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Linda Perham: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what research he has undertaken into the links between illegal and unlicensed mini-cab touting and other crimes; and what the findings were. 
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Mr. Jamieson: The Department has not carried out any research into the links between taxi touting and other crimes. Taxi touting is a criminal offence and enforcement is a matter for local licensing authorities and the police.
Mr. Wyatt: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will make a statement about progress with the A249 Iwade to Queenborough improvement, with special reference to the (a) start date, (b) finish date and (c) Compulsory Purchase Order required. 
Miss Anne McIntosh: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what security checks are being undertaken on airport-related staff on recruitment of (a) baggage handlers, (b) dispatches, (c) security staff and (d) other airport workers. 
Mr. Jamieson: Before being able to work airside, all persons, including baggage handlers and dispatchers, are required to have undergone a five year background check on their education, training and employment record, and to have have submitted proof of identity. UK legislation requires that those carrying out listed security activities at UK airports are also in possession of a government security clearance known as a Counter Terrorist Check. All others working airside are to be subject to a Criminal Record Check.
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Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what cost benefit analysis has been conducted by his Department or is planned of the (a) economic, (b) social and (c) environmental costs and benefits from (i) new airports and (ii) airport expansion, which (A) has taken place since 1997 and (B) is planned. 
Mr. Jamieson [holding answer 20 November 2002]: These issues have been covered extensively in the Government's recent airport studies. This included an assessment of the economic, social and environmental benefits and impacts of various airport development options, both at existing and new sites. The findings are set out in XThe Future Development of Air Transport in the United Kingdom" consultation documents.
Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) what (a) discussions his Department has had or plans to have and (b) representations have been received by his Department with regard to the past and potential future role of improvements to public transport access at United Kingdom airports upon (i) past increases and future total passenger and freight numbers and (ii) past and future (A) economic, (B) environment and (C) social impacts; 
(3) what assessment and research has been made by his Department or is planned of the past and potential future impact of improvements to public transport access at United Kingdom airports upon (a) past increases and future total passenger and freight numbers and (b) past and future (i) economic, (ii) environment and (iii) social impacts; 
(4) what (a) discussions his Department has had or plans to have and (b) representations have been received by his Department with regard to the potential impact of high speed rail links on the modal shift of (i) internal and (ii) international air passengers and freight away from air; and if he will place copies of related documentation in the Library; 
(5) what research has been conducted by his Department or is planned on the causal processes and mechanisms responsible for (a) past and (b) potential future modal shifts between air transport and other modes of transport for (i) passengers and (ii) freight transport, distinguishing between (A) internal and (B) international flights. 
Mr. Jamieson [holding answer 20 November 2002]: The Department's policies aim to deliver safe, reliable and secure transport for everyone that respects the environment, encouraging modal shift where appropriate.
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The research which has been carried out into recent and future public transport improvements for access to United Kingdom airports and on rail-air mode shift has been extensive and is set out in the seven consultation documents XThe Future Development of Air Transport in the United Kingdom" published on 23 July and the background technical reports which support them. The latter include reports commissioned by the Strategic Rail Authority and the Commission for Integrated Transport on the potential for rail-air substitution and the different environmental effects of journeys made using different modes on key inter-regional journeys within the UK.
The service quality improvements resulting from use of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link are expected to result in some transfer of international air passengers to Eurostar. However, the forecast of Eurostar demand does not allow the transfer from international air services to be separately identified. The report of this research was not published because of the subject's commercially sensitive nature.
Mr. Jamieson: No research has been commissioned specifically on the effects of marketing on bus usage. However, we have obtained relevant information from research into quality bus partnerships and from surveys on satisfaction with the quality of local bus services.
Bus operators are well aware of the benefits of good marketing of services. Marketing includes a variety of activities such as branding, publicity, timetable information, fares and tickets. A task group established by the Bus Partnership Forum, which comprises industry, local and central government representatives, is examining a number of surveys conducted by Transport for London, local transport authorities and operating companies to evaluate the success of marketing initiatives on particular routes or networks.
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