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Children's Food Bill


Children’s Food Bill

1

 

A

Bill

To

Make provision regarding the marketing, promotion and sale of food and

drink to and for children; to make provision for education and the

dissemination of information about children’s diet, nutrition and health; to

place certain duties on the Food Standards Agency; and for connected

purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and

consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present

Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

1       

Purpose

The purposes of this Act are to improve the health and well-being of children

and to reduce ill-health in children.

2       

Duties of the Food Standards Agency

(1)   

The Food Standards Agency (“the FSA”) shall within 12 months of the date on

5

which this Act is passed—

(a)   

publish an assessment of the medical and social evidence in respect of

the relationship between the diet and health and well-being of children,

and

(b)   

publish, on the basis of that assessment, the criteria for deciding

10

whether the content of food and drink—

(i)   

is detrimental to the health of children;

(ii)   

will improve the health of children;

(iii)   

will ensure that every school meal will improve the health of

children.

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(2)   

The matters which the FSA shall take into account under subsection (1) shall

include—

(a)   

the nutritional content of food and drink;

(b)   

the presence of—

(i)   

contaminants, hormones, growth mediators, pathogens and

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other residues; and

 
Bill 110 53/3
 
 

Children’s Food Bill

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(ii)   

food additives

   

in any foods and drinks; and

(c)   

food and drink production techniques, including—

(i)   

genetic modification; and

(ii)   

irradiation; and

5

(d)   

any other matters that the FSA considers apropriate.

(3)   

The FSA may, in the light of new evidence, publish from time to time—

(a)   

a revised asessment, and

(b)   

revised criteria

   

under subsection (1).

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3       

Prohibition on marketing certain foods and drinks to children

(1)   

The Appropriate Authority shall by regulation prohibit any person or persons

employed by an organisation which produces or sells food and drink, and any

person or persons who have entered into a contract with such an organisation,

from marketing to children any foods and drinks which contain content which

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the FSA has decided under section (2) is detrimental to the health of children.

(2)   

In this section “marketing to children” means the use of any notice, circular, or

other document and of any public announcement made orally or by any means

of producing or transmitting light or sound to market a product at any time or

in any place or situation where in the opinion of the Appropriate Authority

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children may form a significant section of the audience.

(3)   

The Appropriate Authority may by regulations revise—

(a)   

the definition of marketing used in; and

(b)   

any prohibition of marketing any food or drink made under;

   

this section.

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4       

Requirement to encourage children to consume certain foods and drinks

(1)   

The FSA and the Appropriate Authority shall encourage children to consume

foods and drinks which in their opinion will further the purposes of this Act.

(2)   

The Appropriate Authority shall each year—

(a)   

in England lay before Parliament; and

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(b)   

in Wales publish

   

a Food Promotion Plan which will set out how it intends to further the

purposes of this Act.

(3)   

The Food Promotion Plan under subsection (2) shall set out—

(a)   

the Appropriate Authority’s objectives for furthering the purposes of

35

this Act; and

(b)   

the measures that the Appropriate Authority has taken or intends to

take to meet these objectives.

5       

Food education

(1)   

The Education Act 2002 (c. 32) is amended as follows.

40

(2)   

After subsection (3) (a) of section 84 (curriculum requirements for first, second

 

 

Children’s Food Bill

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and third key stages in England) insert—

“(aa)   

food,”

(3)   

After subsection (3) (a) of section 85 (curriculum requirements for fourth key

stage in England) insert—

“(aa)   

food,”

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(4)   

After subsection (3) (a) of section 105 (curriculum requirements for first,

second and third key stages in Wales) insert—

“(aa)   

food,”

(5)   

After subsection (3) (a) of section 106 (curriculum requirements for fourth key

stage in Wales) insert—

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“(aa)   

food,”

6       

Sale or provision of food and drink in school

(1)   

No person shall sell or give a child on school premises any food or drink which

which contains content which the FSA has found under section 2 is detrimental

to the health of children unless an exemption under subsection (3) below is

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applicable.

(2)   

The penalty for contravening subsection (1) shall be prescribed by regulations

made by the Secretary of State.

(3)   

Foods and drinks—

(a)   

brought to school by a child or by the parent or guardian of a child at

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the school, or

(b)   

which form part of a school meal,

are exempt from the provisions of subsection (1).

(4)   

The Appropriate Authority, having taken account of the work of the FSA

under section 2, shall by regulations prescribe that the overall composition of

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each school meal shall contain a food and drink content which will improve the

health of children and the manner in which this shall be achieved.

7       

Regulations

(1)   

Any power of the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales to

make regulations under this Act is exercisable by statutory instrument.

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(2)   

The Secretary of State may not make regulations under this Act unless a draft

of the regulations has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each

House of Parliament.

8       

Financial provision

There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament

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(a)   

any expenditure of the Secretary of State in consequence of this Act; and

(b)   

any increase attributable to this Act in the sums payable out of money so

provided by virtue of any other Act.

9       

Interpretation

In this Act—

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Children’s Food Bill

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“Appropriate Authority” means—

(a)   

in Wales, the National Assembly for Wales; and

(b)   

in England, the Secretary of State;

“child” means a person under the age of 16; and

“food” has the same meaning as in section 1 of the Food Safety Act 1990

5

(c. 16)

10      

Short title and extent

(1)   

This Act may be cited as the Children’s Food Act 2004.

(2)   

This Act extends to England and Wales.

 

 

 
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Revised 13 October 2004