Select Committee on Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Appendices to the Minutes of Evidence


APPENDIX B

CYCLING AND ROAD SAFETY—BACKGROUND FACTS

1. Cycling by distance travelled in UK
Billion vehicle kilometres

198519861987 198819891990 199119921993 19941995

6.15.55.7 5.25.25.3 5.24.74.5 4.54.5

Source: Transport Statistics GB, 1996.


2. Patterns of cycle use

AB
Trip purposePercentage of cycle trip

Work related34.0
Shopping15.4
Personal business9.0
Education14.4
Social19.1
Holiday/day trip8.0

Source: National Travel Survey.


3. Road casualty (KSI) Numbers 1994


4. Cyclist casualties by Severity

1981-85
Average
199419951996 1997

Killed312172 213203183
KSI6,0234,000 3,9663,7853,589
All28,39124,813 24,91324,53420,997

Source: RAGB, 1996


5. Pedal cyclist KSI casualties by age and sex, 1993-95 average

Average KSI casualties per year Casualties per million population
AgeMaleFemale TotalMaleFemale Total

0-4203 231116
5-713720 15711918 70
8-1132175 39622454 139
12-15526107 63436478 225
16-1933059 38824646 149
20-2431883 40115542 100
25-591,237303 1,5409223 58
6025377 3305111 28

All3,180740 3,92111526 69

Source: Cycling in Great Britain, 1996.


6. Pedestrian and cycle fatalities and levels of cycle use—international comparison


7. Changes to road casualties—comparison of York with national trends (based on 1981-85 baseline)
Average 1990-94 (Per cent)

YorkUK

All casualties-40-2
Pedestrians-36-15
Cyclists-29-12
Car drivers241

Source: Is it safe? Road Danger Reduction Forum, 1996.


8. Cyclist KSI casualties by colliding vehicle (1995)

Colliding vehicleTwo vehicle
accident
Three +
vehicle
accident
Total
casualties
in these
Per cent
over
non-cyclists
Non-cyclist
casualties
Cyclist
casualties

Pedal cycle4312 551.5
Motorcycle6311 742.134 2.2
Car2,861131 2,99283.150 59.8
Bus/Coach493 521.43 17.3
LGV1926 1985.53 66.0
HGV16211 1734.85 34.6
Other345 391.13 13.0

Total3,406194 3,60010098 36.7


9. Assessment of blame in cycle accidents

All accidents Bike and motor vehicle accident
Main person/factor blamedNumber Per centNumberPer cent

Cyclist28637 7625
Motorist17823 17557
Both304 268
Environmental factors105 1472
Other/unknown17322 258

Source: Mills, Paula, Pedal Cycle Accidents. A hospital-based study, 1989.


10. Pedal cycle casualties in greater London, by cycle manoeuvre, 1996

Cycle manoeuvreNumber of
casualties

Reversing2
Parked10
Going ahead, but held up54
Stopping21
Starting20
U-turn8
Turning left83
Waiting to turn left1
Turning right211
Waiting to turn right15
Changing lane to left23
Changing lane to right64
Overtaking moving vehicle on offside42
Overtaking stationary vehicle on offside 111
Overtaking nearside88
Going ahead, left bend13
Going ahead, right bend35
Going ahead, other3,498

Total4,300


11. Body region injured in road casualties (percentages)

VehicleHead/faceNeck Upper
limb
Lower
limb
Lower
back/pelvis
Upper
back/thorax

a
Pedal cyclist493 59348 7
Pedestrian513 326114 6
Car occupant2849 191410 15
Motorcyclist147 586614 10
Bus occupant2810 33359 8
HGV occupant3739 272112 13

Source: Simpson, H, National Hospital Study of RA Casualties in RAGB 1996.


  12. Forty per cent of the public would cycle more if there were better/safer cycle route networks. (MORI, Public Attitudes to the Transport System in Britain, Railtrack 1998).


 
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Prepared 28 April 1999