Select Committee on Transport Written Evidence

Annex A

  Trains should have a safe means of access, egress and retention of people and goods carried.

  The factors for consideration should include:

  acceptable stepping distances to and from the platform;

  the size, number and arrangement of doors;

  the arrangements for the control of doors;

  the arrangements to prevent the doors being opened when the train is moving;

  the arrangements to avoid trains departing with doors open;

  the hazards created by the doors moving;

  the arrangements to avoid trapping people in doors;

  the arrangements for emergency evacuation of the train; and

  the arrangements for gaining access into the train in emergency situations.


  Passengers should be able to exit from the train to the outside safely. Walking and step surfaces should be slip resistant in all service conditions.

  It should not be possible or necessary for people to lean out of windows or other apertures.

  Inter-vehicle gangways should be provided with doors that can be secured to prevent accidental opening. They should be provided with an emergency release if they form part of an escape route.

  Where privacy locks are provided on internal doors for use by passengers, there should be a means to enable an authorised person to gain access. Similarly, there should be a means for passengers to unlock internal doors that have been locked from the outside.

  Where necessary, access and egress arrangements should take account of the needs of mobility-impaired people. If vehicles are designated for the use of wheelchair passengers then, unless the platform is suitably marked, a pictogram indicating such facilities should face outwards at the access positions.


  In an emergency it should be possible for passengers to:

    (a)  open designated external doors or windows, once the train is stationary;
    (b)  move from one vehicle to the next; or
    (c)  remove the glazing where it forms part of an escape route.

  Inter-vehicle gangways or internal doors should not prevent passengers from escaping.

  Connections between vehicles which are intended for use only as emergency escape routes should be clearly labelled as such, and where necessary, means taken to deter unauthorised use.

  Passengers should be able to exit their vehicle using more than one route. There should be no "dead end" traps. End doors, that form part of an escape route, should be usable by passengers to evacuate.

  Escape routes, equipment and procedures should be clearly signed in all circumstances, making use of internationally recognised pictograms. Consideration may be given to indicating automatically the escape routes to passengers. There should be a means for mobility-impaired passengers to exit from the train.

  A mean should be provided for passengers to alight safely from the train onto the track in an emergency in all service conditions.

  Sleeping cars, special purpose vehicles and trains that operate in tunnels or other inaccessible locations may require further consideration for passenger and train crew evacuation.

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