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Mr. Jack: The European Union operates several concessionary import quotas providing for beef imports at reduced rates of levy or duty, including to the United Kingdom. These include a quota for frozen beef and veal; two quotas for high-quality "Hilton" beef; and a beef and veal quota for certain developing countries under the Lome convention. The EU has also agreed new market access commitments as part of the GATT Uruguay round. These will see import tariffs generally reduced over the period 1995 to 2000.

Information concerning United Kingdom production of beef for years 1979 and 1989 are available from agriculture in the United Kingdom. Data for 1968 are not available on the same basis and estimates for 1994 are not yet available. Detailed information on imports to the UK and exports to particular countries for the years requested can be provided only at disproportionate cost. Trade information is published in the annual statement of trade of the United Kingdom 1968, Customs and Excise; DTI


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"Business Monitor" "Overseas Trade Statistics of the United Kingdom" 1979, CSO " Business Monitor", MA20 1989; and CSO "Business Monitors," MM20 and MQ20 June 1994.

Information on the output of beef in EU member states for 1979, 1989 and 1992--latest--is published in "The Agricultural Situation in the Community" --Commission of the European Communities--and for 1968 can be found in the FAO production yearbook for 1970. Imports and exports of beef by EU member states are published by Eurostat. The publications contain total volumes of beef exported to third countries.

Within the common agricultural policy, an annual intervention price is set for beef. In 1993 94 this was 3,216 ecu/tonne. An average Australian export price for beef to third markets in 1993, as reported to the GATT under the arrangement regarding bovine meat to which Australia is a signatory, was the equivalent of 2,243 ecu/tonne--the average of total beef and veal exports including canned products.

It is not possible to estimate the costs of beef support to consumers and taxpayers without making a large number of hypothetical assumptions about alternative policies which would have obtained in the absence of the CAP, and the effects of those policies. Community budgetary expenditure under the CAP in respect of beef is estimated to be 3,458 MECU--£2,671 million--in 1994 (a)(b). This compares with expenditure in 1993 of 3,986 MECU--£3,134 million--(c).

(a) Source: EAGGF guarantee, DG VI G2, early warning report 12/94. (b) EAGGF year runs from 16 October to 15 October.

(c) Source: EAGGF guarantee, DG VI G2, annual financial report,

Lamb

Mr. Austin Mitchell: To ask the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food what was the output of and tonnage of imports and exports for lamb for (a) the United Kingdom, (b) New Zealand, (c) Denmark, (d) the Republic of Ireland and (e) the EEC Six; what tonnage of EEC lamb was dumped on world markets; what was the difference between the common agricultural policy price and the New Zealand export price to third markets; and what was the cost of lamb support in (i) 1968, (ii) 1979, (iii) 1989 and (iv) 1994.


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Mr. Jack: Information concerning United Kingdom production of lamb for years 1979 and 1989 are available from Agriculture in the United Kingdom. Data for 1968 are not available on the same basis and estimates for 1994 are not yet available. Trade information is published in the annual statement of trade of the United Kingdom 1968, Customs and Excise; DTI "Business Monitor" "Overseas Trade Statistics of the United Kingdom" 1979; CSO "Business Monitor", MM20 and MQ20 June 1994.

Information on the output of lamb in the EU member states for 1979, 1989 and 1992--latest--is published in "The Agricultural Situation in the Community"--Commission of the European Communities--and for 1968 can be found in the FAO production yearbook for 1970. Imports and exports of lamb by EU member states are published by Eurostat. The publications contain total volumes of lamb exported to third countries. New Zealand lamb output is published in annual FAO production yearbooks; import and export information is published annually in FAO trade yearbooks.


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The basic price set for the EU sheepmeat regime is 3,882.3 ecu/tonne. The New Zealand export price to third markets is not readily available.

It is not possible to estimate the costs of lamb support to consumers and taxpayers without making a large number of hypothetical assumptions about alternative policies which would have obtained in the absence of the CAP, and the effects of those policies. Community budgetary expenditure under the CAP in respect of the sheepmeat regime is given in the following table:


Year  |Mecu       

------------------

1968  |n/a        

1979  |0          

1989  |1,453      

1993  |1,800      

The applicable    

conversion rates  

into sterling are 

1989: 0.65475;    

1993: 0.78627.    

Source:           

FEOGA.            


 

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