Supplementary memorandum by the Health
Development Agency (WTC 34A)
A FEW EXAMPLES OF INTEGRATED PRACTICE TO
PROMOTE WALKING BETWEEN HEALTH AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES
Stockport Health Authority and Metropolitan
Borough Council (MBC) have employed a cycling and walking officer,
who is jointly funded and works across the two organisations.
The postholder is based in the Centre for Health Promotion within
Stockport Healthcare NHS Trust.
Stockport MBC has also established a Healthy
Transport Alliance between the Council, NHS, various joint health
planning teams, the Partnership for Urban Regeneration and other
sectors. Joint action on walking has included walk to school initiatives;
joint work on improving air quality; pedestrian training; traffic
signal controlled pedestrian crossings and pedestrian phases built
into traffic lights at junctions.
Merseyside Health Action Zone is a partnership
between the NHS, local government, business, voluntary sector
and others. It has set a target to increase the proportion of
short journeys (under three miles) made by walking and cycling
to 40 per cent by 2005 as part of its work to reduce health inequalities
Liverpool Health Authority's Health Improvement
programme and the Merseyside Transport Strategy have common objectives
to promote cycling and walking, particularly through the development
of transport plans in schools, hospitals and businesses.
Cambridge Health Improvement Programme and Local
Transport Plan both include joint work to promote walking and
cycling. This includes a range of measures to improve facilities
for pedestrians, safer routes and integrated provision with public
York City Council has introduced a road hierarchy
that puts pedestrians and vulnerable road users as first priority
when introducing new transport measures. Work to increase pedestrianised
areas, safer walking routes and reduce pedestrian accidents has
been underpinned by a focus on health, and links with the health
sector. For example, York's Speed Management Plan sets a target
that every one of the city's 72 schools should be surrounded by
a 20 miles per hour zone within six years.
Oxford City Council has a European project when
brings together health, transport and environmental planners to
assess the impacts of transport planning on health and the environment.
This includes monitoring key indicators such as walking and cycling
levels, respiratory symptoms and traffic accident rates.
Gloucester has focused its efforts on reducing
traffic accidents through partnership work between the health
and local authority, including work to improve the environment
Bristol City Council was the first city to hold
a Car-Free day in the UK and has taken a range of measures to
improve the environment for walkingas part of a partnership
with various organisations including the NHS. Work has also focused
on transport plans for local businesses to encourage walking to
Nottingham City Council have set out a clear
vision to integrate their land use planning and transport planning;
travel education and awareness; infrastructure and revenue support
and travel demand management. Improving conditions for walking
and promoting walking for health are key aspects of this vision
through the idea of "civilised streets" which give priority
There are joint projects across the country
to promote safer walking to school as part of the Safe Routes
to School programmes. These combine measures to improve the environment
around the school and supervision for children walking to school.
For example, Hertfordshire and Hampshire County Council have developed
extensive programmes in this area.
Further examples can be found in:
Making T.H.E. Links: Transport, Health
and Environmental policies; A Guide for local authorities and
health authorities Health Education Authority 1999.
A Good Practice Guide for the development
of Local Transport Plans DETR 2000.