“(3B) The functions of the Service shall be to secure that a wide and diverse
range of high quality programmes in Gaelic are broadcast or otherwise
transmitted so as to be available to persons in Scotland.
(4) The Service may—
(a) make grants out of the Fund, or
(b) otherwise apply it,
for any of the purposes of carrying out their functions or for any
purpose connected with the carrying out of those functions.
(4A) In carrying out their functions, the Service may finance, or engage in,
any of the following—
(a) the making of programmes in Gaelic with a view to those
programmes being broadcast or otherwise transmitted so as to
be available to persons in Scotland;
(b) the provision of training for persons employed, or to be
employed, in connection with the making of programmes in
Gaelic to be so broadcast or otherwise transmitted;
(c) research into the types of programmes in Gaelic that members
of the Gaelic-speaking community would like to be broadcast or
(4B) But the Service are not to be entitled, for the purpose of carrying out
their functions, to provide—
(a) a Channel 3 service;
(b) Channel 4;
(c) Channel 5;
(d) a national sound broadcasting service;
(e) a national digital sound programme service; or
(f) a television multiplex service or a radio multiplex service.”
(4) For subsection (9) of that section there shall be substituted—
“(9) In this section, section 183A and Schedule 19—
‘Channel 3 service’, ‘Channel 4’ and ‘Channel 5’ each has the same
meaning as in Part 1;
‘national digital sound programme service’ has the same meaning
as in Part 2 of the Broadcasting Act 1996;
‘national sound broadcasting service’ means a sound
broadcasting service within the meaning of Part 3 which, under
subsection (4)(a) of section 239 of the Communications Act 2003,
is a national service for the purposes of that section;
‘Gaelic’ means the Gaelic language as spoken in Scotland;
‘programme’ includes any item included in a programme service;
‘radio multiplex service’ has the same meaning as in Part 2 of the
Broadcasting Act 1996;
‘the Service’ means the body established under subsection (3) and
known as Seirbheis nam Meadhanan Gàidhlig (the Gaelic
‘television multiplex service’ has the meaning given by section
235(1) of the Communications Act 2003 to a multiplex service
within the meaning of Part 1 of the Broadcasting Act 1996;
and a reference to being available to persons in Scotland includes a
reference to being available both to persons in Scotland and to others.”
204 Membership of the Service
After section 183 of the 1990 Act there shall be inserted—
“183A Membership of the Gaelic Media Service
(1) The Service shall consist of not more than twelve members.
(2) The members of the Service are to be appointed by OFCOM
(3) OFCOM must appoint one of the members to be the chairman of the
(4) The approval of the Secretary of State is required for the appointment
of a person as a member of the Service, and for the appointment of a
member as their chairman.
(5) The members of the Service must include—
(a) a member nominated by the BBC;
(b) a member nominated by Highlands and Islands Enterprise; and
(c) a member nominated by Bòrd Gàidhlig na h-Alba (the Gaelic
(6) When appointing members of the Service, OFCOM must have regard
(a) the desirability of having members of the Service who are
proficient in written and spoken Gaelic; and
(b) any guidance issued by the Secretary of State for the purposes
of this section.
(7) OFCOM must secure, so far as practicable, that the membership of the
Service is such that the interests of each of the following are adequately
(a) the holders of licences to provide regional Channel 3 services
for areas wholly in Scotland;
(b) the holders of licences to provide regional Channel 3 services in
respect of which determinations under section 184(4)(b) are for
the time being in force;
(c) the independent television and radio production industries in
(d) other persons and bodies concerned with the promotion and
use of the Gaelic language, including those concerned with
education in Gaelic and in Gaelic culture.
(8) Schedule 19 to this Act shall have effect with respect to the Service.
(9) In this section—
‘Bòrd Gàidhlig na h-Alba’ means the body of that name formed
under section 5 of the National Heritage (Scotland) Act 1985;
‘regional Channel 3 service’ has the same meaning as in Part 1.
(10) The Secretary of State may by order amend the reference in subsection
(5) to Bòrd Gàidhlig na h-Alba (the Gaelic Development Agency)—
(a) by substituting a reference to another body formed under
section 5 of the National Heritage (Scotland) Act 1985 with
functions relating to the promotion of Gaelic; or
(b) for the purpose of giving effect to a change to the name of the
body referred to in that subsection.
(11) An order under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance
of a resolution of either House of Parliament.”
205 Supplementary provisions about the Service
(1) Schedule 19 to the 1990 Act (supplementary provisions about the Gaelic
Broadcasting Committee) shall be amended as follows.
(2) In paragraph 2 (tenure of office and remuneration)—
(a) in sub-paragraph (1), for “sub-paragraph (2)” there shall be substituted
“sub-paragraphs (1A) and (2)”;
(b) after sub-paragraph (1) there shall be inserted—
“(1A) A person is not to be appointed as a member of the Service for
a term of more than four years (but a person so appointed
shall be eligible for re-appointment at the end of his term of
(3) In paragraph 7 (employees of the Committee), after sub-paragraph (3) there
shall be inserted—
“(4) A person who is an employee of the Service is not to be eligible to be
appointed as a member of the Service.”
(4) After paragraph 8 (financial provision) there shall be inserted—
“8A (1) The Service must pay all their receipts to OFCOM.
(2) OFCOM must hold amounts received by them under this paragraph
to the credit of the Gaelic Broadcasting Fund (and, accordingly, those
amounts are not to be regarded as forming part of OFCOM’s
(5) In paragraph 12 (annual reports), after sub-paragraph (1) there shall be
“(1A) The report must include a statement of how the Service are
proposing to carry out their functions during the next financial year.”
Regulatory Structure for Independent Television Services
206 Regulation of independent television services
(1) It shall be a function of OFCOM to regulate the following services in
accordance with this Act, the 1990 Act and the 1996 Act—
(a) services falling within subsection (2) that are provided otherwise than
by the BBC or the Welsh Authority; and
(b) services falling within subsection (3) that are provided otherwise than
by the BBC.
(2) The services referred to in subsection (1)(a) are—
(a) television broadcasting services that are provided from places in the
United Kingdom with a view to their being broadcast otherwise than
only from a satellite;
(b) television licensable content services that are provided by persons
under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom for the purposes of the
Television without Frontiers Directive;
(c) digital television programme services that are provided by persons
under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom for the purposes of that
(d) restricted television services that are provided from places in the
United Kingdom; and
(e) additional television services that are provided from places in the
(3) The services referred to in subsection (1)(b) are—
(a) television multiplex services that are provided from places in the
United Kingdom; and
(b) digital additional television services that are provided by persons
under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom for the purposes of the
Television without Frontiers Directive.
207 Abolition of function of assigning television frequencies
The Secretary of State shall cease to have any function under the 1990 Act or
the 1996 Act of assigning frequencies for the purposes of any of the following—
(a) services falling to be licensed under Part 1 of the 1990 Act;
(b) S4C; or
(c) television multiplex services falling to be licensed under Part 1 of the
208 Abolition of licensing for local cable systems
On and after the television transfer date no licence shall be required under Part
2 of the 1990 Act for the provision of a local delivery service.
Channels 3 and 5
209 Digital Channel 3 and Channel 5 licences
(1) This section applies to the grant by OFCOM, at any time on or after the
television transfer date, of a licence under Part 1 of the 1990 Act to provide a
Channel 3 service or to provide Channel 5.
(2) The licence must—
(a) be a licence to provide the licensed service with a view to its being
broadcast in digital form; and
(b) contain such condition (if any) requiring the provider of the service to
ensure that the whole or a part of the service is also provided for
broadcasting in analogue form as OFCOM consider appropriate.
(3) The conditions included in a licence by virtue of subsection (2)(b) must be such
as to enable effect to be given to any directions given from time to time by the
Secretary of State to OFCOM about the continuance of the provision of services
in analogue form.
(4) Where the licence contains a condition falling within subsection (2)(b), it must
also contain a condition that—
(a) the programmes (apart from the advertisements) that are included in
the service provided in analogue form, and
(b) the times at which they are broadcast,
are to be the same as in the case of, or of the specified part of, the service
provided for broadcasting in digital form.
(5) The licence
(a) must be a licence which continues in force, from the time from which it
takes effect, until the end of the licensing period beginning or current
at that time; and
(b) shall be renewable, on one or more occasions, under section 211.
(6) For the purposes of subsection (5) a licensing period is—
(a) the period beginning with the commencement of this section and
ending with 31st December 2014; or
(b) any subsequent period of ten years beginning with the end of the
previous licensing period.
(7) The licence must contain the conditions that OFCOM consider appropriate for
the purpose of performing their duty under section 255.
(8) The conditions of the licence must also include conditions prohibiting the
imposition, whether directly or indirectly, of the following—
(a) charges on persons in respect of their reception in the United Kingdom
of the licensed service;
(b) charges on persons in respect of their reception in the United Kingdom
of any service consisting in the provision of assistance for disabled
people in relation to programmes included in the licensed service; and
(c) charges on persons in respect of their reception in the United Kingdom
of any service (other than one mentioned in paragraph (b)) which is an
ancillary service in relation to so much of the licensed service as is
provided in digital form.
(9) It shall be unlawful to impose a charge in contravention of a condition imposed
under subsection (8).
210 Replacement of existing Channel 3 and Channel 5 licences
(1) It shall be the duty of OFCOM to make an offer under this section to every
person who, when the offer is made, is the holder of a licence (an “existing
(a) to provide a Channel 3 service; or
(b) to provide Channel 5.
(2) The offer made to a person under this section—
(a) must be an offer to exchange his existing licence for a replacement
(b) must be made as soon as practicable after the television transfer date.
(3) The replacement licence offered must be one granted in accordance with the
(a) Part 1 of the 1990 Act; and
(b) section 209 of this Act;
but sections 15 to 17A of the 1990 Act (award of licences) are not to apply in the
case of the replacement licence.
(4) Subject to subsection (5), where OFCOM make an offer under this section to a
person, the service which they are proposing to license by the replacement
licence must be a service which—
(a) is provided with a view to its being broadcast in digital form; but
(b) subject to that and to any requirements of section 209, appears to
OFCOM to be a service that is equivalent in all material respects to the
service the provision of which in analogue form was authorised by the
(5) An offer under this section may, to such extent as OFCOM think fit, propose
the grant of a licence to provide a service for an area or at times which, though
substantially the same as in the case of the existing licence, are not identical.
(6) The offer must propose the inclusion in the replacement licence of conditions as to the
payment of amounts to OFCOM which require the payment of—
(a) the same amount in respect of each complete calendar year falling wholly or
partly within the period for which the replacement licence is in force, and
(b) an amount equal to the same percentage of the qualifying revenue for each
accounting period of the licence holder falling within that period,
as would have been payable under the existing licence had that licence continued in
force until the end of the period for which the replacement licence is granted.
(7) That offer must also propose the conditions for allowing amounts paid for a
period under the existing licence to be set off against liabilities for the same
period arising under the replacement licence.
(8) An offer under this section must set out—
(a) the terms of the proposed replacement licence;
(b) the conditions on which OFCOM are proposing to grant the
(c) the period for which the offer is open;
(d) the date on which the proposed replacement licence will be granted if
the offer is accepted;
(e) the time as from which it is proposed that that licence will take effect if
the offer is accepted; and
(f) the time from which the existing licence will cease to have effect if the
offer is not accepted.
(9) The times set out under subsection (8) must—
(a) in the case of the time set out under paragraph (e), be in the period of
twelve months beginning with the television transfer date; and
(b) in the case of the time set out under paragraph (f), be in the period of
eighteen months after the end of the period set out under paragraph (c)
of that subsection.
(10) Where a person to whom an offer has been made under this section elects, by
notification to OFCOM, to exchange his licence for the replacement licence
offered to him—
(a) he is entitled, on the date set out in the offer, to be granted, in
accordance with Part 1 of the 1990 Act and section 209 of this Act, a
replacement licence under that Part in the terms, and on the conditions,
so set out;
(b) the replacement licence shall come into force, and the existing licence
cease to have effect, at the time specified in the offer, or such later time
as OFCOM may, with the consent of that person, direct; and
(c) the service which he is authorised to provide by the replacement
licence, so far as it is provided in digital form, shall be a qualifying
service for the purposes of Part 1 of the 1996 Act.
(11) Where the person to whom an offer has been made under this section—
(a) does not elect, during the period for which the offer is open, to
exchange the existing licence for the replacement licence, or
(b) rejects the offer before the end of that period,
the existing licence shall have effect as if the period for which it is to continue
in force ended with the time specified in the offer for the purposes of
(12) In this section “qualifying revenue” has the same meaning as in section 19 of
the 1990 Act.
211 Renewal of Channel 3 and 5 licences
(1) The holder of—
(a) a licence to provide a Channel 3 service, or
(b) a licence to provide Channel 5,
may apply to OFCOM for the renewal of his licence for a period of ten years
from the end of the licensing period current at the time of the application.
(2) An application for renewal may only be made in the period which—
(a) begins four years before the end of the current licensing period; and
(b) ends three months before the day that OFCOM have determined to be
the day by which they would need to publish a tender notice if they
were proposing to grant a fresh licence to take effect from the end of
(3) A determination for the purposes of subsection (2)(b)—
(a) must be made at least one year before the day determined; and
(b) must be notified by OFCOM to every person who, at the time of the
determination, holds a licence in respect of which there is right to apply
for renewal under this section.
(4) Where OFCOM receive an application under this section for the renewal of a
licence, they must—
(a) decide whether they will be renewing the licence;
(b) if they decide that they will be, determine in accordance with section
212 the financial terms on which the licence will be renewed; and
(c) notify the applicant of their decision and determination.
(5) Section 17(5) to (7) of the 1990 Act (suspect sources of funds) apply in relation
to an applicant for a renewal under this section as they apply in relation to an
applicant mentioned in section 17(5) of that Act, but as if references to the
award of a licence were references to its renewal.