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Speed Cameras

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how much was spent on speed cameras per police force and in total in each of the last 10 years; and what the planned expenditure is in future years for which figures are available. [128388]

Mr. Charles Clarke: The information requested is not available centrally. It is the responsibility of each police force to determine how much to spend on speed cameras and other road safety measures.

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if he will make a statement on the use of speed cameras with special reference to the European Convention on Human Rights; and if he will make a statement. [128394]

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Mr. Mike O'Brien: The Government do not expect the use of speed cameras to alter after the Human Rights Act 1998 comes into force in England and Wales on 2 October.

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department in how many areas the fines from speed cameras are kept by (a) local authorities and (b) police services; and if he will make a statement. [128391]

Mr. Charles Clarke: In December 1998, Her Majesty's Treasury announced that, subject to certain criteria, some fine income might be reinvested in law enforcement activity. With Her Majesty's Treasury agreement, pilot schemes involving the use of speed cameras were launched on 1 April this year. The pilots are taking place in eight police force areas: Cleveland,

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Essex, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, South Wales, Strathclyde and Thames Valley.

Local partnerships have been formed to run each of the pilots. These consist of the police, local authorities and the courts. Fine revenue from fixed penalties is being invested into the purchase of additional speed cameras and/or the increased use of existing cameras all to an agreed programme. Surplus fine income will be returned to Her Majesty's Treasury. The success of the pilots will be judged on their road safety benefits, particularly their ability to reduce deaths and injuries.

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the average cost was of a new speed camera in the last 12 months. [128390]

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Mr. Charles Clarke: Home Office type approved speed cameras vary considerably in their technology and application. An average cost is not available.

Fines

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the average level of fine was (a) issued for each category of offence in each of the last five years and (b) where a fine was the only penalty; and if he will make a statement. [128392]

Mr. Charles Clarke: Available information for 1994 to 1998 taken from the Home Office Court Proceedings Database is given in the table.

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Average level of fines given at all courts by type of offence, England and Wales, 1994-98
£

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Type of offenceAverage fineAverage fine where fine only penaltyAverage fineAverage fine where fine only penaltyAverage fineAverage fine where fine only penaltyAverage fineAverage fine where fine only penaltyAverage fineAverage fine where fine only penalty
Indictable offences
Violence against the person170187176166173163173164170156
Sexual offences206201216202308238223209310258
Burglary145148140142138138142143150150
Robbery1019063601271227611015298
Theft and handling stolen goods1141141141141091071061059997
Fraud and forgery209233183198266277202195212232
Criminal damage102105103108109110111111105104
Drug offences1021041021021041021031029694
Other (non-motoring)229223264256375367415414404402
Motoring (indictable)165165177176175174177175190189
Total indictable offences150153158163188197195209186202
Summary non-motoring offences9998103103103103104104105105
Summary motoring offences160161166166161161163164162162
Total all offences137138145145141142147148145146

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Drug Testing and Treatment Orders

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans he has to extend the range of offenders who could be subject to a drug testing and treatment order; and if he will make a statement. [128397]

Mr. Boateng: None: all offenders aged 16 or over convicted of an offence for which a community sentence is appropriate may be made subject to a Drug Treatment and Testing Order provided that the court is satisfied that the offender is dependent on or has a propensity to misuse drugs, that treatment may be helpful and the offender has expressed his willingness to comply with the requirements of the order.

Neighbourhood Wardens

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the total central Government expenditure is on neighbourhood wardens; and if he will make a statement. [128387]

Mr. Charles Clarke: The Government have allocated £13.5 million over the three years for a fund to pump- prime and evaluate new and existing neighbourhood

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warden schemes, starting in 2000-01 and jointly funded by the Home Office and the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR). Additionally, the Home Office and DETR are jointly funding a new inter-departmental unit, the Neighbourhood Wardens Unit, to take forward work on neighbourhood wardens including administering the fund.

Casualties

Mr. Simon Hughes: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the total number was of (a) injuries and (b) deaths (i) per police force area and (ii) in total arising from (A) traffic accidents and (B) assaults and other violent crimes; and if he will make a statement. [128395]

Mr. Charles Clarke: The requested details on injuries and deaths resulting from assaults and other violent crimes are not collected centrally. Recorded crime data in relation to certain offences of violence against the person are given in the table. Please note that the offences given as wounding and assault may represent attempts, conspiring, inciting, aiding, abetting, causing or permitting, and not result in an actual injury.

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The British Crime Survey has estimated that, in 1997, there were 714,000 assaults with more than trivial injury ('wounding'), and 2,276,000 common assaults, ie physical assaults or attempted assault with at most slight bruising. These categories do not necessarily coincide with those from the recorded crime figures.

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The Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions has recently published the transport statistical bulletin 'Road Casualties in Great Britain: Main Results 1999', which includes the requested details in table 6. This is available in the Library.

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Notifiable offences recorded by the police by police force year ending September 1999

Police forceHomicideAttempted murder and wounding or other act endangering lifeOther wounding (including racially aggravated other wounding)Assault on a constable and common assault (including racially aggravated common assault)
Avon and Somerset192843,8566,139
Bedfordshire42231,9172,138
Cambridgeshire72382,2441,875
Cheshire92622,8151,364
Cleveland81081,4611,047
Cumbria3952,627991
Derbyshire121973,3064,033
Devon and Cornwall183763,1015,444
Dorset4961,0051,379
Durham81231,3931,812
Essex17923,6662,832
Gloucestershire91511,5521,253
Greater Manchester602,31818,22310,247
Hampshire181915,3394,837
Hertfordshire11351,533920
Humberside132964,1162,535
Kent164025,6793,778
Lancashire244383,0052,965
Leicestershire163134,6333,636
Lincolnshire7891,6541,306
London City of--7202118
Merseyside316947,6312,384
Metropolitan Police1882,16239,96072,780
Norfolk81932,2131,771
Northamptonshire71401,1162,352
Northumbria154484,5383,442
North Yorkshire3691,4911,996
Nottinghamshire182396,7752,955
South Yorkshire134213,0431,930
Staffordshire16406,4221,697
Suffolk4941,8811,255
Surrey11012,3441,284
Sussex191545,9557,786
Thames Valley211955,6723,846
Warwickshire463893736
West Mercia71872,0453,449
West Midlands501,56311,11417,114
West Yorkshire298767,9904,000
Wiltshire5501,7442,088
Dyfed-Powys41041,8411,180
Gwent12893,1134,773
North Wales61021,9522,118
South Wales267834,8912,222
England and Wales74915,401197,951203,807

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