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1 Sept 2004 : Column 734W—continued


Mr. Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development for what reason five of the planned guidance notes on the programmes designed to tackle HIV/AIDS have not yet been published by his Department. [185549]

Mr. Gareth Thomas: A large amount of information and guidance on HIV and AIDS is produced by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), other international bodies, other donors and researchers. The task is to ensure our staff are guided by the best possible information which already exists. DFID has therefore been developing an extensive web portal that will enable us to bring together a comprehensive and up to date range of information, for the use of DFID teams globally. This will be available to all UK staff in DFID, FCO and other government
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departments as well as our key partners in developing country governments and NGOs. It will be launched in August.

DFID has been working with experts to develop new internal guidance on a range of areas. The areas where there is the greatest need—notably treatment and care—are also the most hotly debated issues among experts. In order to ensure a balanced response DFID has worked hard to articulate the most appropriate, evidence-based policy. Inevitably this has taken time and has been adapted as new initiatives evolve (such as the UNAIDS and WHO "3x5" target). DFID is therefore delighted that over the last few weeks the Department has published four new strategy and position papers: "Taking Action: The UK's Strategy for Tackling HIV and AIDS in the Developing World", "HIV and AIDS Treatment and Care Policy", "Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights—a position paper", and "Increasing Access To Essential Medicines in the Developing World".

Natural Resource Governance

Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development (1) what assessment his Department has made of the importance of natural resource governance in developing countries; when this assessment was last revised; and if he will make a statement; [186229]

(2) what his Department's policy is on the promotion of issues of natural resource governance; when this policy was initially drawn up; when it was last revised; and if he will make a statement; [186230]

(3) what assessment his Department has made of the relevance of natural resource governance to armed conflicts in (a) Africa and (b) South America; and if he will make a statement. [186232]

Hilary Benn: The Department for International Development (DFID) recognises that many of the poorest countries and the poorest people are highly dependent on natural resources for economic development and livelihoods. However, powerful groups sometimes deny poor people such access and revenues from natural resources—both renewable and non-renewable—have often fuelled conflict, corruption and exacerbated poverty. How natural resources are governed can fundamentally affect the contribution they make towards poverty reduction and sustainable development.

The Prime Minister launched the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, September 2002. Its aim is to improve governance and accountability in countries with a high reliance on oil, gas and minerals by increasing transparency of payments by companies to governments, and transparency of revenues received by those governments. EITI is now being implemented in Nigeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana and the Kyrgyz Republic,
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with discussions taking place on implementation in a number of other countries including several in Africa and South America.

DFID's assessment of the importance of natural resource governance in developing countries is carried out on a country-by-country basis, usually through poverty reduction strategies. DFID has supported work on natural resource governance in Cambodia, Cameroon, Ghana, Indonesia and a number of other countries through the Governance Learning Group.

Some recent examples of governance programmes supported by DFID in the renewable natural resource sector include:

On the question of natural resource governance and armed conflict, responsibilities fall across Whitehall. DFID, the Foreign Office and Ministry of Defence collaborate on African conflict issues through a joint strategy called the Africa Conflict Pool. This has considered a range of natural resource and conflict issues within its work drawing on academic literature, the work of groups such as Global Witness and the work of various United Nations bodies.

Overseas Aid

Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development if he will break down by recipient country aid given by the UK in each of the last 10 years (a) in total and (b) as a percentage of total expenditure. [186133]

Hilary Benn: I have arranged for copies of a document entitled "Bilateral Aid by Country (Total Gross Public Expenditure)" to be placed in the Libraries of the House. This includes details of the aid given by the UK to each recipient country in each of the last 10 years up until 2002–03, the last full year for which we have final figures. It also provides details of the percentage of total bilateral UK aid for the relevant year.
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The UK also provides contributions to multilateral organisations from both DFID and the Government as a whole. By definition, this expenditure cannot be broken down by country as the UK contribution is pooled with those of other donors.

Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what the overseas aid budget expressed at today's prices was in each of the last 25 years; and what the projected budget is as a result of the Spending Review. [186135]

Hilary Benn: Expenditure on DFID programmes for the years 1978–79 to 2002–03, expressed in constant 2002–03 prices, is set out in the following table:
£ million (constant 2002–03 prices)

Total DFID programmes

DFID's annual statistical report Statistics on International Development 1998–99 to 2002–03.

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As a result of Spending Review 2002 DFID's Resource Departmental Expenditure Limit rose from £3.596 billion in 2003–04 to £4.529 billion in 2005–06. This represented over 8 per cent. annual real growth for the Spending Review period.

Spending Review 2004 provided another excellent settlement which demonstrated the Government's continuing commitment to tackling global poverty and the United Nation's 0.7 per cent. oda/GNI target. DFID's Resource Departmental Expenditure Limit will rise to £5.028 billion in 2006–07 and £5.323 billion in 2007–08. This represents 9.2 annual average real growth for the period of the Spending Review.

Angus Robertson: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much (a) monetary aid and (b) aid in kind his Department has (i) pledged and (ii) delivered to (A) the Philippines, (B) Romania and (C) Ukraine (1) in each financial year since 1997–98 and (2) in each month since January 2003; what new programmes his Department has (x) initiated and (y) funded in each country since January 2003; and if he will make a statement. [185716]

Mr. Gareth Thomas: The following table shows what has been delivered to the Philippines, Romania and Ukraine in terms of aid in kind and monetary aid from 1997–98 to 2003–04 (latest figures). DFID does not keep monthly records of pledges or expenditures specifically in terms of aid-in-kind or monetary aid; DFID also does not keep records of how much has been pledged specifically in terms of aid in kind or monetary aid.
Bilateral aid by country

Monetary aidTechnical
Aid and trade provisionGrants and other aid-in-kindHumanitarian assistance(20)DFID debt relief 2

(20) Humanitarian assistance comprises food aid and other humanitarian assistance.
(21) This comprises both interest and principal foregone under Retrospective Terms Adjustment. Amounts reported are repayments which would have fallen.
(22) 2001–02 is a unique year in that total DFID expenditure is understated by around £140 million due to move to resource accounting. See glossary for details.
(23) The figures for 2003–04 are provisional.

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Since 2003 DFID has committed a further £111,647 to support civil society organisations in the Philippines.

The following are new programmes initiated and funded in Romania since January 2003; all are extensions of existing activities in Romania.
Social and Healthcare Linkages—To assist local authorities in the equitable and sustainable delivery and development of social and health care services200
Social Development Scheme Fund—To support social development, build social capital and contribute to poverty alleviation in the communities most affected by mining industry restructuring200
Social Development Strategy for Romanian Mining Regions—to support the "National Strategy for Mining Industry" through providing a social development strategy.84
Social Mitigation Strengthening Cohesion and Lesson Learning—To enhance the capacity of the National Agency for Mining through strengthening cohesion and lesson learning within the mining sector Social Mitigation Project76
Advisory support to the National Agency for Civil Servants (NACS)—To improve the Government's management of its civil servants by assisting the agency to clarify its role and function134
Assistance to National Agency for Civil Servants—Human resource Planning, Establishment Control and Pay Bill Modelling—to assist NACS gather and analyse the data required to formulate a Human Resource Plan, to determine the number and level of public positions and to formulate pay proposals for 2004.30
Technical Assistance to the General Secretariat of the Government for building a coherent Policy Making and an Accountable Administration—to assist the Unit for Policy Planning and General Secretariat in the design of institutional procedures of policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation.65
Public Admin Reform Strategy Adviser—The establishment of a strategic framework which clearly sets out Government public administration reform actions, and identifies the role of the EC, World Bank and other international organisations.100
Support to the National Co-ordinator and Romanian Commission for Poverty Prevention and Social Inclusion (CASPIS)—To strengthen understanding and strategic approach to poverty reduction, including support to the CASPIS Technical Secretariat, line ministries and at local level.90
Adviser on Anti-Poverty Strategies to CASPIS—to enhance capacity within CASPIS to adopt a strategic approach to poverty reduction policies and to promote the implementation of poverty reduction plans.95
Strategic Planning Support to the Romania Social Development Fund—(RSDF) to develop the sustainable capacity to measurably contribute towards national and/or local poverty alleviation and social inclusion plans.90
High Level Group for Romania Children Co-ordinator—To promote child rights and protection and the prevention of child abuse and neglect using an holistic approach in the broader context of child health and development.42

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The following are new programmes initiated and funded in Ukraine since January 2003.
£ million
Democratising Ukraine Project1.5
Lviv Economic and Social Development Project1.46
Ukraine Trade Policy Project0.99
World Bank Ukraine Social Investment Fund (DFID Technical Assistance Input)0.3
World Bank Public Administration Reform Programme (DFID TA Input)0.3
Support to Ministry of Education and Sciences (Part of UN global Fund to fight HIV/AIDS in Ukraine)0.035
HIV/AIDS Small Project Support0.025

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