Supplementary memorandum from the British
Wind Energy Association
In the Planning for Wind Energy booklet,
the suggestion for Wales' contribution is for an additional 8
per cent, not 80 per cent. The current contribution from Wales
is ca 30 per cent of UK installed capacity.
Regarding the distribution across regions of
the UK in terms of installed wind energy capacity, we have prepared
the following advice. We have calculated that, at the time of
writing, Wales represents 30.6 per cent of the capacity in the
UK with 145.5 MW capacity; Scotland 30.8 per cent (146.44MW);
England 30.8 per cent (146.555MW) and Northern Ireland 7.8 per
72.6 per cent capacity of new wind power projects
constructed in 2001 were in Scotland, and 66.7 per cent of those
confirmed for construction in 2002.
All but two of the schemes determined in Scotland
since June 1999 have been approved. These decisions add a further
190.642MW installed capacity, some of which has already been commissioned.
Of 20 applications submitted over this period, only four have
gone beyond the local planning process, all of which were compulsory
under Section 36 of the Electricity Act (1989) for plant over
50MW capacity. No applications are going through the appeal process.
The oldest outstanding application was submitted
in July 2000, one of five dating from that year. A further nine
were submitted in 2001, and one in the first month of 2002.
By contrast, the most recent project to come
online in Wales, after a gap of three years, was Parc Cynog with
only 3.6MW capacity, officially opened by the Energy Minister
in December 2001. Only a further three approvals have been granted
since June 1999 which combined represent an additional 9.5MW,
or 4.9 per cent of new UK capacity confirmed for construction
Of those schemes that have been processed by
the local planning authority and are not currently awaiting a
determination, 30.02 per cent of potential installed capacity
(8 out of 18 schemes) has been turned down. This compares to 2.47
per cent in Scotland, or 2 refusals from 16 submissions, 64.78
per cent of potential capacity (6 out of 18 schemes) has been
taken beyond the local planning system in Wales (ie called-in,
gone to inquiry or taken to appeal following refusal), of which
only one is compulsory. Compensating for this, 41.3 per cent of
capacity submitted (103.213MW) has been taken out of the hands
of local determination. A more remarkable feature of this is that
40.6 per cent (41.925MW) had already been approved at a local
The oldest outstanding application in Wales
dates from September 1998; the resulting joint inquiry held between
September 2000 to March 2001 has still not returned any decisions;
indeed, our understanding is that the decision committee has not
yet been formed.
By the end of 2002, Wales' expected contribution
is forecast to be as low as 25.7 per cent of UK wind energy capacity,
despite its abundant resource.
At mid-day on the day of evidence, the Scottish
Executive published their Planning Advice Note 45: Renewable
Energy Technologies. It is available at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/planning.
The equivalent revised Welsh note has since been announced and
is currently in the consultation process. See http://www.wales.gov.uk/subiplanning.
Mr Still referred to DTI's efforts to develop
a oneor possibly twostop shop covering planning
consents. It would help the Committee put this development into
context if you could sketch, perhaps in the form of a specific
case study, the number and nature of separate planning consents
which you currently have to obtain.
The planning history of the Blyth Offshore project
is unique, being a combination of the first of its type and of
its location that required some additional consents.
BLYTH HARBOUR WIND FARM Consents/agreements
obtained from 1996 to 2000
Coast Protection Act
|Crown Estate Lease||Crown Estate
|Crossing watercourse||Environment Agency
|Lease||Blyth Harbour Commission
|Wayleaves||Blyth Harbour Commission
|Planning consent for cable route and connection building
||Blyth Valley Borough Council|
|Planning consent for cable route||Wansbeck District Council
|Harbour Act||Blyth Harbour Commission
|Fishing Agreement||Blyth Fishermens Association
|Site investigation agreement||Crown Estate
We suggest that the DTI's consents unit (ORCU) might usefully
furnish the committee with their current understanding of necessary
consents, including those that concern public rights.
Total sales of electricity in 2001-02 amounted to 310,000
GWh. The forecast for 2010 is that this will grow to 324,000 GWhwhich
means that the Renewables Obligation target of 10.4 per cent will
require 33,600 GWh of electricity from renewables. By the end
of 2000, generation from technologies currently eligible under
the Renewables Obligation totalled around 4,200 GWh. This means
that an increase in renewable generation of some 29,000 GWH will
be required over the next nine years if the RO target is to be
met, an increase in capacity of over 3,200 GWh each year. For
wind power to contribute half of the Renewables Obligation target,
would mean some 1,600 GW delivered power added each year. Is it
realistic to think this rate can be achieved given the present
planning arrangements and policy instruments?
Assuming an equal distribution over each of the eight years
(which is not the case in the Renewables Obligation profile) and
assuming that you mean 1,600 GWh, we assert that it is realistic.
The following is an illustration.
Assuming a typical Vestas V66 1.65MW machine, installed in
conditions of 8m/s and with 95 per cent availability, approximately
365 machines (ie one per day) would be necessary to produce in
total by the end of the period, the additional 14,400 GWh that
corresponds to the extra 5 per cent discussed by the Committee.
We must emphasise that this is an illustrative calculation:
larger or smaller machines and/or better or worse wind regimes
would influence the actual number. Equally, this calculation assumes
more development offshore than onshore; were this to be reversed
we would project that a proportionately higher rate of deployment
would be required.
However, it is technically possible to achieve such a rate
of deployment, given satisfactory planning, market and regulatory
conditions. By way of illustration, in Germany during 2001, 2,659MW
of new wind capacity was installed, equivalent to 7.28MW per day.
Typical turbine sizes installed were 1MW+, therefore the number
of turbines was in the order of five per day. A similar rate of
deployment has been achieved in previous years, for example 1668MW
in 2000, (4.75MW/day, 19 machines per week). German capacity is
now 8750MW, approximately 3.5 per cent of national demand.
Around 15,000 are now employed in the Danish wind energy
industry. The Danish Association calculates a total of ca. 50,000
jobs worldwide. The German Wind Energy Association now claims
30,000 directly and indirectly employed by its domestic wind industry.
The Isle of Lewis wind farm is projected to generate approximately
150 manufacturing jobs and a similar number in construction of
the scheme. Further employment will be created in the related
sub-sea cable laying necessary to bring the output to the mainland.
"Planning for wind energy. A guide for regional targets",
published by BWEA. Back