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Mrs. Gillian Shephard: This information is not available as it is not possible to disaggregate costs of this nature from the Department's running cost expenditure, details of which are published in the annual departmental report [CM 2510].

Mr. Bayley: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many official Christmas cards she and her Ministers intend to send in 1994; how much these cards will cost (a) to buy, (b) to post and (c) in staff time to sign, address and place in envelopes; and if she will place in the Library a sample copy of the official Christmas card she intends to send this year.

Mrs. Gillian Shephard: My Ministers and I intend to send about 950 official Christmas cards in 1994. They will cost some £800 to purchase and £180 to post. Information on the cost in staff time to address cards and place them in envelopes is not available. When my cards are available, I will place copies in the Libraries of the House.

EMPLOYMENT

Labour Statistics

Mr. McCartney: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment, pursuant to his answer of 24 November,


Column 865

Official Report , column 266 , if he will provide a regional breakdown of the spring 1994 labour force survey figure to identify separately the numbers of employed and self-employed people in part-time work who could not find full-time work, by percentage, gender and age.


Column 866

Mr. Oppenheim: The following tables give the information available from the spring 1994 labour force survey. The same size used in the survey is not large enough to provide reliable estimates for self-employed people, nor for an age analysis by region.


Part-time employees who could not find a full-time job by region and         

gender-Spring 1994 (not seasonally adjusted)                                 

                                              As a percentage                

                                              of all part-time               

Region of residence   Thousands               employees                      

                                                                             

                             |All                    |
                      

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Great Britain        |706    |194    |512    |13     |26     |11             

England              |590    |167    |423    |13     |26     |10             

South East           |201    |57     |144    |13     |23     |11             

 -Greater London     |83     |26     |57     |16     |28     |14             

 -ROSE               |118    |31     |87     |11     |21     |9              

East Anglia          |31     |<1>-   |21     |14     |<1>-   |11             

South West           |67     |20     |47     |13     |26     |11             

West Midlands        |66     |18     |47     |13     |29     |10             

East Midlands        |41     |12     |29     |10     |25     |8              

Yorks and Humberside |62     |17     |45     |12     |25     |10             

North West           |77     |23     |54     |13     |28     |10             

North                |45     |11     |34     |15     |27     |13             

Wales                |43     |11     |32     |17     |42     |14             

Scotland             |73     |15     |57     |16     |29     |14             

<1> Estimates below 10,000 and so not shown.                                 


Part-time employees who could not find a full-time job by gender and age-Spring 1994 (not         

seasonally adjusted)                                                                              

                                                   As a percentage                                

                                                   of all part-time                               

               Thousands                           employees                                      

              |All persons|Men        |Women      |All persons|Men        |Women                  

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Great Britain                                                                                     

All 16+       |706        |194        |512        |13         |26         |11                     

16-19         |57         |17         |41         |10         |6          |13                     

20-24         |106        |40         |66         |29         |37         |26                     

25-34         |154        |45         |109        |14         |60         |10                     

35-49         |223        |41         |182        |12         |54         |10                     

50-59/64      |140        |47         |93         |14         |37         |11                     

60/65+        |26         |<1>-       |21         |6          |<1>-       |7                      

Note:                                                                                             

<1> Estimates below 10,000 and so not shown.                                                      

Source:                                                                                           

Labour force survey.                                                                              

Labour Statistics

Mr. McCartney: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment, pursuant to his answer of 24 November, Official Report, column 266, if he will provide a breakdown by region and gender of (a) the 587,000 employees in temporary jobs because they could not find permanent employment and (b) the total number of employees in temporary jobs.

Mr. Oppenheim: The following tables give the information available from the spring 1994 labour force survey:


(a) Employees in temporary jobs because they could not find                                              

full-time work by sex and region of residence Spring 1994 (not                                           

seasonally adjusted)                                                                                     

Thousands                                                                                                

                          Sex                                                                            

                         |All                                                                            

Region of residence      |persons            |Men                |Women                                  

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Great Britain            |587                |303                |284                                    

North                    |41                 |26                 |15                                     

Yorkshire and Humberside |54                 |31                 |22                                     

East Midlands            |33                 |16                 |17                                     

East Anglia              |25                 |13                 |11                                     

South East               |191                |94                 |96                                     

 -Greater London         |77                 |34                 |43                                     

 -Rest of South East     |113                |60                 |53                                     

South West               |42                 |18                 |24                                     

West Midlands            |44                 |22                 |22                                     

North West               |63                 |33                 |30                                     

Wales                    |32                 |17                 |15                                     

Scotland                 |63                 |32                 |31                                     

Source:                                                                                                  

Labour force survey.                                                                                     


(b) Employees in temporary jobs by sex and region of residence                                           

Spring 1994 (not seasonally adjusted)                                                                    

Thousands                                                                                                

                          Sex                                                                            

                         |All                                                                            

Region of residence      |persons            |Men                |Women                                  

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Great Britain            |1,373              |607                |765                                    

North                    |84                 |43                 |42                                     

Yorkshire and Humberside |118                |56                 |62                                     

East Midlands            |90                 |35                 |55                                     

East Anglia              |56                 |23                 |33                                     

South East               |480                |205                |275                                    

 -Greater London         |184                |79                 |105                                    

 -Rest of South East     |296                |126                |170                                    

South West               |101                |42                 |59                                     

West Midlands            |112                |48                 |65                                     

North West               |140                |67                 |73                                     

Wales                    |66                 |28                 |38                                     

Scotland                 |125                |62                 |63                                     

Source:                                                                                                  

Labour force survey.                                                                                     

Part-time Workers

Mr. McCartney: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will provide the latest estimate of the number of employees who are in temporary part-time work because they have been unable to find full-time permanent employment, broken down by region, gender and age.

Mr. Oppenheim: The following table gives the information available from the spring 1994 labour force survey. The sample size used for the survey is not large enough to provide reliable estimates for regions.


Employees in temporary        

part-time jobs because they   

could not find                

full-time permanent work.     

             Spring 1994 (not 

             seasonally       

             adjusted)        

             thousands        

             Great Britain    

Age         |Men  |Women      

------------------------------

16-24       |19   |14         

25-34       |11   |20         

35-49       |12   |27         

50 and over |<1>- |13         

                              

Total       |49   |74         

Note:                         

<1> Under 10,000 and so not   

shown.                        

Source:                       

Labour force survey.          

Merchant Seafarers

Ms Walley: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list the provisions of current employment legislation which do not apply to United Kingdom merchant seafarers.

Mr. Oppenheim: Provisions which exclude seafarers of various descriptions in some circumstances from certain of the provisions of general employment legislation include:

Section 10 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1975;

Sections 8 and 9 of the Race Relations Act 1976;

Sections 141 and 144 of the Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978;

Section 30 of the Wages Act 1986;

Sections 284 and 285 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992.


Column 868

Training

Mr. Austin Mitchell: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment how much training was provided by each training and enterprise council in Greater London in respect of (a) employment training, (b) youth training and (c) other programmes in the last year for which figures are available; and if he will show the proportions of each that were provided by further education colleges.

Mr. Paice: Training figures information by training and enterprise councils in Greater London is set out in the following table. Information on training provided by further education colleges is not available in the form requested.


London TECs-1993-94 Starts, Average Participants and Training                   

Weeks Delivered                                                                 

                                                |Training                       

Youth Training                  |Average        |weeks                          

(Excluding                                                                      

Credits)        |Starts         |Participants<1>|delivered                      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aztec           |1,581          |1,267          |64,937                         

Centec          |2,336          |1,898          |96,912                         

Cilntec         |3,079          |2,234          |114,316                        

Letec           |4,538          |4,484          |232,527                        

NLtec           |1,730          |1,323          |72,343                         

NWtec           |1,193          |832            |49,638                         

Solotec         |4              |256            |18,253                         

Sttec           |51             |1,605          |80,686                         

Wltec           |2,140          |2,351          |122,360                        

                                                                                

Region          |16,652         |16,250         |851,972                        

Source:                                                                         

TEC Annex J Management Information (Actuals).                                   

Note:                                                                           

The figure for average participants is the average of the participants on the   

scheme at the end of each four-weekly period in 1993-94. (For LFW the average   

of the participants at the end of the seven periods when scheme was run).       


                                                |Training                       

                                |Average        |weeks                          

Youth Credits   |Starts         |Participants<1>|delivered                      

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aztec           | 0             | 0             | 0                             

Centec          |0              |0              |0                              

Cilntec         |0              |0              |0                              

Letec           | 0             | 0             | 0                             

NLtec           | 0             | 0             | 0                             

NWtec           | 0             | 0             | 0                             

Solotec         |2,629          |2,063          |101,394                        

Sttec           |3,896          |1,236          |57,594                         

Wltec           | 0             | 0             | 0                             

                                                                                

Region          | 6,525         |3,299          |158,988                        

Source:                                                                         

TEC Annex J Management Information (Actuals).                                   

Note:                                                                           

<1> The figure for average participants is the average of the participants on   

the scheme at the end of each four-weekly period in 1993-94. (For LFW the       

average of the participants at the end of the seven periods when scheme was     

run).                                                                           


Youth training and                    |Average                              

credits            |Starts            |participants<1>                      

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aztec              |1,581             |1,267                                

Centec             |2,336             |1,898                                

Cilntec            |3,079             |2,234                                

Letec              |4,538             |4,484                                

NLtec              |1,730             |1,323                                

NWtec              |1,193             |832                                  

Solotec            |2,633             |2,318                                

Sttec              |3,947             |2,841                                

WLtec              |2,140             |2,351                                

                                                                            

Region             |23,177            |19,549                               

TEC Annex J Management Information (Actuals).                               

Note:                                                                       

<1> The figure for average participants is the average of the participants  

on the scheme at the end of each four-weekly period in 1993-94. (For LFW    

the average participants at the end of seven periods when scheme was run).  


                                                      |Training                           

                                    |Average          |weeks                              

Training for Work |Starts           |Participants<1>  |delivered                          

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aztec             |3,214            |1,234            |60,388                             

Centec            |6,265            |2,471            |125,093                            

Cilntec           |4,609            |2,156            |112,555                            

Letec             |7,460            |3,492            |176,820                            

NLtec             |5,506            |2,224            |118,267                            

NWtec             |3,518            |1,219            |61,494                             

Solotec           |3,587            |1,469            |78,852                             

Sttec             |8,436            |3,762            |188,696                            

Wltec             |3,149            |1,200            |62,138                             

                                                                                          

Region            |45,744           |19,228           |984,303                            

Source:                                                                                   

TEC Annex J Management Information (Actuals).                                             

Note:                                                                                     

<1> The figure for average participants is the average of the participants on the scheme  

at the end of each four-weekly period in 1993-94. (For LFW average of the participants at 

the end of the seven periods when scheme was run).                                        


Business Start up                   |Average                            

Scheme<2>         |Starts           |Participants<1>                    

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aztec             |371              |487                                

Centec            |366              |178                                

Cilntec           |387              |337                                

Letec             |363              |341                                

NLtec             |549              |272                                

NWtec             |242              |227                                

Solotec           |567              |513                                

Sttec             |516              |502                                

WLtec             |425              |516                                

                                                                        

Region            |3,786            |3,374                              

Source:                                                                 

TEC Annex J Management Information (Actuals).                           

Notes:                                                                  

<1> The figure for average participants is the average of the           

participants on the scheme at the end of each four-weekly period in     

1993-94. (For LFW the average participants at the end of seven periods  

when scheme was run).                                                   

<2> Anex J figures are not collected for BSUS and LFW training weeks    

delivered.                                                              


                                          |Average                                  

Learning for Work<2> |Starts              |Participants<1>                          

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Aztec                |230                 |194                                      

Centec               |267                 |120                                      

Cilntec              |235                 | 92                                      

Letec                |331                 |202                                      

NLtec                |212                 |147                                      

NWtec                |51                  |39                                       

Solotec              |138                 | 87                                      

Sttec                |421                 |234                                      

WLtec                |158                 | 64                                      

                                                                                    

Region               |2,043               |1,178                                    

Source:                                                                             

TEC Annex J Management Information (Actuals).                                       

Notes:                                                                              

<1> The figure for average participants is the average of the participants on the   

scheme at the end of each four-weekly period in 1993-94. (For LFW the average       

participants at the end of the seven periods when scheme was run).                  

<2> Anex J figures are not collected for BSUS and LFW training weeks delivered.     

Training Schemes (Wales)

Mr. Ron Davies: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what percentage of those referred to employment training in Wales by his Department did not arrive; and what percentage of those in Wales who started a scheme completed their training in the last year for which figures are available.

Mr. Redwood: I have been asked to reply.

Some 53.5 per cent. of those referred by the Employment Service to employment training in Wales did not arrive for their training in 1993 94. The ET national follow-up survey show that from April 1992 to March 1993, 58 per cent. of those on employment training completed agreed training.

Late Payments

Mr. Betts: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment (1) of the bills currently awaiting payment in his Department, how many are over the advised payment date by (a) up to one month, (b) up to two months, (c) up to three months, (d) up to six months and (e) over six months respectively;

(2) how many of the bills paid by his Department during the last month for which figures are available were paid within (a) up to one month, (b) up to two months, (c) up to three months, (d) up to six months and (e) over six months from receipt of invoice; and how many were over the date for payment by (i) up to one month, (ii) up to two months, (iii) up to three months, (iv) up to six months and (v) over six months.

Miss Widdecombe: The information is not available in the form requested and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. However, Departments are required to provide details of their annual payment performance in their departmental reports. Recent figures for 1994 indicate that the Employment Department, the Employment Service and the Health and Safety Executive paid, respectively, 96.3, 83.4 and 90.3 per cent. of their bills in accordance with agreed contractual conditions or, where no such contractual condition existed, within 30 days of receipt of goods and services or the presentation of a valid invoice.


Column 871

Special Advisers

Mr. Milburn: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment if he will list the special advisers employed by his Department in each of the last five years indicating when they (a) joined and (b) left his Department and the annual salary they received.

Miss Widdecombe: The following special advisers have been employed by the Employment Department, in the last five years:

Alison Broom: from 21 July 1994 to date

Michael McManus: from 28 May 1993 to 20 July 1994

Dr. Elizabeth Cottrell: from 14 April 1992 to 27 May 1993 Iain Wilton: from 13 January 1992 to 13 March 1992

Tim Collins: from 1 February 1990 to 10 January 1992

Warwick Lightfoot: from 2 November 1987 to 31 August 1989. Salaries for special advisers are negotiated individually in relation to their previous earnings, and are confidential. They are however, normally paid on a special advisers salary spine of 34 points, ranging from £19.503 to £67,609. Appointments are non-pensionable, and the salary spine reflects this.

Jobseekers

Ms Lynne: To ask the Secretary of State for Employment what will be the cost to the Benefits Agency of the jobseeker's agreement per individual with whom it is negotiated.

Miss Widdecombe: This matter is still under consideration.

ENVIRONMENT

Business Start-up

Mr. MacShane: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if it is his policy that support for business start-up in Rotherham and similar schemes will be maintained in the single regeneration budget process.

Mr. Curry: The single regeneration budget has a range of objectives, including the encouragement of sustainable economic growth and wealth creation by improving the competitiveness of the local economy, including business support. On-going commitments under the business start-up scheme, which has been absorbed within the SRB from 1 April 1994, will continue to be honoured. In addition, the SRB will be able to provide support for new and existing businesses through the bidding arrangements introduced for 1995 96 and later years.

Pit Data

Mr. Redmond: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will introduce legislation to make provision for the recording by experts of all relevant data in respect of the workings of (a) shafts, (b) drainage channels and (c) other elements of industrial archaeology which are found at pits being turned into opencast workings; and if he will make a statement.

Sir Paul Beresford: No; PPG16 "Archaeology and Planning" already gives general guidance on the handling of archaeological remains and discoveries under the development plan and control systems, including the steps that should be taken for their preservation or recording.


Column 872

In addition, MPG12 requires local planning authorities to identify, where possible, the location of mine entries and openings in surveys of their areas.

Quarrying

Mr. Cohen: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what representations he has received, and what assessment his Department has made, of the impact of the proposed new planning guidelines on quarrying for aggregates upon environmentally important and sensitive sites.

Sir Paul Beresford: In drawing up the new planning guidelines contained in minerals planning guidance "Guidelines for Aggregates Provision in England", MPG6, the department consulted a wide range of interested bodies including those concerned about the impact of quarrying in environmentally important and sensitive areas. The responses from those bodies were taken into account and we have had no specific representations since the guidelines were published in April this year.

The guidelines are designed to ensure that the construction industry receives an adequate and steady supply of material at the best balance of social, environmental and economic cost. The environmental impacts of particular proposals are given due consideration during the processing of the planning application.

Departmental Payments

Mr. Austin Mitchell: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what is the average and the median time his Department has taken to pay suppliers in each of the last 12 months; and what proportion of bills took more than six weeks to pay.

Sir Paul Beresford: The information is not available in the form requested and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. However, Departments are required to provide details of their annual payment performance in their departmental reports. For 1993, my Department paid 90 per cent. of its bills in accordance with agreed contractual conditions or, where no such contractual conditions existed, within 30 days of receipt of goods and services or the presentation of a valid invoice.

Non-domestic Rates

Mr. Cousins: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will estimate the effect on rate bills in the northern region of the 1995 property revaluation on each category of property divided between small and large, assuming no change in real terms rate poundage and (a) with and (b) without the effect of transitional relief, on the basis of his answer of 1 November to the hon. Member for Coventry, South-West (Mr. Butcher), Official Report, columns 1003 6.

Mr. Robert B. Jones: The information about properties in the northern region is contained in the table below and takes account of the most recent information available. The effects of the 1995 revaluation taking account of the transitional arrangements are calculated on the basis of the limits on increases and decreases in rate bills announced by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for the Environment in his answer of 29 November to my hon. Friend the Member for Harborough (Mr.


Column 873

Garnier), Official Report, columns 649 50 . The effects, taking no account of transitional relief, are shown in parentheses. Percentage changes in rate bills for the northern region following the 1995 revaluation.


Northern Region: percentage change                                    

              |Small        |Large                                    

              |properties<1>|properties   |Total                      

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Shops         |+8 (+40)     |+11 (+37)    |+10 (+37)                  

Offices       |+9 (+52)     |+12 (+55)    |+11 (+54)                  

Factories     |+9 (+48)     |+8 (+48)     |+8 (+48)                   

Warehouses    |+9 (+47)     |+12 (+28)    |+11 (+30)                  

Other         |+7 (+36)     |+7 (+19)     |+7 (+21)                   

                                                                      

Total         |+8(+42)      |+8 (+29)     |+8 (+31)                   

<1> Small properties have a 1 April 1995 rateable value of less than  

£10,000.                                                              

Nuclear Waste

Mr. Cousins: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will list the landfill sites in the counties of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Cleveland and Durham where the controlled burial of low-level nuclear waste is licensed; and, in each case, what is the ceiling on the amounts involved.

Mr. Atkins: The following four sites, High Urpeth, Kibblesworth, Ryton and Cowpen Bewley, have in the past received low-level radioactive waste for disposal by controlled burial. The first three mentioned are now closed, leaving Cowpen Bewley as the only site which may receive such waste.

This site may receive waste from a small number of locally based organisations. Authority to make controlled burials is granted only after an assessment of the waste producer's application and of the site it proposes to use. The certificates of authorisation issued to those organisations, which now use Cowpen Bewley, contain detailed limits on both volume and activity of waste which may be disposed of, and on the disposal conditions. These authorisations permit the disposal of no more than 200 MBq of radium and thorium and of 2 GBq of other radionuclides, which are not alpha emitters, each month at Cowpen Bewley.

County Archives

Mr. Redmond: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what action he is taking to prevent the deterioration of written records in county archives; and if he will make a statement.

Mr. Robert B. Jones: All principal local authorities have a duty under the Local Government Act 1972 to make proper arrangements for any documents in their custody. Responsibility for the care of county archives therefore lies with the county councils and any successor authorities. A working group has, however, been established for the purpose of drawing up and promulgating central guidance for the future of archive collections, with particular reference to the needs of any new authorities established as a consequence of local government reorganisation. Its members are drawn from the Public Record Office, the Society of Archivists, the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts and the Association of County Archivists as well as representatives of my Department and the Department of


Column 874

National Heritage. It is intended to have the guidance in place early next year.

CITES

Mr. Patnick: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will make a statement on the outcome of the ninth conference of the parties of CITES.

Sir Paul Beresford: I refer the hon. Gentleman to the reply given by my hon. Friend the Minister for Environment and Countryside to the hon. Members for Ceredigion and Pembroke, North (Mr. Dafis) and for Newham North -West (Mr. Banks) on 24 November, Official Report, columns 241 42.

Rural Challenge Competition

Mr. Campbell-Savours: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment whether he will set out the basic features of the successful bids to the Rural Development Commission which enabled them to win the rural challenge competition.

Mr. Atkins: I launched rural challenge on 14 February 1994. Detailed bidding guidance was issued on 29 March. In judging the 17 finalists, the panel gave particular priority to bids which involved partnerships drawn from the private, public and voluntary sectors and the local community; demonstrated innovative approaches which could be replicated more widely; respected and enhanced the environment and promoted good design; levered in a high proportion of private sector investment; and offered good value for money. The six winners which Lord Shuttleworth and I announced on 24 November clearly demonstrated those features.

Local Authority Housing

Mr. Betts: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if a homeless family in a temporary tenancy and who are on the local authority housing list will have to accept any property of a suitable size for which they would be eligible under the proposals contained in the statement on access to local authority housing.

Mr. Robert B. Jones: Any applicant for local authority or housing association housing could decline to take up a tenancy offered to him through the housing waiting list. As now, it would be for local authorities to decide whether refusal of such an offer would affect the applicant's eligibility for further offers.

Mr. Betts: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment what plans he has to bring forward legislation based on the statement on access to local authority housing.

Mr. Robert B. Jones: I refer the hon. Member to my reply to the hon. Member for Newham, North-East (Mr. Timms) on 28 November, Official Report , column 479 .

Mr. Betts: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will make a statement on the position of a homeless family granted a temporary tenancy who became eligible for a permanent local authority tenancy while they were temporary tenants following implementation of the proposals contained in his statement on access to local authority housing.

Mr. Robert B. Jones: As the then Minister for Housing, Inner Cities and Construction, my right hon. Friend the Member for Ealing, Action (Sir G. Young) said


Column 875

in his statement to the House on 18 July, Official Report , columns 21 23, in most parts of the country a 12-month period on the housing waiting list will be long enough for someone with real housing needs to obtain a local authority or housing association tenancy.

Late Payments

Mr. Betts: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment (1) how many of the bills paid by his Department during the last month for which figures are available were paid within (a) up to one month, (b) up to two months, (c) up to three months, (d) up to six months and (e) over six months from receipt of invoice; and how many were over the date for payment by (i) up to one month, (ii) up two months, (iii) up to three months, (iv) up to six months and (v) over six months;

(2) of the bills currently awaiting payment in his Department, how many are over the advised payment date by (a) up to one month, (b) up to two months, (c) up to three months, (d) up to six months and (e) over six months, respectively.

Sir Paul Beresford: The information is not available in the form requested and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. However, Departments are required to provide details of their annual payment performance in their departmental reports. For 1993, my Department paid 90 per cent. of its bills in accordance with agreed contractual conditions or, where no such contractual conditions existed, within 30 days of receipt of goods and services or the presentation of a valid invoice.

Waste Shipments

Mr. Ainger: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will make a statement on his Department's policy concerning trans-border shipment of toxic and hazardous waste from (a) developed and (b) other countries.

Mr. Atkins: I welcome this opportunity to reiterate the Government's policy, outlined earlier this year, when a new control regime on waste shipments was introduced.

The EC waste shipments regulation and the United Kingdom's associated Transfrontier Shipment of Waste Regulations 1994 came into effect on 6 May. This legislation enabled the United Kingdom to fulfil its obligations under the Basel convention, to which the United Kingdom became a party on 8 May.

These obligations are based on the principle of national self-sufficiency in waste disposal. This principle is the means by which countries can be encouraged to take responsibility for disposing of the wastes they generate. Thereby they are encouraged to minimise wastes--especially hazardous wastes--and to reuse and recycle, and to pursue policies of sustainable development.

We must also have regard for other environmental responsibilities arising from our membership of the European Union and the global community. In implementing the Basel convention, we should not lose sight of these wider considerations.

As a developed country, with ample disposal facilities to meet our waste arisings, we will have no need to export wastes for final disposal in other countries. The EC regulation prohibits such exports to countries outside the EC and EFTA. We shall go further by proposing a complete prohibition on such exports to all countries.


Column 876

There is no equivalent case for a general ban on exports of wastes for recovery, but special considerations apply to the export of hazardous wastes for recovery in developing countries and countries in transition. At the second conference of the Basel convention in March, it was recognised that there is a high risk that such exports will not be managed in environmentally sound ways in the country of receipt. It was decided that, except in exceptional circumstances, trans- boundary movement of hazardous wastes from OECD to non-OECD states for the purposes of recovery should be prohibited. In the Government's opinion this decision has now taken effect.

Our policy towards imports is based on similar principles. In future, the presumption will be that wastes should not be imported for final disposal in this country. This applies both to landfill, either directly and indirectly, and to incineration without energy recovery, and also to disposal under the guise of recovery--so called "sham recovery". However, imports for genuine recovery operations will continue to be allowed.

For most other wastes, all other countries should now develop final disposal facilities and there seems no reason to delay a prohibition on imports. There may, however, be special circumstances where imports for specialist disposal processes--and in particular for high temperature incineration--might be justified on wider environmental grounds for very limited periods and quantities. This would apply on a transitional and reducing basis where a country had not yet completed specialist disposal capacity or was dealing with a backlog inherited from a former communist regime in eastern Europe. We propose to develop strict criteria which would regulate any such continued imports. Our criteria would take account of the technical and environmental characteristics of the waste stream, and the circumstances of the exporting country. Except for small quantities particularly from developing countries, we would propose that the transitional period should not exceed three years at most. We do not contemplate importing from countries in a position to develop their own disposal facilities, but taking no action to do so. That would be quite contrary to our policy towards self-sufficiency. Nor would we allow imports which could not be safely handled and managed within the existing disposal capacity in the United Kingdom. We shall be making more detailed proposals on exports and imports in the form of a draft waste management plan, which will incorporate technical guidance designed to assist competent authorities in making decisions. There will be a full opportunity for consultation on the draft plan, and I hope this will proceed soon.

Special Advisers

Mr. Milburn: To ask the Secretary of State for the Environment if he will list the special advisers employed by his Department in each of the last five years indicating when they (a) joined and (b) left his Department and the annual salary they received.

Mr. Robert B. Jones: The information requested is as follows: Mrs. Katherine Ramsay

Political Adviser; joined in 1986, left in November 1989. Mr. Patrick Rock

Political Adviser; joined on 13 July 1987, left on 28 November 1990; joined on 1 May 1992, left on 27 May 1993.


Column 877

Mr. Tim Collins

Political Adviser; joined on 28 September 1989, left on 29 January 1990.

Professor David Pearce

Expert Adviser on Economic Environmental Matters; joined on 26 July 1989, left on 10 April 1992.

Mr. Richard Marsh

Political Adviser; joined on 29 January 1990, left on 3 June 1991.

Dr. Alan Kemp

Political Adviser; joined on 28 January 1991, left on 10 April 1992.

Sir Peter Levene

Expert Adviser on commercial and financial affairs; joined in February 1991, left on 10 April 1992.

Lady Eileen Strathnaver

Political Adviser; joined on 4 February 1991, left on 10 April 1992.

Professor Peter Hall

Expert Adviser on Planning; joined in March 1991, left on 31 January 1994.

Mr. Tom Burke

Expert Adviser on the Environment; joined on 18 March 1991. Still with the Department.

Miss Alison Broom

Political Adviser; joined on 17 June 1991, left on 10 April 1992.

Mr. James Gray

Political Adviser; joined on 3 June 1992. Still with the Department.

Mr. Keith Adams

Political Adviser; joined on 28 May 1993. Still with the Department.


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