|Previous Section||Index||Home Page|
Mr. Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development for what reason five of the planned guidance notes on the programmes designed to tackle HIV/AIDS have not yet been published by his Department. 
Mr. Gareth Thomas:
A large amount of information and guidance on HIV and AIDS is produced by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), other international bodies, other donors and researchers. The task is to ensure our staff are guided by the best possible information which already exists. DFID has therefore been developing an extensive web portal that will enable us to bring together a comprehensive and up to date range of information, for the use of DFID teams globally. This will be available to all UK staff in DFID, FCO and other government
1 Sept 2004 : Column 735W
departments as well as our key partners in developing country governments and NGOs. It will be launched in August.
DFID has been working with experts to develop new internal guidance on a range of areas. The areas where there is the greatest neednotably treatment and careare also the most hotly debated issues among experts. In order to ensure a balanced response DFID has worked hard to articulate the most appropriate, evidence-based policy. Inevitably this has taken time and has been adapted as new initiatives evolve (such as the UNAIDS and WHO "3x5" target). DFID is therefore delighted that over the last few weeks the Department has published four new strategy and position papers: "Taking Action: The UK's Strategy for Tackling HIV and AIDS in the Developing World", "HIV and AIDS Treatment and Care Policy", "Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rightsa position paper", and "Increasing Access To Essential Medicines in the Developing World".
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development (1) what assessment his Department has made of the importance of natural resource governance in developing countries; when this assessment was last revised; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) what his Department's policy is on the promotion of issues of natural resource governance; when this policy was initially drawn up; when it was last revised; and if he will make a statement; 
(3) what assessment his Department has made of the relevance of natural resource governance to armed conflicts in (a) Africa and (b) South America; and if he will make a statement. 
Hilary Benn: The Department for International Development (DFID) recognises that many of the poorest countries and the poorest people are highly dependent on natural resources for economic development and livelihoods. However, powerful groups sometimes deny poor people such access and revenues from natural resourcesboth renewable and non-renewablehave often fuelled conflict, corruption and exacerbated poverty. How natural resources are governed can fundamentally affect the contribution they make towards poverty reduction and sustainable development.
The Prime Minister launched the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, September 2002. Its aim is to improve governance and accountability in countries with a high reliance on oil, gas and minerals by increasing transparency of payments by companies to governments, and transparency of revenues received by those governments. EITI is now being implemented in Nigeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana and the Kyrgyz Republic,
1 Sept 2004 : Column 736W
with discussions taking place on implementation in a number of other countries including several in Africa and South America.
DFID's assessment of the importance of natural resource governance in developing countries is carried out on a country-by-country basis, usually through poverty reduction strategies. DFID has supported work on natural resource governance in Cambodia, Cameroon, Ghana, Indonesia and a number of other countries through the Governance Learning Group.
support to regional forest law enforcement and governance (FLEG) processes in East Asia and Africa that help build awareness of governance problems, in particular illegal logging, and generate commitment to tackle them;
an active role within the EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) process. On 19 July the College of Commissioners adopted a package of proposals that includes a draft Regulation to control imports of illegally harvested timber into the single market;
support to Global Witness to analyse and publish trends concerning the governance of natural resource extractionin particular the forestry sectorin the Democratic Republic of Congo;
support to the Overseas Development Institute to examine governance and poverty impacts of the illegal timber trade in Central America, with the aim of catalysing institutional and policy change by building awareness, dialogue and 'coalitions for change' among political institutions, government agencies, donors and civil society; and
pathways for Environmental Action in Kenya (PEAK), a programme to enable local communities to better understand their rights and economic opportunities under new environment legislation.
On the question of natural resource governance and armed conflict, responsibilities fall across Whitehall. DFID, the Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence collaborate on African conflict issues through a joint strategy called the Africa Conflict Pool. This has considered a range of natural resource and conflict issues within its work drawing on academic literature, the work of groups such as Global Witness and the work of various United Nations bodies.
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if he will break down by recipient country aid given by the UK in each of the last 10 years (a) in total and (b) as a percentage of total expenditure. 
I have arranged for copies of a document entitled "Bilateral Aid by Country (Total Gross Public Expenditure)" to be placed in the Libraries of the House. This includes details of the aid given by the UK to each recipient country in each of the last 10 years up until 200203, the last full year for which we have final figures. It also provides details of the percentage of total bilateral UK aid for the relevant year.
1 Sept 2004 : Column 737W
The UK also provides contributions to multilateral organisations from both DFID and the Government as a whole. By definition, this expenditure cannot be broken down by country as the UK contribution is pooled with those of other donors.
Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what the overseas aid budget expressed at today's prices was in each of the last 25 years; and what the projected budget is as a result of the Spending Review. 
|Total DFID programmes|
As a result of Spending Review 2002 DFID's Resource Departmental Expenditure Limit rose from £3.596 billion in 200304 to £4.529 billion in 200506. This represented over 8 per cent. annual real growth for the Spending Review period.
Spending Review 2004 provided another excellent settlement which demonstrated the Government's continuing commitment to tackling global poverty and the United Nation's 0.7 per cent. oda/GNI target. DFID's Resource Departmental Expenditure Limit will rise to £5.028 billion in 200607 and £5.323 billion in 200708. This represents 9.2 annual average real growth for the period of the Spending Review.
Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much (a) monetary aid and (b) aid in kind his Department has (i) pledged and (ii) delivered to (A) the Philippines, (B) Romania and (C) Ukraine (1) in each financial year since 199798 and (2) in each month since January 2003; what new programmes his Department has (x) initiated and (y) funded in each country since January 2003; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr. Gareth Thomas: The following table shows what has been delivered to the Philippines, Romania and Ukraine in terms of aid in kind and monetary aid from 199798 to 200304 (latest figures). DFID does not keep monthly records of pledges or expenditures specifically in terms of aid-in-kind or monetary aid; DFID also does not keep records of how much has been pledged specifically in terms of aid in kind or monetary aid.
|Aid and trade provision||Grants and other aid-in-kind||Humanitarian assistance(20)||DFID debt relief 2|
|Social and Healthcare LinkagesTo assist local authorities in the equitable and sustainable delivery and development of social and health care services||200|
|Social Development Scheme FundTo support social development, build social capital and contribute to poverty alleviation in the communities most affected by mining industry restructuring||200|
|Social Development Strategy for Romanian Mining Regionsto support the "National Strategy for Mining Industry" through providing a social development strategy.||84|
|Social Mitigation Strengthening Cohesion and Lesson LearningTo enhance the capacity of the National Agency for Mining through strengthening cohesion and lesson learning within the mining sector Social Mitigation Project||76|
|Advisory support to the National Agency for Civil Servants (NACS)To improve the Government's management of its civil servants by assisting the agency to clarify its role and function||134|
|Assistance to National Agency for Civil ServantsHuman resource Planning, Establishment Control and Pay Bill Modellingto assist NACS gather and analyse the data required to formulate a Human Resource Plan, to determine the number and level of public positions and to formulate pay proposals for 2004.||30|
|Technical Assistance to the General Secretariat of the Government for building a coherent Policy Making and an Accountable Administrationto assist the Unit for Policy Planning and General Secretariat in the design of institutional procedures of policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation.||65|
|Public Admin Reform Strategy AdviserThe establishment of a strategic framework which clearly sets out Government public administration reform actions, and identifies the role of the EC, World Bank and other international organisations.||100|
|Support to the National Co-ordinator and Romanian Commission for Poverty Prevention and Social Inclusion (CASPIS)To strengthen understanding and strategic approach to poverty reduction, including support to the CASPIS Technical Secretariat, line ministries and at local level.||90|
|Adviser on Anti-Poverty Strategies to CASPISto enhance capacity within CASPIS to adopt a strategic approach to poverty reduction policies and to promote the implementation of poverty reduction plans.||95|
|Strategic Planning Support to the Romania Social Development Fund(RSDF) to develop the sustainable capacity to measurably contribute towards national and/or local poverty alleviation and social inclusion plans.||90|
|High Level Group for Romania Children Co-ordinatorTo promote child rights and protection and the prevention of child abuse and neglect using an holistic approach in the broader context of child health and development.||42|
|Democratising Ukraine Project||1.5|
|Lviv Economic and Social Development Project||1.46|
|Ukraine Trade Policy Project||0.99|
|World Bank Ukraine Social Investment Fund (DFID Technical Assistance Input)||0.3|
|World Bank Public Administration Reform Programme (DFID TA Input)||0.3|
|Support to Ministry of Education and Sciences (Part of UN global Fund to fight HIV/AIDS in Ukraine)||0.035|
|HIV/AIDS Small Project Support||0.025|
|Next Section||Index||Home Page|