Memorandum by BAA plc (IT 28)
"A NEW DEAL FOR TRANSPORT: BETTER FOR
THE GOVERNMENT'S WHITE PAPER ON THE FUTURE OF TRANSPORT
BAA plc is the owner, operator and developer
of seven UK airports. More than 100,000 people work at BAA's airports,
and more than 100 million passengers currently travel through
these airports each year.
This submission reflects the joint views of
BAA's four English airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted and Southampton);
Scottish Airports Limited, a subsidiary of BAA plc which operates
Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen Airports, is reviewing the implications
of the White Paper issued by the Scottish Office.
BAA welcomes and supports the main aims of the
White Paper, and with its programmes to promote rail and coach
services has already played a leadership role in support of sustainable
integrated transport for the UK.
1. BAA has already undertaken a wide range of
initiatives to improve access to its airports and encourage properly
integrated transport services. Some of these are referred to in
the White Paper, but include:
BAA's investment of £440 million
in the new Heathrow Express train service which is breaking new
ground in rail industry customer service.
The Feltham Gateway which is a good
example of a multi-party success story where BAA identified the
strategic scope for a "gateway" rail station to the
south of Heathrow and will provide about £1 million to get
the project off the ground.
The airport-initiated Area Transport
Forums at Heathrow and Gatwick which bring together local transport
authorities, key local businesses and transport operators.
Implementation of car parking levy
schemes, the revenues from which directly fund selected schemes
to improve public transport and reduce car dependency.
Major bus service improvements and
the M4 Spur bus lane which are evidence of how a private sector
company can target and achieve improvements in public transport.
A study into airport employee car
parking control which is underway to better balance the special
circumstances of 24 hour international airport operations where
car parking is used very efficiently, with the growing need to
target reductions in car dependency.
The successful introduction of Airport
Travel Cards at Heathrow Airport, and latterly at other BAA airports,
means that passengers with Travel Cards can receive substantial
discounts on a wide range of bus and coach services in the area
around our airports. Similarly, trials are also underway at Heathrow
and Gatwick airports of a state of the art system for providing
comprehensive information on public transport services for employees
and eventually air passengers.
2. In pursuing its airport development programme,
BAA carefully considers the implications for integrated transport
and develops strategies to meet the needs of passengers, employees
and its local communities. Such consideration must include assessments
of the demand for and sustainability of any schemes. An integrated
transport hub including rail, tube, bus and coach, is at the heart
of the design of the proposed Terminal 5, and permission to develop
Terminal 5 would enable Heathrow's integrated public transport
network to develop further to the south and west of the airport.
3. As a leading advocate of partnership, BAA
also welcomes the approach set out in the White Paper including
partnerships between local councils, businesses, operators and
users in formulating Local Transport Plans. BAA believes that
it is important that similar effective partnership arrangements
inform the development of sound regional transport strategies
and is willing to play a full part in order to ensure that objective
4. BAA also believes that sound regional transport
strategies, supported by stakeholders, will provide a good basis
for the important decisions required in respect of the new Rail
Infrastructure Investment Fund and Rail Partnership Scheme announced
in the White Paper. BAA considers that novel financing arrangements
have a role to play to help in the delivery of improved regional
transport network and looks forward to working with stakeholders
to identify the best way forward. This may be a way of achieving
the Government's objective for the funding of improvements as
set out in paragraph 3.208 of the White Paper.
BAA plc already embraces and pursues many
of the principles and objectives set out in the White Paper and
is at the forefront of the development of sustainable, integrated
One such example is at Gatwick where the
desire to integrate the growing Gatwick Airport operation with
plans for the development of a high quality public transport system
serving the Crawley-Horley area, prompted Gatwick Airport Limited
to be a partner to the Crawley Horley Gatwick Integrated Transport
Plan and the Package bid.
To help achieve this, Gatwick Airport Limited
seconded a public transport expert to work with West Sussex County
Council as part of the partnership approach to regional transport
The White Paper also raised a number of important
issues specifically relating to air travel. BAA would make the
following comments in relation to these issues:
5. Aviation is vitally important to the UK,
contributing greatly to the UK economy and to personal mobility.
In looking to the future, aviation is central to meeting the economic
and social aspirations of Britain and its people beyond the Millennium.
6. BAA welcomes and supports the Government's
intention to prepare a UK airports policy for the longer term.
Anticipating that the Government would wish to incorporate into
its White Paper the implications of its decision to grant or refuse
permission for a fifth terminal at Heathrow, BAA hopes that the
Inquiry can be brought to a speedy conclusion and a decision reached
as soon as possible.
7. A national airports policy should lead to
the provision of airport capacity where it can be shown that the
benefits it confers in meeting demand for air transport where
that demand arises, outweigh the disadvantages which cannot be
mitigated or compensated. Initially, the best opportunities for
meeting demand in the South East are by building terminal capacity
to maximise the potential of existing runway capacity.
8. With regard to the role of regional airports,
the policy should reflect the fact that Heathrow, Gatwick and
Stansted, whilst major international air transport hubs, also
fulfil the important role of regional airports to the 20 million
people who live within their catchment area. They provide crucial
links between the South East of England and the rest of the UK,
Europe and the world (Over 80 per cent of non-transferring passengers
at Heathrow and Gatwick are travelling to or from London and the
9. In relation to the specific issue of slot
allocation (paragraph 3.199), the Committee is already aware of
BAA's view that the "ringfencing" of slots is unnecessary