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7 Jan 2003 : Column 88W—continued

Milk Quotas

Andrew George: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how many milk quota holders there were in the UK in each of the last five years; and how many of those quotas were non-producing. [88147]

Mr. Morley: Details of the total number of quota holders for each year 1997–98 to 2001–02, and of those, the presumed number of non-producing quota holders (NPQHs), are contained in the table.

The 'quota holders' figure for each year in the table is the number of permanent quota holders at the end of the quota year. It is considered that the most representative figures on NPQHs, prior to 1999, are the number of quota holders who have leased out a high proportion of their quota in any given year. The figures given in the last three columns in the table are thus for the number of permanent quota holders who leased out the percentages of their quota shown, and might therefore be assumed to be NPQHs. The corresponding figures for 2002–03 will not be known until after the end of the quota year.

Quota year Quota holders 100 per cent. 95 per cent. 91 per cent.
1997–98 37,090 5,309 5,783 5,855
1998–99 35,711 5,663 6,025 6,094
1999–2000 34,663 6,181 6,556 6,621
2000–01 33,106 5,778 6,412 6,529
2001–02 31,605 6,099 6,792 6,937

Pigmeat

Mr. Hurst: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what the total weight was of pigmeat sales in the United Kingdom in each year from 1972 to 2001. [87295]

Mr. Morley: Information on the quantity of pigmeat sold in the United Kingdom is not available. However, information is available on the amount of pigmeat supplies, in the form of pork, and of bacon and ham, in the United Kingdom, and this is given in the table.

No data is available on the uses to which the supplies of pork and of bacon and ham are subsequently put. These uses may be for retail as meat or for catering or for foodstuffs which require further processing, some of which may subsequently be exported.

More detailed production and supplies tables may be found on the Defra website at http://www.defra.gov.uk/.

UK supplies of pork and bacon
000 tonnes

Total new supply(19) of:
PorkBacon and ham
19722 662639
1973687565
1974678529
1975582482
1976586476
1977652506
1978660519
1979715517
1980707509
1981720496
1982731477
1983747477
1984709467
1985712468
1986726466
19873 775459
1988 796457
1989 759458
1990 765445
1991 772441
19923 768418
1993 796450
1994 798451
1995 772467
1996 806497
1997 817471
19983 829459
1999 831457
2000 790468
2001 832471

1 New supply: production plus imports less exports.

2 Average of 1970–1972.

3 For comparability with other years, the figures have been adjusted from a 53-week to a 52-week basis where appropriate.

Sources:

1972–1984: 'A Hundred Years of British Food & Farming: A

Statistical Survey', H F Marks.

1984–2001: Defra


7 Jan 2003 : Column 89W

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Child Soldiers

John Barrett: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what steps are being taken to reduce the numbers of children involved in armed conflict, following the report by the UN Secretary General of 16 December on child soldiers. [88678]

Clare Short: The UN Secretary General's report covered many aspects of the problems of children affected by armed conflict, including their direct involvement. The most effective way to reduce the impact of armed conflict on children, their families and communities, is to prevent, reduce and resolve armed conflicts. My Department is working with other Government Departments to intensify UK efforts to resolve conflict. In relation to children affected by armed conflict, my Department is supporting UNICEF through a multi-year capacity-building project to increase its ability to work with all concerned to decrease the impact of armed conflict on children and to support the disarmament, demobilisation and rehabilitation of child soldiers. We have also been supporting the work of the Secretary General's special representative on children and armed conflict. UNICEF's work on establishing national immunisation days (NIDs), mentioned in the report, is also supported by my Department.

7 Jan 2003 : Column 90W

Côte d'Ivoire

Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if she will make a statement on the humanitarian situation in Côte d'Ivoire; what the Government's policy is on humanitarian aid to Côte d'Ivoire; and if she will make a statement. [88734]

Clare Short: Precise information on the extent of humanitarian needs remains incomplete. Large numbers of people, particularly among immigrant communities but also Ivorian citizens and refugees, have been displaced due to the conflict. There are real humanitarian needs and the situation could deteriorate quickly with scope for further conflict. In December, as an initial response to immediate needs, we released 2,000 tents, 30,000 blankets and 200 rolls of plastic sheeting from our emergency relief stockpile to boost UNHCR's regional stockpile in Accra, Ghana; also contributed towards an urgent airlift of UNHCR relief items to Liberia. I have also recently approved a contribution of #1 million towards appeals from agencies working in Cote d'lvoire. We continue to monitor the humanitarian situation and are working closely with others in the international community to try to bring about a swift and peaceful resolution to the conflict.

Democratic Republic of Congo

Dr. Tonge: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what representations she has made to the Committee for International Investment and Multinational Enterprises to consult with (a) NGOs and (b) others regarding the report of the UN Panel of Experts on the economic causes of conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo. [88702]

Clare Short: The UK, along with other members of the Security Council, has asked for more information on the claims made in the panel's latest report. We have asked specifically for information on the allegations made against UK companies and nationals. We have yet to receive this material. Once we do we will take a view on what further action to pursue, both nationally and through OECD channels.

Eritrea

John Barrett: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if she will make a statement on the food aid requirements of Eritrea. [88684]

Clare Short: The Eritrean Government, the UN and NGOs estimate that the crop figure for 2002 is just over 50,000 MT, which is about 20 per cent. of an average annual crop.

The Government's Appeal and the UN Consolidated Appeal, which was released on 19 November 2002, estimates that the drought-affected population is 1.4 million people out of a total population of 3.34 million. An additional 910,000 people are targeted for assistance comprising internally displaced people, returnees, soldiers to be demobilised and vulnerable urban dwellers. The Eritrean Government appealed for 477,000 MT of food aid for 2003, of which 290,000 is for the drought affected population.

7 Jan 2003 : Column 91W

Iraq

Sandra Gidley: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development (1) what development projects her Department has supported in Iraq since the Gulf war in the rehabilitation of the country; and how much was financed for each project; [89122]

Clare Short: Since 1991, my Department has provided funding solely for humanitarian assistance projects in Iraq. Total bilateral funding has amounted to just over #100 million. Several of the projects funded were specifically focused on women and children, although all the projects to some degree benefited women and children.

Specific data on each project is not available, except at disproportionate cost. Total annual bilateral programme expenditure for Iraq for each financial year during this period was as follows:

Programme Expenditure

#
1991/92 34,283,000;
1992/93 4,135,000;
1993/94 9,115,000;
1994/95 7,654,000;
1995/96 6,954,000;
1996/97 6,282,000;
1997/98 3,351,000;
1998/99 5,749,000;
1999/00 6,585,000;
2000/01 9,545,000;
2001/02 7,760,000

Ivory Coast

Mrs. Spelman: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what discussions her Department has had with the UNHCR on refugees fleeing the Ivory Coast into Liberia. [87092]

Clare Short [holding answer 16 December 2002]: The UN launched an appeal on 11 November for humanitarian assistance as a result of the conflict in Cote d'lvoire, including for support to Liberian refugees wishing to return home. We are still considering our response to the appeal.

As an initial response we have provided 2,000 tents, 30,000 blankets and 200 rolls of plastic sheeting from our emergency relief stockpile to boost UNHCR's regional stockpile in Accra, Ghana. We have also contributed towards an urgent airlift of UNHCR relief items to Liberia.


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