Select Committee on Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Appendices to the Minutes of Evidence

Annex 2

  Six light rail systems have been built in Britain in the past 25 years. They are listed below together with a short description of their main functions:

  Tyne and Wear Metro (opened 1980)—to provide the primary public transport network for Tyne and Wear county including the towns of Newcastle, Gateshead, Tynemouth, North Shields and South Shields, replacing former suburban railways and extending through major centres.

  Docklands Light Railway (opened 1987)—to serve the London Docklands redevelopment area and to encourage regeneration.

  Manchester Metrolink (opened 1992)—to replace under-invested suburban rail lines and improve central area accessibility by extending through regional centre, linking Piccadilly and Victoria stations. To support structure plan policies of stemming decentralisation and dispersal of land use.

  South Yorkshire Supertram (opened 1994)—to replace or supplement buses on major urban corridors in Sheffield and to encourage regeneration in former steelworks area, Lower Don Valley.

  Midland Metro (due to open 1999)—to provide rail based service on former railway to towns without rail service, eg West Bromwich, provide a local Birmingham to Wolverhampton service and encourage redevelopment in industrial area. To form basis for conurbation wide transit system.

  Croydon Tramlink (due to open 1999)—to replace some under used suburban rail lines, eg West Croydon-Wimbledon, and extend into and through town centre, linking East and West Croydon stations, and provide rail service to major overspill estate at New Addington.

  Nottingham Express Transit (approved and construction is expected to begin in 1999)—to provide high quality service in major urban corridor and improved accessibility to city centre, integrated with existing bus and rail services, with major park and ride facilities.

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