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Mr. Greg Knight: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what estimate he has made of the cost of converting the toll system on the Humber Bridge so that tolls can be mainly collected automatically without the need for employing attendants. 
Mr. Jamieson: The Secretary of State has made no such estimate. The Humber Bridge is not part of the trunk road network and is, therefore, not the direct responsibility of the Secretary of State. The financing and operation of the Bridge is primarily a matter for the board of local authorities who manage the bridge, the Humber Bridge Board.
Mr. Greg Knight: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what the cost was of employing persons to collect toll money on the Humber Bridge in each of the past four years for which figures are available. 
Mr. Jamieson: The Department for Transport does not hold such information centrally. The Humber Bridge is not part of the trunk road network and is, therefore, not the direct responsibility of the Secretary of State. The financing and operation of the bridge is primarily a matter for the Humber Bridge Board.
Mr. MacShane: Yes it will be. Our overriding presidency priority will be to take forward the EU policy agenda in an efficient, effective and impartial way, with a strong emphasis on the agenda we inherit from preceding presidencies.
16. Mr. Gordon Prentice: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the impact on relations between the UK and North Korea of establishing diplomatic missions in the capitals of each country. 
The establishment of embassies in London and Pyongyang has provided an effective and regular channel of communication between our
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respective governments. This, together with my own visit to Pyongyang last month, has enabled us to make clear our views on issues of international concern, such as North Korea's nuclear programmes and human rights record. We will continue to encourage the North Koreans to engage fully on these issues.
Mr. Rammell: The Government assesses that North Korea has sufficient fissile material for a small number of nuclear weapons, and the technical capability to produce them. North Korea has also confirmed that it has completed the reprocessing of some 8,000 spent fuel rods, something about which we, and the international community, are very concerned.
Mr. Rammell: The UK provided four UK nationals to the OSCE Election Support Team, plus funding of £140,000. We contributed £50,000 to the "Free and Fair Elections Foundation of Afghanistan", which fielded some (1,700) local Afghan monitors; and £25,000 to the "Asia Network for Free Elections" to monitor voting by Afghan refugees in Iran. British embassy staff observed in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran.
Women's rights have improved dramatically since the fall of the Taliban, with access to education, healthcare and employment opportunities that would have been unthinkable under the Taliban regime. Just under 2 million girls have returned to school and one-third of Afghanistan's 70,000 teachers are now women. Women's rights are protected by the new constitution, which also reserves a proportion of seats in Parliament for women candidates. Women have registered in large numbers to vote for the upcoming elections: over 40 per cent. of the 10.5 million Afghans registered.
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Despite these improvements many challenges still remain. Women suffer disproportionately from violence in Afghan society. Women's ability to exercise their rights also remains heavily constrained in some areas, particularly rural areas in the south and south-east. The UK is committed to working with the Afghan Government and their international partners to improve women's ability to exercise their rights. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the Department for International Development have agreed a comprehensive Gender Strategy for 200405, a copy of which is available in the Library of the House.
However, Ministers take every opportunity to meet with councillors from St. Helena when they visit the UK, during which we discuss a whole range of issues. My most recent meeting with councillors was last month in the margins of the Overseas Territories Consultative Council.
We remain very concerned about the situation in Darfur. Despite some progress on the humanitarian side, ceasefire violations by rebel and government forces continue. My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister discussed these issues last week with the Sudanese President, who agreed to a five-point action plan. The Sudanese will be judged not by their words, but by their actions over the coming weeks.
Ann Clwyd: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs pursuant to his Answer of 14 September 2004, Official Report, columns 155152W, what evidence the Government would need in order to determine that the atrocities carried out in Darfur constituted genocide; and if he will set out the direct consequences of defining a situation as genocide. 
As called for in Security Council Resolution 1564, the Secretary-General has established an International Commission of Inquiry to determine whether or not acts of genocide have occurred and to identify the perpetrators. He has asked the Commission to report within three months. Article II of the 1948 Genocide Convention defines genocide as the "intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group". Under this convention, the State Parties undertake to prevent and to punish the crime of genocide.
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