20 per cent. efficiency savings over the next two years.


Column 511

Mr. Key : My right hon. Friend announced on 9 May that he was requiring the Department to make an efficiency gain of 20 per cent. with the target of achieving it over the next two years. The chief executive of the Driving Standards Agency has been asked to submit proposals to meet this remit, and my right hon. Friend will be considering these in due course. No decisions have been reached.

Pregnant Workers Directive

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what steps his Department has taken to comply with the provisions of EC pregnant workers directive 92/85.

Mr. Steven Norris : The Department of Transport's maternity leave arrangements satisfy the maternity provision of the Trade Union Reform and Employment


Column 512

Rights Act 1993, which give effect to the corresponding articles of the directive. The health and safety provisions of EC directive 92/85, which are to be covered by an amendment to the health and safety at work regulations, will also be fully implemented by the Department by the required date.

Consultants

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list for each of the last five years the cost to public funds of consultancy work provided by (a) KPMG Peat Marwick, (b) Touche Ross, (c) CSL, (d) Prime, (e) Capita (f) Shreeveport, (g) Basis, (h) Theodore Goddard, (i) Dibb Lupton Broomhead, (j) Price Waterhouse and (k) Ernst & Young to his Department.

Mr. Norris : The information requested is shown in the table.


Column 511


                                              |1989     |1990     |1991     |1992     |1993     |Total              
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KPMG Peat Marwick                                                                                                   
Financial advice on DVOIT privatisation<1>    |0        |0        |0        |177,967  |375,853  |553,820            
IT/IS strategy advice                         |0        |0        |0        |90,000   |0        |90,000             
Disc network policy<2>                        |0        |0        |0        |26,102   |0        |26,102             
TRL privatisation study<1>                    |0        |0        |0        |0        |78,150   |78,150             
Routine Maintenance Management System<3>      |0        |25,000   |50,000   |50,000   |50,000   |175,000            
Network referencing                           |0        |0        |0        |36,000   |73,000   |109,000            
Project management software<2>                |0        |0        |0        |171,980  |0        |171,980            
Implementation of computerised accounting                                                                           
system<1>                                     |0        |86,000   |8,000    |0        |0        |94,000             
Railways privatisation<1>                     |0        |0        |0        |1,446,809|1,446,809|2,893,618          
PMS implementation study<2>                   |0        |0        |24,654   |122,300  |0        |146,954            
Audit of ex-Trinity House liquidated funds<2> |0        |0        |4,800    |0        |0        |4,800              
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |111,000  |87,454   |2,121,158|2,023,812|4,343,424          
                                                                                                                    
Touche Ross                                                                                                         
Accommodation Management Information                                                                                
System<2>                                     |0        |0        |0        |49,646   |19,935   |69,581             
Contracts let by DVLA                         |0        |0        |0        |0        |96,000   |96,000             
Future of Greater Manchester Buses<2>         |0        |53,120   |0        |0        |0        |53,120             
The impact of price-fixing agreements<2>      |0        |5,000    |0        |0        |0        |5,000              
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |58,120   |0        |49,646   |115,935  |223,701            
                                                                                                                    
CSL                                                                                                                 
Preparation of an in-house bid: included in                                                                         
figures for Touche Ross                       |-        |-        |-        |-        |-        |0                  
DVOIT privatisation<1>                        |0        |0        |0        |18,000   |19,756   |37,756             
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |0        |18,000   |19,756   |37,756             
                                                                                                                    
Prime                                                                                                               
Market Testing in DVLA                        |0        |0        |0        |0        |47,000   |47,000             
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |0        |0        |47,000   |47,000             
                                                                                                                    
Capita                                                                                                              
In-house bid for DVLA despatch                |0        |0        |0        |0        |11,000   |11,000             
Contracts let by Office Services              |0        |0        |0        |12,120   |83,817   |95,937             
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |0        |12,120   |94,817   |106,937            
                                                                                                                    
Shreeveport                                                                                                         
Contracts let by DVLA                         |0        |0        |0        |16,000   |28,000   |44,000             
In-house bid for the Register of Seamen and                                                                         
Shipping                                      |0        |0        |0        |0        |20,000   |20,000             
Contracts let by Office Services              |0        |0        |0        |47,188   |67,688   |114,876            
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |0        |63,188   |115,688  |178,876            
                                                                                                                    
Basis                                                                                                               
Quality information system                    |0        |0        |0        |0        |34,600   |34,600             
Monitoring of pavement life                   |0        |0        |0        |0        |28,438   |28,438             
Bridge maintenance system                     |0        |0        |0        |0        |5,288    |5,288              
Payments to Basis/Mindworks (call-off                                                                               
contract)                                     |0        |19,581   |48,995   |69,803   |82,554   |220,933            
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |19,581   |48,995   |69,803   |150,880  |289,259            
                                                                                                                    
Theodore Goddard                                                                                                    
DVOIT privatisation: legal advice<1>          |0        |0        |0        |61,926   |255,828  |317,754            
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |0        |61,926   |255,828  |317,754            
                                                                                                                    
Dibb Lupton Broomhead                                                                                               
DVOIT privatisation: legal advice<1>          |0        |0        |0        |0        |227,247  |227,247            
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |0        |0        |227,247  |227,247            
                                                                                                                    
Price Waterhouse                                                                                                    
Contracts let by DVLA                         |0        |0        |25,000   |65,000   |66,000   |156,000            
DVOIT privatisation<1>                        |0        |0        |0        |45,000   |41,127   |86,127             
VI privatisation: feasibility study<1>        |0        |0        |0        |0        |72,500   |72,500             
London Buses privatisation<1>                 |0        |0        |0        |117,000  |434,000  |551,000            
Advice on the privatisation of TRL<2>         |0        |0        |0        |0        |9,230    |9,230              
Taxation/company car advice<2>                |0        |0        |0        |5,850    |0        |5,850              
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |0        |25,000   |232,850  |622,857  |880,707            
                                                                                                                    
Ernst & Young                                                                                                       
Contracts let by DVLA                         |0        |25,000   |65,000   |23,000   |0        |113,000            
OPRAF Consultancy<2>                          |0        |0        |0        |0        |170,000  |170,000            
Railways privatisation<1>                     |0        |0        |0        |0        |680,851  |680,851            
IT strategy support                           |0        |0        |0        |0        |38,545   |38,545             
European engineering standards study<2>       |0        |0        |0        |87,414   |0        |87,414             
Payroll costs model<2>                        |0        |0        |0        |106,000  |0        |106,000            
                                              |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------  |-------            
                                              |0        |25,000   |65,000   |216,414  |889,396  |1,195,810          
<1> The figures relate to the closest financial years: figures for calendar years are unavailable.                  
<2> The figures shown are the expected values of the contracts at the time they were let: no further data are       
available.                                                                                                          
<3> The contract stretches over more than one year: these estimates assume regular monthly payments.                

Departmental Costs

Mrs. Dunwoody : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will provide a breakdown of the running costs for his Department for the financial year 1993-94 into (a) staffing costs, (b) accommodation, (c) consultants' fees, (d) IT purchases, (e) stationery, (f) works and maintenance and (g) other.

Mr. MacGregor : The final outturn figures of my Department's running costs for the financial year 1993-94 will be made available shortly by the accounting officer, in the appropriation accounts. Provisional expenditure for the Department's running costs, including the gross costs of executive agencies that operate on a net running cost basis--the Driving Standards Agency, the Transport Research Laboratory and the Vehicle Certification Agency--and the Vehicle Inspectorate, which is a trading fund, in the breakdown requested is as follows :


                          |£ million          
----------------------------------------------
(a) Staffing costs        |290.601            
(b) Accommodation         |61.741             
(c) Consultants' fees     |6.299              
(d) IT purchases          |21.621             
(e) Stationery            |6.439              
(f) Works and maintenance |5.007              
(g) Other                 |147.496            

Column 514

London Underground

Dr. Wright : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) under what criteria the decision was taken to reduce the trigger for redress on the London underground ; and what plans there are for further reductions ;

(2) how much compensation has been paid from the date that the trigger for redress on the London underground was reduced to 15 minutes ; and to how many commuters it has been paid ;

(3) how much compensation was paid out in refund vouchers during the period that the trigger for redress on the London underground stood at 20 minutes ; and to how many commuters it was paid.

Mr. Norris : The decision to reduce the trigger for redress was taken by London Underground Ltd., with the support of the Government, in order to provide those using the network with a more effective right of redress. I understand that LUL has no current plans for further reductions.

London Underground paid out £208,283.60 in compensation in respect of 71,757 claims during the period when the trigger for redress stood at 20 minutes.

London Underground has so far paid out £274,533.70 in compensation in respect of 124,220 claims since the trigger for redress was reduced to 15 minutes.

Government Information

Mr. Llew Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he plans to publish his departmental guidance on the implementation of the code of practice on access to Government information, as promised at


Column 515

paragraph 3(ii) of the code issued on 4 April ; and what has been the cause of the delay in publishing the departmental guidance.

Mr. Norris : Paragraph 3(ii) of the code of practice requires Departments to publish or otherwise make available their guidance on dealings with the public. On 7 April 1994, the Department of Transport circulated a departmental notice to all staff, advising them that all guidance on dealings with the public--including local rules and guidelines- -should be made available for public inspection in local offices. The Department therefore fulfilled its obligations under paragraph 3(ii) of the code on 7 April 1994, without any significant delay.

Piggyback Consortium

Mr. Rowe : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport when he saw the final report of the Piggyback Consortium ; and what assessment he has made of it.

Mr. Freeman : I welcome this report, which the consortium presented to me on 20 April. I would like to see it take the work forward to the next stage.

Bus and Coach Safety

Mr. Dobson : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will place in the Library a copy of the letter sent to him by Directorates- General VII of the European Commission regarding legislation to implement stricter safety laws for buses and coaches.

Mr. Key : I am not aware of any letter sent to my right hon. Friend by DG VII. However, I have arranged for a copy of a press notice issued by DG VII on 11 November 1993 to be placed in the Library.

Mr. Simon Coombs : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what proposals he has to improve transport safety through the extended use of seat belts.

Mr. Key : I have to hand the report of the review of the technical and cost implications of fitting seat belts to all seats in minibuses and coaches. I hope to be able to announce the conclusions shortly.

Mr. John Marshall : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much will be spent by his Department on research into bus and coach safety in 1994-95 ; and how much has been spent so far in 1994-95.

Mr. Key : Some £360,000 has been allocated to bus and coach research in 1994-95. The projects have not yet started.

Mr. Peter Bottomley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what research information he has on the relative risks of coach travel in (a) exposed seats and (b) positions with a high back in front (i) with a seat belt and (ii) without a belt.

Mr. Key : There is no research permitting direct comparison of the relative risks associated with these features. However, coach and car accident data taken with seat belt research concentrated primarily on cars can tell us much about the potential benefits of belts, both lap and three- point, in coaches. There is strong evidence that ejection from coaches, particularly in roll-over accidents,


Column 516

accounts for a significant proportion of fatalities. Seat belts help in such accidents. Ejection cannot, however, be prevented by the use of high backed seats.

Ms Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will invoke article 36(A) of the treaty of Rome on the grounds of health and safety to introduce legislation requiring United Kingdom registered coaches and minibuses to be fitted with seat belts.

Mr. Key : My right hon. Friend has no plans to do so. Such vehicles can already, where appropriate, be fitted with seat belts.

Ms Walley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) when he expects to complete his Department's inquiry into the fitting of seat belts in coaches and minibuses ; and if he will make a statement ; (2) when he expects to announce the conclusions of the inquiry into the cost and technical aspects of fitting seat belts to coaches and minibuses ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Key : My right hon. Friend now has the report to hand and hopes to be able to make an announcement shortly.

Railway Pensions

Mr. Bayley : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport in what circumstances a railway employee transferring from one company to another, but remaining in membership of the railway pension scheme, would receive pension benefits that are less favourable than would have been accrued prior to railway privatisation.

Mr. Freeman : Where the transfer is compulsory, the employee's pension benefits will be protected in full. We have agreed that where an employee who has the right under article 11 of the Railway Pensions (Protection and Designation of Schemes) Order 1994 to remain in the railways pension scheme moves voluntarily to another section within the scheme, there will be automatic credit of the same number of "pension years" provided that his pensionable salary is not increased on transfer by more than 7.5 per cent. A greater figure may be agreed between the trustees and the new employer, and in normal circumstances we would expect them to be able to increase this to around 10 per cent. The new employer may pay into the scheme to augment his benefits. In the few other cases, there may be a credit of fewer years, but this will depend on individual circumstances.

Spain-Morocco Ferry Service

Mr. Ottaway : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to his answer of 23 May, Official Report, column 55 , if he will make a statement on the timetable for the infraction proceedings.

Mr. Norris : The timetable for infraction proceedings is a matter for the European Commission. We understand that the Commission intends to issue an article 169 letter to Spain in this case shortly.


Column 517

Rail Season Tickets (Extension)

Dr. Wright : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport from what date British Rail adopted the policy of offering an extension to season tickets in recognition of periods when there was no effective service ; and what has been the cost of this policy to date.

Mr. Freeman : British Rail introduced season ticket extensions more than 20 years ago. The cost of this policy is not separately identified by British Rail.


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