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Mr. Barker: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what steps are being taken to develop mechanisms (a) to prevent an increase in GM presence in conventional seeds and produce and (b) to prevent GM contamination of organic seeds and produce; and with whom this responsibility lies. 
Mr. Meacher: The European Union has agreed interim measures to limit adventitious presence of approved GMOs in non-GM seeds to 0.5 per cent. More specific proposals are under discussion within the European Union. These would set cross-pollination thresholds ranging from 0.3 per cent. to 0.7 per cent. (depending on the species) in seed, in order broadly to keep GM presence in the resulting produce below the 1 per cent. threshold set for food. The Government are also considering what measures might be required to facilitate the co-existence of ordinary (non-seed) GM and non-GM crops and who should be responsible for such measures. For seed production, the grower of the seed crop is normally responsible for observing rules to achieve the desired level of seed purity. With organic seeds and produce, as with conventional seeds and produce, it is not possible to guarantee that GM cross-pollination will not occur, but we would like to aim for the lowest practical level, bearing in mind relevant factors, including the need to protect non-GM produce, the views of stakeholders, the practicalities of detection at low levels, and the costs involved.
Mr. Stunell: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs if she will list the external organisations set up by her as part of the Government's strategy to combat climate changes indicating (a) their remits and (b) their sources at funding. 
Mr. Meacher: The Department, together with the Devolved Administrations, set up the Carbon Trust in April 2001. It is a private, not for profit organisation whose remit is to recycle around £100 million of climate change levy receipts over three years to accelerate the take
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up of cost effective, low carbon technologies by business and levy payers. It receives funding from my Department and the Devolved Administrations.
In 1997, the Department also established the UK Climate Impacts Programme to help the public and private sector assess the impacts of climate change and plan how to adapt to it. We currently provide around £0.5 million a year to fund the (UKCIP).
Many other organisations from both the private and public sectors also assist the Government with it's climate change strategy. These include the Emissions Trading
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Group, the Climate Change Projects Office, the Energy Saving Trust, the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, the Tyndall Centre, and more besides.
Llew Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what information she has collated in respect of the time taken to implement European environmental directives since May 1997. 
Mr. Meacher: The table lists environment directives published since May 1997 alongside their transposition or expected transposition date.
|Directive number||Title||Published in official journal||Expected transposition date||Transposed|
|97/49||The conservation of birds||29 July 1997||||29 July 1997|
|97/62||The conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora||27 October 1997||||30 January 1998|
|98/11||Energy labelling of household lamps||27 January 1998||||1 July 1999|
|98/15||Amending Council Directive 91/271/EEC with respect to certain requirements established in Annex 1 thereof (Urban waste water treatment)||27 February 1998||||27 August 1998|
|98/83||Water Intended for Human Consumption||3 November 1998||September 2002|||
|99/9||Energy labelling household dishwashers||26 February 1999||||8 July 1999|
|99/13||Solvents||11 March 1999||December 2002|||
|99/22||Keeping Wild Animals in Zoos||29 March 1999||May 2003|||
|99/30||Limit Values of Sulphur Dioxide and Nitrogen||22 April 1999||1 May 2002|||
|99/31||Disposal of Waste by Landfill||26 April 1999||June 2002|||
|9932||Sulphur Content of Liquid Fuels||26 April 1999||||11 March 2002|
|99/51||The marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations||26 May 1999||November 2002|||
|2000/55||Energy efficiency requirements for ballasts for fluorescent lighting||18 September 2000||21 May 2002|||
|2000/60||Establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy.||23 October 2000||December 2003|||
|2000/76||Incineration of Waste||4 December 2000||December 2002|||
|2001/18||Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC||12 March 2001||17 October 2002|||
|2001/80/EC||Limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants||23 October 2001||27 November 2002|||
|2001/81/EC||National emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants||23 October 2001||27 November 2002|||
|2002/3/EC||Ozone in ambient air||12 February 2002||9 September 2003|||
|2002/31/EC||Energy Labelling of household air conditioners||22 March 2002||1 January 2003|||
Mr. Keith Simpson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the cost is of her Department's two-year pilot project for regional marine conservation in the North sea. 
Mr. Meacher: The Department has a service level agreement with the Joint Nature Conservation Committee to carry out the regional seas pilot in the Irish sea. The project should be completed by March 2004 and is planned to cost £397,200.
Mr. Rosindell: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what assessment she has made of noise pollution in the London borough of Havering. 
Mr. Meacher: No specific assessment has been made of environmental noise across the whole of the London borough of Havering. The Government announced in their Rural White Paper (November 2000) the decision to consult on a national ambient noise strategy. The consultation on the development of this strategyTowards a National Ambient Noise Strategyclosed on 15 March this year, the results of which will be published in due course. A significant contribution to the development of the strategy will be the determination of exposure to environmental noise through noise mapping. The London borough of Havering will be considered in this exercise.
Mr. Laurence Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what recent discussions she has had with the World Wildlife Fund about the protection of endangered species; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. Meacher [holding answer 16 April 2002]: The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) have contacted me about the trade in endangered species twice in recent months.
22 Apr 2002 : Column 15W
The first was to ask me to jointly fund with them an officer at TRAFFIC International to help support wildlife law enforcement in the UK. I was pleased to agree to this and we are making £50,000 available over the next two years.
The second enclosed a copy of the report 'Traded to Extinction?' launching WWF's illegal wildlife trade campaign. I will be meeting WWF to discuss their concerns about this shortly.
Mr. McGrady: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what radioactive and toxic waste was dumped in the Irish sea from 1 May 2001 to 28 February 2002; what the origin of this radioactive and toxic waste was; and if she will make a statement. 
Mr. Meacher: The UK ceased all sea dumping of radioactive waste in 1982, and all sea dumping of industrial waste in 1992. The only material now licensed for disposal at sea is dredged sediment from ports, harbours etc., and small amounts of fish waste. All such disposal is rigorously controlled under the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985 to ensure that the marine environment and ecosystems are protected.
Adam Price: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs when the Government will publish the DEFRA consultation paper on farm waste. 
Mr. Meacher: We are preparing the regulations necessary to apply the provisions of the Waste Framework Directive to those types of agricultural waste which are not excluded from control under Article 2. A regulatory impact assessment (RIA) is also being prepared. On completion, the draft regulations and RIA will be issued for consultation with the farming industry and other interested groups. A firm date for publication of the consultation paper has not yet been set but our aim is to publish it later in the spring. I will ensure that a copy of the consultation paper is sent to the hon. Member when it is issued.
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