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Mr. Wilson: Representations were made to the Department throughout the period of the stricter consents policy on the value of the policy and its application to particular projects. It is not realistic to detail all these. However the ministerial decisions of particular cases are a matter of public record.
Mr. Peter Ainsworth: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how much public funding, including EU funding has been made available to the Construction Skills Certification Scheme in each year since its inception. 
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Ms Hewitt [holding answer 19 March 2002]: The DTI Promoting SET for Women unit works closely with the WISE campaign on a number of projects designed to attract more girls into engineering. We are funding a pilot mentoring scheme by WES/AWISE which will encourage and support both entrants and returners to science and engineering careers.
Mr. Cousins: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry whether export licence requirements extend to the production in countries outside the EU of weapons, vehicles and equipment otherwise licensable in the military list as part of offset deals on the sale of services and intellectual property involving UK firms. 
Nigel Griffiths: An export licence is not required from the Department of Trade and Industry's Export Control Organisation to manufacture items outside the UK. However, where the product to be manufactured under commercial licence has a potential military use, the UK exporter might require an export licence before the goods and technology necessary for the establishment and operation of the licensed production facility can be supplied from the UK.
The Government have made it clear that an export licence will not be issued where to do so would be in contravention of the Consolidated EU and national arms export licensing criteria, including where there is a clear risk that the finished products could be used for internal repression, international aggression, or diverted to an undesirable end-user.
Ms Hewitt: I refer the hon. Member to the reply given by my hon. Friend the Parliamentary Under-Secretary for State for Competition, consumers and Markets to the hon. Member for Weston-super-Mare (Brian Cotter) on 15 October 2001, Official Report, column 982W.
Mr. Whittingdale: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what the British percentage was of inward investment into the EU from (a) the USA, (b) the G7 countries and (c) Japan in each of the last 20 years. 
(37) G7 comprises of UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Canada and USA.
Eurostat Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) statistics have been quoted to ensure consistent comparison between countries and are based on inward FDI stock figures as reported by individual EU member states. Outward FDI stocks in the EU published by other non-EU country statistical offices may differ from those published by Eurostat. For example, the US Bureau of Economic Analysis statistics reported than in 1999 the UK received 41 per cent. of US outward FDI stocks. There are a number of widely recognised technical reasons why such apparent discrepancies arise.
Eurostat New Cronos database.
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Mr. Whittingdale: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what estimate she has made of the cost to (a) EU countries and (b) the UK economy of tariffs applied by the EU in the last year for which figures are available. 
Ms Hewitt: The European Union's 2002 Common Customs Tariff has 10,400 lines. A positive "most favoured nation" "full" rate of duty is payable on 8,270 of these lines, although in most cases one or more "preferential" (i.e. lower) rates of duty is payable on imports from a range of countries. On the remaining 2,130 lines, no duty is payable.
Ms Hewitt: A map showing availability of broadband services in the UK was contained in the UK Online annual report 2001. The report states that 6065 per cent. of the population (equating to around 15 million households) is now covered by at least one affordable broadband technology.
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Mr. Whittingdale: To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry how many and what percentage of workers belonged to trade unions in each of the last 20 years; and what the figures were broken down into (a) public and (b) private sector workers. 
Ms Hewitt: The number of workers who are members of a trade union can be estimated annually from the results of the autumn Labour Force Survey. The number and percentage of workers in Great Britain is given in the table. Data are available for union membership from 1990 and can be sub-divided for the private and public sector from 1993.
|Workers(38) in employment||Workers(38) in private sector||Workers(38) in public sector|
|Year||Members (Thousand)||Union density||Members (Thousand)||Union density||Members (Thousand)||Union density|
(38) Includes all those in employment, excluding members of the armed forces, unpaid family workers, and those on college based schemes.
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