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11 Dec 2002 : Column 335W—continued


17. Mr. John Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development when she will next visit Uzbekistan to discuss aid to Uzbekistan; and if she will make a statement. [84703]

Clare Short: I have no plans to visit Uzbekistan to discuss aid to the country. I plan to visit Uzbekistan in May next year to chair the Annual Meeting of the EBRD Board of Governors.


18. Mr. Carmichael: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if she will make a statement on the humanitarian situation in Malawi. [84704]

Clare Short: A recent assessment concluded that 2.2 million people in Malawi are currently in need of food assistance, and this will rise to 3.25 million—a third of the population—between January and March 2003. Another assessment is now under way. It is also considering the extent to which AIDS and income poverty have contributed to the crisis. The results should be available by 30 December.

My Department is playing a leading role in partnership with the Government of Malawi and other donors, in dealing with the crisis. Since November 2001 DFID has provided #30 million emergency assistance to Malawi.


19. Mr. Wareing: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what assistance her Department is providing to Armenia and to help with the refugee problem in Nagorno-Karabakh; and if she will make a statement. [84705]

Clare Short: My Department has provided support to refugees who have fled from Azerbaijan and Karabakh to Armenia, and also to Azeri refugees who have fled from Armenia and Karabakh to Azerbaijan. Between 2000 and 2001, we gave #660,000 to UNHCR to support refugees in Armenia. In March 2001, we also gave an additional #500,000 to WFP to provide emergency food assistance to 297,000 subsistence farmers and other drought victims in Armenia.

We provide approximately #2 million for longer-term developmental assistance to Armenia. This is focused on public sector reform, the implementation of poverty reduction strategies and work on medium-term expenditure planning.

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In 2003, DFID in conjunction with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Ministry of Defence, plans to spend a further #2 million from the Global Conflict Prevention Pool on a three-year conflict prevention programme. These funds will be used to help the victims of the conflict and maximise the chances of reaching an acceptable settlement on the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute.

CDC Investments

20. Gregory Barker: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what plans she has to reduce the target rates of return for CDC investments. [84706]

Clare Short: The Government do not set target rates of return for CDC investments.

Occupied Territories

21. Tom Brake: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if she will make a statement on humanitarian aid to Palestinians in the occupied territories. [84707]

Clare Short: The only solution to the humanitarian situation in Palestine is through political action, but we should not allow the increased human suffering of the Palestinian people to continue unaddressed. The UN has recently produced a plan of action to help the international community address the most urgent needs. We are supporting a broad range of emergency programmes through UNRWA, local NGOs and the World bank. In October, I agreed an additional #5 million from my Department's contingency reserve to meet the continuing urgent needs of the Palestinian people.

World Poverty

22. Mr. Mike Hall: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what action she is taking to ensure that programmes for tackling world poverty continue after the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals in 2015. [84708]

Clare Short: 900 million people are still likely to be living in extreme poverty in 2015 if the Millennium Development Goals are achieved. Our commitment to eliminate poverty will not end in 2015.

The 2015 targets are intended to focus international efforts and build a more effective international development system. New targets will need to be set after 2015.

Africa (Famine)

23. Mr. Clifton-Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for International Development What help her Department is giving to those countries in Africa that are suffering from famine. [84709]

Clare Short: We have made the following commitments for the humanitarian crisis in southern Africa, since September 2001. In addition, we estimate that our contribution to commitments by the European Commission to date is approximately #21.42 million.

11 Dec 2002 : Column 337W

Date/countryDescriptionTotal (# million)
September 2001
ZimbabweNon-Governmental Organisations (NGO): Feeding programme4.0
ZimbabweWorld Food Programme (WFP): Emergency Appeal3.5
MalawiAgricultural Targeted Inputs Programme3.75
AngolaUN Appeal for Angola 20010.5
January-May 2002
MalawiNGOs: Feeding programmes4.4
MalawiWinter Agricultural Inputs programme1.2
AngolaMedecins Sans Frontieres (MSF): Assistance to Displaced People in Kuito and Camacupa0.45
AngolaUN Appeal for Angola 20021.0
AngolaInternational Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC): Appeal for Angola 20020.3
June 2002
ZimbabweWFP: Regional Emergency Feeding Operation7.0
LesothoWFP: Regional Emergency Feeding Operation1.56
MalawiWFP: Regional Emergency Feeding Operation5.0
SwazilandWFP: Regional Emergency Feeding Operation0.25
ZambiaWFP: Regional Emergency Feeding Operation5.0
ZambiaNGOs: Food for work programme1.02
RegionWFP: Logistical support in Johannesburg regional hub, Lesotho and Zimbabwe0.51
RegionSouthern Africa Development Community (SADC): Vulnerability assessments to improve targeting of humanitarian assistance0.2
RegionInternational Federation of Red Cross/Crescent Societies (IFRC): Feeding HIV/AIDS affected people2.5
RegionWHO: regional health operation0.13
MalawiAgricultural Targeted Inputs Programme6.8
ZimbabweNGOs: Agricultural inputs5.0
ZimbabweWorld Health Organisation (WHO): Essential drugs and medicines2.5
AngolaUN Bridging Request for Humanitarian Operations0.67
July 2002
AngolaMSF: Assistance to Displaced People in Bunjei and Huambo0.3
AngolaMSF: Assistance to Population of Saurimo and Cuando Cubango0.3
August 2002
AngolaICRC: 2002 Appeal for Angola0.75
September 2002
ZimbabweNGOs: Feeding Programmes16.0
Malawi/RegionWFP: Nacala Rail-link4.1
October 2002
ZambiaAgricultural recovery through NGO's and FAO1.5
ZambiaImproved nutrition programme1.2
ZambiaSupport to the health sector0.2
RegionSouthern African Humanitarian Information Service (SAHIMS)0.11
RegionSouthern Africa Humanitarian Crisis Unit: Monitoring and liaison0.5
LesothoLivelihoods recovery through agriculture programme1.0
ZimbabweEpidemic preparedness1.2
ZimbabweImproved nutrition programme1.1
AngolaUN Development Programme (UNDP): Emergency Mine Action Co-ordination0.3
AngolaInternational Organisation for Migration (IOM): Assistance to Internally Displaced People in Kuanza Sul and Huambo0.25
November 2002
RegionSADC: Vulnerability assessments0.2
ZambiaWFP: Emergency Feeding Operation3.5
LesothoWFP: Emergency Feeding Operation0.5
AngolaWFP: Food Assistance to Vulnerable People2.0
AngolaWFP: Logistical Support0.75
AngolaUN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA): Emergency Response Fund0.5
AngolaUNOCHA: Co-ordination of Emergency Activities0.2
Total since September 2001Humanitarian assistance and recovery programmes93.7

We have also made the following contributions for humanitarian interventions in Ethiopia and Eritrea since September 2001. In addition the UK provides

11 Dec 2002 : Column 338W

nearly 20 per cent. of EC Support, which has included Euro23 million for food aid in October 2002 and Euro4 million of humanitarian aid for the victims of drought.

11 Dec 2002 : Column 339W

Date/countryDescriptionTotal (# million)
December 2001
EthiopiaContribution to ICRC 2002 Appeal3.0
EritreaContribution to ICRC 2002 Appeal0.75
March 2002
EthiopiaWFP: Employment Generation Schemes1.0
EthiopiaWFP: Relief Food Assistance to Small Scale Farmers and Pastoralists1.0
EthiopiaWFP: Early Warning Systems Development and Implementation0.16
EthiopiaWFP: Food Assistance for Refugees and Repatriates0.15
EthiopiaUNICEF: Provision of Contingency Support to Emergency Response0.5
EthiopiaUNICEF: Jijiga Therapeutic Feeding Training and Demonstration Centre0.23
EthiopiaUNICEF: Mine Awareness Education0.14
EthiopiaUNDP: Support IDPs and Recovery Programme Coordination0.36
EthiopiaWHO: Prevention and Control of Epidemic Meningococcal Disease0.35
EthiopiaUNDP Emergency Unit for Ethiopia: Humanitarian Programme Coordination0.25
July 2002
EthiopiaSecond Contribution to ICRC 2002 Appeal2.0
EritreaSecond Contribution to ICRC 2002 Appeal0.6
September 2002
EthiopiaUNICEF: Water and Environmental Sanitation0.5
October 2002
EthiopiaGOAL: Emergency Relief Assistance for Drought Affected Pastoralists0.58
EthiopiaMSF: Pre-Harvest Food Gap Nutrition Intervention in Dehanna Woreda0.17
EthiopiaMSF: Tuberculosis Control Programme0.29
EthiopiaSCF: Emergency Drought Relief1.43
November 2002
EthiopiaOxfam: Afar Emergency Response0.2
Total since September 2001Humanitarian assistance and recovery programme13.66

In addition on 3 December the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development announced a further #5 million of relief to meet humanitarian needs in Ethiopia.

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