Memorandum submitted by
the Ministry of Defence on the Call out Order and Amendment 18
on TA Regulations
The Call-out order is required so that members
of the Reserve Forces can continue to be called out for permanent
service in support of military operations in the former Yugoslavia
and in the region of Iraq.
The call out is the exercise of a legal power
to require members of the reserve forces to attend for service.
Since 1992, reservists have been called out to support operations
in the former Yugoslavia and in the region of Iraq. Until March
1997, the power used to call out most reservists was Section 11
of the Reserve Forces Act 1980, namely: "when it appears
to the Secretary of State that warlike operations are in preparation
or progress". Officers of the Royal Naval Reserves were called
out under a similar provision found in an Order in Council dated
18 May 1982.
Since the Reserve Forces Act 1996 took effect
on 1 April 1997, reservists have been called out under Section
54 of that Act. This section contains an equivalent power to Section
11 of the 1980 Act and the 1982 Order in Council. However, the
legal procedures under the 1996 Act are simpler and it is no longer
necessary to make a new Call-out Order for each call out; instead
the Secretary of State can make an Order which authorises the
call out of reservists for a period of up to 12 months. Call-out
notices can then be sent throughout the period the Order is in
force. The first Call-out Order under the 1996 Act was signed
in April 1997.
The current Order, signed in April 1998, has
effect until 31 March 1999 and permits members of all the reserve
forces to be called out, including members of the transitional
class who have a lability under Section 11 of the 1980 Act. (The
Transitional Class is comprised of reservists whose liabilities
pre-date the 1996 Act). Although not a legal requirement, the
Call-out Order also specifies a maximum number of reservists that
may be called out at any one time. This ceiling is set at 1,000.
It assumes that the requirement for Yugoslavia will remain at
about 500 and also takes into account peaks during hand overs
(most reservists serve six month periods in theatre). The ceiling
also has a contingency margin should the situation in Iraq worsen.
Currently, the total number of reservists called out is about
560. All volunteered to be called out.
The Territorial Army Regulations 1978 provide
for the command and administration of the Territorial Army and
also many of the terms and conditions of service for the officers
and soldiers of that force. Amendment 18 covers a wide range of
subjects but most importantly it provides:
the terms and conditions of service for Full
Time Reserve Service (a new form of service introduced by Part
III of the Reserve Forces Act 1996);
guidance on making an appeal against call out
to a Reserve Forces Appeal Tribunal (set up under Part IX of the
an update of the redress of appeals procedures;
and making complaints to Industrial Tribunals taking into account
the changes introduced by the Armed Forces Act 1996;
appeals against a vetting decision; and raising
complaints under the Pension Act 1995.
The Amendment also covers a wide range of minor
matters including the redesignation of certain units and changes
to allowances and charges.