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Prisoners (Home Life Background)

Mr. Gerald Howarth: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many people there were in prison in (a) 1970, (b) 1980 and (c) 1999, broken down by those who were children of (i) intact families and (ii) broken families. [120662]

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Mr. Boateng: The information requested is not centrally recorded. However, a survey undertaken by the Office for National Statistics, "The National Prison Survey 1991" by Tricia Dodd and Paul Hunter (available through The Stationery Office), of persons held in prisons in England and Wales at the beginning of 1991 found that, of those inmates interviewed (around 3,800), 62 per cent. had lived with both parents for most of their childhood. Comparable information for other years is not available.

Young Offenders (Home Life Background)

Mr. Gerald Howarth: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many adolescent murderers in (a) 1980 and (b) 1999 grew up living apart from at least one parent; and what percentage of adolescent murderers this represented. [120669]

Mr. Charles Clarke: The information requested is not available centrally.

There were, however, 84 persons aged between 10 and 20 convicted of homicide in England and Wales in 1980 (including 40 convicted of murder) and 70 in 1998, the latest year for which figures are available (including 31 convicted of murder).

Mr. Gerald Howarth: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what proportion of young people on supervision orders came from broken homes in (a) 1980 and (b) 1999. [120670]

Mr. Straw: The information requested is not held centrally. 18,300 supervision orders were made in 1980. 12,400 were made in 1998, the most recent year for which figures are readily available.

Family Research Funding

Mr. Gerald Howarth: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list, for each of the last three years, recipients of funds provided by his Department for research into the family, indicating the amount paid to each recipient. [120657]

Mr. Straw: In the two years prior to 1999, the Home Office provided no funding for research into the family. Since April 1999, my Department has provided funds for voluntary organisations under the Family Support Grant. In 1999-2000, over 30 voluntary organisations shared £1 million to develop support for parents and families.

The purpose of these grants is to develop and disseminate good practice in family support. They are not, in the majority of cases, made to directly fund research. However, several of the projects which were funded last year contained an information gathering and analysis component:

The National Family and Parenting Institute was awarded a total Government grant of £636,000 in 1999-2000. The Home Office provided £200,000 of the total funding, of which £38,800 was spent on research.

The Family Policy Studies Centre received £43,213 to improve the delivery of their information products and services to existing users in the family support field, and

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to extend access to new users. It received a further £3,000 in March 2000 to contribute to the costs of an analysis of data from the Fourth National Study of Ethnic Minorities.

The Race Equality Unit is a national organisation which helps to develop better social care services for black and minority ethnic communities. It received funding of £46,483 to develop a parenting programme and materials for ethnic minority parents, which included research.

Gingerbread, a national organisation offering support to lone parents, received £10,000 to conduct research into the needs of lone fathers for practical, emotional and social support.

The National Youth Agency (NYA) and Youthnet were both awarded funds to facilitate the 'Listen Up' dialogue between Government and young people, in order that young people's views inform future policy and service delivery for young people. The organisations spent £26,305 on the research element of this project.

The marriage charity One Plus One received joint funding from the Home Office and the Lord Chancellor's Department to develop a marriage information booklet for couples planning to marry. This included £8,658.50 of Home Office funding spent on research.

Secure Training Centres

Sir Peter Lloyd: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many children have been re-admitted to each of the secure training centres (a) for breach of the order and (b) under a new sentence. [120623]

Mr. Boateng: The secure training order under the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994 was implemented on 1 March 1998 and was replaced by the detention and training order under the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 on 1 April 2000. The custodial part of the secure training order could be served in a secure training centre or a local authority secure unit if no secure training centre place was available.

389 offenders were sentenced to a secure training order. 46 of them were returned to custody by the courts for the breach of supervision requirements following release and 31 were later sentenced to a secure training order for a further offence. A breakdown of this information for each secure training centre is not currently available and I will write to the right hon. Member when it has been prepared.

Leave to Remain Indefinitely

Mr. Alasdair Morgan: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department (1) what is the recommended time scale for applications for leave to remain indefinitely to be processed by the Immigration and Nationality Directorate; [120738]

Mrs. Roche: There was a reorganisation of caseworking practices in the Immigration and Nationality Directorate at the beginning of 1999, and an analysis of decisions taken subsequently has not yet been undertaken. But over 70 per cent. of new applications are decided within a week under fast track procedures. The remainder

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of new applications will normally be decided within six weeks. There is no recommended time limit for deciding these applications.

Animal Experiments

Mr. Gordon Prentice: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many animals were used in bio-medical research in (a) 1970, (b) 1980, (c) 1990 and (d) in the latest 12 months for which figures are available; what restrictions he applies on their use; and if he will make a statement. [120395]

Mr. Mike O'Brien: Animals are used only in scientific procedures where fully justified, for example in medical research to prevent disease or reduce illnesses for people or other animals; also, where there are no valid alternatives and where the benefits outweigh the costs to the animals involved.

The commentary in the "Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals Great Britain 1998" records the number of procedures or experiments conducted each year since 1946. These figures cover all scientific procedures involving the use of protected animals and do not separately identify those relating to biomedical research. The figures for the years requested are:


Although there have been a few years when small rises were recorded, including 1998, there has been a steady decrease in the number of procedures performed since 1970. This reflects advances in science that have allowed the replacement of animals in scientific procedures, the reduction of the numbers of animals used per procedure and the refinement of those procedures. This Government's decisions to end some categories of animal use, such as cosmetic testing, have also made a contribution. More recently, there has also been a downward trend in the use of conventional animals, offset by an increase in the use of genetically modified animals. These trends also reflect recent scientific advances.

Figures for 1999 are due to be published in July.

Criminal Records Bureau

Mr. Todd: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will announce a scale of charges for checks on the criminal records of volunteers working with children. [120746]

Mr. Charles Clarke: When the Criminal Records Bureau comes into operation, it will be expected to recover its costs through charges for the certificates that it will issue, on application, to individuals. Until the Bureau's operating costs have been determined, it will not be possible to fix the charges, but the cost has previously been estimated at between £5 to £10, depending on the type of certificate requested. There are no plans to have a separate scale of charges for volunteers working with children.

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Prison Industries

Miss Widdecombe: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list (a) the annual expenditure and (b) the annual income of prison industries in England and Wales in each of the last 10 years. [120686]

Mr. Boateng: The information requested is given in the table.

Expenditure and income of prison industries
1990-91 to 1999-2000

£ million
ExpenditureOwn consumptionCommercial


1. All data cover both industries and farms.

2. Expenditure data include variable costs and exclude fixed costs.

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Miss Widdecombe: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will list (a) the number of prisoners employed in workshops, (b) the number of prisoners employed outside workshops and (c) the number of prisoners without work, in each adult male training prison in England and Wales, on the most recent date for which figures are available. [120692]

Mr. Boateng: Numbers of prisoners employed in workshops and outside workshops are given in the table. Records are not kept centrally of the number of prisoners without work.

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Number of prisoners in work--inside and outside workshops

CategoryAgricultural BusinessGardens amenityKitchenNon PES workshopsOther occupationsOther prison cleaning and orderly workPES workshopsPrison maintenance workWing cleaning work
Forest BankB--4282621070024
Lowdham GrangeB--814178--7--1485
Blantyre HouseC--212----9518
Buckley HallC--1628--514110753
Camp HillC4011----29651937
Channings WoodC16141799251381268
Shepton MalletC----885418817
Hewell GrangeD311115--3974--911
Hollesley BayD4029--4111--1326
Latchmere HouseD--36--917163--
Morton HallD1891819414--714
North Sea CampD51--14--1322--1918
Standford HillD65169--646231329

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Miss Widdecombe: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the total value of contracts between Prison Service industries and external customers in each of the last 10 years for which figures are available. [120691]

Mr. Boateng: The majority of Prison Service sales contracts are with the Ministry of Defence and other Government Departments and are formulated on a framework basis. As such, the value of the contract may not have a direct relationship to actual sales. The figures given in the table are for actual sales and, therefore, provide a more accurate representation of commercial work undertaken. The figures include sales from agribusiness as well as industries.

Volume of sales by Prison Service industries and agribusiness to external customers

£ million

Miss Widdecombe: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what was the annual turnover of prison industries and farms in each of the last 10 years for which figures are available. [120687]

Mr. Boateng: The information requested is given in the table. For the years 1990-91 to 1995-96, the value of amenity costings have been excluded to bring the data

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in line with successive years, when these costings were discontinued following the agribusiness review undertaken by the Prison Service in January 1997.

Annual turnover of prison industries and farms 1990-91 to 1999-2000

£ million

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