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Jeremy Corbyn: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many visitors, and from which countries, were granted entry to the United Kingdom, under immigration law, to attend the International Army Fair held in London from 11 September. 
Mr. Bradshaw: We do not keep records of the number of visitors or their nationalities granted entry to the United Kingdom to attend specific events. To provide the information requested would require manual searches of records at overseas Posts and ports of entry, which could be done only at disproportionate cost.
Jeremy Corbyn: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what monitoring of the human rights situation in Chechnya is being undertaken by UK representatives; and if he will make a statement. 
Peter Hain: We remain very concerned about human rights in Chechnya although security concerns preclude travel there, officials in London and overseas monitor the human rights situation closely. Apart from media reports, UK representatives receive regular updates from the Council of Europe and the OSCE Assistance Group, and from a number of humanitarian relief agencies. In addition, the FCO is in frequent contact with human rights organisations including Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and the Russian NGO, Memorial. They all make an invaluable contribution to our assessment of the human rights situation in the republic.
Jeremy Corbyn: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what visits to the Chagos Islands have been facilitated for the Ilois people by the High Commissioner; and if such visits include Diego Garcia. 
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Mr. Bradshaw: The Commissioner for the British Indian Ocean Territory has received a request to facilitate a visit by a party of Ilois to the outer islands of the Territory. This is still under consideration.
Jeremy Corbyn: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent representations he has made to the Government of Burma concerning human rights abuses and political freedoms. 
Mr. Bradshaw: We take every opportunity to register our concerns through our Embassy in Rangoon and visiting officials although our contacts with the Burmese regime are naturally limited. In addition we regularly make our views known through the EU and also the United Nations. My right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary's public statement of 31 August welcomed the continued release of political prisoners and called for urgency to be injected into the process under way in Burma.
Ross Cranston: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment has been made of the main reasons for refusal of applications for family visit visas in (a) Islamabad and (b) New Delhi. 
Mr. Bradshaw: Ministers have made no formal assessment. However, the Independent Monitor for entry clearance refusals without the right of appeal has a remit to review refusals of family visit visas up to 2 October 2000, when the right of appeal for this category of visitor was reintroduced. He will present his conclusions later this year in his annual report to my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary, who will lay a copy of the report in both Houses.
Mr. Dismore: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs how many applications for settlement visas were made by those wishing to live in same-sex relationships with UK citizens in each year since 1998; how many were granted; how many (a) applications and (b) appeals are outstanding; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Bradshaw: The total number of settlement applications received, issued and refused by those wishing to live in same-sex relationships for 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001 are as follows:
The 2001 figures are based on monthly statistical reports received from the 109 largest entry clearance posts up to June 2001. The remaining entry clearance posts
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submit information on an annual basis. To answer this question for all 164 posts could be done only at disproportionate costs.
We have no record of any outstanding applications.
We do not record separately how many appeals are outstanding. Manual searches would be required to obtain such information and could be done only at disproportionate cost.
Mr. Dismore: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the number of UK citizens involved with fundamentalist paramilitary groups in (a) Afghanistan, (b) Kashmir, (c) Pakistan (d) Chechnya, (e) Lebanon and (f) Palestinian Authority territories; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Bradshaw: We have no accurate figures for the number of UK citizens who may be involved with terrorists or other such groups in the places named.
Miss McIntosh: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what discussions he has had with his counterparts in (a) NATO and (b) the European Union on the United Kingdom's response to the events in the USA on 11 September; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Bradshaw: We are committed to pursuing concrete steps to counter terrorism in a number of international fora, including the UN, NATO and the European Union. As the Prime Minister said in the House of Commons on 4 October 2001, Official Report, columns 67175, he and the Foreign Secretary have been in intensive contact with foreign leaders from every part of the world over the past few weeks. The Prime Minister visited Berlin, Paris, New York and Washington on 1921 September; Moscow, Islamabad and New Delhi on 46 October; and Oman and Cairo on 1012 October; and the Foreign Secretary visited Jordan, Iran, Israel, the Palestinian Authority and Egypt on 2427 September as part of the effort to build a strong international coalition against terrorism.
We are also taking action in international institutions:
UN Security Council resolution 1368 was adopted on 12 September. The Council unanimously expressed its readiness to take all necessary steps in response to the attacks. The resolution also stated that the Council would hold accountable those indirectly responsible for these actsthose who aid, support or harbour the perpetratorsas well as those directly responsible. On 28 September, the Council adopted resolution 1373, which contained a series of measures to tackle the roots of terrorism. In particular, it stated that all countries should target terrorist finances and ensure that no safe haven is provided to any known terrorist organisations.
Also on 12 September, the North Atlantic Council (NAC) agreed that if the attack against the US was directed from abroad it should be regarded as an action covered by Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty. Article 5 is the collective self-defence commitment at the core of NATO, under which the Parties agree that an
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armed attack against one or more of them shall be considered an attack against them all. On 2 October the US briefed the NAC on the results of their investigations. Lord Robertson, the NATO Secretary General, concluded that it was now clear that the attack had been directed from overseas and that Article 5 was therefore now operational. This is the first time in the history of NATO that Article 5 has been invoked, and is the strongest possible signal of Allied solidarity in the face of the attacks on the US. NATO's North Atlantic Council has now agreed material assistance to the US, including the use of AWACS early warning aircraft.
The Heads of State and Government of the European Union at the Special European Council on 21 September expressed their total support of the American people in the face of the deadly terrorist attacks. They agreed to co-operate with the US in bringing to justice and punishing the perpetrators, sponsors and accomplices of such barbaric acts. The Council also approved a concrete set of measures to combat terrorism, including enhancing police and judicial co-operation, developing international legal instruments, putting an end to the funding of terrorism and strengthening aviation security. The General Affairs Council on 8 October confirmed the EU's strong support for US and UK military action.
We will continue our diplomatic effort in the coming weeks to strengthen international efforts against terrorism.
Miss McIntosh: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received on the role of the security services in (a) the United States of America, (b) the United Kingdom and (c) other members of the European Union in identifying potential terrorist attacks; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Straw: The hon. Member will be aware that it is long-standing Government policy not to comment on operational intelligence matters. However, while that policy is not going to change, it is no secret that we work closely with the US and other allies to counter the threat of terrorism, which is kept under constant review; where we have specific information, we act on it.
Miss McIntosh: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will make a statement on the implications for international security of the recent atrocities in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Bradshaw: What happened on 11 September was an act without parallel in the history of terrorism.
The fight against terrorism needs to be a global one. As the Prime Minister said in the House of Commons on 4 October 2001, Official Report, columns 67175, we have been in intensive contact with foreign leaders from every part of the world over the past few weeks. What we have encountered is an unprecedented level of solidarity and commitment to work together. We are continuing our intensive diplomatic effort to build a strong international coalition against terrorism. We are taking action in the UN, G8, EU and NATO.
The Prime Minister also stated on 4 October that, in the face of the evidence, our immediate objectives are clear. We must bring bin Laden and other al-Qaeda leaders to justice and eliminate the terrorist threat they pose. And
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we must ensure that Afghanistan ceases to harbour and sustain international terrorism. But we also have to continue our attempts to resolve conflicts, defuse tensions and work for peace in other troubled regions of the world.
The military action we are taking with the US is targeted against places we know to be involved in the operation of terror or against the military apparatus of the Taliban. The military plan has been put together mindful of our determination to avoid civilian casualties.
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