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15 Jan 2002 : Column 293W
farming made to English GDP in each of the years 1998 to 2001, after the deduction of all (a) subsidies and (b) foot and mouth costs. 
Mr. Morley: The table shows the contribution after removing all subsidies that the agricultural industry made to English GDP in 1998, 1999 and 2000. Statistics on agriculture's contribution in 2001 will not be published until 31 January 2002. The Government are spending an additional £2.7 billion to tackle foot and mouth disease and its implications for the rural economy.
|Contribution (£ billion)||Contribution as a percentage|
(45) Subsidies paid directly to farmers and the cost to the exchequer of indirect support of market prices.
Mr. Meacher: The Government's Quality of Life Counts indicator of wild birds uses an index of bird populations set at 100 for 1970. Actual population numbers are not calculated. The values of the index for 1990 and 2000 are presented in the table for all 105 bird species included. Further information on these statistics is published in the DEFRA News Release No. 303/01.
Mr. Andrew Turner: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many full-time equivalent staff of her Department are engaged in the administration of area and headage payments; and how much time she estimates is required of people outside her Department. 
Mr. Morley [holding answer 11 January 2002]: The number of full-time equivalent staff engaged in the administration of area and headage payments is 1,520. The amount of time required of people outside the Department engaged on this work is very limited and relates exclusively to contracted-out work on remote sensing.
Mr. Andrew Turner: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many full-time equivalent staff of her Department are engaged in the administration of quotas; and how much time she estimates is required of people outside her Department. 
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Mr. Morley [holding answer 11 January 2002]: The number of full-time equivalent staff engaged in the administration of quotas is 100. There are no people engaged in quota work outside of the Department on its behalf.
Mr. Andrew Turner: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what agricultural products are the subject of quotas; how many holdings are in possession of each quota; and what is the average size of each quota per holding in possession of that quota. 
Mr. Morley [holding answer 11 January 2002]: Milk and sugar from sugar beet are the two agricultural products subject to quotas. At the end of the 200001 quota year there were some 33,000 holders of milk quota in the UK, with an average quota holding of about 429,000 litres. The UK has a quota for 1.14 million tonnes of sugar held by British Sugar, who draw up individual supply contracts with growers. In the marketing year 200102 around 8,300 sugar beet farmers are contracted to supply British Sugar with sugar beet.
Mr. Shaw: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many paper mills invested in combined heat and power plants in (a) 199798, (b) 199899, (c) 19992000 and (d) 200102 to date. 
Mr. Shaw: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions she has calculated will be saved by the United Kingdom paper industry investing in combined heat and power plants, and over what period, under the Government's targets for climate change. 
Mr. Meacher [holding answer 11 January 2002]: The latest figures in the DTI published Digest of UK Energy Statistics are for the year 2000 and show the paper industry (including publishing and printing) to be saving approximately 500,000 tonnes of carbon annually through its use of combined heat and power (CHP). In addition, our best estimate of the savings stimulated by the climate change agreements for the paper industry are 140,000 tonnes of carbon annually by 2010 from CHP.
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The performance this year was initially affected by foot and mouth disease and more particularly lately by industrial action. The union suspended its industrial action on 11 January and the Rural Payments Agency, which is responsible for the administration of the scheme, is making every possible effort to ensure that as many payments as possible are made by 31 January.
Mr. Morley: On 18 December 2001, the Government announced changes to the livestock movement controls which we intend to introduce in February 2002 provided there is continued progress in eradicating foot and mouth disease.
From the start of these arrangements, cattle markets will be allowed to resume, but for sheep and pigs, slaughter markets only will be allowed initially. The question of whether to allow other sheep and pig markets will be kept under review in the light of veterinary and scientific advice.
Hugh Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what action she is taking to protect United Kingdom crop fruit growers from the effects of EU proposals to amend the marketing standard for apples and pears. 
Mr. Morley [holding answer 14 January 2002]: The EU marketing standard for apples and pears is currently under review, proposals having been made to bring variety lists up to date and to separate the standards for apples and pears. Last year the EU Commission also published an informal paper on the possible future amendment of the sizing requirements. Our horticultural marketing inspectorate has consulted widely on this matter with growers' representatives and other interested parties. We will ensure that the views expressed by all stakeholders are taken into consideration in any future discussions.
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Mr. Jack: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs when she expects to answer the question tabled on 27 November 2001 by the right hon. Member for Fylde (ref 17652) on payments to farmers. 
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if she will make a statement on the impact of water companies ending agency working with local authorities and other external agencies for the purpose of flood prevention. 
Mr. Morley [holding answer 14 January 2002]: I am aware of no significant impact of any such action. The primary responsibility for flood defence rests with the operating authorities, i.e. the Environment Agency, local authorities and, where they exist, internal drainage boards.
Mr. Drew: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if she will list those organisations that have been asked to participate in the Rural Affairs Forum, and give the names of the nominees. 
|Organisations||Name of nominees|
|Rural Advocate||Ewen Cameron|
|Association of National Park Authorities||Martin Fitton|
|Council for the Protection of Rural England||Gregor Hutcheon|
|National Trust||Tony Burton|
|Ramblers Association||Nick Barrett|
|Royal Society for the Protection of Birds||Phil Rothwell|
|Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals||Peter Davies|
|Country Land and Business Association||Sir Edward Greenwell|
|British Horse Society||Kay Driver|
|British Chambers of Commerce||Viv Dodd|
|National Farmers Union||John Seymour|
|Countryside Alliance||Richard Burge|
|Trades Union Congress||Barry Leathwood|
|Co-operative Union||Pauline Green|
|Action with Communities in Rural England||Sylvia Brown|
|Churches Together in England||Canon Jeremy Martineau|
|National Council for Voluntary Organisations||Holly Yates|
|National Federation of Women's Institutes||Jill Cobley|
|National Youth Agency||Dave Phillips|
|Age Concern England||Gordon Lishman|
|East of England Development Agency||Marie Skinner|
|Local Government Association||Councillor Christine Reid|
|National Association of Local Councils||Councillor Brian Kerr|
|English Nature||David Arnold-Forster|
|English Tourism Council||Mary Lynch|
|Environment Agency||Andrew Dare|
|Forestry Commission||Paul Hill-Tout|
|Housing Corporation||Fiona Cruickshank|
|Countryside Agency||Richard Cameron|
The Secretary to the Forum will be Chris Dunabin.
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