54 Surrender and seizure of articles
(1) If a court security officer acting in the execution of his duty reasonably believes
that an article in the possession of a person who is in, or seeking to enter, a
court building ought to be surrendered on any of the grounds given in
subsection (3), he must ask the person to surrender the article.
(2) If the person refuses to surrender the article, the officer may seize it.
(3) The grounds are that the article—
(a) may jeopardise the maintenance of order in the court building (or a part
(b) may put the safety of any person in the court building at risk, or
(c) may be evidence of, or in relation to, an offence.
55 Powers to retain articles surrendered or seized
(1) Subject to subsection (2), a court security officer may retain an article which
(a) surrendered in response to a request under section 54(1), or
(b) seized under section 54(2),
until the time when the person who surrendered it, or from whom it was
seized, is leaving the court building.
(2) If a court security officer reasonably believes that the article may be evidence
of, or in relation to, an offence, he may retain it until—
(a) the time when the person who surrendered it, or from whom it was
seized, is leaving the court building, or
(b) the end of the permitted period,
whichever is later.
(3) “The permitted period” means such period, not exceeding 24 hours from the
time the article was surrendered or seized, as will enable the court security
officer to draw the article to the attention of a constable.
56 Regulations about retention of articles
(1) The Lord Chancellor may by regulations make provision as to—
(a) the provision to persons—
(i) by whom articles have been surrendered in response to a
request under section 54(1), or
(ii) from whom articles have been seized under section 54(2),
of written information about the powers of retention of court security
(b) the keeping of records about articles which have been so surrendered
(c) the period for which unclaimed articles have to be kept, and
(d) the disposal of unclaimed articles at the end of that period.
(2) “Unclaimed article” means an article—
(a) which has been retained under section 55,
(b) which a person is entitled to have returned to him,
(c) which has not been returned, and
(d) whose return has not been requested by a person entitled to it.
57 Assaulting and obstructing court security officers
(1) Any person who assaults a court security officer acting in the execution of his
duty commits an offence.
(2) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary
(a) a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or
(b) imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months,
or to both.
(3) A person who resists or wilfully obstructs a court security officer acting in the
execution of his duty commits an offence.
(4) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (3) is liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.
Inspectors of court administration
58 Inspectors of court administration etc.
(1) The Lord Chancellor may appoint such number of inspectors of court
administration as he considers appropriate.
(2) They are to be known collectively as “Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Court
(3) The Lord Chancellor must appoint one of the persons so appointed to be Her
Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Court Administration.
(4) In this Part that person is referred to as “the Chief Inspector”.
(5) The Lord Chancellor may make to or in respect of inspectors of court
administration such payments by way of remuneration, allowances or
otherwise as he may determine.
(6) In this Act—
(a) “CAFCASS” means the Children and Family Court Advisory and
Support Service, and
(b) “CAFCASS functions” means the functions of CAFCASS and its
59 Functions of inspectors
(1) It is the duty of inspectors of court administration to—
(a) inspect and report to the Lord Chancellor on the system that supports
the carrying on of the business of the courts listed in subsection (2) and
the services provided for those courts;
(b) inspect and report to the Lord Chancellor on the performance of
(c) discharge any other particular functions which may be specified in
(i) the courts listed in subsection (2), or
(ii) CAFCASS functions or related functions of any other person.
(2) The courts are—
(a) the Crown Court,
(b) county courts, and
(c) magistrates’ courts.
(3) The Lord Chancellor may by order—
(a) add to the list in subsection (2) any court having jurisdiction in the
United Kingdom, other than one having jurisdiction only in relation to
Scotland or Northern Ireland, and
(b) remove any court from the list.
(4) “Specified” means specified in a direction given by the Lord Chancellor; but
before giving any such direction the Lord Chancellor must consult the Chief
(5) Nothing in this section is to be read as enabling inspectors to inspect persons—
(a) making judicial decisions, or
(b) exercising any judicial discretion.
60 Functions of Chief Inspector
(1) The Chief Inspector must make an annual report to the Lord Chancellor as to
the discharge of the functions of Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Court
(2) The Lord Chancellor may give directions as to—
(a) the information to be included in the report,
(b) the form of the report, and
(c) the time by which the report is to be made.
(3) The Lord Chancellor must, within one month of receiving the annual report,
lay a copy of it before both Houses of Parliament.
(4) The Chief Inspector must report to the Lord Chancellor on any matter which
the Lord Chancellor refers to him and which is connected with—
(a) the courts listed in section 59(2), or
(b) CAFCASS functions or related functions of any other person.
(5) The Chief Inspector may designate an inspector of court administration to
discharge his functions during any period when he is absent or unable to act.
61 Rights of entry and inspection
(1) An inspector exercising functions under section 59 may enter—
(a) any place of work occupied by persons provided under a contract made
by the Lord Chancellor by virtue of section 2(4);
(b) any premises occupied by CAFCASS.
(2) An inspector exercising functions under section 59 may inspect and take copies
(a) any records kept by persons provided under a contract made by the
Lord Chancellor by virtue of section 2(4), or
(b) any records kept by CAFCASS or other documents containing
information relating to the performance of CAFCASS functions,
which he considers relevant to the discharge of his functions.
(3) Subsection (1) does not entitle an inspector—
(a) to be present when a court listed in section 59(2) is hearing proceedings
in private, or
(b) to attend any private deliberations of persons having jurisdiction to
hear or determine any proceedings.
(4) The records referred to in subsection (2) include records kept by means of a
(5) An inspector exercising the power under subsection (2) to inspect records—
(a) is entitled to have access to, and inspect and check the operation of, any
computer and associated apparatus or material which is or has been in
use in connection with the records in question, and
(b) may require—
(i) the person by whom or on whose behalf the computer is or has
been used, or
(ii) any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the
operation of, the computer, apparatus or material,
to afford him such reasonable assistance as he may require.
(6) The powers conferred by subsections (1), (2) and (5) may be exercised at
reasonable times only.
Offices, titles, styles etc.
62 Head and Deputy Head of Civil Justice
(1) The Lord Chancellor must appoint a person to be Head of Civil Justice and may
appoint a person to be Deputy Head of Civil Justice.
(2) No person may be appointed under subsection (1) unless he is—
(a) the Master of the Rolls,
(b) the Vice-Chancellor, or
(c) an ordinary judge of the Court of Appeal.
(3) A person appointed as Head of Civil Justice or Deputy Head of Civil Justice
holds that office in accordance with the terms of his appointment.
63 Ordinary judges of the Court of Appeal
(1) In section 2 of the 1981 Act (the Court of Appeal), for subsection (3)
“(3) An ordinary judge of the Court of Appeal (including the vice-president,
if any, of either division) shall be styled “Lord Justice of Appeal” or
“Lady Justice of Appeal”.”
(2) “The 1981 Act” means the Supreme Court Act 1981 (c. 54).
64 Power to alter judicial titles
(1) The Lord Chancellor may by order—
(a) alter the name of an office listed in subsection (2);
(b) provide for or alter the way in which the holders of any of those offices
are to be styled.
(2) The offices are—
Deputy Circuit judge
Deputy district judge appointed under section 102 of the 1981 Act
Deputy district judge for a county court district
Deputy judge of the High Court
District judge for a county court district
District judge of the High Court
District judge of the principal registry of the Family Division
District probate registrar
Lord Chief Justice
Master of the Chancery Division
Master of the Court of Protection
Master of the Queen’s Bench Division
Master of the Rolls
Ordinary judge of the Court of Appeal
President of the Family Division
Presiding Judge for a Circuit
Puisne judge of the High Court
Queen’s Coroner and Attorney and Master of the Crown Office and
Registrar of Criminal Appeals
Registrar in Bankruptcy of the High Court
Senior Presiding Judge for England and Wales
Taxing Master of the Supreme Court
Vice-president of the Court of Appeal
Vice-president of the Queen’s Bench Division.
(3) The Lord Chancellor may also by order provide for or alter the way in which
deputies or temporary additional officers appointed under section 91(1)(a) of
the 1981 Act are to be styled.
(4) Before making an order under this section the Lord Chancellor must consult—
(a) the Lord Chief Justice,
(b) the Master of the Rolls,
(c) the President of the Family Division, and
(d) the Vice-Chancellor.
(5) An order under this section may make such provision as the Lord Chancellor
considers necessary in consequence of any provision made under subsection
(1) or (3).
(6) The provision that may be made under subsection (5) includes provision
amending, repealing or revoking any enactment.
Flexibility in deployment of judicial resources
65 District Judges (Magistrates’ Courts) as Crown Court judges etc.
(1) In section 8(1) of the 1981 Act (persons who are judges of the Crown Court), in
paragraph (b) for “or Recorder” substitute “, Recorder or District Judge
(2) Schedule 5 contains amendments conferring functions on District Judges
(3) References in any enactment, instrument or other document to a district judge
or deputy district judge do not include—
(a) a District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts), or
(b) a Deputy District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts).
66 Judges having powers of District Judges (Magistrates’ Courts)
(1) Every holder of a judicial office specified in subsection (2) has the powers of a
justice of the peace who is a District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts) in relation to—
(a) criminal causes and matters, and
(b) family proceedings as defined by section 65 of the 1980 Act.
(2) The offices are—
(a) judge of the High Court;
(b) deputy judge of the High Court;
(c) Circuit judge;
(d) deputy Circuit judge;
(3) For the purposes of section 45 of the 1933 Act, every holder of a judicial office
specified in subsection (2) is qualified to sit as a member of a youth court.
(4) For the purposes of section 67 of the 1980 Act—
(a) a judge of the High Court or a deputy judge of the High Court is
qualified to sit as a member of a family proceedings court to hear family
proceedings of any description, and
(b) a Circuit judge, deputy Circuit judge or recorder is qualified to sit as a
member of a family proceedings court to hear family proceedings of
any description if he has been nominated to do so by the President of
the Family Division.
67 Removal of restriction on Circuit judges sitting on certain appeals
Section 56A of the 1981 Act (Circuit judges not to sit on certain appeals) ceases
to have effect.
Procedure rules and practice directions
Criminal Procedure Rules and practice directions
68 Meaning of “criminal court”
In this Part “criminal court” means—
(a) the criminal division of the Court of Appeal;
(b) when dealing with any criminal cause or matter—
(i) the Crown Court;
(ii) a magistrates’ court.
69 Criminal Procedure Rules
(1) There are to be rules of court (to be called “Criminal Procedure Rules”)
governing the practice and procedure to be followed in the criminal courts.
(2) Criminal Procedure Rules are to be made by a committee known as the
Criminal Procedure Rule Committee.
(3) The power to make Criminal Procedure Rules includes power to make
different provision for different cases or different areas, including different
(a) for a specified court or description of courts, or
(b) for specified descriptions of proceedings or a specified jurisdiction.
(4) Any power to make or alter Criminal Procedure Rules is to be exercised with a
view to securing that—
(a) the criminal justice system is accessible, fair and efficient, and
(b) the rules are both simple and simply expressed.
70 Criminal Procedure Rule Committee
(1) The Criminal Procedure Rule Committee is to consist of—
(a) the Lord Chief Justice, and
(b) the persons currently appointed by the Lord Chancellor under
(2) The Lord Chancellor must appoint—
(a) a person nominated by the Secretary of State,
(b) three persons each of whom is either a puisne judge of the High Court
or an ordinary judge of the Court of Appeal,
(c) two Circuit judges with particular experience of sitting in criminal
(d) one District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts),
(e) one lay justice,
(f) one justices’ clerk,
(g) the Director of Public Prosecutions or a person nominated by the