The Chancellor of the Exchequer (Mr. Gordon Brown): The working families tax credit was launched in October 1999. It is already benefiting more than 1.1 million low and middle-income working households with children--about 300,000 more than received family credit, which the working families tax credit replaced--and, on average, those families receive £30 a week more than they would with family credit. The working families tax credit is one of the measures that we have introduced to tackle child poverty. We estimate that, during this Parliament, our measures will raise more than 1 million children out of poverty.
Mr. Griffiths: Does my right hon. Friend realise that thousands of families in Edinburgh and more than 1 million nationwide receive, on average, £76 a week from the allowance, and that they live in fear of the Tory proposals to scrap the allowance because the shadow Chancellor is more concerned about Tory hard-right policies than with hard-working families?
Mr. Brown: I am grateful to my hon. Friend. In his constituency, 1,044 families benefit from the working families tax credit and there has been a 49 per cent. fall in unemployment, in part as a result of the measures that we have taken to make work pay. In the shadow Chancellor's constituency, unemployment has also fallen by 49 per cent. and, no doubt, the right hon. Gentleman will want to congratulate the Government on that. As for the future of the working families tax credit, we are determined to expand the benefits to more people by getting more people back into work. Unfortunately, as my hon. Friend has pointed out, not only would the Conservatives abolish the new deal, but they would abolish the working families tax credit. The shadow Chancellor said, on 20 September
Mr. Connarty: Further to the question asked by my hon. Friend the Member for Edinburgh, South (Mr. Griffiths), my right hon. Friend the Chancellor will be aware that in the Falkirk district, more than 2,000 people receive the same average sums through the working families tax credit. Will my right hon. Friend send a clear message to the people of the district that, at the election, they can choose a Labour Government who are committed to getting people back into work through the new deal and paying them a supplement through the working families tax credit, or they can choose the abolition of both schemes, which will put them back on the dole and back into poverty?
Mr. Brown: The choice is between stability, steady growth and employment creation under the Labour Government, creating rising living standards, and a return to stop-go, boom-bust under the Conservatives, who would abolish the new deal and the working families tax credit. I believe that when people see that under the Labour Government, even in the constituencies of Conservative Members of Parliament, there has been a huge reduction in unemployment, they will not want either the new deal or the working families tax credit to be abolished. I realise that there are divisions within the Conservative party on such matters, but, no doubt, they are being resolved within the No Turning Back group, albeit without the presence of the shadow Chancellor, who has given up membership of one extreme right-wing faction in the hope of leading a rather larger extreme right-wing faction: the Conservative party.
Mr. Michael Portillo (Kensington and Chelsea): Will the Chancellor confirm that he quite wrongly counts the working families tax credit as though it were a reduction in tax, which it is not, and that he does that for one simple reason, which is to massage the tax burden figures? Will he also confirm that, even on his own figures, which were revealed yesterday, the tax burden has risen from 36.9 per cent. last year to 37.3 per cent. this year? On what basis, therefore, did the Prime Minister tell the House of Commons last week:
Mr. Brown: The figures are published in the normal way in the pre-Budget report and the Budget. Perhaps the shadow Chancellor will answer for what happened under the Conservative Government--[Hon. Members: "Answer."] That is interesting: none of them want to defend the last Conservative Government, especially the shadow Chancellor, who introduced VAT on fuel and the fuel escalator. Tax and national insurance, as a share of gross domestic product--[Hon. Members: "Answer."] I am just about to give the information. The figure was 37.3 per cent. in 2000-01. That is the figure that we announced yesterday. Under the Conservative proposals
Mr. Portillo: It is notable that the Chancellor does not wish to defend what the Prime Minister said last week. I do not know whether that is because he knows that the Prime Minister got it wrong and there is no defence, or whether the right hon. Gentleman is at fault for not having told the Prime Minister that the tax burden is rising, leading him--inadvertently no doubt--to mislead the House.
Will not working families be concerned about the total national burden of tax? Will the Chancellor confirm that that burden has risen by 2.6 percentage points since he came to office, which is about the equivalent of £25 billion, which is about the equivalent of 10p on the standard rate of income tax? Will he explain why the Prime Minister promised us before the election that he had no intention of raising taxes?
Mr. Brown: We have cut the basic rate of income tax. The right hon. Gentleman should be congratulating us on cutting it. We have introduced a 10p starting rate of income tax. We have introduced the working families tax credit, which is a tax cut for ordinary families. In the Budget in March, we shall be raising the children's tax credit. Perhaps the shadow Chancellor will tell us whether he will continue with the children's tax credit or whether--like the new deal and the working families tax credit--he will abolish it. Sooner or later the Conservative party will have to do what it promised it would do, which is to publish the figures and tell us exactly which cuts, which changes, and which services are at risk.
Mr. Geoffrey Robinson (Coventry, North-West): May I congratulate my right hon. Friend on the great success of the working families tax credit and on bringing 1 million children out of poverty? I know of his personal deep care and concern in that regard. May I also congratulate my right hon. Friend on the sheer brilliance of his pre-Budget report, which has demonstrated yet again the remarkable success of his management of the economy--a success which has enabled him to make great steps forward in areas of social justice while continuing incentives for industrial enterprise?
Mr. Brown: I am grateful to my hon. Friend. It is the balance between enterprise and fairness that is essential for the future of the United Kingdom. It is by matching enterprise to fairness that the Government have created 1.1 million jobs. We have seen youth unemployment fall by half. Long-term unemployment has fallen by more than half. We have more women in work than ever before, with 70 per cent. working. At the same time, unemployment is falling in every region. Unfortunately, if we were to return to a Conservative Government, they would abolish the new deal and return to the policies of stop-go and boom-bust. Unemployment would again rise, as happened under the Conservatives.
Sir Sydney Chapman: Will the Minister confirm that in the past two and a half years the Chancellor has increased the tax on petrol by more than a third? Is not yesterday's announcement an admission that he has been unfairly and grossly taxing motorists? Why was it that until yesterday Ministers were saying that any reduction in fuel taxes would put in jeopardy public spending and the economy?
Mr. Smith: The hon. Gentleman would do well to recall that the biggest increase in fuel duty, both in absolute terms and in percentage terms, happened under the Conservatives. Whereas they imposed the fuel duty escalator, we have removed it. Moreover, the measures announced and being consulted on in yesterday's PBR bring great help to those who have been most under pressure through high oil prices. We should hear from the Conservative party whether it will start supporting what we have done.
Mr. Andrew Miller (Ellesmere Port and Neston): May I inform my right hon. Friend of representations that I received from families living near the Stanlow oil refinery, who were afraid as a result of the risk posed to them by the physical blockade? May I also inform him of representations that I received from constituents of mine who manufacture cars, who said how pleased they were by the Budget provisions that reduce the cost of car ownership while maintaining sound environmental principles? Keep it up!
Mr. Smith: I thank my hon. Friend for his comments and his help during the difficult situation at Stanlow. He and his constituents are right--yesterday's measures are a balanced response to public opinion and to the situation that we faced. They prove that the Government listen, and that we listen to all the people of this country--to the ordinary families who were not protesting and to those who were blockading oil refineries and conducting their protest in other ways. By listening, we have been able to introduce an affordable package that is consistent with financial discipline and sound public finances. It will bring help to motorists, help to hauliers and help to farmers in ways which are consistent with our environmental principles and which keep the economy on course for stable and sustainable growth.
Mr. Elfyn Llwyd (Meirionnydd Nant Conwy): Given that rural garages in Wales are closing down at an alarming rate and that no low-sulphur petrol is available there, how will the low-sulphur package help rural Wales?
Mr. Smith: I hear what the hon. Gentleman says on behalf of his constituents, but low-sulphur petrol is widely available throughout the country. I did check, and during the first two weeks of October, no less than 30 per cent. of petrol sold was low sulphur. The whole point of the duty differential that we are introducing is to give people an incentive to switch to that petrol, and for that effort to be accompanied by proper branding, marketing and
Mr. Lindsay Hoyle (Chorley): Following on from that point, can we ensure that supplies will reach garages in rural areas throughout the rest of the country, which are of concern to all hon. Members, and that we shall all reap the benefit of yesterday's welcome news?