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Mr. Eggar [pursuant to his reply, 14 April 1994, c. 253] : I have today laid before Parliament an order further amending the Electricity (Class Exemptions from the Requirement for a Licence) Order 1990.

This order, and the earlier order which I laid on 14 April, will bring into effect a package of five amendments to the exemption order that I announced at the end of last year. One effect of this order will be to allow more companies, including some joint ventures, to be included in a qualifying group of companies that may be supplied by an unlicensed on-site generator. In addition, more small generators may be exempt from the requirement for a generation licence, as a result of the change to the definition of a "qualifying group". This package of amendments will reduce the regulatory burden on small generators, on-site generators and companies which sell on a small proportion of the electricity they purchase.

TREASURY

VAT on Fuel

Mr. McMaster : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is his latest estimate of the revenue the Treasury will derive from the imposition of value added tax on domestic fuel in the financial years 1994-95 and 1995 -96 ; how much of this will be attributable to the imposition of value added tax on the standing charge element of domestic fuel bills ; and if he will make a statement.

Sir John Cope : Latest published estimates of the revenue yield were set out in annex B to chapter 4 of the "Financial Statement and Budget Report for 1994-95". Approximately 12 per cent. of the VAT yield is attributable to the standing charge element of domestic fuel bills.

Departmental Spending Reviews

Mr. Boateng : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many and which Departments have been asked to conduct a fundamental review of their spending ; how many and which Departments have produced a report as a result of such a review ; and how many and which Departments have (a) published and (b) plan to publish such a report.

Mr. Portillo : Four fundamental reviews were started in early 1993 covering social security, health, education and the Home Office. A further eight were announced in the November Budget last year. These covered employment and transport programmes, the legal Departments, Trade and Industry, Inland Revenue, Customs and Excise, Her


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Majesty's Treasury and urban expenditure. It is intended that all Departments will conduct such reviews by the end of this Parliament. The reviews once started are on-going. There are no plans to publish reports on the reviews, but their output will, as the first four reviews did last year, inform the annual public expenditure survey decisions.

Government Deficit

Mr. Spellar : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what was the central Government deficit in the last financial year as a percentage of gross domestic profit ; and what is the maximum level allowed under the Maastricht convergence criterion.

Mr. Nelson : There is no maximum level for the budget deficit allowed under the excessive deficits procedure of the Maastricht treaty. Rather, there is a reference level of 3 per cent. of GDP which is one of the factors to be taken into account in deciding whether a country has an excessive deficit.

The measure of the budget deficit used for the excessive deficit procedure is the general Government financial deficit--GGFD. This is provisionally estimated at 7.8 per cent. of GDP in 1993-94. The projections in the 1994- 95 medium term financial strategy showed the GGFD being reduced to 3 per cent. of GDP in 1996-97.

Income Statistics

Ms Corston : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pursuant to his answer of 13 April, Official Report, column 169, if he will make a statement on measures being taken to allow for changes in the family expenditure survey and in the classification of both income and taxation to improve time series statistics on the distribution of income, or specify upper and lower ranges of possible error, to overcome the problems of comparability.

Mr. Nelson : The family expenditure survey is modified over time to improve the quality and usefulness of the data and consequently changes are made which can have an effect on the continuity of published data. The aim of the Central Statistical Office article on the effects of taxes and benefits on household income is to give the best estimates for the current year. It is not possible to eliminate all inconsistencies.

Places of Worship (VAT Exemption)

Mr. Gareth Wardell : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the rationale underlying the decision for places of religious worship to lose their VAT exemption from 1 April 1994.

Sir John Cope : The religious activities of churches remain outside the scope of the VAT system but they pay VAT on the things that they buy. The introduction of VAT on fuel and power from 1 April 1994 applies across the board to all consumers.

National Savings Adjudicator

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the salary of the national savings adjudicator ; how many disputes he has settled during the last year ; and if he will give a breakdown of the settlement.


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Mr. Nelson : The national savings adjudicator is paid for the amount of work he is required to carry out, at a rate of £32 per hour plus associated travel expenses. In 1993-94, this totalled £5,450. In the year to 31 March 1994 the adjudicator dealt with 10 disputes. A breakdown of the types of dispute is outlined :


Summary of hearings held in 1993-94                                                         

                        |National        |National        |National Savings                 

                        |Savings         |Savings         |Stocks, Bonds                    

                        |Bank            |Certificates    |and Premium                      

                        |Deposits                         |Bonds                            

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Higher interest rate                                                                        

   claim                |-               |2               |-                                

                                                                                            

Third party title claim |4               |-               |-                                

                                                                                            

Denied receipt of                                                                           

   monies allegedly                                                                         

   paid                 |2               |-               |-                                

                                                                                            

Negligence              |-               |-               |-                                

                                                                                            

Miscellaneous           |-               |2               |-                                

                        |--              |--              |--                               

Total                   |6               |4               |0                                

                                                                                            

Award made in                                                                               

   favour of claimant   |2               |2               |-                                

                                                                                            

Claim dismissed         |4               |2               |-                                

                        |--              |--              |--                               

Total                   |6               |4               |0                                

                                                                                            

Number pending as at                                                                        

   31 March 1994        |6               |0               |2                                

Executive Agencies

Mr. McMaster : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how much money previously attributed to civil service expenditure has not been accounted to that source of expenditure due to the establishment of executive agencies, in each year since the first executive agency was established ; if he will publish a table breaking down the figures for each agency ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Portillo : Expenditure by next steps agencies remains part of their sponsor Minister's programme.

Mr. McMaster : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how much money which was previously accounted to the civil service pay bill has not been attributed in each year since the establishment of the first executive agency ; if he will publish a table breaking down these figures ; what was the gross and net civil service pay bill in each relevant year ; how much has been saved for accounting purposes by the civil service pay bill due to the establishment of executive agencies, expressed as a percentage ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Portillo : Spending by next steps agencies on civil service pay remains part of the total civil service paybill.

Public Expenditure

Sir Teddy Taylor : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the identifiable amount of public expenditure per head of population in Scotland ; and by what amount, as a total sum for Scotland as a whole per annum, this differs from the average for England.


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Mr. Portillo : Identifiable general Government expenditure per head in Scotland in 1992-93, the latest year for which information is available, was £3,968. The equivalent figure in England was £3,290. The total difference in public expenditure between the two countries, on this basis, was therefore some £3.5 billion.

Inward Investment

Mr. Peter Shore : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what is the official estimate of the United States and Japanese direct investment in the United Kingdom as a percentage of direct investment in all European Community countries in each year from 1989 to the latest available date.

Mr. Nelson [holding answer 23 June 1994] : Fully comparable information on direct inward investment in the European Community from outside the EC is not available. However the following estimates for the years 1989 to 1992 have been prepared, based on the most readily available sources.


Value of stock of direct investment in United Kingdom   

as a percentage of that in all EC countries             

Year          |United States|Japan                      

--------------------------------------------------------

1989          |42.1         |37.7                       

1990          |40.4         |40.5                       

1991          |39.5         |40.9                       

1992          |38.8         |41.2                       

Sources:                                                

1. United States Department of Commerce: "Survey of     

Current Business".                                      

2. Japanese Ministry of Finance: "MITI News".           

FOREIGN AND COMMONWEALTH AFFAIRS

MI6 (Cleaners)

Mr. Spellar : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what are the estimated annual savings to be achieved from the replacement of regular cleaners at MI6 by contract cleaners.

Mr. Hurd : As my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister made clear in his answer to the hon. Member for Peckham (Ms Harman) on 21 June at columns 85-86 ; the contract for office cleaning services at the new Secret Intelligence Service headquarters at Vauxhall cross will achieve a substantial saving to public funds. It is not our policy to give detailed information about the expenditure of the individual security and intelligence agencies.

Consultants

Mr. Austin Mitchell : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many contracts and for what total sum were let out by his Department and agencies for which it is responsible to (a) Coopers & Lybrand, (b) KPMG Peat Marwick, (c) Ernst & Young, (d) Price Waterhouse, (e) Arthur Andersen, (f) Touche Ross, (g) Grant Thornton, (h) Robson Rhodes and (i) Pannell Kerr Forster for (i) privatisation (ii) market testing, (iii) management advice, (iv) accounting, (v) audit, (vi) consultancy and (vii) other services in (1) 1980 to 1983, (2) 1984 to 1987, (3) 1988 to 1991 and (4) 1992-93.


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Mr. Goodlad : The table shows the relevant information for contracts let out to the named companies by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office diplomatic and aid wings in 1992-93.


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Similar information on contracts let to the named companies in the periods 1980-83, 1984-87 and 1988-91 could be provided only at disproportionate cost.


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-

                     Privatisation       Market testing      Management          Audit               Consultancy         Other services               

                                                             advice                                                                                   

                              |(£)                |(£)                |(£)                |(£)                |(£)                |(£)                

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Coopers & Lybrand   |1        |21,000   |6        |123,000  |17       |7,374,000|1        |53,000   |1        |355,000  |5        |900,000            

KPMG                |-        |-        |3        |58,000   |-        |-        |5        |313,000  |1        |5,000    |1        |56,000             

Ernst and Young     |1        |175,000  |-        |-        |-        |-        |-        |-        |2        |76,000   |-        |-                  

Price Waterhouse    |-        |-        |-        |-        |1        |83,000   |-        |-        |3        |142,000  |2        |417,000            

Touche Ross         |-        |-        |-        |-        |1        |8,000    |-        |-        |-        |-        |-        |-                  

Pannell Kerr Foster |-        |-        |-        |-        |1        |29,000   |-        |-        |-        |-        |-        |-                  

No contracts were let by the FCO to Arthur Andersen, Grant Thornton and Robson Rhodes in 1992-93.

Caribbean Sugar

Mr. Steen : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps the United Kingdom Government are taking to ensure the continued support for Caribbean sugar in the European Union.

Mr. Heathcoat-Amory : The Government remain firmly committed to the sugar protocol to the Lome convention, which provides levy-free access to the European Union at guaranteed prices, negotiated annually, for 1.3 million tonnes of cane sugar from African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. Of the Caribbean countries, Barbados, Jamaica, Guyana and St. Kitts benefit from this protocol.

Nigeria

Mr. David Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps are currently taken by diplomatic personnel in Nigeria positively to promote the interests of British industry in that country ; and what plans he has to improve such representation in the immediate future.

Mr. Goodlad : The Foreign and Commonwealth Office has commercial officers in Lagos, Abuja, Kaduna, Kano and Port Harcourt--the latter two were opened in late 1993. They are there to seek out export opportunities, advise British companies on the business to be won in the market, lobby on their behalf for major contracts and against discrimination, and to organise inward and outward trade missions. A programme of promotional activity agreed by the tropical Africa advisory group, Department of Trade and Industry and the FCO is underway with a view to increasing our market share.

The level of commercial representation in Nigeria was reviewed and adjusted by a team of inspectors in February and March 1994. The staffing requirement will be kept under review.

Mr. David Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what information he has concerning the number of British citizens who are currently resident in Nigeria.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : There are 7,000 British citizens registered with British diplomatic missions in Nigeria. In addition, the high commission in Lagos estimates that there are between 2,000 and 3,000 British citizens who are not registered. The total is therefore about 10,000.


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Mr. David Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement setting out Her Majesty's Government's policy on relations with Nigeria.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We value our relations with Nigeria. We hope to see firm progress soon towards a restoration of democratic civilian rule.

Mr. David Atkinson : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what information he has concerning the extent to which release from custody has now been granted for those human and civil rights activists arrested in Nigeria following the annulment of the June 1993 presidential election ; and what response he has made to such releases.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : Those arrested immediately after the annulment of the June 1993 election were released shortly afterwards. We welcomed these releases.

In the last few weeks however there have been fresh detentions, including Chief Abiola, presumed winner of the 1993 election. We strongly regret those arrests and call on the Nigerian Government to engage all sides in political dialogue.

Antarctic Protocol Secretariat

Mr. Corbyn : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs when he expects to be able to announce the siting of the Antarctic protocol secretariat.

Mr. Heathcoat-Amory : Discussions continue among Antarctic treaty consultative parties about where the proposed Antarctic treaty secretariat should be sited. We hope that the secretariat will be in operation by the time that the environmental protocol to the antarctic treaty enters into force.

Liberia

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the impartiality of the Nigerian forces in supporting the UNOMIL peacemaking mission in Liberia.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We have no reason to doubt the commitment of Nigerian forces to help implement the peace process.


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OVERSEAS DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION

Aid Budget

34. Mr. Gapes : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what proportion of the United Kingdom's aid budget was (a) given as bilateral aid, (b) multilateral aid and (c) administered by the European Community in 1979, 1983, 1987, 1992 and currently.

Mr. Hurd : In 1979-80, 72 per cent. was bilateral aid, 12 per cent. was channelled through multilateral institutions other than the EC, and 16 per cent. was administered by the EC.

In 1983-84, the figures were 55 per cent., 15 per cent., 30 per cent. ; in 1987-88 the figures were 60 per cent., 16 per cent., 24 per cent. ; and in 1992-93, the most recent year for which figures are available, the figures were 54 per cent., 21 per cent., and 25 per cent. respectively.

Bosnia

35. Dr. Goodson-Wickes : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what consultations he has had with his European counterparts to improve the delivery of humanitarian aid in Bosnia.

Mr. Hurd : My noble Friend the Baroness Chalker is in regular contact with her European counterparts to increase the effectiveness of aid to Bosnia.

Rwanda

36. Mr. Pike : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the latest position on aid to Rwanda.

Mr. Hurd : Since 6 April 1994, Britain has committed over £11 million bilaterally of emergency aid for displaced Rwandans and Rwandan refugees in neighbouring countries. We continue to monitor the situation closely and plan a further assessment mission to the region next month.

Sub-Saharan Africa

37. Mr. Carrington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what proportion of the overseas aid budget for sub- Saharan Africa goes to assist sustainable development.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : In 1992-93, 78 per cent. of total bilateral aid to sub-Saharan Africa was provided as development assistance.

Overseas Aid

38. Mr. Wigley : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many representations he has received this year in favour of the United Kingdom raising its contribution to overseas aid to 0.7 per cent. of GNP ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We continue to receive representations from hon. Members and others. The Development Assistance Committee has just reported that United Kingdom aid in 1993 was above the average of OECD countries in terms of percentage of GNP.


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Malawi

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received from the Government of Malawi about humanitarian needs caused by drought ; and what response he has made.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : In April, the Government of Malawi appealed for help to offset a serious crop failure resulting from poor rains. We have pledged 10,000 tonnes of emergency food aid costing about £2.5 million. We have also pledged a further £3 million in balance of payments support for 1994-95 to help pay for additional imports of maize. This is in addition to our earlier pledge of £12 million of balance of payments aid to support Malawi's reform programmes.

Liberia

Mr. Worthington : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how the money in the United Nations Liberian trust fund has been spent.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : In addition to the United Kingdom contribution of $1 million, other contributions to date to the Liberian trust fund have been from the USA, $19.8 million and Denmark, $0.3 million. I refer the hon. Gentleman to my reply of 14 April, Official Report, column 259 for details of how the United Kingdom contribution is being spent. The other contributions have gone towards the costs of deploying equipping and maintaining the Ugandan and Tanzanian battalions as well as helping to maintain the rest of the ECOMOG force.

St. Kitts and Nevis

Mr. Steen : To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what is the timetable for reviewing the framework for economic assistance to St. Kitts and Nevis ; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Lennox-Boyd : We expect to review the nature of our bilateral aid programme to St. Kitts and Nevis in early 1995. The programme will be fully committed until then, largely on assistance to infrastructure development.

HEALTH

Dentists

Mr. Gareth Wardell : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what was the number of (a) general dental practitioners in practice, (b) general dental practitioner practices, (c) community dental practitioners and (d) salaried dental practitioners, for each family health services authority area in England for each year since 1984 ; and if she will express these figures per 1,000 of the population resident in each family health services authority area.

Dr. Mawhinney : The available information will be placed in the Library. Information is not collected on general dental practices. As community dentists are employed by national health service trusts or district health authorities, information is not available by family health services authorities.


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Nurses

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many nurses were in training for state registration in each of the last 10 years.

Mr. Sackville : The available information is shown in the table.


Pre-Registration in Training Population-England                  

Years ended 31 March 1987-1993                                   

             |Total Pre-  |1st Level   |2nd Level                

             |registration|Registered: |Registered:              

                          |Total       |Total                    

-----------------------------------------------------------------

1987         |60,192      |50,813      |9,379                    

1988         |58,042      |50,167      |7,875                    

1989         |51,116      |47,333      |3,783                    

1990         |51,628      |49,608      |2,020                    

1991         |49,350      |48,667      |683                      

1992         |51,760      |51,679      |81                       

1993         |52,245      |52,214      |31                       

Source: English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health 

Visiting.                                                        

Nutrition

Ms Corston : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what estimate she has made of the numbers and percentages of the population, by age and income, with inadequate nutritional intakes for the last five years for which information is available.

Mr. Sackville : This information is not available in the form requested.

Ms Corston : To ask the Secretary of State for Health when she expects to issue a report updating the 1986-87 dietary and nutritional survey of British adults.

Mr. Sackville : The adult survey was part of a rolling programme of surveys on diet and nutrition covering all population groups. The adult survey will be repeated after 1998.

Ms Corston : To ask the Secretary of State for Health (1) what research has been commissioned by her Department on the adequacy of nutritional intake among children in the last five years ; (2) what assessment she has made of the recent trends in the nutritional adequacy of the diets of children, by household disposable income and socio-economic status.

Mr. Sackville : Twelve months' field work for a dietary and nutritional survey of children aged one and a half to four and a half years was completed in July 1993. Data from this survey are now being analysed. A report of the survey is expected to be published in the autumn. It will provide information on the links between nutritional adequacy and dietary patterns and a full range of socio-economic variables.

The survey was carried out as part of the joint Department of Health and Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food national diet and nutrition survey--NDNS--programme which was set up to ascertain the dietary habits and nutritional status of all sections of the population in an eight-year cycle. Field work on a survey of schoolchildren aged five to 15 years is expected to begin in 1996. In addition the Department of Health has, since 1975, commissioned five-yearly national surveys of infant


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feeding practice. The last survey was in 1990. Plans are now underway for the 1995 survey. The Department has also this year commissioned a survey of infant feeding practices in Asian ethnic subgroups of the population. The results of this survey are expected in 1997. Socio-economic data are collected in all surveys of infant feeding practice.

Perinatal Mortality

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what was the perinatal mortality rate in each of the past 10 years in each district health authority in (a) South Yorkshire, (b) West Yorkshire, (c) North Yorkshire and (d) Humberside.

Mr. Sackville : This information will be placed in the Library.

Prostheses

Mr. Gareth Wardell : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if she will amend the patients charter so that patients who by their general practitioner are to undergo hip or knee major joint surgery are informed of the type of prosthesis to be used.

Dr. Mawhinney : The patients charter already sets out the right for patients to be given a clear explanation of any treatment proposed, including any risks and alternatives, before the patient decides whether or not to agree to the treatment.

VAMP National Medicines Database

Mr. Alexander : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what arrangements have been made regarding the VAMP national medicines database ; and what discussions have been held with (a) commercial and (b) academic research organisations in the United Kingdom and the United States of America regarding its future.

Mr. Sackville : Discussions with Reuters Ltd., the owners of the VAMP research databank are continuing. A seminar has been arranged for 11 July for interested researchers, academic departments, pharmaceutical companies and representatives of national health service organisations at which views will be canvassed on the best long-term management arrangements.

Infant Mortality, Yorkshire and Humberside

Mr. Redmond : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what was the level of infant mortality in each of the past 10 years in each district health authority in (a) South Yorkshire, (b) West Yorkshire, (c) North Yorkshire and (d) Humberside.

Mr. Sackville : This information will be placed in the Library.

Infertility Treatment

Mr. John Morris : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what variation there is in the provision of infertility treatment between each regional authority in England ; and what waiting lists are maintained.

Mr. Denham : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if she will list those health authorities which (a) will


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purchase in-vitro fertilisation treatment for any couple of child-bearing age, (b) will purchase in-vitro fertilisation treatment for a restricted group of couples and (c) will not purchase in-vitro fertilisation treatment for any couple.

Mr. Sackville : It is the responsibility of each individual health authority to determine its provision of infertility treatment. Information on which health authorities provide in-vitro fertilisation treatment is not available centrally. Available information on waiting times for infertility treatment is given in "Hospital Episode Statistics, Volume 2", copies of which are available in the Library.

Mr. Jon Owen Jones : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what initiatives she proposes to reduce waiting lists for infertility treatment.

Dr. Mawhinney : We are committed to reducing all waiting times, including that for infertility treatment. Patients charter guarantees limit the time people have to wait for hospital treatment. District health authorities are encouraged to improve upon these guarantees.

Ambulances

Mr. Llwyd : To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many ambulances there are per head of population in (a) Wales, (b) Scotland, (c) Northern Ireland, (d) England and (e) the United Kingdom ; and if she will make a statement.

Mr. Sackville : It is for individual ambulance services to determine the number of ambulances which meet the requirements. Total numbers of vehicles in England and Wales are not available centrally.

I understand that Scotland has 92 accident and emergency ambulances per million population and that Northern Ireland has 80 accident and emergency ambulances per million population.


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