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River Crossing plc) were able to use revenue from the existing crossing to partly finance the construction of the new crossing.
Listed is the toll revenue received since 1992. Up to 1996 the figure is for the first Crossing only, after that date the figure is for the two bridges combined. Separate figures for the two bridges is not immediately available.
Mr. Edwards: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions which major (a) bridge, (b) tunnel and (c) trunk road tolls (i) can and (ii) cannot be paid by credit or debit card. 
Mr. Jamieson: Of the major tolled bridges and tunnels (there are currently no major tolled trunk roads open) only the Tyne Tunnel accepts payment by credit or debit card. All of the undertakings (Dartford Crossings, Humber Bridge, Mersey Tunnels, Severn Crossings, Tamar Bridge and Tyne Tunnel) have a system for pre-payment for which payment by credit or debit card is available.
Mr. Jamieson: There are no plans at present to allow credit card payments due to the fact that finance companies levy about a 3 per cent. surcharge for such transactions. Neither the Concessionaire (Severn River Crossing plc) nor the Government are currently prepared to fund this surcharge. However, the Concessionaire and the Government will continue to review this position.
Mr. Jamieson: The outstanding debt on the crossing stands at £469,606,000 as at 2000 accounts. It is intended that the whole of this debt will be paid by the end of the concession period, likely to be about mid 2014.
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Mr. Jamieson: The Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions intends to carry out a public consultation shortly on proposals to update the Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 to relax certain provisions and to align others with requirements already in force under European Community law.
Bob Russell: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions how many appeals affecting listed buildings have been (a) upheld and (b) dismissed in each of the last five years for which figures are available; and if he will make a statement. 
Ms Keeble: The provision of information on planning appeals is the responsibility of the Planning Inspectorate. I have asked the Inspectorate's Chief Executive, Mr. Chris Shepley, to write to the hon. Member.
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Mr. Stunell: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions what plans he has to revise PPG22 to take account of Government targets for renewable energy generation. 
Ms Keeble: It is already our policy to promote a positive approach to planning for renewable energy to help meet the Government's targets for producing electricity from renewable sources. In 2000 we initiated the preparation of regional assessments and targets for renewable energy provision to encourage a more strategic approach to planning at regional and local levels.
Mr. Jim Cunningham: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions if he will make a statement on the use of fuel economy labels to help introduce less polluting and more fuel efficient vehicles. 
Mr. Jamieson: Provision of information to consumers on the fuel economy and CO 2 emissions performance of passenger cars is an important element of the Government's policy for reducing CO 2 emissions. Provision of fuel economy labels on new passenger cars and of general information on fuel economy at the point of sale has been a requirement under UK law since the mid 1980's. From 21 November 2001 the UK implemented a new EU directive which, besides making changes to the format and content of information to be provided on cars at point of sale, also requires CO 2 emissions to be displayed.
Comparative figures on the fuel and emissions performance of all models of new passenger cars are available on the Vehicle Certification Agency's website at www.vcacarfueldata.org.uk and in "The New Car Fuel Consumption and Emissions Figures" booklet published by VCA.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions what recent research his Department has carried out into safety considerations concerning passengers standing in buses; and what discussions he has had with bus and coach operators on the subject of the safety concerns of passengers standing in those vehicles. 
Ms Keeble: My Department is currently looking into the issue of standing passengers. We are participating in a research project under the European Community 5th Framework ProjectEnhanced Coach and Bus Occupant Safety (ECBOS), which is looking at all safety issues that effect bus passengers. This includes seated and standing passengers, provisions of internal fittings, handholds, steps and gangway slopes inside the vehicle. The findings of this work will be used to influence any future regulatory changes in this area.
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Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (1) what estimates have been made of the resident elderly population of Somerset county council area in each financial year from 199798 to 200203; 
(3) what estimates have been made of the number of (a) elderly supported residents and (b) elderly people living in private households in Somerset county council area in each financial year from 199798 to 200203. 
|31 March 1997||1,993|
|31 March 1998||2,174|
|31 March 1999||2,211|
|31 March 2000||2,092|
|31 March 2001||2,455|
|(i) total residents||(ii) residents in private households|
(a) Department of Health statistical return SRI
(b)(i) ONS mid year population estimates; (ii) ONS mid year population estimates adjusted by the proportion of total residents that are in private households as recorded in the 1991 Census
In the case of population data, the estimates for 2000 are the latest available, and are used in the 200203 local government finance settlement. The number of residents in private households is estimated in the same way as for the standard spending assessment formula for elderly residential social services, by assuming that the proportion of total residents in private households is the same as that recorded in the 1991 Census. The figures for the number of supported residents are the actual numbers reported by authorities to the Department of Health rather than estimates. The figure for March 2001 is the latest available. As part of the same data return, the Department of Health collects information on the numbers of supported residents that each local authority is supporting outside their own local authority area. The information can be broken down by age, so those of pensionable age could be specifically identified.
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (1) for what reason the standard spending assessments for 200203 were not calculated by reference to the total elderly residential population in each local authority area; what plans his Department has to revise the method of calculation; and if he will make a statement; 
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(3) how the formula to estimate the number of elderly supported residents in local authority areas has operated in each financial year between 199798 and 200203; what assessment he has made of its effectiveness for (a) England, (b) London boroughs, (c) Shire counties and (d) Somerset; and if he will make a statement. 
Dr. Whitehead: The methodology underpinning the standard spending assessment (SSA) formulae has been unchanged since 19992000. The formula for residential services was changed in 19992000 so that it is based on the elderly population in private households (prior to this it was based on the total resident population). The population in private households excludes the population that is already in institutional care. Some residents that are in residential care in each authority area are funded by other authorities. If they were included in the formula, they would count towards the authority in which they are placed, even though another authority is bearing the cost.
Other arguments that have been made in favour of the change are that the research on which the formula is based considered the characteristics of those in private households about to enter care (and not those already in care), and that the formula should therefore be on the same basis. The number of people in residential care in an authority is also partly dependent on local policy variation, and an objective formula should not reflect this.
In estimating the relative number of potential supported residents in each area, the formula gives more weight to elderly people aged 85 plus and aged 7584 than those aged 6574. The formula also takes account of differences in deprivation between areas. The following indicators have been used since 199899:
Pensioners in rented accommodation
Pensioners living alone
Elderly with limiting long-term illness
Elderly on attendance allowance or disability living allowance
Pensioners not in a couple and not a head of household.
The White Paper "Strong Local LeadershipQuality Public Services" sets out our assessment of the effectiveness of the SSA system. Our assessment focuses on systemic weakness that apply to all authorities rather than issues for individual authorities or groupings of authorities. We have concluded that there are significant limitations, including complexity and the use of SSAs as a measure of "spending need". That is why we have decided to replace SSAs with a new formula-based approach that will be fairer and more intelligible. These new formulae will take effect in 200304. We are actively working with local government to develop the new system, and a number of research projects have been set in hand in order to inform the work. This includes a project commissioned by the Department of Health from the University of Kent in order to look at the possibility of a single formula for elderly domiciliary and residential care.
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This work is still at the early stages and we have yet to take a view on the best way forward. We will be consulting widely before taking final decisions.
Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions what resources were allocated, per head, to meet the needs of the elderly population in each local authority area in England in the latest year for which figures are available. 
Dr. Whitehead: DTLR allocates grant to local authorities based on the standard spending assessment (SSA) formulae. There are two SSA formulae focused on the needs of elderly people: the formula for elderly residential and the formula for domiciliary social services. Details of each authority's elderly domiciliary and residential SSA per person aged over 65 have been placed in the Libraries of the House. The figures are for the provisional local government finance settlement for 200204.
There are other services provided by local government to elderly people, including cultural and leisure services. These other formulae are based on figures for the population as a whole, and it is not possible to identify an element specific to the elderly without making crude assumptions.
It should be noted that the SSAs are not equal to the actual level of grant provided to local authorities by central Government. This is a lower figure that recognises authorities ability to raise resources through council tax and their share of national non-domestic rates. The actual level of general grant support provided for individual services is not identified, and is a matter for individual authorities to decide.
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