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The Minister for Rural Affairs and Local Environmental Quality (Alun Michael): My colleagues and I frequently meet representatives of rural businesses and we discuss a range of issues. Any request to discuss the prompt payment of bills would be considered on its merits.
Mr. Bellingham : Is the Minister aware that according to the Forum of Private Business, 350 contractors who helped solve the foot and mouth crisis are still owed over £100 million? That is a staggering figure, and includes firms such as R. W. Pugh of Montgomeryshire, which is owed £500,000, and Luke Furse Earthmoving Ltd. of Devon, which did a superb job and is owed £1.2 million. Luke Furse is a family owned business that has spent £100,000 on legal fees and is being driven to despair. When will the Minister play fair? When will he try and rebuild his credibility with the rural community? When will he follow his own rules and guidelines on the payment of bills?
Alun Michael: That is a slightly hysterical way of asking the question. Opposition Members would be very critical of the Government were we to pay bills in relation to which there were serious questions. It is right for the Government to have all claims carefully examined. It is a big job, but according to the estimates that I have been given, the process has saved the public purseit is not the Government's money; it is the public's money, at the end of the dayabout £800 million. It is right that the figures should be scrutinised.
Mr. David Drew (Stroud) (Lab/Co-op): When my right hon. Friend meets rural businesses, will he take up with them the question of how banks impact on rural areas? We were pleased that banks were so positive in relation to farming businesses during the foot and mouth outbreak, but they do not seem to be quite as helpful in dealing with rural manufacturers.
Alun Michael: Manufacturing in rural areas is extremely important. More people are employed, per head, in manufacturing in rural areas than in urban areas, so issues relating to the services that they receive are important. As my hon. Friend suggests, we found a ready response from the banks to the problems facing organisations outside the farming industry as well as inside it, as a result of the impact of foot and mouth disease. If my hon. Friend has specific issues in mind, I shall be glad to discuss them with him.
Alun Michael: Where we know that a claim is legitimate, it is paid. Legal and other costs incurred as a result of queries on claims have to be set against the large sums of money that I am talking about. As we are talking about possible savings of about £800 million, I am sure that the hon. Gentleman will agree that we are right to scrutinise claims carefully where they appear not to be substantiated, where they are not submitted in a timely manner or where there is a lack of invoices. It obviously would not be right for me to comment on an individual case such as that referred to, but ensuring that money is paid out in a timely way only where that is justified is surely the right approach.
David Taylor (North-West Leicestershire) (Lab/Co-op): Pre-1997 life as a freelance accountant for small businesses in the rural east midlands now seems rather distant, but what would have been true then is true nowthat cash is king for many small businesses and lack of cash flow can tip them over the edge. Will the Minister acknowledge that, despite the huge achievements50 days down to 40 days in average payment time is greatthere remain other things that our Government can do? Will he approach, with the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, the chief executive of Companies House and get her to use existing Companies Act powers to require the publication of average invoice turnround times in annual reports? That would buttress Federation of Small Business league tables and help a great deal.
Alun Michael: I am not sure about my hon. Friend's specific proposal, but I am happy to consider that. The Department's payment terms are the payment of valid invoices for goods, services and works within 30 days of receipt and agreement. In the last three years, which includes the year in which foot and mouth had an immense impact, we have met that requirement in respect of more than 90 per cent. of invoices. Anything that can be done to assist small businesses is important and we shall be happy to consider that.
Mr. James Gray (North Wiltshire) (Con): The Minister says that in the last three years over 90 per cent. of payments have been made within 30 days. How then does he account for the letter, admittedly dated a year ago, from his noble Friend Lord Whitty, in which he says:
"Unfortunately, given the large number of suppliers of goods and services which the Department has contracted . . . this target has proved difficult to meet in the case of 9 out of . . . 12 invoices".
Alun Michael: The hon. Gentleman should distinguish between claims that are genuine, clear and not in dispute, for which I have given the figures for compliance with payment requirements, and those where there are questions. It is not surprising if companies that have put in a claim, and say that they have not been paid, do not refer to any disputes or disagreements with regard to the scrutiny that is necessary and that it is appropriate that we should undertake. As I have said, scrutiny of these claims has led to savings of the order of some £800 million. That is not a small sum.
The Minister for the Environment (Mr. Elliot Morley): Bayer CropScience withdrew the UK national list applications for five oilseed rape varieties in November 2003. This was published in the Plant Varieties and Seeds Gazette in December 2003. In 2003, a total of 56 UK national list applications for oilseed rape varieties were withdrawn by the applicants. Withdrawal of national list applications is voluntary and entirely a matter for the applicants concerned.
Joan Ruddock : May I suggest to my hon. Friend that the likely reason for the withdrawal is that the industry's claims for GM crops clearly cannot be sustained? Has he seen the latest American research, which has been publicised by the Soil Association and shows that, after initial reductions in the early years, there was a massive increase in the chemicals applied to the herbicide-resistant GM crops compared with the non-GM crops? In the case of maize, this amounted to a 29 per cent. increase. Maize is, of course, the only GM crop that achieved a slightly favourable result in the Government's farm-scale evaluations.
Mr. Morley: I have seen reports on the research to which my hon. Friend is referring. It is important that we analyse those reports in some detail, and I am sure that they will be scrutinised by our expert scientific committees in relation to our current evaluations and discussions on GM applications in this country. It is certainly the case that in the field-scale evaluations, the detrimental impact was linked to the chemical application regimes, not with the genetic modifications themselves, although they are linked to the chemical regimes. That is an important consideration. The Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment is currently making a detailed evaluation of the field-scale evaluations, and I am sure that it will take this research into account as well. We will receive its report in the near future.
Mr. Robert Key (Salisbury) (Con): Does the Minister agree that we must keep an open mind on GM foods, that our policy must be based on sound science, and that we would be doing a disservice to consumers, farmers and the environment if we were to base public policy on dodgy extrapolations from one or two examples or from one or two dodgy looking research papers?
Mr. Morley: The hon. Gentleman is absolutely right; we must base our decisions on sound science. Any research must be properly evaluated in detail, whether the conclusions are positive or negative, and we would expect to do that. No country has put in place such detailed examination and evaluation of GM as this country under this Government. That is entirely right and proper, because we must be guided by the facts and by sound scientific advice.