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19. Mr. Dalyell: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what aid in the form of water pumps she has sent to Iraq via the United Nations. [119373]

Clare Short: In the centre and south of Iraq we have committed £5.3 million to Care International for water and sanitation projects and £3 million to the International Committee of the Red Cross whose programme includes rehabilitating water and sanitation services. In northern Iraq we have supported a number of water and sanitation projects over recent years through NGOs. We are not providing water pumps to UN agencies. These are being imported into Iraq through the oil-for-food programme, and where practicable, our programmes make use of them.

South Asia

21. Mr. Gordon Prentice: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what steps she is taking to help end the system of bonded labour in south Asia. [119375]

Clare Short: The Government are working for the elimination of bonded labour in several ways. We played a key role in discussions to draw up the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998) and the Convention for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (1999) which both outlaw bonded labour and provide international standards and monitoring mechanisms. The UK has provided $2 million over the last two financial years to ILO's International Programme for the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC). Many child labourers in south Asia work under bonded conditions.

At country and regional level we are working with the ILO, national Governments, trades unions and other civil society organisations to promote labour rights and tackle the poverty which usually underlies abuses. One of the causes of bondage is indebtedness to landowners. We are supporting micro-credit schemes which aim to provide alternative sources of affordable finance to poor people.

In the UK we are supporting the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI), a consortium of business, trades unions and non-governmental organisations which encourages companies, many of whom have suppliers in south Asia, to adopt codes of conduct including labour standards throughout their supply chain.


22. Mr. Beard: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what steps her Department is taking to help developing countries combat malaria. [119376]

Clare Short: The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that malaria kills one million people a year, mainly in Africa. We are strongly supporting the WHO-led Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative to achieve the goal of reducing the malaria burden by half by 2010. The RBM initiative provides the vehicle for concerted action by partners, especially in Africa, to deliver more widely the benefits of currently available methods of malaria control to the poorest. Overall UK developmental programme spending on malaria control activities has increased tenfold in the last five years. We are also

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supporting public-private partnerships to develop the new generation of affordable drugs required for malaria control in developing countries, both by direct funding to WHO through such initiatives as the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV), the Lapdap product development programme and the Malarone donation programme.


24. Mr. Cox: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what help her Department is giving in the clearing of land mines in Kosovo. [119378]

Clare Short: We have provided over £7 million during the 1999-2000 financial year for the clearance of mines and unexploded ordnance in Kosovo. So far we have committed a further £6.6 million during 2000-01. The great majority of this funding is going to four mine clearance organisations. We have also supported the UN Mine Action Co-ordination Centre through contributions in cash and in kind.

Famine Relief

25. Mr. Kidney: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what famine relief operations are being undertaken by (a) her Department and (b) UK aid agencies in Ethiopia and Eritrea. [119379]

Clare Short: (a) Details of the emergency interventions we have funded in Ethiopia between June 1999 and April 2000 are outlined in the DFID Background Briefing on Ethiopia, April 2000, a copy of which has been placed in the Library of the House. In addition, we are also providing £1 million to the International Committee of the Red Cross to cover food and transport costs and some £1.3 million to Farm Africa for work in Konso. Britain also contributes about 17 per cent. of the cost of EC food aid for Ethiopia; estimated to be some 432,000 metric tonnes this year. In Eritrea this year, we have provided £200,000 to Oxfam for emergency water/sanitation interventions for people displaced by the conflict. In addition, we also provide 17 per cent. of the cost of EC interventions in Eritrea.

(b) We do not maintain records of interventions by NGOs and other aid agencies.

Burma and Thailand

Rev. Martin Smyth: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what representations she has received from non-governmental organisations working in Burma and Thailand about her Department's policies towards those countries. [119350]

Clare Short: We have not had any representations from non-governmental organisations working in Burma and Thailand about our policies, but we have consulted non-governmental organisations about the situation in Burma in preparing a Country Strategy Paper that we shall publish shortly.

Commonwealth Development Corporation

Mr. Martlew: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what progress has been made on the change in status of the Commonwealth Development Corporation. [119369]

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Clare Short: On 8 December 1999 Commonwealth Development Corporation was transformed from a statutory corporation into a public limited company registered under the name of CDC Group plc. It now operates within the framework designed for the Public/ Private Partnership. This entrenches an investment policy focusing on investment in poorer countries. For the time being CDC remains wholly Government-owned.

Palestinian Authority

Dr. Starkey: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if she will make a statement on UK development aid to the Palestinian Authority. [119361]

Clare Short: Our bilateral development assistance for the West Bank and the Gaza Strip is focused on co-operation with the Palestinian Authority to build a nation through support for the peace process (eg improving Palestinian administrative systems and analytical resources); institution and capacity building (eg improving health and education services); and empowering civil society (eg through non-government organisations working on gender and law issues). We currently spend some £8 million a year on the programme. In addition we contribute a similar sum to the United Nations Relief Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in support of its core activities and to assist in improving service delivery. Our share of European Community and other multilateral programmes for the Palestinians takes our average annual contribution to over £25 million.

Poor Countries

Mr. Ben Chapman: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what proportion of her Department's budget was spent in the world's poorest countries in the last financial year. [119359]

Clare Short: Our Government have committed themselves to increase the focus of our aid spending on the poorest people and the poorest countries. The proportion of our country programmes spent in Low Income Countries in the last financial year rose to 71 per cent. from 63.2 per cent. the previous year. We are on course to reach a proportion of around 80 per cent. this year.


Export Licences

Mr. Berry: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry in what circumstances an item on the military list can be exported without the requirement of an end-use certificate. [120236]

Dr. Howells: All applications for Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs) for the permanent export of goods subject to strategic export control must be supported by appropriate end-user documentation. Where the intended consignee is a Government body, and the application is not for a licence to export chemicals listed in Schedule 2 or 3 to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) to a state which has not ratified the CWC, a copy of the official Government purchase order or a copy of the relevant part of the Government contract covering the order is normally sufficient. An end-user undertaking is

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not usually required for Standard Individual Export Licence (SIEL) applications for the temporary export of goods subject to strategic export control.

An Open Individual Export Licence (OIEL) is specific to an individual exporter and covers multiple shipments of specified goods to specified destinations and/or, in some cases, specified consignees. The exporter must obtain from each consignee an appropriate written undertaking for each export before the export takes place, or not later than one month after the date of exportation. Where the exporter intends to make more than one exportation to the same consignee in any period of one year, an annual written undertaking may be obtained in fulfilment of this requirement.

As with SIELs, where goods are being consigned direct to a Government body, we will normally accept a copy of the Government purchase contract order, or the relevant extracts from the contract.

An Open General Export Licence (OGEL) allows the export from the UK of goods specified in the goods coverage of the OGEL to specified destinations. In such circumstances, end-user undertakings are not required. Copies of OGELs are routinely placed in the Library of the House.

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