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Mr. Don Foster: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, pursuant to his answer of 12 February 2002, Official Report, column 220W, on rail passengers, for what reason growth in Eurostar passenger and revenues is expected to continue. 
Mr. Jamieson: Economic growth is the main cause of long term growth in Eurostar passenger demand and revenues. Eurostar will also benefit from the completion of Sections 1 and 2 of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, which will allow Eurostar to reduce journey times, improve reliability and increase the frequency of services.
Chris Grayling: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (1) if the Strategic Rail Authority has provided (a) his Department and (b) the Treasury with an estimate of the total renewal cost of the UK rail network; 
(3) what estimate he has made of how much is required fully to renew the United Kingdom rail network; 
(4) if his Department has provided information to the Treasury to enable it to carry out an estimation of the total renewal cost of the UK rail network; 
(5) what estimate he has made of the ratio between the total renewal cost of the UK rail network and the average annual amount allocated for renewals under the 10-Year Plan. 
Mr. Jamieson: The appropriate level of renewals is a matter for the Rail Regulator and for bidders for Railtrack Plc. Bidders are expected to demonstrate an understanding of the investment needs of the rail network, to develop plans to improve the knowledge of the state of the rail network and to propose their renewal investment plans.
Mr. Clifton-Brown: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions what level of population growth in each of the Government's regions is being used to plan local government functions in the next (a) five years, (b) 10 years and (c) 20 years. 
Dr. Whitehead: Estimates of the population change by Government Office region are available, but the Department does not hold centrally information on the extent to which these estimates are used by Government Departments. The estimates are given in the report by the Office for National Statistics entitled "1996-based Subnational Population ProjectionsEngland" (series pp3 no. 10). The table provides the overall summary.
|Area population (thousand)||Percentage change|
|Yorkshire and Humber||5,035.5||5,071.1||5,098.2||5,129.6||5,164.7||5,199.6||0.7||1.2||1.9||2.6||3.3|
7 Mar 2002 : Column 561W
Mr. Jamieson: In the financial years 199899, 19992000, 200001, my Department spent £68 million, £84 million and £97 million respectively on road safety. These figures exclude the Department's internal administration costs. While they include Highways Agency expenditure on specific safety schemes, it is not possible to estimate the cost of the safety benefits inherent in larger projects.
Chris Grayling: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions what estimate he has made of the ratio between total road safety spending in the United Kingdom and the number of vehicle journeys each year. 
Mr. Jamieson: Expenditure on road safety by my Department and by local authorities in England in 19992000 totalled £318 million. It is estimated that motor vehicles travelled 398 billion kilometres in England in 1999. This suggests that annual expenditure on road safety is of the order of £8 per 10,000 vehicle kilometres travelled.
Mr. Jamieson: Departmental policy is to authorise carriageway roundels only when used in conjunction with upright repeated signs. Research has shown when used alone roundels have little effect on vehicle speeds and adverse weather conditions can render them invisible.
Direction 10 of Traffic Signs Regulation and General Directions 1994 states that repeater signs are prohibited on restricted roads. Consequently carriageway roundels are only authorised when used in conjunction with an upright sign at the gateway/terminal of a restricted road.
Mrs. Helen Clark: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions what recent assessment he made of the extent of reporting of road crashes that involve children. 
Mr. Jamieson: After a study for my Department in 1996, the Transport Research Laboratory reported that "around half of casualties aged 04 and 1519 and a third of those aged 514 were reported but the reporting rate
7 Mar 2002 : Column 562W
increased to around two-thirds or more for older casualties". The reporting rate also varied with road user group: 56 per cent. for children aged 014 who were car occupants but only 12 per cent. for pedal cyclists.
Mr. Spellar [holding answer 1 March 2002]: All light aircraft issued with a UK Certificate of Airworthiness are required to comply with ICAO Annex 16 international noise certification requirements, which are currently implemented through the Aeroplane Noise Regulations Order 1999. These certification requirements place a maximum decibel limit on the noise level that an aircraft may produce.
The air transport White Paper, which we plan to publish this year, will cover aircraft noise policy generally including such legislative changes as we conclude may be appropriate in respect of the operational noise controls (including on light aircraft) available to aerodromes and to the Secretary of State.
Mr. Andrew Turner: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions for what reason the Minister for Housing, Planning and Regeneration's official writing paper does not include his correct style and title; and if he will amend it. 
Mr. Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions if he will make it his policy that rail journeys undertaken by staff in his Department should ordinarily be on standard class tickets. 
7 Mar 2002 : Column 563W
to travel first class where there is a business need and the extra expense is justified, for example, better to facilitate working during the journey.
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