Pedestrians and cyclists, especially children,
are particularly vulnerable road users who benefit most from speed
reduction. Traffic calming schemes and 20 mph zones are of particular
benefit to them.
Local authorities are now expected to produce
or update a cycling strategy, which should include measures to
make cycling safer including better facilities for cyclists and
more traffic calming to slow vehicle speeds where there are cyclists.
Local authorities are also encouraged to offer
cycling proficiency training for children.
DTLR is currently working on a project with
the Cyclists Touring Club (CTC) to develop cycle training course
for adults and teenagers.
Cyclists have a responsibility for their own
safety and to other road users. They must observe traffic rules.
The Highway Code contains a chapter on rules for cyclists.
Cycle helmets offer significant protection in
many accidents. Wearing rates are still too low for compulsion,
but the Government aims to promote their use.
DTLR are also encouraging cyclists to make themselves
conspicuous by wearing fluorescent and reflective clothing, and
using lights at night.
Local Transport Plans (LTPs) are the key to
improving conditions for pedestrians. Local highway authorities
must set out in their traffic layouts and urban design how they
are to encourage more people to walk instead of using their car,
and what safety measures they propose to support. LHAs will need
to work in partnership with the police, residents and interested
Pedestrians themselves also need to take sensible
precautions, like crossing the road at designated places such
as pedestrian crossings and refuges. Local publicity campaigns
should raise awareness of, for instance, the need to be visible
to traffic. We recommend pedestrians, and children in particular
to wear or carry reflective material at night.