14 Appeals to High Court
(1) In section 22(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 1967 (c. 80) (extension of power of
High Court to grant, or vary conditions of, bail)—
(a) after “Where” there is inserted “(a)”, and
(b) after “proceedings,”, in the second place where it occurs, there is
(b) it does so where an application to the court to state a case
for the opinion of the High Court is made,”.
(2) The inherent power of the High Court to entertain an application in relation to
bail where a magistrates’ court—
(a) has granted or withheld bail, or
(b) has varied the conditions of bail,
(3) The inherent power of the High Court to entertain an application in relation to
bail where the Crown Court has determined—
(a) an application under section 3(8) of the 1976 Act, or
(b) an application under section 81(1)(a), (b), (c) or (g) of the Supreme
Court Act 1981 (c. 54),
(4) The High Court is to have no power to entertain an application in relation to
bail where the Crown Court has determined an appeal under section 13 of this
(5) The High Court is to have no power to entertain an application in relation to
bail where the Crown Court—
(a) has granted or withheld bail, or
(b) has varied the conditions of bail,
under section 76 or 77 of this Act.
(6) Nothing in this section affects—
(a) any other power of the High Court to grant or withhold bail or to vary
the conditions of bail, or
(b) any right of a person to apply for a writ of habeas corpus or any other
(7) Any reference in this section to an application in relation to bail is to be read as
(a) an application for bail to be granted,
(b) an application for bail to be withheld, or
(c) an application for the conditions of bail to be varied.
(8) Any reference in this section to the withholding of bail is to be read as
including a reference to the revocation of bail.
15 Appeal by prosecution
(1) Section 1 of the Bail (Amendment) Act 1993 (c. 26) (prosecution right of appeal)
is amended as follows.
(2) For subsection (1) (prosecution may appeal to Crown Court judge against bail
in case of offence punishable by imprisonment for five years or more etc) there
“(1) Where a magistrates’ court grants bail to a person who is charged with,
or convicted of, an offence punishable by imprisonment, the
prosecution may appeal to a judge of the Crown Court against the
granting of bail.”
(3) In subsection (10)(a) for “punishable by a term of imprisonment” there is
substituted “punishable by imprisonment”.
16 Drug users: restriction on bail
(1) The 1976 Act is amended as follows.
(2) In section 3 (general provisions), after subsection (6B) there is inserted—
“(6C) Subsection (6D) below applies where—
(a) the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that
arrangements for conducting a relevant assessment or, as the
case may be, providing relevant follow-up have been made for
the petty sessions area in which it appears to the court that the
person referred to in subsection (6D) would reside if granted
(b) the notice has not been withdrawn.
(6D) In the case of a person (“P”)—
(a) in relation to whom paragraphs (a) to (c) of paragraph 6B(1) of
Schedule 1 to this Act apply;
(b) who, after analysis of the sample referred to in paragraph (b) of
that paragraph, has been offered a relevant assessment or, if a
relevant assessment has been carried out, has had relevant
follow-up proposed to him; and
(c) who has agreed to undergo the relevant assessment or, as the
case may be, to participate in the relevant follow-up,
the court, if it grants bail, shall impose as a condition of bail that P both
undergo the relevant assessment and participate in any relevant
follow-up proposed to him or, if a relevant assessment has been carried
out, that P participate in the relevant follow-up.
(6E) In subsections (6C) and (6D) above—
(a) “relevant assessment” means an assessment conducted by a
suitably qualified person of whether P is dependent upon or has
a propensity to misuse any specified Class A drugs;
(b) “relevant follow-up” means, in a case where the person who
conducted the relevant assessment believes P to have such a
dependency or propensity, such further assessment, and such
assistance or treatment in connection with the dependency or
propensity, as the person who conducted the relevant
assessment (or conducts any later assessment) considers to be
appropriate in P’s case,
and in paragraph (a) above “Class A drug” and “misuse” have the same
meaning as in the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, and “specified” (in relation
to a Class A drug) has the same meaning as in Part 3 of the Criminal
Justice and Court Services Act 2000.”
(6F) In subsection (6E)(a) above, “suitably qualified person” means a person
who has such qualifications or experience as are from time to time
specified by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this subsection.
(3) In section 3A(3) (conditions of bail in case of police bail), for “, (6A) and (6B)”
there is substituted “ and (6A) to (6F)”.
(4) In Schedule 1 (which contains supplementary provisions about bail), in Part 1
(a) the existing text of paragraph 2 is to be sub-paragraph (1) of that
paragraph, and after that sub-paragraph (as so re-numbered) there is
“(2) If the defendant falls within paragraph 6B below, the court
shall determine whether or not it is satisfied as mentioned in
paragraph 6A below before turning (if it is so satisfied) to this
(b) after paragraph 6 there is inserted—
“Exception applicable to drug users in certain areas
6A Subject to paragraph 6C below, a defendant who falls within
paragraph 6B below may not be granted bail unless the court
is satisfied that there is no significant risk of his committing
an offence while on bail; but this does not require the court, if
so satisfied, to grant bail (disregarding other considerations).
6B (1) A defendant falls within this paragraph if—
(a) he is aged 18 or over;
(b) a sample taken—
(i) under section 63B of the Police and Criminal
Evidence Act 1984 (testing for presence of
Class A drugs) in connection with the offence;
(ii) under section 146 of the Criminal Justice Act
2003 (drug testing after conviction of an
offence but before sentence),
has revealed the presence in his body of a specified
Class A drug;
(c) either the offence is one under section 5(2) or (3) of the
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and relates to a specified
Class A drug, or the court is satisfied that there are
substantial grounds for believing—
(i) that misuse by him of any specified Class A
drug caused or contributed to the offence; or
(ii) (even if it did not) that the offence was
motivated wholly or partly by his intended
misuse of such a drug; and
(d) the condition set out in sub-paragraph (2) below is
satisfied or (if the court is considering on a second or
subsequent occasion whether or not to grant bail) has
been, and continues to be, satisfied.
(2) The condition referred to is that after the taking and analysis
of the sample—
(a) a relevant assessment has been offered to the
defendant but he does not agree to undergo it; or
(b) he has undergone a relevant assessment, and relevant
follow-up has been proposed to him, but he does not
agree to participate in it.
(3) In this paragraph and paragraph 6C below—
(a) “Class A drug” and “misuse” have the same meaning
as in the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971;
(b) “relevant assessment” and “relevant follow-up” have
the meaning given by section 3(6E) of this Act;
(c) “specified” (in relation to a Class A drug) has the
same meaning as in Part 3 of the Criminal Justice and
Court Services Act 2000.
6C Paragraph 6A above does not apply unless—
(a) the court has been notified by the Secretary of State
that arrangements for conducting a relevant
assessment or, as the case may be, providing relevant
follow-up have been made for the petty sessions area
in which it appears to the court that the defendant
would reside if granted bail; and
(b) the notice has not been withdrawn.”,
(c) in paragraph 8(1), for “(4) to (7)” there is substituted “(4) to (6B) or (7)”,
(d) in paragraph 9, before “of this Part” there is inserted “, or in deciding
whether it is satisfied as mentioned in paragraph 6A,”.
17 Interpretation of Part 2
In this Part—
“bail” means bail in criminal proceedings (within the meaning of the 1976
“bail hostel” has the meaning given by section 2(2) of the 1976 Act,
“the 1976 Act” means the Bail Act 1976 (c. 63),
“vary” has the same meaning as in the 1976 Act.
18 Conditional cautions
(1) An authorised person may give a conditional caution to a person aged 18 or
over (“the offender”) if each of the five requirements in section 19 is satisfied.
(2) In this Part “conditional caution” means a caution which is given in respect of
an offence committed by the offender and which has conditions attached to it
with which the offender must comply.
(3) The conditions which may be attached to such a caution are those which have
either or both of the following objects—
(a) ensuring or facilitating the rehabilitation of the offender,
(b) ensuring that he makes reparation for the offence.
(4) In this Part “authorised person” means—
(a) a constable,
(b) an investigating officer, or
(c) a person authorised by Director of Public Prosecutions for the purposes
of this section.
19 The five requirements
(1) The first requirement is that the authorised person has evidence that the
offender has committed an offence.
(2) The second requirement is that the Director of Public Prosecutions decides—
(a) that there is sufficient evidence to charge the offender with the offence,
(b) that a conditional caution should be given to the offender in respect of
(3) The third requirement is that the offender admits to the authorised person that
he committed the offence.
(4) The fourth requirement is that the authorised person explains the effect of the
conditional caution to the offender and warns him that failure to comply with
any of the conditions attached to the caution may result in his being prosecuted
for the offence.
(5) The fifth requirement is that the offender signs a document which contains—
(a) details of the offence,
(b) an admission by him that he committed the offence,
(c) his consent to being given the conditional caution, and
(d) the conditions attached to the caution.
20 Failure to comply with conditions
(1) If the offender fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with any of the
conditions attached to the conditional caution, criminal proceedings may be
instituted against the person for the offence in question.
(2) The document mentioned in section 19(5) is to be admissible in such
(3) Where such proceedings are instituted, the conditional caution is to cease to
21 Code of practice
(1) The Secretary of State must prepare a code of practice in relation to conditional
(2) The code may, in particular, include provision as to—
(a) the circumstances in which conditional cautions may be given,
(b) the procedure to be followed in connection with the giving of such
(c) the conditions which may be attached to such cautions and the time for
which they may have effect,
(d) the category of constable or investigating officer by whom such
cautions may be given,
(e) the persons who may be authorised by the Director of Public
Prosecutions for the purposes of section 18,
(f) the form which such cautions are to take and the manner in which they
are to be given and recorded,
(g) the places where such cautions may be given, and
(h) the monitoring of compliance with conditions attached to such
(3) After preparing a draft of the code the Secretary of State—
(a) must publish the draft,
(b) must consider any representations made to him about the draft, and
(c) may amend the draft accordingly,
but he may not publish or amend the draft without the consent of the Attorney
(4) After the Secretary of State has proceeded under subsection (3) he must lay the
code before each House of Parliament.
(5) When he has done so he may bring the code into force by order.
(6) The Secretary of State may from time to time revise a code of practice brought
into force under this section.
(7) Subsections (3) to (6) are to apply (with appropriate modifications) to a revised
code as they apply to an original code.
22 Interpretation of Part 3
In this Part—
“authorised person” has the meaning given by section 18(4),
“conditional caution” has the meaning given by section 18(2),
“investigating officer” means a person designated as an investigating
officer under section 38 of the Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30),
“the offender” has the meaning given by section 18(1).
23 Charging or release of persons in police detention
Schedule 2 (which makes provision in relation to the charging or release of
persons in police detention) shall have effect.
24 New method of instituting proceedings
(1) A public prosecutor may institute criminal proceedings against a person by
issuing a document (a “written charge”) which charges the person with an
(2) Where a public prosecutor issues a written charge, it must at the same time
issue a document (a “requisition”) which requires the person to appear before
a magistrates’ court to answer the written charge.
(3) The written charge and requisition must be served on the person concerned,
and a copy of both must be served on the court named in the requisition.
(4) In consequence of subsections (1) to (3), a public prosecutor is not to have the
power to lay an information for the purpose of obtaining the issue of a
summons under section 1 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (c. 43).
(5) In this section ”public prosecutor” means—
(a) a police force or a person authorised by a police force to institute
(b) the Director of the Serious Fraud Office or a person authorised by him
to institute criminal proceedings,
(c) the Director of Public Prosecutions or a person authorised by him to
institute criminal proceedings,
(d) the Attorney General or a person authorised by him to institute
(e) a Secretary of State or a person authorised by a Secretary of State to
institute criminal proceedings,
(f) the Commissioners of Inland Revenue or a person authorised by them
to institute criminal proceedings,
(g) the Commissioners of Customs and Excise or a person authorised by
them to institute criminal proceedings, or
(h) a person specified in an order made by the Secretary of State for the
purposes of this section or a person authorised by such a person to
institute criminal proceedings.
(6) In subsection (5) “police force” has the meaning given by section 3(3) of the
Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (c. 23).
25 Further provision about new method
(1) Rules under section 144 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 may make—
(a) provision as to the form, content, recording, authentication and service
of written charges or requisitions, and
(b) such other provision in relation to written charges or requisitions as
appears to the Lord Chancellor to be necessary or expedient.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the provision which may be made by virtue of
that subsection includes provision—
(a) which applies (with or without modifications), or which disapplies, the
provision of any enactment relating to the service of documents,
(b) for or in connection with the issue of further requisitions.
(3) Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) is to be taken as affecting the generality of
section 144(1) of that Act.
(4) Nothing in section 24 affects—
(a) the power of a public prosecutor to lay an information for the purpose
of obtaining the issue of a warrant under section 1 of the Magistrates’
Courts Act 1980,