Trains should have a safe means of access, egress
and retention of people and goods carried.
The factors for consideration should include:
acceptable stepping distances to and from the platform;
the size, number and arrangement of doors;
the arrangements for the control of doors;
the arrangements to prevent the doors being opened when the
train is moving;
the arrangements to avoid trains departing with doors open;
the hazards created by the doors moving;
the arrangements to avoid trapping people in doors;
the arrangements for emergency evacuation of the train; and
the arrangements for gaining access into the train in emergency
Passengers should be able to exit from the train to the outside
safely. Walking and step surfaces should be slip resistant in
all service conditions.
It should not be possible or necessary for people to lean
out of windows or other apertures.
Inter-vehicle gangways should be provided with doors that
can be secured to prevent accidental opening. They should be provided
with an emergency release if they form part of an escape route.
Where privacy locks are provided on internal doors for use
by passengers, there should be a means to enable an authorised
person to gain access. Similarly, there should be a means for
passengers to unlock internal doors that have been locked from
Where necessary, access and egress arrangements should take
account of the needs of mobility-impaired people. If vehicles
are designated for the use of wheelchair passengers then, unless
the platform is suitably marked, a pictogram indicating such facilities
should face outwards at the access positions.
In an emergency it should be possible for passengers to:
(a) open designated external doors or windows,
once the train is stationary;
(b) move from one vehicle to the next; or
(c) remove the glazing where it forms part of an escape route.
Inter-vehicle gangways or internal doors should not prevent
passengers from escaping.
Connections between vehicles which are intended for use only
as emergency escape routes should be clearly labelled as such,
and where necessary, means taken to deter unauthorised use.
Passengers should be able to exit their vehicle using more
than one route. There should be no "dead end" traps.
End doors, that form part of an escape route, should be usable
by passengers to evacuate.
Escape routes, equipment and procedures should be clearly
signed in all circumstances, making use of internationally recognised
pictograms. Consideration may be given to indicating automatically
the escape routes to passengers. There should be a means for mobility-impaired
passengers to exit from the train.
A mean should be provided for passengers to alight safely
from the train onto the track in an emergency in all service conditions.
Sleeping cars, special purpose vehicles and trains that operate
in tunnels or other inaccessible locations may require further
consideration for passenger and train crew evacuation.