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2 Dec 2002 : Column 532Wcontinued
Gregory Barker: Asked the Secretary of State for International Development, pursuant to her answer of 11 July 2002, Official Report, column 451W, if she will list the alternative ways her Department is exploring to achieve the objective of the CDC Public Private Partnership. 
Joan Ruddock: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what (a) financial and (b) other aid the Government have given for the southern African crisis; when the contributions were made; what conditions were attached to such contributions; and what the recipient (i) countries and (ii) agencies were. 
Clare Short: We have made the following commitments for the humanitarian crisis in southern Africa, since September 2001. In addition, we estimate that our contribution to commitments by the European Commission to date is approximately £21.42 million. No special conditions are attached to our contributions:
|Date/country||Description||Total (£ million)|
|Zimbabwe||NGO feeding programme||4.0|
|Zimbabwe||WFP emergency appeal||3.5|
|Malawi||Targeted inputs programme||3.75|
|Malawi||NGO feeding programme||4.4|
|Malawi||Winter inputs programme||1.2|
|Zimbabwe||WFP regional emergency feeding operation||7.0|
|Lesotho||WFP regional emergency feeding operation||1.56|
|Malawi||WFP regional emergency feeding operation||5.0|
|Swaziland||WFP regional emergency feeding operation||0.25|
|Zambia||WFP regional emergency feeding operation||5.0|
|Zambia||NGO food for work programme||1.02|
|Region||WFP logistical support in Johannesburg regional hob, Lesotho and Zimbabwe||0.51|
|Region||SADC vulnerability assessments to improve targeting||0.2|
|Region||IFRC feeding HIV/AIDS affected people||2.5|
|Region||WHO regional health operation||0.13|
|Malawi||Targeted inputs programme||6.8|
|Zimbabwe||NGO agricultural inputs||5.0|
|Zimbabwe||WHO essential drugs and medicines||2.5|
|Zimbabwe||NGO feeding programme||16.0|
|Zambia||Agricultural recovery through NGOs and FAO||1.5|
|Zambia||Improved nutrition programme||1.2|
|Zambia||Support to the health sector||0.2|
|Region||OCHA southern African humanitarian information service||0.11|
|Region||Southern Africa humanitarian crisis unit for monitoring and liaison||0.5|
|Lesotho||Livelihoods recovery through agriculture programme||1.0|
|Zimbabwe||Improved nutrition programme||1.1|
|Region||SADC vulnerability assessments||0.2|
|Total since September 2001||Humanitarian assistance and recovery programmes||85.43|
2 Dec 2002 : Column 533W
Clare Short: The UK has not had a development programme in Sudan for some years because of the on-going conflict. However, in line with progress made towards peace, we are now planning for a possible development programme in Sudan, to be implemented when there is a comprehensive agreement. This will be supported by the appropriate strategy document, drawn up after full consultation. In the first instance, this document may not be a full Country Assistance Plan, but an interim strategy, which would develop as our programme develops.
Clare Short: I have made clear to the Government of Zambia that I believe their decision on GM is ill advised and will make it more expensive and difficult to provide food to those who are starving in Zambia. We are nevertheless doing all we can to try to ensure that those in need are provided for.
DFID has provided £8.5 million to the World Food Programme to source food for the humanitarian pipeline and plans to provide £0.7 million to NGOs for the procurement and distribution of supplementary nutritional food supplies.
Joan Ruddock: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what analysis the Government has made of food availability in Zambia, in particular the availability of cassava; and whether the Government is supporting efforts to get such foods to areas affected by crop failures. 
Clare Short: DFID has been working with the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) and the World Food Programme (WFP) to determine the availability of food for humanitarian distribution to those in most need.
Through its annual crop forecasts, GRZ has reported a surplus of cassava in the north where cassava is a major staple food for most communities. The redistribution of cassava to drought affected areas in the south is difficult for logistical, social and economic reasons. GRZ is using available funds to purchase surplus maize from the north rather than cassava, as this is the staple crop and preferred food for the south.
2 Dec 2002 : Column 534W
Clare Short: Aerial drops are very much a measure of last resort, with risks to all involved. Food cannot be targeted reliably, and it is an expensive option. We will continue to use and strengthen the distribution systems already in place, which are working well in very difficult conditions. One of the major problems in dealing with the Zimbabwe crises is that the World Food Programme appeal for Southern Africa is only 56 per cent. funded and there is not enough food to distribute.
Nick Harvey: To ask the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport how many educational sessions undertaken by arts organisations took place in (a) 199899, (b) 19992000, (c) 200001 and (d) 200102; and if she will make a statement. 
In addition to this, from April 2002 we are investing £40 million in Creative Partnerships. This programme is bringing together schools and cultural institutions across 16 deprived areas of England, enabling young people and their teachers to work on sustained creative projects.
Nick Harvey: To ask the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport what measures she has taken to ensure public service broadcasters sustain quality and range of output; and if she will make a statement. 
Dr. Howells: The Communications White Paper affirmed the Government's commitment to maintaining the role of public service broadcasting in the digital age. The Communications Bill implements this commitment, by setting out a general public service broadcasting remit which applies to all public service broadcasters,
2 Dec 2002 : Column 535W
including the BBC. It will also establish individual public service broadcasting remits for Channel 3, Channel 4 and Channel 5, combining specific obligations for each broadcaster with a general obligation to contribute to the overall public service remit. OFCOM will report on the fulfilment of the overall public service broadcasting remit no less frequently than every five years. OFCOM will have backstop powers to intervene, up to and including removal of freedom to self-regulate, should a licensed broadcaster fail to fulfil its individual remit, or its contribution to the overall remit.
Dr. Howells: The Government are committed to ensuring that terrestrial analogue broadcasting signals are maintained until: everyone who can currently get the main public service broadcasting channels in analogue form can receive them on digital systems; switching to digital is an affordable option for the vast majority of people; and as a target indicator of affordability, 95 per cent. of consumers have access to digital equipment. The Digital Television Action Plan tasks the Government to determine and agree a target level of UK coverage for digital terrestrial public services post-switchover. We have consulted on this issue and are now considering our preferred spectrum planning option. Details of the consultation are available on the website: www.digitaltelevision.gov.uk.
John Thurso: To ask the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport if she will exempt those in remote rural areas from the licensing fee following analogue switch-off if they are unable to receive digital television. 
Dr. Howells: A television licence is required to install or use a television receiver to watch a television programme service on any platform. The licence fee is a payment for permission to receive television broadcasts and not for the service provided and is payable in full, irrespective of the use made of that service and the quality of reception. The Government have no plans to exempt viewers from the licence fee depending on the programme services available to them.
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