United Kingdom National Review of Speed
SUGGESTED OUTLINE BY THE SLOWER SPEEDS INITIATIVE
1. THE POLICY
The Transport White Paper (n.b. the main strands
of the Review should "integrate" with the themes and
policies of this).
The Road Safety review, including targets for
reducing casualty rates.
Guidance to local authorities on road traffic
National Cycle Strategy (target of quadrupling
cycle use by 2012).
National Walking Strategy.
New policies for buses and rail.
New policies for freight and for trunk roads.
Forthcoming revision of Policy Planning Guidance
on Housing, Transport and Regional Planning.
Changes in vehicle taxation.
Government targets for: air quality, greenhouse
gas reduction, casualty reduction within Health programmes.
2. THE CURRENT
A brief history of speed limits. When and why
they were introduced or changed.
Past criteria used. The current state of:
Achievements and limitations to date.
3. LITERATURE SURVEY
to include future proposals, strategies and research.
4. KEY THEMES
The relationship between speed and:
The number and severity of road accidents
Driver perceptions of own safety
and journey times.
Non-driver and resident perceptions
Non-accident costs of unsafe roads:
e.g., decreases in cycling and walking, large rise in motorised
escort trips to school.
Toxic vehicle emissions.
Carbon Dioxide emissions.
Noise (public perceptions and nuisance
within differing noise contours).
Modal choice: for passengers and
Effective enforcement of limits.
5. MEANS OF
(A) Conventional means and how they might be
improved: physical measures, traffic calming and highway design;
policing; traffic law and penalties; speed cameras: other highway
(B) The future: variable speed limiters, activated
internally and externally; using Construction and Use regulations
to limit top speeds and acceleration; new categories of environmental,
low speed vehicles.
(C) Cultural attitudes and peer pressure; new
drivers; boy racers; motoring press and wider media.
6. DETERMINING SPEED
How to get the best mix of four and five above.
Other vital elements:
7. RESEARCH AND
What areas of data collection need improving?
Opinion surveys of:
People with disabilities
Residents (urban and rural)
Controlled trials mixing elements of five and
Road safety organisations
9. INDICATE LIKELY
10. ESTABLISH MOST
Slower Speeds Initiative