Select Committee on Health Memoranda


MEMORANDUM

Memorandum by the Department of Health

Table 5.3.1

UNIT COSTS (£'s) OF SELECTED PERSONAL SOCIAL SERVICES ENGLAND, 1993-94 TO 1997-98 (1)

£

Unit Cost
1993-94
1994-95
1995-96
1996-97
1997-98

Gross expenditure per week on supporting residents aged 65 and over in nursing care (2)
Cash Terms
Real Terms (5)
..
..
228
248
243
257
274
280
286
286
Gross expenditure per week on supporting residents aged 65 and over in local authority residential care (2)
Cash Terms
Real Terms (5)
271
299
283
307
304
321
311
319
317
317
Gross expenditure per week on supporting residents aged 65 and over in independent residential care (2)
Cash Terms
Real Terms (5)
244
269
241
262
231
244
245
251
217
217
Gross expenditure per hour of home help/care for all clients aged 18 or over (3)
Cash Terms
Real Terms (5)
7.9
8.7
7.9
8.6
8.2
8.7
8.6
8.8
8.8
8.8
Gross expenditure per week per child looked after by foster parents (4)
Cash Terms
Real Terms (5)
151
166
150
163
159
170
176
180
190
190
Gross expenditure per week per child looked after in local authority maintained children's homes (4)
Cash Terms
Real Terms (5)
1,023
1,128
1,061
1,153
1,100
1,162
1,258
1,289
..
..


key .. = not available

Footnotes:

  1.  Expenditure data for 1997-98 are provisional.

  2.  These unit costs have been calculated by taking gross current expenditure throughout the year on residential and nursing care as appropriate and dividing it by the average number of supported residents in such homes reported at 31 March in consecutive years. A supported resident is one who is supported wholly or in part by the local authority. Residents in local authority homes who are assessed to pay the full costs and residents in other homes whose fees are paid in part or through income support are not included.

  3.  This unit cost is calculated by taking gross current expenditure throughout the year on home care services and dividing it by activity data collected during a sample week in the Autumn.

  4.  These indicators have been calculated by taking gross current expenditure throughout the year on foster placements and LA maintained children's homes and dividing by the average number of children looked after placed in foster placements and LA maintained children's homes respectively at 31 March in consecutive years.

  5.  Deflated using the GDP deflator at 1997-98 prices.

  2.  The weekly unit cost for supporting older people in nursing care has risen steadily for the last four years. The real terms unit cost of supporting elderly residents in local authority staffed residential care homes increased gradually up to 1995-96, there has been a minor decrease in 1996-97 and 1997-98. Conversely the real terms unit cost of supporting elderly residents in independent residential care homes decreased steadily between 1993-94 and 1997-98 with a fluctuation in 1996-97. Costs in the independent sector (private and voluntary homes) represent the costs to local authorities in purchasing care, whereas the costs for local authority homes represent own provision, from a declining stock, as homes have been transferred out of local authority control.

  3.  The rise in unit costs of residential care for older people may have been associated with better or more intensive services (more space, higher staff/resident ratios) and changes in cost or efficiency. There has over the same period been an increase in dependency (measured by age) with the over 85's accounting for 50 per cent of long stay supported residents in homes for older people in 1993-94 and 54 per cent in 1997-98.

  4.  In 1997-98 the majority (68 per cent) of elderly supported residents were accommodated in independent sector (private and voluntary) residential care homes for older people, the proportion almost doubling over five years (35 per cent in 1993-94).

  5.  The hourly unit cost for home help/care has been relatively stable at nearly £9 for the past five years. There has been a rapid increase in home help/care provision over the same period, with an increase from 1.8 million contact hours reported in 1993-94 to 2.6 million contact hours in 1997-98.

  6.  Unit costs for placing a looked after child in local authority maintained homes have increased gradually over the four years up to 1996-97. The cost per week for placing children with foster parents has risen from £166 to £190 over the five years to 1997-98. The placements of children looked after have changed over this period, with the total number of children being looked after gradually decreasing, a higher proportion of children are being fostered and a lower proportion placed in children's homes.

  Variation between authorities

  7.  There is substantial variation between local authorities in these unit costs, as figures 5.3.1-5.3.6 below demonstrate. Such wide variability of individual authority figures points to issues of data quality and there is a risk that misreporting of data by local authorities has had an effect. In examining unit costs it is likely that extreme high or low values are the result of misreporting of expenditure data by local authorities. It is however notable that even if the more extreme figures are discounted significant variation remains. The Department is of the view that the information provided by local authorities should be used in monitoring social services, which should act as an incentive for authorities to improve their management information generally.

  8.  Figures 5.3.1-5.3.5 show the unit cost values calculated using expenditure data for 1997-98. Figure 5.3.6 gives unit costs based on 1996-97 expenditure and activity data, as the detail to the children looked after data is not yet available. Where a local authority has reported activity but no expenditure (an implied zero unit cost) they have been excluded from the charts.

  9.  Figure 5.3.1 shows that the weekly unit cost of supporting older people in nursing care in 1997-98. The average weekly unit cost for England was £286 in 1997-98 ranging from £100 or less a week in a small number of authorities to more than £450 a week in others. 50 per cent of the authorities had a unit cost between £239 and £364.





  10.  The average weekly cost for supporting a resident aged 65 or over in local authority residential care in 1997-98 was £317, with 50 per cent of authorities having a unit cost between £277 and £404.





  11.  The weekly cost for a supported resident aged 65 or over in independent (private or voluntary) residential care during 1997-98 for individual authorities is shown in figure 5.3.3. For individual authorities this unit cost varied from less than £100 to over £400 (the average for England was £217), with about 51 per cent of authorities having a unit cost between £201 and £300.





  12.  Figure 5.3.4 shows the hourly cost of home help/care for individual authorities in 1997-98. The hourly cost varied from less than £6 to more than £15, with over one third of authorities having a unit cost of between £8 and £10 per hour. The average hourly unit cost for England was £8.80. The middle 50 per cent of authorities had a unit cost between £7.90 and £10.00.





  13.  Figure 5.3.5 shows the variation in weekly unit costs between authorities for placing a looked after child with foster parents. The unit cost for 50 per cent of authorities was between £147 and £236, with the average unit cost for England in 1997-98 of £190.





  14.  The average weekly cost to support a looked after child in a local authority maintained children's home in 1996-97 in England was £1,258. This unit cost ranged from less than £400 per week to over £3000. 50 per cent of authorities have unit costs between £883 and £1725 per week.





  15.  Variations between authorities in unit costs are to be expected as the demand for services varies, prices will be affected by regional wage rates (for example higher prices in the South East), and supply factors such as the number of residential care homes will have a bearing. Variations in dependency of clients between authorities may also be relevant.

5.4  Independent sector provision

Could the Department provide a table showing for each authority the latest information on the proportion of social services for adults which are purchased from the independent sector rather than being provided directly and the amount spent in the independent sector? Could the Department supply a commentary on these figures?

  1.  Table 5.4.1 shows for each authority the percentage contribution of the independent sector in respect of three main elements of community based social services for adults (contact hours of home help/care; meals provided at home and at luncheon clubs; day centre places) and the percentage of local authority supported residents in independent sector residential care homes.

  2.  Use of the independent sector varies considerably between authorities and between services within authorities. A significant number of authorities still make little or no use of the independent sector in the provision of community based services and particularly day centre services, where 69 local authorities contract out less than 10 per cent of provision to the independent sector. However, at the other extreme, eight local authorities use the independent sector to provide all meals services, and a further four contract out over 90 per cent to the independent sector. In the case of the meals service, this largely relates to the existence in the area of voluntary bodies who may take a significant role in the preparation or delivery of meals.

  3.  Local authorities place and financially support significant numbers of clients in independent sector residential care homes—68 per cent of all local authority supported residents. There is some variation in the proportions between authorities, but not to the same extent as with community based services. Over the last few years a substantial number of authorities have transferred some of their homes to independent ownership; some of the variation in proportionate use of the independent sector may reflect the fact that authorities are at different stages in this process. At 31 March 1998 only one authority placed all its clients in independent sector homes.

  4.  Information on the total amount spent in the independent sector is not collected centrally.

Table 5.4.1

PROPORTION OF SOCIAL SERVICES FOR ADULTS WHICH ARE PURCHASED BY THE LOCAL AUTHORITY FROM THE INDEPENDENT SECTOR: ENGLAND 1998

percentage

Survey week September 1998 (1)
As at 31 March 1998 (1)
Government Office Region and Local Authority
Contact hours of home help/care
Meals served at home, luncheon clubs and at day centres
Day centre places (2)
Supported residents in residential care (3)

ENGLAND
46
53
13
68
    
NORTH EAST
Shire Counties
Durham
52
39
8
57
Northumberland
59
62
22
69
Unitary Authorities
Darlington
50
55
10
57
Hartlepool
37
46
11
56
Middlesbrough
11
3
12
50
Redcar & Cleveland
8
43
9
53
Stockton-on-Tees
32
14
9
55
Metropolitan Districts
Gateshead
18
17
8
55
Newcastle-upon-Tyne
53
44
47
81
North Tyneside
6
0
23
61
South Tyneside
41
14
2
60
Sunderland
25
65
9
75
    
NORTH WEST
Shire Counties
Cheshire
32
40
0
75
Cumbria
34
60
21
52
Lancashire
64
59
10
69
Unitary Authorites
Blackburn and Darwen
58
14
5
-
Blackpool
51
56
18
-
Halton
54
29
5
-
Warrington
48
31
8
-
Metropolitan Districts
Bolton
17
22
10
67
Bury
48
14
2
50
Manchester
28
14
15
92
Oldham
23
70
9
71
Rochdale
30
97
0
66
Salford
39
16
4
57
Stockport
-
0
-
98
Tameside
33
80
14
90
Trafford
9
55
4
28
Wigan
2
0
3
86
    
MERSEYSIDE
Metropolitan Districts
Knowsley
0
0
-
99
Liverpool
20
9
1
60
St Helens
13
-
0
52
Sefton
71
22
7
67
Wirral
23
56
0
66
    
YORKSHIRE & THE HUMBER
Shire Counties
North Yorkshire
31
39
20
50
Unitary Authorities
East Riding
68
100
7
88
Kingston-upon-Hull
26
13
0
87
North East Lincolnshire
18
0
0
92
North Lincolnshire
46
9
3
72
York
41
39
5
53
Metropolitan Districts
Barnsley
48
8
6
73
Bradford
24
30
13
65
Calderdale
29
12
16
48
Doncaster
47
67
6
67
Kirklees
13
25
25
58
Leeds
-
36
7
50
Rotherham
20
5
9
58
Sheffield
22
72
0
65
Wakefield
2
0
0
76
    
EAST MIDLANDS
ShireCounties
Derbyshire
22
62
10
60
Leicestershire
70
23
10
68
Lincolnshire
44
35
-
78
Northamptonshire
61
32
32
62
Nottinghamshire
21
12
-
64
Unitary Authorities
Derby
21
71
14
53
Leicester
56
34
17
77
Rutland
44
68
12
46
    
WEST MIDLANDS
Shire Counties
Shropshire
70
49
-
81
Staffordshire
0
38
0
59
Warwickshire
46
100
0
74
Worcestershire
-
65
5
-
Unitary Authorities
Herefordshire
19
79
21
-
Stoke-on-Trent
51
16
0
40
The Wrekin
60
67
6
-
Metropolitan Districts
Birmingham
0
1
11
58
Coventry
62
14
18
63
Dudley
36
37
20
61
Sandwell
49
28
12
60
Solihull
47
100
11
63
Walsall
70
38
21
50
Wolverhampton
-
14
11
52
    
SOUTH WEST
Shire Counties
Cornwall
70
91
26
97
Devon
54
24
14
82
Dorset
28
24
1
73
Gloucestershire
62
11
17
90
Isles of Scilly
-
10
-
9
Somerset
96
72
21
82
Wiltshire
49
100
26
50
Unitary Authorities
Bath & North East Somerset
20
23
9
58
Bournemouth
46
35
9
93
Bristol
10
0
13
52
North Somerset
25
23
0
75
Plymouth
24
15
17
-
Poole
50
30
5
86
South Gloucestershire
7
25
6
49
Swindon
16
38
18
56
Torbay
46
11
33
-
    
EASTERN
Shire Counties
Bedfordshire
0
47
10
56
Cambridgeshire
55
-
9
50
Essex
61
-
100
56
Hertfordshire
74
28
8
81
Norfolk
42
81
35
70
Suffolk
-
-
17
46
Unitary Authorities
Luton
54
57
0
38
Peterborough
39
55
8
-
Southend
53
46
3
-
Thurrock
59
0
5
-
    
LONDON
InnerLondon
Camden
55
29
29
72
Greenwich
67
7
6
61
Hackney
72
29
23
88
Hammersmith & Fulham
53
9
4
65
Islington
65
38
32
71
Kensington & Chelsea
52
80
22
79
Lambeth
-
100
6
81
Lewisham
34
46
2
79
Southwark
78
0
19
100
Tower Hamlets
56
36
19
74
Wandsworth
58
100
34
88
Westminster
58
96
49
77
City of London
53
3
-
95
Outer London
Barking & Dagenham
26
0
0
66
Barnet
75
63
-
66
Outer London cont.
Bexley
12
3
21
78
Brent
50
0
5
73
Bromley
21
76
36
86
Croydon
32
82
16
62
Ealing
76
0
3
66
Enfield
57
26
12
85
Haringey
-
37
20
87
Harrow
-
2
1
95
Havering
59
44
4
56
Hillingdon
44
32
3
41
Hounslow
61
0
18
66
Kingston-upon-Thames
72
100
28
67
Merton
-
0
20
55
Newham
35
100
0
79
Redbridge
46
2
5
57
Richmond-upon-Thames
50
97
1
64
Sutton
53
18
18
72
Waltham Forest
24
24
12
73
    
SOUTH EAST
Shire Counties
Buckinghamshire
28
65
16
80
East Sussex
70
0
39
86
Hampshire
69
71
24
60
Kent
80
82
100
79
Oxfordshire
51
78
5
49
Surrey
64
17
0
49
West Sussex
21
75
9
73
Unitary Authorities
Bracknell Forest
39
65
17
-
Brighton & Hove
71
0
14
79
Isle of Wight
32
16
57
92
Medway Towns
79
61
3
-
Milton Keynes
17
78
31
92
Portsmouth
78
52
8
49
Reading
49
65
0
-
Slough
52
3
19
-
Southhampton
72
16
22
69
West Berkshire
46
65
11
-
Windsor & Maidenhead
53
85
2
-
Wokingham
53
80
22
-


Footnotes:

  1.  Data collected on DH annual returns HH1 (home help), MS1 (meals), DC3 (day centres) for a survey week during the autumn, and SR1 (supported residents) as at 31 March. These figures do not include clients supported by local authorities in nursing care homes, which are all in the independent sector, or clients supported in any unstaffed homes. Figures for 1998 are provisional.

  2.  Whole day equivalent places.

  3.   Includes residents supported in other authorities.

not available not/applicable—unitary authority came into existence on 1 April 1998.

5.5  Care for children

Could the Department provide a table, by local authority, comparing the number of children fostered, with the number of children placed in community homes?

Could the Department provide data on the number of children involved in schemes which are specifically designed to support families?

Could the Department provide data on the number of children placed with foster carers or in local authority residential care which are outside their home authority?

Children looked after by local authorities

  1.  Table 5.5.1 headed "Children looked after by local authority at 31 March 1998 by placement" compares the number of children fostered with the numbers placed in community homes. Community Homes refers to children's homes managed directly by Local Authorities and certain homes managed by Local Authorities in conjunction with Voluntary Organisations. These do not include homes run entirely by Voluntary Organisations or private "for profit" organisations. Children placed in these settings will be included "Other placements". This third category also includes children placed in residential schools and children on Care Orders but living at home with their families.

  2.  There was a long term decline in the numbers of children looked after until 1994. This was accompanied by fewer and fewer children being cared for in residential care, so that the proportion of children in foster care increased correspondingly. Since 1994 the numbers of children looked after has increased by 9 per cent. The numbers of children in foster care has increased over this recent period but the numbers of children in community homes has remained roughly constant.

Children involved in schemes to support families

  3.  Officials are not entirely clear what kinds of family support scheme the Committee has in mind. As the Committee may be aware, data on children who are not formally looked after or on child protection registers are not yet part of the Department's regular (annual) statistical collections. However, we have been working with authorities to fill this gap, with the result that collection of data on all children in need will commence nationally in February 2000. We hope to have results from this first survey at about this time next year. The survey will cover—amongst other things—children seen at family centres and by members of family support teams.

  4.  We can however offer national estimates derived from a survey involving 25 local authorities commissioned by the Department from a consortium of the MORI organisation, York University, the National Children's Bureau in 1996. This suggested that at the time of the survey there were 370,000 children in need receiving services from local authority social services departments including those in local authority care. 13 per cent of these children were looked after by local authorities leaving 87 per cent, that is 320,000 children, who were being supported in their families and receiving various forms of support including visits from social workers, attendance at day and family centres and various forms of domiciliary support services.

Children looked after in foster placements outside their boundaries

  5.  The Department does not collect information on the numbers of children placed in residential care outside of the children's home authority.

  6.  Table 5.5.2 provides the information requested with respect to children placed with foster carers.

  7.  Caution should be exercised in making comparisons between local authorities and drawing conclusions based on this criterion because:

    (i)  Local authorities vary very widely in geographical area, population size, and degree of urbanisation. All these factors affect the location of placement options available.

    (ii)  The consequent differences between local authorities have become significantly more marked with the recent sub-division of a number of metropolitan and shire counties into much smaller unitary authorities. In particular, stable placements which were previously located within the local authority boundary may now, through accidents of boundary re-organisation, be located outside a revised local authority boundary.

    (iii)  Due to huge disparities in area, whether a child is placed inside or outside the local authority boundary cannot be used as a measure of distance, whether away from the responsible authority, or from a real or notional "home".

    (iv)  We are told that three metropolitan areas (Greater London, the West Midlands, and the North West) have shared placement consortia which pool placement options available to the member authorities. This may well lead to local authorities in these areas having more placements outside their own boundaries—this would require further research to substantiate.

Table 5.5.1

CHILDREN LOOKED AFTER BY LOCAL AUTHORITY AT 31 MARCH 1998,
BY PLACEMENT


Numbers
Percentages
All
Foster
Community
Other
Foster
Community
Other

Children (1)
placements
Homes
Placements
placements
Homes
Placements
England
53,345
35,096
4,887
13,362
66
9
25
     
North East
Shire Counties
Durham
479
287
66
126
60
14
26
Northumberland
306
163
44
99
53
14
32
     
Unitary Authorities
Darlington
117
74
25
18
63
21
15
Hartlepool
90
46
2
42
51
2
47
Middlesbrough
Redcar & Cleveland
179
117
24
38
65
13
21
Stockton-on-Tees
159
100
20
39
63
13
25
     
Metropolitan Districts
Gateshead
257
154
62
41
60
24
16
Newcastle upon Tyne
418
268
48
102
64
11
24
North Tyneside
259
185
21
53
71
8
20
South Tyneside
297
190
51
56
64
17
19
Sunderland
396
244
61
91
62
15
23
     
North West
     
Shire Counties
Cheshire
746
551
57
138
74
8
18
Cumbria
546
355
41
150
65
8
27
Lancashire
1,958
1,126
379
453
58
19
23
     
Metropolitan Districts
Bolton
321
182
28
111
57
9
35
Bury
179
107
20
52
60
11
29
Manchester
1,114
761
70
283
68
6
25
Oldham
275
171
50
54
62
18
20
Rochdale
197
112
29
56
57
15
28
Salford
447
303
48
96
68
11
21
Stockport
278
172
43
63
62
15
23
Tameside
225
129
31
65
57
14
29
Trafford
144
74
32
38
51
22
26
Wigan
359
225
34
100
63
9
28
     
Merseyside
     
Metropolitan Districts
Knowsley
253
191
18
44
75
7
17
Liverpool
1,167
663
127
377
57
11
32
Sefton
247
148
41
58
60
17
23
St Helens
225
115
44
66
51
20
29
Wirral
301
191
26
84
63
9
28
     
Yorkshire & Humberside
     
Shire Counties
North Yorkshire
352
212
23
117
60
7
33
     
Unitary Authorities
East Riding of Yorkshire
222
130
32
60
59
14
27
Kingston-upon-Hull
805
469
51
285
58
6
35
North East Lincolnshire
239
167
18
54
70
8
23
North Lincolnshire
200
104
21
75
52
11
38
York
119
69
11
39
58
9
33
     
Metropolitan Districts
Barnsley
328
177
43
108
54
13
33
Bradford
691
465
45
181
67
7
26
Calderdale
248
155
42
51
63
17
21
Doncaster
351
186
46
119
53
13
34
Kirklees
296
140
40
116
47
14
39
Leeds
1,182
761
153
268
64
13
23
Rotherham
313
202
36
75
65
12
24
Sheffield
568
349
50
169
61
9
30
Wakefield
461
360
29
72
78
6
16
     
East Midlands
     
Shire Counties
Derbyshire
560
424
38
98
76
7
18
Leicestershire
216
168
16
32
78
7
15
Lincolnshire
522
292
53
177
56
10
34
Northamptonshire
560
351
63
146
63
11
26
Nottinghamshire
1,080
703
96
281
65
9
26
Unitary Authorities
Derby
495
362
42
91
73
8
18
Leicester
420
308
37
75
73
9
18
Rutland
7
6
1
-
86
14
-
     
West Midlands
     
Shire Counties
Hereford & Worcester
699
488
29
182
70
4
26
Shropshire
340
207
36
97
61
11
29
Staffordshire
567
351
55
161
62
10
28
Warwickshire
356
289
3
64
81
-
18
     
Unitary Authorities
Stoke-on-Trent
354
237
58
59
67
16
17
     
Metropolitan Districts
Birmingham
1,594
892
294
408
56
18
26
Coventry
429
266
42
121
62
10
28
Dudley
291
160
38
93
55
13
32
Sandwell
422
291
36
95
69
9
23
Solihull
162
111
1
50
69
-
31
Walsall
283
220
19
44
78
7
16
Wolverhampton
393
272
20
101
69
5
26
     
South West
     
Shire Counties
Cornwall
533
396
42
95
74
8
18
Devon
1,138
841
70
227
74
6
20
Dorset
272
218
14
40
80
5
15
Gloucestershire
463
346
26
91
75
6
20
Isles of Scilly
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Somerset
404
287
52
65
71
13
16
Wiltshire
260
197
15
48
76
6
18
     
Unitary Authorities
Bath & North East
Somerset
150
123
4
23
82
3
15
Bournemouth
199
133
12
54
67
6
27
Bristol
570
390
56
124
68
10
22
North Somerset
149
116
-
33
78
-
22
Poole
106
83
3
20
78
3
19
South Gloucestershire
132
110
5
17
83
4
13
Swindon
166
129
-
37
78
-
22
     
Eastern
     
Shire Counties
Bedfordshire
304
171
30
103
56
10
34
Cambridgeshire
828
596
61
171
72
7
21
Essex
1,447
879
85
483
61
6
33
Hertfordshire
694
461
58
175
66
8
25
Norfolk
554
444
46
64
80
8
12
Suffolk
503
358
30
115
71
6
23
     
Unitary Authorities
Luton
242
169
14
59
70
6
24
     
London
     
Inner London
Camden
297
185
1
111
62
0
37
City of London
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Greenwich
377
234
30
113
62
8
30
Hackney
469
354
32
83
75
7
18
Hammersmith & Fulham
294
172
25
97
59
9
33
Islington
405
254
45
106
63
11
26
Kensington & Chelsea
201
123
14
64
61
7
32
Lambeth
629
454
4
171
72
1
27
Lewisham
490
347
8
135
71
2
28
Southwark
598
481
53
64
80
9
11
Tower Hamlets
264
183
16
65
69
6
25
Wandsworth
348
234
17
97
67
5
28
Westminster
280
172
25
83
61
9
30
     
Outer London
Barking & Dagenham
147
118
13
16
80
9
11
Barnet
189
142
16
31
75
8
16
Bexley
178
144
-
34
81
-
19
Brent
312
187
4
121
60
1
39
Bromley
233
130
13
90
56
6
39
Croydon
337
206
45
86
61
13
26
Ealing
348
195
51
102
56
15
29
Enfield
210
131
23
56
62
11
27
Haringey
349
272
26
51
78
7
15
Harrow
147
104
20
23
71
14
16
Havering
134
84
11
39
63
8
29
Hillingdon
303
207
26
70
68
9
23
Hounslow
260
180
19
61
69
7
23
Kingston-upon-Thames
95
59
7
29
62
7
31
Merton
178
140
6
32
79
3
18
Newham
450
335
17
98
74
4
22
Redbridge
154
105
11
38
68
7
25
Richmond-upon-Thames
82
51
2
29
62
2
35
Sutton
117
66
11
40
56
9
34
Waltham Forest
257
199
20
38
77
8
15
     
South East
     
Shire Counties
Berkshire
Buckinghamshire
238
148
25
65
62
11
27
East Sussex
402
303
20
79
75
5
20
Hampshire
703
438
87
178
62
12
25
Kent
1,618
1,158
23
437
72
1
27
Oxfordshire
444
295
42
107
66
9
24
Surrey
655
324
48
283
49
7
43
West Sussex
707
422
53
232
60
7
33
     
Unitary Authorities
Brighton & Hove
345
279
21
45
81
6
13
Isle of Wight
165
124
5
36
75
3
22
Milton Keynes
326
218
39
69
67
12
21
Portsmouth
218
133
27
58
61
12
27
Southampton
357
247
25
85
69
7
24

Footnote:

  1.  Figures for children looked after in this table exclude agreed series of short term placements


 
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Prepared 18 October 1999