Mr. Byers: To ask the Parliamentary Secretary, Lord Chancellor's Department what was the value of legal aid made available to Kevin and Ian Maxwell for the engagement of lawyers to represent and prepare their appearance before Select Committees of the House.
Mr. John M. Taylor: Legal aid is not available for legal representation before Select Committees of the House of Commons. Therefore, no payment was made from the legal aid fund to the lawyers acting on behalf of Kevin and Ian Maxwell regarding their appearance before the Social Services Select Committee in 1992.
Mr. Tony Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment why members of the Royal British Legion are being denied access to the war memorial in County hall, London SE1; and if he will make a statement.
Sir Paul Beresford: My understanding is that the war memorial is located in the ambulatory that surrounds the former council chamber in County hall. The chamber and ambulatory are within the most historically sensitive area of County hall and will form part of the proposed conference centre which should be accessible to the public as development is completed over the coming year or two.
Replicas of the commemorative tablets to the London county council's dead of the two world wars have been installed in the London Fire Brigade headquarters on the Albert embankment, where, I understand, commemorative services to the fallen continue to be held.
However, as the riverside block of County hall is now privately owned by the Shirayama Corporation, I suggest that if any further information is required, it is in the best position to reassure the hon. Gentleman on the question of public access to the war memorial.
Mr. Tony Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what is his Department's estimate of the population of African elephants prior to the world ban on the trade in elephant products and the current population.
Sir Paul Beresford: The latest update of figures, prepared by the African Elephant database for the eighth meeting of the conference of the parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species in Kyoto in 1992, reported an African elephant population of approximately 609,000 across the continent, with a range between 549, 000 and 652,000. However, according to the
Column 348International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources African elephant specialist group which now manage the AED, the quality of origin of those data is so varied that it would not be possible to establish population trends from comparisons with more up-to-date population estimates which it is preparing for the forthcoming CITES meeting in Florida. It also advises that due to the imprecision of current survey techniques, the true impacts of the ivory ban on elephant numbers might not be expected to show significant trends for a decade or more.
Mr. Tony Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment who organised the recent meeting in Botswana to consider the situation where trade in elephant products could be resumed; which countries attended the meeting; what was the agenda; who represented Her Majesty's Government; and what was the outcome.
Sir Paul Beresford: The United Kingdom organised the meeting on behalf of the European Union. Details of participants and the purpose of meeting were given in the reply given by my hon. Friend the Minister for Environment and Countryside to the Member for Thanet, North (Mr. Gale) on 20 July 1994 Official Report, columns 314 15 .
All the countries listed in that reply were represented with the exception of Congo, Gabon, Uganda and Zambia. The detailed agenda is included in a report of the meeting which is expected to be available shortly. The British high commissioner for Botswana and two officials from my Department represented the United Kingdom at the meeting, which succeeded in terms of improving dialogue between African elephant range states. A statement, agreed by the participants and issued at the close of the meeting, describes the outcome and a copy has been placed in the Library.
Mr. Tony Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if Her Majesty's Government will oppose the moves by the South African Government to downlist their elephant population from appendix I to appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species; and if he will make a statement.
Sir Paul Beresford: The Government have not yet decided their position on South Africa's proposal to be allowed to trade in elephant meat and hides but not ivory. We wish to take account of the views of range states and the report of the panel of experts established by CITES before reaching a conclusion. Maintaining the conservation status of the African elephant is our overriding concern and we will not therefore support any outcome which in our judgment puts this at risk.
Mr. Tony Banks: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what estimates he has made of the revival of illegal trade in elephant ivory should South Africa succeed in downlisting its elephant population from appendix I to appendix II of CITES.
Sir Paul Beresford: South Africa's proposal to CITES relates only to the possibility of international trade in elephant hide and meat, not ivory. Unfortunately an illegal trade in ivory continues, but there is no evidence currently available to my right hon. Friend to show that allowing a trade in hides from South Africa would affect the ivory position one way or the other. We are anxious, however, to learn the view of other Africa range states. The United Kingdom has tabled a resolution for the CITES meeting calling for greater effort and more international
Column 349co-operation on the enforcement of wildlife sale controls. If, as we hope, this resolution leads to action, it should have a real impact on the illegal ivory trade.
Mr. Llew Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what assessment he has made of the report released by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in September on the dangers posed by dioxins; and what effect the findings of the report will have on his Department's policy on the incineration of (a) polychlorinated biphenyls and (b) other dioxin--contaminated wastes.
Mr. Atkins: The Government welcome the EPA's action in preparing this report, a substantial document of over 2,000 pages. It is still a preliminary draft, on which the EPA is inviting comments, and it will not be finalised until autumn 1995. We are considering all the implications of the report including any that there may be for the incineration of waste.
Mr. Llew Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment whether the statement made on 19 September to the 38th annual conference of the International Atomic Energy agencies, by the International Atomic Energy Agency's director-general, Dr. Blix, on the health risks of sea disposal of low level radioactive waste, is fully in accordance with the policy of Her Majesty's Government.
Mr. Matthew Taylor: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment how many pollution warnings his Department has issued, broken down by category of pollutant and showing how many were incorrect, for each of the last three years for which figures are available.
Mr. Atkins: The Department provides regionalised air pollution level forecasts for ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide each day. The Department issues pollution warnings when the level of ozone, nitrogen dioxide or sulphur dioxide is forecast to be "very poor". For the breakdown of these figures, I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave him on Wednesday 19 October, Official Report, column 248.
Before and during the episode this July, when ozone levels became "poor", the Department issued three press releases.
Mr. Raynsford: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment when he expects bylaws made under the powers contained in the London Docklands Development Corporation Act 1994 to be brought into effect.
Sir Paul Beresford: The London Docklands development corporation has submitted to the Department proposed byelaws to be made under the 1994 Act. Following final agreement on the wording of the laws, necessary statutory procedures, including public consultation, will have to be undertaken. I expect those procedures to be completed by the turn of the year and the byelaws to come into effect early next year.
Mr. Pickthall: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment when he intends to implement the enhanced controls of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 in respect of scrapyards and vehicle dismantlers.
Sir Paul Beresford [holding answer Thursday, 20 October 1994]: The effect of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (commencement No.15) (Amendment) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994 No. 2487 (C.49) is to apply the waste management licensing provisions of part II of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 to the recovery of scrap metal and the dismantling of waste motor vehicles on 1 January 1995. Article 11 of the amended EC framework directive on waste provides that member states may exempt recovery activities from licensing where certain conditions are fulfilled. We intend to issue shortly a consultation paper on the provision of exemptions from licensing for the recovery of scrap metal and the dismantling of waste motor vehicles where these can be justified under the terms of article 11 of the directive.
Mr. Spearing: To ask the Lord President of the Council what consideration he has given to the House of Commons yellow demand form for printed papers of the European Community being made available to the public either in its existing form or a comparable one.
Mr. Newton: I have no plans to adopt the hon. Gentleman's suggestion, which would duplicate a number of existing channels through which members of the public may obtain information of European Community documents, and the documents themselves.
Mrs. Ray Michie: To ask the Secretary of State for Scotland when he expects to reach a decision on the Red Deer Commission's proposed amendments to the Deer (Scotland) Act 1959; and if he will make a statement.
Sir Hector Monro: My Department has consulted a number of organisations about the Red Deer Commission's proposals for amendments to the Deer (Scotland) Act 1959 and is now considering their responses. A decision on those legislative proposals will be made in due course.
Sir Hector Monroe: While there was a trial operation of a mobile slaughtering facility on Skye in September 1993, no formal application for the appropriate licence under the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1992 has been submitted for such a facility.
|<2>Number of Red |Number of Poultry <1>Year |Meat Abattoirs |Abattoirs ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1989 |54 |7 1990 |51 |7 1991 |50 |7 1992 |48 |8 1993 |44 |9 Notes: <1> Prior to 1993, red meat slaughterhouses were registered with local authorities. <2> Excludes abattoirs on the remote Scottish islands which operate for a short season each year and have a very low throughput when open. In 1993 there were 10 licensed abattoirs in this category.
Mr. Morgan: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what consultations he has had with the Director- General of the British Council in relation to the cessation of Overseas Development Administration funding for the postgraduate English language diploma/MA programme funding at Sana'a university in the Yemen.
Mr. Morgan: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received in relation to the termination of United Kingdom Government funding to the Sana'a university professional English training programme to provide a postgraduate diploma/MA in English language studies.
Mr. Baldry: Several letters have been received on this matter. We withdrew our two advisers from Sana'a university, along with other aid personnel, at the outbreak of the civil war for security reasons. We continue to support the Sana'a university programme through our assistance to two Sana'a university lecturers currently studying in the UK.
Mr. Peter Bottomley: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list for each European country the levels of minimum pay and of unemployment for people (a) under 21 and (b) under 25 years.
Mr. Oppenheim: It is not possible to give details of the minimum pay of young people for each European country as the information is not held centrally. Equivalent information for people under 21 is unavailable. However, the following table shows the unemployment
Column 352rates for people under 25 in European Union countries, with or without statutory minimum wages:
Countries with a Countries without statutory a statutory minimum wage minimum wage |ILO under-25 |ILO under-25 |year-old |year-old |unemployment |unemployment |1994) |1994) |Per cent. |Per cent. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Belgium |19.7 |Denmark |10.9 (June) |Western France |23.2 |Germany |5.1 Greece |not available|Ireland |24.9 Luxembourg |7.6 |Italy |32.0 |United Netherlands |9.7 (June) |Kingdom |13.2 Portugal |10.9 |European Spain |35.1 |Union |19.4
Mr. Austin-Walker: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what valuation his Department placed on each of the four bus garages at Catford, Plumstead, Orpington and Bromley in the Selkent area before their sale to Stagecoach Ltd; what safeguards exists to prevent these facilities being sold by the new owner; and what additional return the public can expect if any future sale price exceeds the Government's valuation; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Norris: London Transport arranged for independent advisers to value the properties before privatisation for the statutory accounts of Selkent. Individual property valuations are commercially confidential, and were made available in the privatisation information memorandum to interested parties who had signed a confidentiality agreement with London Transport.
The sale of Selkent included the freehold of Catford and Bromley garages and the lease of Plumstead and Orpington garages. Clawback arrangements were put in place for the two freehold properties and apply for a 10-year period from 1 April 1994. These enable the public sector to benefit from any gain arising from the sale of a freehold.
Mr. Austin-Walker: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) to which company each component part of London Country Buses was sold in 1986; and what changes in ownership have occurred since; (2) what considerations underlie the decision to divide London Country Bus Services Ltd. into four parts; what review of that policy has taken place since 1986; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Norris: London Country Bus Services Ltd. was split into four separate operating companies by the National Bus Company following the direction of the Secretary of State for Transport on 13 February 1986. The
Column 353main policy objective was to promote competition within a deregulated bus industry. The competition authorities have a duty to keep markets, including the bus market, under review and to consider any qualifying mergers under the Fair Trading Act 1973. Information about the original sale of the companies and details of present ownership is shown in the table.
|Present fleetname |Original purchaser|and ownership ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- London Country Bus |Proudmutual Ltd |Kentish Bus- (South East) Ltd |British Bus Ltd Renamed Kentish Bus and Coach Ltd London Country Bus |Drawline Ltd |London & (South West) Ltd | Country- | British Bus Ltd |Speyhawk Land & |Estates Ltd |(Properties only) London Country Bus |Management |Luton & District- (North West) Ltd | British Bus Ltd | The Bee Line- | Q Drive Buses London Country Bus |London Country |County Bus and (North East) Ltd | Travel Ltd | Coach-West | Midlands Travel | Ltd Sovereign | Bus & Coach- | Blazefield | Holdings
Mr. Norris: The competition authorities have a duty to keep markets, including the bus industry, under review and to consider any qualifying mergers under the Fair Trading Act 1973. In addition, London Transport will offer all its bus routes for competitive tender on a regular basis.
Mr. Watts: British Rail expects to spend £90 million and the three rolling stock leasing companies £129 million on new rolling stock in 1994 95. In addition, BR has authority to lease £150 million of new Networker trains from 1994 95.
Mr Watts: The provisional external financing limits for 1994 95 for Railtrack and British Rail are, respectively, minus £280 million and minus £348 million. They will continue to be kept under review during the course of the year, and adjusted as appropriate.
Mr. Grocott: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list the public appointments for which he is responsible (a) in the west midlands region and (b) in Shropshire, indicating in each case the duration of the appointment, the date when a new appointment is due, and the salary.
(i) the Traffic Commissioner for the west midland traffic area, which includes Shropshire, whose current standard salary is £43,836. A new appointment is due in May 1998.
(ii) Deputy Traffic Commissioners to assist the Traffic Commissioner in the west midland traffic area with public inquiries. These are fixed term renewable appointments initially for two years. A fee, currently £186, is paid for public inquiry work on a daily basis. Of the four which have been appointed to the west midland traffic area, one appointment is due for review in April 1996 and two in July 1996.
Mr. Norris: Six companies have so far been privatised, realising proceeds of approximately £140 million. Under arrangements agreed at the time of the unified budget, provision was made for London Transport to retain all proceeds up to £100 million and 25 per cent. of receipts above that level.
Mr. Bayley: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how much fare income was lost by British Rail as a result of the signal staff strike; and how much compensation will be paid to British Rail by Railtrack in respect of this lost revenue.
Mr. John Watts: British Rail estimates that its net revenue loss-- passenger and freight--as a result of the signal staff strike was £154 million. Questions of compensation as a result of strike action are a matter for British Rail and Railtrack.
Mr. John Watts: Provision of £1,675 million is made for 1994 95 in class VI, vote 7 for compensation to British Rail for public service obligations imposed by the Secretary of State or the franchising director under EC regulation 1191/69.
Mr. Norris: According to the Department's personnel information system, there were 13,697 employees on the payroll of the Department, including its eight agencies, as at 1 October 1994. The regional breakdown is:
Region |Numbers |Per cent. ------------------------------------------------- Eastern |282 |2.06 East Midlands |573 |4.18 London |2,962 |21.63 N. Ireland |25 |0.18 North West |745 |5.44 Northern |387 |2.83 Scotland |649 |4.74 South East |2,327 |16.99 South West |1,000 |7.30 Wales |3,258 |23.79 West Midlands |819 |5.98 Yorks & Humberside |662 |4.83 Overseas |8 |0.06 ------- |------- |------- Total |13,697
Mr. Raynsford: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will list all the non-departmental public bodies to which his Department makes appointments in the Greater London area, with the total annual budget for each body and the number of appointments made or renewed for each body in each of the last five years.
a. The Traffic Director for London has a budget of £10.25 million for 1994 95. The appointment was made in 1991 for a five year term. b. The London Regional Passengers' Committee's budget, to meet 1994 95 running costs, is £0.47 million. Since 1 April 1994, when responsibility for the committee was transferred to my right hon. Friend from the President of the Baord of Trade, no appointments have been made or renewed.
c. The Traffic Commissioner for the South Eastern and Metropolitan Traffic Area, which includes the Greater London area, has a budget of £1.36 million to meet running costs in 1994 95. Only one appointment--that of a Deputy Traffic Commissioner in 1992--has been made over the last five years.
Column 356Letter from Laurie Haynes to Mr. Neil Gerrard, dated 21 October 1994:
The Minister for Transport in London has asked me to write to you in response to your Parliamentary Question about the A12 Hackney Wick to M11 Link Road since it is an operational matter for the Highways Agency.
To date 208 mature trees have been cut down in connection with work to build the Link Road.
Mr. Haselhurst: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what productivity gains in respect of signalling have been made on British Railways over the past decade; how they have been achieved; and what assessment he has made of consequential remuneration.
Mr. Watts: Between 1980 and 1993 the number of signalling staff, including relief grades, declined from 7,599 to 4,941, a reduction of 35 per cent. For the same period there was a 46 per cent. reduction in total railway staff.
Over the same period, productivity gains in signalling have largely arisen from investment of the order of £1 billion, especially in new technology in track and signalling projects, and changes in service patterns. This has led to a decline in the number of signal boxes from 1,855 to 1,033, a drop of 44 per cent.
Job changes arising from this investment have been reflected in regrading of signalling staff and higher allowances. In 1980, 22 per cent. were at the lowest grade: in 1993 it was 9 per cent. Similarly, the highest grade increased from 6 per cent. to 15 per cent. Those trends have continued in 1994. In addition, signalling staff have benefited from the creation of new allowances. As a result, signalling staff have had significant real increases in pay: since 1979 their real earnings growth has been 47 per cent., compared with 14 per cent. for manual workers and 37 per cent. for the whole economy.
Mr. Keith Hill: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will set out the total investment by British Rail and the amount invested in Network SouthEast in (a) track, (b) signalling, (c) rolling stock and (d) other in each year since 1978 at both cash and at 1993 94 prices.
Mr. Watts: The information is not available in the form requested. The tables attached show British Rail investment in infrastructure, rolling stock and other, and Network SouthEast investment in rolling stock and infrastructure.
In the tables:
Infrastructure includes signalling, new track, track renewals, new routes and electrification.
Rolling stock includes prepayments.
Other is mostly plant, buildings and equipment.
There are no figures for Network SouthEast before 1985 86, when the division was created.
Table 1, British Rail investment, £ million cash. British Rail |Infrastructure|Rolling Stock |Other |Total ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1979 |213 |93 |48 |353 1980 |242 |122 |54 |417 1981 |243 |106 |47 |396 1982 |233 |98 |41 |372 1983 |310 |70 |54 |434 1984-85<1> |326 |63 |76 |466 1985-86 |327 |80 |131 |538 1986-87 |285 |79 |160 |524 1987-88 |374 |154 |157 |685 1988-89 |312 |206 |185 |703 1989-90 |406 |234 |227 |867 1990-91 |397 |329 |292 |1,018 1991-92 |490 |450 |320 |1,260 1992-93 |432 |549 |529 |1,510 1993-94<2> |423 |439 |401 |1,263 <1> 12 month equivalent of 15 month year <2> provisional
Table 2, British Rail investment, £ million 1993-94 prices. British Rail |Infrastructure|Rolling Stock |Other |Total ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1979 |549 |241 |123 |913 1980 |523 |263 |116 |902 1981 |472 |207 |91 |770 1982 |420 |178 |74 |671 1983 |531 |120 |92 |743 1984-85<1> |528 |103 |123 |754 1985-86 |501 |123 |200 |824 1986-87 |423 |117 |238 |778 1987-88 |526 |217 |220 |964 1988-89 |410 |270 |243 |923 1989-90 |501 |289 |279 |1,069 1990-91 |460 |381 |339 |1,181 1991-92 |530 |487 |346 |1,363 1992-93 |447 |568 |548 |1,563 1993-94<2> |423 |439 |401 |1,263 <1> 12 month equivalent of 15 month year <2> provisional
Table 3. Network South East investment, £ million cash. Network South East |Infrastructure|Rolling Stock |Total --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1985-86 |131 |17 |148 1986-87 |147 |13 |160 1987-88 |195 |58 |253 1988-89 |209 |126 |335 1989-90 |291 |111 |402 1990-91 |262 |78 |340 1991-92 |263 |133 |396 1992-93 |216 |312 |529 1993-94<1> |183 |167 |350 <1> provisional
Table 4. Network South East investment, £ million 1993-94 prices. Network South East |Infrastructure|Rolling Stock |Total --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1985-86 |201 |26 |227 1986-87 |218 |20 |238 1987-88 |274 |82 |356 1988-89 |274 |165 |439 1989-90 |359 |137 |496 1990-91 |304 |90 |394 1991-92 |284 |144 |428 1992-93 |224 |323 |547 1993-94<1> |183 |167 |350 <1> provisional
(2) if she will provide details on the closure of dental schools since 1985 and the rationale behind their closure.
Mr. Boswell: Since 1985, one dental school has closed in England. This school--part of University college London--closed following a review carried out by the former University Grants Committee in the light of the Government's decision to reduce the overall United Kingdom dental intake in line with manpower requirements. Information for other parts of the UK is the responsibility of my right hon. Friends the Secretaries of State for Scotland, for Wales and for Northern Ireland.
Mr. McCartney: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many dental schools provide training for dentists in England and Wales; and if she will give details on the number of places offered by each dental school for each year since 1985.
Column 359Recommended intake targets for individual dental schools are allocated by the Higher Education Funding Councils.
The recommended intake target for home, EC and overseas students for dental schools in England from the academic year 1985 86 onwards is set out in the table. Information for Wales is the responsibility of my right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for Wales.
|1985 to 1991|1991 to date ----------------------------------------------------------------- Birmingham |75 |65 Bristol |50 |50 Leeds |55 |55 Liverpool |55 |55 Kings College London |57 |57 London Hospital Medical College |55 |55 United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals |88 |88 Manchester |60 |60 Newcastle |70 |70 Sheffield |45 |50 University College London |50 |- Note: The recommended intake target for University College London applies up to 1988-89 only, when the school closed.