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Intellectual Property Agreement

Mr. Andrew George: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what representations he has received about the World Trade Organisation's Trade-Related Intellectual Property Agreement. [100427]

Mr. Caborn: Ministers and officials have received many representations about the WTO's TRIPS agreement. Many of these have been supportive of that Agreement and its implementation in view of its importance to encourage investment. Some have questioned whether parts of the Agreement might be detrimental to development interests. We have given assurances that there is much flexibility in the TRIPS agreement to allow for development interests to be taken into account.

Cause-related Marketing

Mr. Wigley: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what representations he has received in relation to cause-related marketing techniques; and if he will introduce legislative provisions to prevent the abuse of such techniques. [99391]

Dr. Howells: I have not received any representations about cause-related marketing and I have no plans to introduce additional regulation in this area, which is already subject to general legal controls on, for example, misleading advertisements, and to the codes of practice overseen by the Advertising Standards Authority and the broadcast regulators.

Third World Debt

Mr. Webb: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry if he will list by country the value of the outstanding debts on (a) United Kingdom aid loans and (b) loans guaranteed by the British Government through the Export Credits Guarantee Department, showing separately

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the amount that is classified as (i) pre-cut-off date and (ii) post-cut-off date, for each of the countries defined by the World Bank as developing countries. [100020]

Mr. Caborn: From the information available, Annexe A shows the value of outstanding amounts in respect of United Kingdom aid loans and Annexe B the outstanding value of unrecovered claims under guarantees issued through the Export Credits Guarantee Department to Developing Markets. The ECGD data are divided into amounts paid as claims which remain outstanding but which have been officially rescheduled, and claims paid that are not yet subject to a rescheduling agreement. All the amounts that have been rescheduled are in respect of pre-cut-off business, but amounts outstanding which are not subject to rescheduling are likely to include both pre and post cut off amounts. ECGD is not readily able to split these data on a pre and post cut off basis.


Balance outstanding under Direct Bilateral Capital Aid agreements

£
CountryBalance at 31 March 1999
Afghanistan66,670.00
Antigua and Barbuda 19912,044,168.17
Bangladesh292,451.32
Barbados136,070.30
Belize12,270,757.44
Botswana153,769.08
Brazil1,692,335.68
Cameroon--
Cayman Islands 1975/1174,037.49
Columbia169,867.19
Costa Rica765,798.46
Cyprus130,774.00
Dominica5,788,731.80
Ecuador7,539,648.69
Egypt3,363,360.81
Ethiopia--
Gambia--
Ghana10,172,487.21
Grenada1,429,108.50
Guyana30,155,434.73
Honduras1,911,143.04
India2,432,000.00
Indonesia--
Ivory Coast2,115,892.38
Jamaica32,994,877.44
Jordan20,019,655.10
Laos1,275.00
Malawi396,000.00
Malaysia2,879,159.31
Mauritius438,250.22
Mozambique 19763,408,903.92
Nicaragua398,200.00
Nigeria4,233,084.04
Pakistan750,664.58
Paraguay1,759,500.00
Peru5,170,602.44
Philippines2,397,068.00
Senegal272,329.67
Seychelles7,885,673.72
Sierra Leone--
Solomon Islands 19811,844,700.15
Sri Lanka76,200.17
St. Kitts2,734,970.00
St. Lucia2,499,500.00
St. Vincent3,289,200.00
Sudan--
Swaziland1,537,779.89
Tonga240,202.80
Tunisia
Turkey22,726,151.73
TCI1,421,260.87
Zambia33,309,320.27
W. Samoa--
Zimbabwe10,917,268.70
Total Bilateral246,406,304.31

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Balance outstanding under aid loans made via ECGD

ECGD£
Liberia77,749.58
Nigeria672,000.00
Total749,749.58

Balance outstanding under aid loans made via multilateral institutions

Multilateral£
Turkey15,107,325.62
EEC/IDA57,190,198.17
EEC/EIB336,099,288.37
CDB834,817.19
Total409,231,629.35


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FOREIGN AND COMMONWEALTH AFFAIRS

Falklands

Mr. Crausby: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will request a contribution from Argentina towards the cost of clearing landmines in the Falkland Islands. [R] [100016]

Mr. Battle: In December 1993, the Argentine Government offered to meet the cost of clearing landmines in the Falkland Islands. We welcomed this offer and sought to explore it further.

During President Menem's visit to the UK in October 1998, we agreed as a first step to work with Argentina to evaluate the feasibility and cost of clearing the landmines still present in the Falkland Islands. Work on a Memorandum of Understanding setting out how this feasibility study will be carried out is under way. Both Governments reaffirmed their commitment to co-operate on mine clearance in the Joint Statement of 14 July 1999.

Mr. Crausby: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what his estimate is of the number of Argentine landmines remaining in the Falklands Islands. [R] [100015]

Mr. Battle: The Ministry of Defence estimate that around 16,600 mines remain in the Falkland Islands. The Argentine armed forces laid 127 minefields on the Falklands in 1982. MOD estimate that 18,000 mines of all types were laid, including 14,000 anti-personnel mines. British forces carried out some clearance immediately after the conflict, lifting about 1,400 mines, but stopped after several injuries to those involved. The remaining 101 minefields are marked and fenced, and therefore not an immediate hazard. The garrison conduct a public campaign to warn of the dangers. They make regular patrols and destroy mines which become exposed on the surface of the ground. The Argentines have given us their minefield records.

The Argentine Government offered to assist with their clearance, and during President Menem's visit to the UK in October 1998 we agreed, as a first step, to work with Argentina to evaluate the feasibility and cost of clearing them. Work on a Memorandum of Understanding on how this study will be carried out is under way. Both Governments restated their commitment to co-operate on mine clearance in the Joint Statement of 14 July 1999.

We are fully committed to the Ottawa Convention, which requires us to clear all anti-personnel mines from the Falkland Islands within 10 years of entry, unless we can show good reasons why an extension should be granted. Such reasons may include humanitarian, environmental and technical considerations. Mine clearance in the Falkland Islands is both difficult and dangerous and we shall be keeping these points in mind.


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