House of Commons - Explanatory Note
Special Educational Needs And Disability Bill [Hl] - continued          House of Commons

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parent                    In relation to England and Wales, section 576 of the Education Act 1996 provides that 'a parent' in relation to a child or young person includes somebody who has care of him or, who is not a parent of his, but has parental responsibility for him. Parental responsibility has the same meaning as in the Children Act 1989. In relation to Scotland, 'parent' has the meaning given in section 135 of the Education (Scotland) Act 1980. 'Parent' includes guardian and any person who is liable to maintain or has the actual custody of a child or young person.

PRUs                    Pupil Referral Units - schools established and maintained by LEAs which are specially organised to provide education for children of compulsory school age who, because of illness, exclusion from school or other reasons, might not otherwise receive suitable education. (see s.19(2) EA).

SEN                    Special Educational Needs - a child has special educational needs if he or she has learning difficulties that need special educational help. The legal definition is in s.312 EA.

SEN Code of Practice     Code of Practice on the Identification and Assessment of Special Educational Needs.

SENT                    Special Educational Needs Tribunal - a tribunal established under section 333 EA to consider parents' appeals against decisions of LEAs in England and Wales about assessment and statements of their children's SEN.

SENDIST               Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal - the SENT will, by virtue of this Bill, become the SENDIST and also hear cases of disability discrimination in schools in England and Wales.

Special schools               Schools which are specially organised to make special educational provision for pupils with special educational needs. Special schools are either maintained schools or non-maintained special schools approved under section 342 EA.

SSFA                    School Standards and Framework Act 1998

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Prepared: 6 March 2001