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Unemployment

Mr. Willetts: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what the Government estimate to be the trend rate of fall in total unemployment over the past five years; and what are the trend rates specifically for young people unemployed over six months and the long-term unemployed participating in the New Deal. [25109]

Mr. Andrew Smith: The trend in unemployment has not been constant over the last five years. However, the average change over this period is as follows:

27 Jan 1998 : Column: 189

Claimant unemployment(26)ILO unemployment(26)
October 1992October 1997Average change per year (per cent.)Autumn 1992Autumn 1997Average change per year (per cent.)
All ages
Number2,814,4001,432,9009.82,847,0001,852,0007
Rate (per cent.)9.95.1110.26.60.7
18-24s
Number819,700371,40010.9739,000423,0008.6
Rate (per cent.)17.59.31.616.811.81
6 month+355,200122,10013.1393,000200,000(27)9.8
25 and over
Number1,980,5001,045,9009.41,970,0001,259,0007.2
Rate (per cent.)8.54.50.88.65.30.7
2 year+348,800243,7006416,000(27)365,0002.5

(26) All figures are seasonally unadjusted.

(27) ILO figures for the two New Deal groups cover the period summer 1992 to summer 1997, as summer 1997 is the latest period for which data are currently available.


27 Jan 1998 : Column: 191

Foreign Students

Mr. Willetts: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what are the start-up and continuing costs of the new central unit being established to administer means tests for foreign students applying for places in British universities; and how many staff will be employed. [25105]

Dr. Howells: The central unit recently announced will handle applications from nationals of the other EU member states who are new entrants to higher education courses in England and Wales in the academic year 1999-2000 and who are seeking means tested support with their contribution to fees.

We are consulting the local education authorities on our proposal to undertake on their behalf the means testing of EU applicants in 1998-99. The costs of doing so will be determined in the light of the outcome of those consultations.

Long-term Unemployed

Mr. Willetts: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment if work trials will be continued as part of the new deal for the long-term unemployed. [25100]

Mr. Andrew Smith: Yes.

27 Jan 1998 : Column: 192

Training and Enterprise Councils

Mr. Keetch: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what is the total level of reserves held by each training and enterprise council; and what was the post-tax surplus or deficit for each TEC in (i) 1995-96 and (ii) 1996-97. [24834]

Dr. Howells: A list of Training and Enterprise Councils (TECs)/Chambers of Commerce, Training and Enterprise (CCTEs) and their accumulated reserves is shown in the following table. This information is drawn from each TEC's annual statutory accounts at the end of the financial years 1995-96 and 1996-97. Where TECs/CCTEs have subsidiary companies, the consolidated group position is shown.

TECs/CCTEs are allowed to generate surpluses and create reserves by subcontracting training at a lower unit price than that negotiated with the Department. Surpluses are used by TECs/CCTEs to provide working capital and on activities in support of their corporate and business plan objectives which are agreed with the Government. Examples of the use of these funds include the provision of additional opportunities within existing DfEE programmes; matching funding for European-funded projects; and other training, enterprise or economic development initiatives designed to meet identified local needs. Staff in Government Offices are currently discussing with each TEC how they can best use their reserves to support the Government's priorities.

27 Jan 1998 : Column: 191

TECs/CCTEs by region

£
Post tax surplus/deficit 1995-96Reserves 1995-96Post tax surplus/deficit 1996-97Reserves 1996-97
Northern
County Durham and Darlington(646,364)6,413,5851,650,6368,064,221
Northumberland475,8426,511.0281,151,7657,662,793
Teesside437,0007,234,0001,096,0008,330,000
Tyneside2,101,0004,407,000581,0004,988,000
Sunderland1,590,9844,725,925799,0545,524,979
3,958,46229,291,5385,278,45534,569,993
Merseyside
CEWTEC897,5923,424,783(396,435)3,028,348
Merseyside(2,867,096)4,455,0122,697,0546,871,012
QUALITEC(293,520)839,294109,383941,677
(2,263,024)8,712,0892,410,00210,841,037
North West
Bolton/Bury(238,453)3,867,289519,8574,387,146
Manchester560,3015,155,4044,634,1309,789,534
METRO213,325971,827231,7931,203,619
Oldham102,2401,240,279648,2481,888,527
Rochdale138,4481,932,8131,2251,934,038
South and East Cheshire1,322,3763,808,3891,332,6785,141,067
Stockport and High Peak(48,248)2,715,158150,6612,865,819
Cumbria422,2913,121,591353,4583,475,049
ELTEC(74,614)3,259,567(1,123,059)2,136,508
LAWTEC(337,754)5,626,129591,0406,217,169
NORMID539,2562,996,7171,403,5634,400,280
2,599,16834,695,1638,743,59443,438,756
Yorkshire and the Humber
Barnsley/Doncaster2,552,0005,948,0001,258,0007,234,000
Bradford(436,245)2,311,416914,2633,225,679
Calderdale and Kirklees97,8461,986,121197,6752,183,796
Humberside419,2806,229,229(1,525,646)4,703,583
Leeds207,2874,228,1101,999,9155,768,719
North Yorks(132,000)5,535,000404,0005,939,000
Rotherham1,074,6604,419,256(969,557)3,449,699
Sheffield788,0005,717,000167,0003,683,000
Wakefield500,6114,107,933501,7654,011,189
5,071,43940,482,0652,947,41540,198,665
Eastern
Bedfordshire392,0061,347,628726,4222,074,050
Cambridgeshire378,2091,286,849496,0721,782,921
Essex2,459,7987,066,397(964,000)6,102,000
Greater Peterborough(75,628)1,408,067134,7431,542,810
Hertfordshire520,0003,770,000516,0004,286,000
Norfolk and Waveney1,372,0004,260,000(1,373,000)2,887,000
Suffolk1,158,1232,290,854(468,509)1,822,345
6,204,50821,429,795(932,272)20,497,126
East Midlands
Greater Nottingham817,0002,394,000830,0003,224,000
Leicestershire1,252,1546,472,807(1,623,70504,849,102
Lincolnshire652,0712,295,863898,9593,194,822
Northamptonshire443,4411,991,3321,511,6803,503,012
North Derbyshire138,0081,238,306135,2471,373,553
North Nottinghamshire280,8673,111,550134,4563,246,006
South Derbyshire642,0003,961,0001,236,0005,197,000
4,225,54121,464,8583,122,63724,587,495
West Midlands
Birmingham1,013,0003,987,000698,0004,685,000
Central England255,8101,798,394(426,515)1,371,879
Coventry/Warwick976,9662,835,271(263,464)3,812,803
Dudley(277,643)940,007(14,551)979,553
HAWTEC309,8571,164,866877,5182,435,735
Sandwell385,1041,691,913136,0411,827,954
Shropshire497,4892,273,100681,1633,362,209
Staffordshire385,0005,629,0001,548,0007,177,000
Walsall563,9821,254,626712,6691,967,295
Wolverhampton161,0001,700,000300,0002,054,000
4,270,56523,274,1775,357,77229,673,428
South West
WESTEC341,0004,316,000(1,993,000)2,323,000
Devon/Cornwall(620,000)3,465,0001,672,0005,123,000
Dorset(264,911)2,626,165514,0993,140,264
Gloucester980,4103,619,487367,0563,986,543
Somerset(48,000)2,003,935423,2662,427,201
Wiltshire28,1061,551,212503,6172,054,829
416,60517,581,7991,487,03819,054,837
London
AZTEC884,6794,397,861524,1034,921,964
CENTEC(30)(22,482)2,701,498(870,081)1,831,417
CILNTEC(30)54,1232,405,603(2,405,602)2,896,906
LETEC2,505,4528,530,616(1,079,570)7,451,046
North London802,6347,066,973(4,254,678)2,812,295
North West London1,051,5352,581,550343,9462,925,496
SOLOTEC2,575,0006,249,000(28)n/a(28)n/a
West London1,383,3082,608,221140,7752,748,996
9,234,24936,541,322(7,601,107025,588,120
South East
Hampshire(1,077,933)3,758,5871,272,0005,030,000
Isle of White140,565921,777(202,382)719,395
Kent1,385,4486,189,6351,726,1017,915,736
Milton Keynes/North Bucks222,7581,151,259733,5961,884,855
Heart of England(352,446)2,340,596(183,474)2,157,122
Surrey(56,808)2,043,823(30,266)2,013,557
Sussex(960,000)4,595,000272,0004,896,000
Thames Valley Ent.333,3095,332,077(488,556)5,027,201
(365,107)26,332,7543,099,01929,643,866
Grand Total33,352,406259,805,56027,548,646(29),(31)278,093,323

(28) Information for SOLOTEC not yet available.

(29) Totals for 1996-97 exclude surpluses and reserves for SOLOTEC.

(30) CENTEC and CILNTEC merged in April 1997 to become Focus Central London.

(31) Figures are as shown in the respective annual audited accounts for 1995-96 and 1996-97.

In some cases TECs, in their accounts for 1996-97, have restated figures for earlier years. This means that the reserves for 1996-97 may differ from the sum of reserves for 1995-96 and surpluses for 1996-97.


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27 Jan 1998 : Column: 195


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