Awarding Bodies and Examiners
To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what consultations he has held with awarding bodies and examiners in connection with their setting, marking and grading activities this summer; what assessment he has made of the extent to which the new AS levels will be accommodated within their programme of work and staff availability; and if he will make a statement. 
[holding answer 22 January 2001]: A greater number of examiners is needed this summer, not least because we are in transition from the old A level qualifications to our new and widely welcomed reforms. The exact number of examiners needed will not be known until Easter, when entries have been made. The awarding bodies have already begun recruiting examiners. The Qualifications and Curriculum Authority is working with the awarding bodies to ensure that the system will deliver this summer's results on time. We are monitoring this work closely to confirm that all necessary steps have been taken. The Government are committed to maintaining a robust and effective public examination system.
Education Spending (East Sussex)
To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what the level of spending was per pupil in (a) primary and (b) secondary schools in East Sussex for each year from 1990 to the last year for which figures are available, expressed in today's prices. 
Ms Estelle Morris
[holding answer 23 January 2001]: The following table shows the spending per pupil in real terms, separately for primary and secondary pupils, in East Sussex for the years 1990-91 to 1998-99, the latest year for which this information is currently available. These figures are based on net institutional expenditure at 2000-01 prices.
|Pre-primary and primary||Secondary
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The following table sets out the resources made available to East Sussex local education authority for primary and secondary education since 1997-98, at 2000-01 prices. These figures are not directly comparable with net institutional expenditure set out in the first table, but they do reflect real terms increases in primary and secondary funding per pupil over the last three years of £420 and £370 respectively.
£ per pupil
|Standard spending assessment||Special and specific grants||SSA and special/specific grants
Under this Government, funding per pupil has already increased by over £300 nationally in real terms, and it will increase by a further £150 per pupil for 2001-02. Under the last Government, funding per pupil fell by £60 in real terms between 1994-95 and 1997-98. There will be further increases in funding following the year 2000 spending review: a further £370 per pupil over the three year period, taking the total increase to nearly £700 between 1997-98 and 2003-04.
To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Employment what research projects commissioned by his Department are expected to report (a) within three months, (b) in between three and 12 months and (c) more than 12 months ahead; and what arrangements he is making for their publication. 
[holding answer 29 January 2001]: The results of research are published in line with the requirements of the Freedom of Information Act 2000. The Department aims to publish or release for publication at least 90 per cent. of research reports within 16 weeks of receiving a final draft from its contractors.
The Department publishes research in its Research Reports series. Copies are also available on the Department's website on the day of publication. Details of the research projects expected to report in the periods requested are contained in the following table. Details of the Department's research and research publications are published every year in the Department's Annual Report on Research.
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Publication/availability within three months
How employers and service providers are responding to the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1995
Research on Returns to Education and Training
English language as a barrier to employment, training and education
Decision-making and provision within the SEN Code of Practice
Assessing/measuring the Skills Development Fund
Further investigation of a disadvantaged group on pre-vocational training
The effect of ethnicity on adult participation in learning
Recruiting and training young people and adults: research into employers' use of Key Skills and the potential of 'graduation'.
Evaluation of employment and training based pilots for rough sleepers aged over 25
Literature review on adult community-based learning
Integrating self-assessment into inspection procedures: the impact on the quality of group day care provisions
Quality of Work focus groups
Baseline Study of Work-Life Balance Practices in Great Britain
Implementation of the Education Maintenance Allowance Pilots--the first year
Staying Away or Staying On? A qualitative evaluation of Education Maintenance Allowance scheme
Education Maintenance Allowance: the first year--a quantitative evaluation
Final Evaluation of ADAPT and EMPLOYMENT
Transport Sector Skills Dialogue
Research on the cost of Investors in People and related activities
Childcare Quality Improvement and Quality Assurance Practices and Relevant Staff and Parental Attitudes.
Student Support--Transport Mapping, Options and Guidance Exercise.
Learning and Work Bank Project: Mapping Work
Evaluation of Pilot Summer Activities for 16 Year Olds.
Adult:Child Ratios for Early Years Settings in the Private and Voluntary Sector
Learning & Training at Work 2000
Publication/availability between three and twelve months
Parents' experiences of the process of choosing a Secondary school
Barriers to employment for offenders
Out of school study support: evaluation of Playing for Success--stage 2.
Career Development Loans defaults
Employment and the Euro
Employers awareness and use of Open Learning
International schools benchmarking study
Flexible training strategies evaluation
Participation in higher education by mature students.
Reasons for younger worker drop-out from NVQ units and full NVQs.
Research into methods of funding the Community Sector and comparison of Community Champions and the Community Development Learning Fund
Entry, retention and loss: A study of the childcare workforce
Research into the outcomes, in Secondary Education, for children excluded from Primary School.
Identification of strategies to reduce student non-completion in higher education.
Evaluation of pre-16 work experience
Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS) 2
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Enhancing the Internal Verifier and Assessor Roles.
National Adult Learning Survey 2000
Research to assess initial response by schools and colleges to Government's "Qualifying for Success" reforms to post-16 qualifications
Economic impact of the Code of Practice on age diversity in employment
Evaluation of the University for Industry development projects
ESF leavers survey 1999
Development of a model to estimate the costs to the Exchequer and economy of social exclusion
Final evaluation of ESF Objective 4
YCS: methodological review
The longer-term impact of capacity building in ESF.
Improving the take-up of free school meals
Feasibility study for a longitudinal survey of the impact of out-of-school childcare on children
Nature of training and motivation to train in small firms
Communal Establishment Survey
Evaluation of INCLUDE
Youth Cohort Study: (Cohort 10, Sweep 1)
Youth Cohort Study: Cohort 9, 18 year olds sweep (Cohort 9, sweep 3)
Womens Unit research on awareness of and attitudes to Government initiatives to help balance work and life outside work
Educationalising the code of practice for trainers in the use of physical interventions and developing a system for accrediting training
Ex-ante evaluation of Objective 2, URBAN & LEADER
Case studies of employer Good Practice in the employment and retention of older workers
Survey of the use of ICT to support the delivery of careers education in schools and colleges
Monitoring the Disability Discrimination Act: stage 2
Research on the relationship between volunteering and employability
Survey of the delivery of career education & guidance in schools
International literature review of New Deal for Disabled People target groups
The gender pay gap--a review of EU literature and secondary analysis
Barriers to employment for disabled people, the employers' perspective
The Youth Cohort Study work programme.
Research to inform the development and implementation of the Connexions service
Young people--money and risk in early adult life.
The validity & transferability of NVQs in the workplace: third phase study
Evaluation of Career Development Loans: Trainee Survey
Further Research on the Returns to Higher Education in the UK
Exploring the Participation of Women in ITCE-related Courses and Careers
Financial Services Skills Dialogue.
Evaluation of the Neighbourhood Support Fund--STAGE ONE.
Preliminary Research into the Endorsement of FENTO standards.
Young People's experiences of the Learning Gateway.
Evaluation of UK Online Computer Training
Ageism--The attitudes and experiences of young people
Beacon Schools--Further external evaluation of the initiative
Skills Information: Statistical Database & Website Development
Independent/State School Partnerships: Sustainability of 1998-99 Funded Projects
Evaluation of the Wired-Up Communities Initiative
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Research on recent developments in Employee Development Schemes
A Survey of Former Childminders
Food and Drink Manufacturing Skills Dialogue
The Army Training Mapping Project: A Joint Study into Possible Areas for Co-operation DfEE and the Army Training and Recruiting Agency
Employers Skill Survey 2000
Associate Professional Skills and Qualifications
Modelling the potential implications of graduation on 16 year olds in three geographical areas
The Event Causes and Implications of Skill Deficiencies (ECISD)--IER, Warwick
Information Technology and Communication Sector Dialogue
Childcare Workforce Surveys 2000
A Research Project to establish the current state of School Leadership in England
Building Basic Skills in the Workplace: Evaluation Proposal
Key Issues in Higher Education.
Evaluation of the Learning and Development Fund
Evaluation of the learning card demonstration projects.
Learning package for A Level Geography
Projections of Occupations and Qualifications
Evaluation of Business Link Exemplar School Clusters.
Qualitative Evaluation of Fully-Fledged Employment Zones: A Study of Local Delivery Agents and Area Case Studies
Evaluation of Millennium Volunteers
Evaluation of Adult Information, Advice and Guidance Partnerships: Progress Towards a Comprehensive Service (SBU)
Research Study into the Operation of Appeal Panels, Use of the code of Practice and Training for Panel Members
International Comparison of Skills, Performance and New Technologies in Matched Engineering Plants
Publication/availability more than twelve months ahead
Evaluation of one-stop mentor pilots
Skills Survey 2
Improving Speech and Language Development of Children in Sure Start Areas
Tracking the Progress of Schools in Investors in People
Monitoring and evaluation of projects funded from the Partners for Study Support: DfEE Grant Scheme
Evaluation of Learning Partnerships and the Partnership Funds.
Long-Term Evaluation of Self Employment Assistance Provided by the Princes Trust--Business Under the Youth Enterprise Initiative
Evaluation of the Progress File Demonstration Projects.
Employment Zones Cohort and Economic Study
Dance and Drama Awards
Evaluation of the Further Education Standards Fund
Evaluation of the CMF ICT Learning Centres
Achievement by ethnic minority pupils in isolated communities
Repeat of "Parents' Demand for Childcare" survey
Update of the Disability Discrimination Act omnibus survey
Best Practice in undertaking Teacher Capability procedures
A longitudinal study of young people with Special Educational Needs
YCS: cohort 8, sweep at age 21
Evaluation of Peers Early Education Partnership Programme
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Entry, retention and loss in the day nursery workforce: Part II
The fifth annual survey of parents of three and four year olds
Effective pedagogy in the early years
Effective provision of pre-school education
Administrative support staff--impact on pupil performance
Disability: attitudes and experiences
Creating and building valued businesses: an evaluation of DHP Enterprise Business Start-Up programmes.
Impact of schools transitions and transfer on pupil attainment--Stage II
OECD International Research Project: Programme for Developing Indicators on Student Achievement on a Regular Basis (PISA)
Evaluation of new approaches to work experience and the work related curriculum
Monitoring and evaluation of the Education (National Curriculum) (Exceptions at Key Stage 4) regulations 1998.
Effectiveness of induction of newly qualified teachers
British Social Attitudes Survey: 1999-2002
Working long hours: a review of literature and case studies research
Early years transitions and Special Educational Needs
Evaluation of the Literacy and Numeracy strategies
The contribution of education and training to long-run employability
Evaluation of CRiSS--Crime Reduction in Secondary Schools and AEIs--Alternative Education Initiatives
International comparisons of pupil attainment (PISA): OECD International costs (2000-2001 and 2001-2002)
Analysis of the relationship between training and business performance
International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievements (IEA) Civic Education Project
Contribution to an ILO Action Programme entitled "Enterprise Creation by the Unemployed: The Role of Microfinance"
Refugees: opportunities and barriers to training and employment
Study of children permanently excluded from school
National Adult Learning Survey (NALS) 2001
Time Use survey
A longitudinal study of the changing role of the Local Education Authority in raising standards
Research Policy and Practice Forum on young people (00-01).
A longitudinal study of factors contributing to variation in teacher effectiveness
Research on boys' underachievement
Impact of pupil/adult ratios on educational progress over Key Stage 2
Evaluation of Peers Early Education Partnership Programme for children's development in language and early literacy
Wraparound Care Pilots
New Student Support Arrangements for Access Funds Evaluation.
Evaluation of Educational Maintenance Allowance Pilots.
Effective Provision of Pre-School Education--Tracking Children 2000-2003 & Second Parent Follow up December 2000. 2 Variations
Evaluation of Excellence in Cities policy
Sure Start National Evaluation.
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