Select Committee on Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Appendices to the Minutes of Evidence


Supplementary Memorandum by the European Commission DG VII (FUS 42)

EU SHARE OF WORLD SHIPPING TRADE

    —  The world total fleet stood at around 735 mio dead weight tonnes (dwt) in 1998.[88]


    —  EC Shipowners' control around 31 per cent[89]of the total world fleet, representing a capacity of 227 mio dwt.

    —  Around 13 per cent (down from 32 per cent in 1970) of the world total tonnage is sailing under EC flags, when calculated in dwt.

    —  70 per cent of world freight transport is by sea (40,000 billion tonne-km in 1996).

    —  The maritime mode transports 71 per cent of the quantity and 44 per cent of the value in the frame of total Extra-EU trade (which includes trade to the Eastern Countries and Switzerland, Norway etc.). About 40 per cent. of this trade are carried on ships owned or controlled by EC interests.

    —  When looking at trade with for ex. USA + Canada or East Asia the figure for maritime is higher, 90 per cent and 82 per cent respectively in quantity and 40 per cent and 50 per cent respectively in value.

    —  There is no available data on the share of EC vessels in cross-trades.

    —  When measured in weight about 30 per cent of EU internal trade is carried by sea. Transport performance of intra-EU shipping is 1,070 billion tonne-km or 40 per cent of European freight traffic.

Directorate D—Maritime Transport

17 February 1999


88   Ships of 1,000gt and over. Source ISL. Back

89   Ships of 1,000gt and over, as of 1 January 1998. Source ISL. Back


 
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