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Amendment Paper as at
Tuesday 20th May 2003

CONSIDERATION OF BILL


CRIMINAL JUSTICE BILL, AS AMENDED

NOTE

The Amendments have been arranged in accordance with the Resolution of the Business Committee [14th May].

NEW CLAUSES NOS. 30 TO 39 AND 46 TO 51

Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC30

To move the following Clause:—

    '(1)   This section applies where after the commencement of this section a court passes a life sentence in circumstances where the sentence is fixed by law.

    (2)   The court must, unless it makes an order under subsection (4), order that the provisions of section 28(5) to (8) of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (c.43) (referred to in this Chapter as "the early release provisions") are to apply to the offender as soon as he has served the part of his sentence which is specified in the order.

    (3)   The part of his sentence is to be such as the court considers appropriate taking into account—

      (a) the seriousness of the offence, or of the combination of the offence and any one or more offences associated with it, and

      (b) the effect of any direction which it would have given under section 222 (crediting periods of remand in custody) if it had sentenced him to a term of imprisonment.

    (4)   If the offender was 21 or over when he committed the offence and the court is of the opinion that, because of the seriousness of the offence, or of the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it, no order should be made under subsection (2), the court must order that the early release provisions are not to apply to the offender.

    (5)   In considering under subsection (3) or (4) the seriousness of an offence (or of the combination of an offence and one or more offences associated with it), the court must have regard to—

      (a) the general principles set out in Schedule (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence), and

      (b) any guidelines relating to offences in general which are relevant to the case and are not incompatible with the provisions of Schedule (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence).

    (6)   The Secretary of State may by order amend Schedule (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence).'.

As an Amendment to Mr Secretary Blunkett's proposed New Clause (NC30) (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence):

   

Mr Graham Allen

(a)

Line     30,     at end insert—

    '(7)   The Secretary of State shall not make an order under subsection (6) unless he has laid before each House of Parliament a statement from the Sentencing Guidelines Council giving its consent to the making of that order.'.


Duty to give reasons

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC31

To move the following Clause:—

    '(1)   Any court making an order under subsection (2) or (4) of section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) must state in open court, in ordinary language, its reasons for deciding on the order made.

    (2)   In stating its reasons the court must, in particular—

      (a) state which of the starting points in Schedule (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) it has chosen and its reasons for doing so, and

      (b) state its reasons for any departure from that starting point.'.


Appeals

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC32

To move the following Clause:—

    'In section 9 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (c.19) (appeal against sentence following conviction on indictment), after subsection (1) there is inserted—

          "(1A)   In subsection (1) of this section, the reference to a sentence fixed by law does not include a reference to an order made under subsection (2) or (4) of section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 in relation to a life sentence (as defined in section (Interpretation of Chapter) of that Act), that is fixed by law.".'.


Review of minimum term on reference by Attorney General

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC33

To move the following Clause:—

    'In section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c.33) (reviews of sentencing) after subsection (3) there is inserted—

          "(3A)   Where a reference under this section relates to an order under subsection (2) of section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence), the Court of Appeal shall not, in deciding what order under that section is appropriate for the case, make any allowance for the fact that the person to whom it relates is being sentenced for a second time.".'.


Life prisoners transferred to England and Wales

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC34

To move the following Clause:—

    '(1)   The Secretary of State must refer the case of any transferred life prisoner to the High Court for the making of a relevant order.

    (2)   In subsection (1) "transferred life prisoner" means a person—

      (a) on whom a court in a country or territory outside the British Islands has imposed one or more sentences of imprisonment or detention for an indeterminate period, and

      (b) who has been transferred to England and Wales after the commencement of this section in pursuance of—

            (i) an order made by the Secretary of State under section 2 of the Colonial Prisoners Removal Act 1884 (c.31), or

            (ii) a warrant issued by the Secretary of State under the Repatriation of Prisoners Act 1984 (c.47),

    there to serve his sentence or sentences or the remainder of his sentence or sentences.

    (3)   In subsection (1) "a relevant order" means—

      (a) in a case where the prisoner's offence or offences appear to the court to be or include an offence for which, if it had been committed in England and Wales, the sentence would have been fixed by law, an order under subsection (2) or (4) of section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence), and

      (b) in any other case, an order under subsection (2) or (4) of section 82A of the Sentencing Act.

    (4)   In section 34(1) of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (meaning of "life prisoner" in Chapter 2 of Part 2 of that Act) at the end there is inserted "and includes a transferred life prisoner as defined by section (Life prisoners transferred to England and Wales)(2) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003".'.


Further provisions about references relating to transferred life prisoners

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC35

To move the following Clause:—

    '(1)   A reference to the High Court under section (Life prisoners transferred to England and Wales) is to be determined by a single judge of that court without an oral hearing.

    (2)   In relation to a reference under that section, any reference to "the court" in subsections (2) to (5) of section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence), in Schedule (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) or in section 82A(2) to (4) of the Sentencing Act is to be read as a reference to the High Court.

    (3)   A person in respect of whom a reference has been made under section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) may with the leave of the Court of Appeal appeal to the Court of Appeal against the decision of the High Court on the reference.

    (4)   Section 1(1) of the Administration of Justice Act 1960 (c.65) (appeal to House of Lords from decision of High Court in a criminal cause or matter) and section 18(1)(a) of the Supreme Court Act 1981 (c.54) (exclusion of appeal from High Court to Court of Appeal in a criminal cause or matter) do not apply in relation to a decision to which subsection (3) applies.

    (5)   The jurisdiction conferred on the Court of Appeal by subsection (3) is to be exercised by the criminal division of that court.

    (6)   Section 33(3) of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (limitation on appeal from criminal division of Court of Appeal) does not prevent an appeal to the House of Lords under this section.

    (7)   In relation to appeals to the Court of Appeal or the House of Lords under this section, the Secretary of State may make an order containing provision corresponding to any provision in the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (c.19) (subject to any specified modifications).'.


Duty to release certain life prisoners

   

Mr Secretary Blunkett

NC36

To move the following Clause:—

    '(1)   Section 28 of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (c.43) (duty to release certain life prisoners) is amended as follows.

    (2)   For subsection (1A) there is substituted—

          "(1A)   In this Chapter—

          (a) references to a life prisoner to whom this section applies are references to a life prisoner in respect of whom a minimum term order has been made, and

          (b) references to the relevant part of his sentence are references to the part of his sentence specified in the order.".

    (3)   In subsection (1B)(a), for the words from "such an order" to "appropriate stage" there is substituted "a minimum term order has been made in respect of each of those sentences".

    (4)   After subsection (8) there is inserted—

          "(8A)   In this section "minimum term order" means an order under—

          (a) subsection (2) of section 82A of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (determination of minimum term in respect of life sentence that is not fixed by law), or

          (b) subsection (2) of section (Determination of minimum term in relation to mandatory life sentence) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (determination of minimum term in respect of mandatory life sentence).".'.


 
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