THE CAP FOLLOWING
Pillar 1 (market/price support) measures include:
Support regimessuch as guaranteed
minimum market prices and import tariffs and export subsidies
which benefit EU farmers when trading with countries outside the
Direct payments to compensate farmers
for reductions in guaranteed prices.
Controls to limit outputfor
example, production quotas and the compulsory "set aside"
of arable land which must not be used to grow food crops.
Pillar 2 (encouragement of sustainable environmental
practices) measures include:
Agri-environment schemes to promote
Aid for farm investment and farm
Grants for vocational training for
Support for farm-related tourism
Allow member states to "modulate"
by linking environmental requirements to the subsidies paid to
farmers. Currently up to 20 per cent of the Pillar 1 direct payments
can be re-allocated to fund more environmentally-friendly practices.
1 The Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development calculates a provisional Total Support Estimate
per capita of 299 Euro for the year 2000. On 6/12/01, this converted
2 Food Standards Agency consumer research, September
3 Quantitative market research carried out by
NOP on behalf of The Co-operative Group, March 2001.
4 European Commission, Directorate-General for
Agriculture, An agricultural sector for tomorrow's Europe, 1998.
5 Soil Association, The Organic Food and Farming
6 Department for Environment, Food and Rural
Affairs, Agenda 2000 Reform Economic Impact, 2000.