Causing death or serious injury by negligent driving|
Mr Paul Stinchcombe
Mr Liam Bryne
To move the following Clause:
'(1) The Road Traffic Act 1988 (c. 52) is amended as follows.
After section 2A (Meaning of dangerous driving) insert
(2) The Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (c. 53) is amended as follows.
In Part 1 of Schedule 2 to the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (c. 53) (prosecution and punishment of offences: offences under the Traffic Acts), after the entry relating to section 2 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 insert a new entry
|"RTA section 2B||Causing death or serious injury by negligent driving||On indictment||10 years or a fine or both||Discretionary||Obligatory||3-11".|
Racial and religious hatred (No. 3)
Dr Evan Harris
Mr David Heath
To move the following Clause:
'An offence under Part 3 of the Public Order Act 1986 (c. 64) (racial hatred offences) may be committed where the intention is to stir up racial hatred even though the words used refer to a religious group.'.
Animal research: intention to cause economic loss
Dr Evan Harris
Mr David Heath
To move the following Clause
'(1) A person commits an offence if, by acting in accordance with subsection (3) and with the necessary intent
|(a) ||he induces one connected person|
|(i) ||to breach a contract between that connected person and another connected person, or|
|(ii) ||to terminate a contract between that connected person and another connected person (whether or not the termination constitutes a breach of the contract), or|
|(b) ||he persuades one connected person|
|(i) ||not to enter into a contract with another connected person, or|
(2) No person shall be guilty of an offence under this section
|(ii) ||not to have commercial dealings (of whatever nature) with another connected person.|
|(a) ||by virtue of his doing anything in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute,|
|(b) ||if he is exercising any power conferred on him by any enactment,|
(3) A person acts in accordance with this subsection if he carries out or threatens any unlawful activity against a connected person (whether or not that person is one of the connected persons mentioned in subsection (1)).
|(c) ||if he is acting for the purposes of making a protected disclosure falling within Part IVA of the Employment Rights Act 1996 (protected disclosures).|
(4) In subsection (1), the necessary intent is the intent to
|(a) ||prevent, stop or hinder an animal research facility operator or a person who is not, but may become, an animal research facility operator doing something which he is entitled to do, or|
(5) A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable
|(b) ||persuade an animal research facility operator or a person who is not, but may become, an animal research facility operator to do something which he is not under any obligation to do.|
|(a) ||on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both,|
(6) In this section
|(b) ||on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to a fine, or to both.|
"animal research facility operator" means a person under whose direction or control the following are carried out
|(a) ||regulated procedures for the purposes of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 (c. 14) ("the 1986 Act"), as described in section 2 of that Act, or|
|(b) ||the breeding of protected animals under the authority of a certificate under section 7 of the 1986 Act;|
|(c) ||animal research facility operators,|
|(d) ||holders of licences under section 4 or 5 of the 1986 Act (personal licences and project licences), persons specified under section 6(5) or 7(5) of the 1986 Act (scientific procedure establishments and breeding and supplying establishments),|
|(e) ||suppliers of goods or services to persons falling within paragraphs (a) to (c) or (f) to (k) of this subsection,|
|(f) ||suppliers of goods or services to persons falling within paragraph (d) above,|
|(g) ||customers of an animal research facility operator,|
|(h) ||shareholders in an animal research facility operator (if the operator is a company),|
|(i) ||subsidiaries of an animal research facility operator,|
|(j) ||companies of which an animal research facility operator is a subsidiary,|
|(k) ||trade organisations representing animal research facility operators,|
|(l) ||trade unions whose members include employees of any person mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (i) above,|
|(m) ||employees of any person mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (i) above,|
|(n) ||where the person mentioned in paragraph (a) to (i) above is a company, its directors,|
|(o) ||where the person mentioned in paragraph (a) to (f) above is a partnership firm its partners, and|
|(p) ||individuals normally residing with any individual falling within paragraph (a) to (g) or (l) to (n) above;|
(7) The Secretary of State may by order
| ||"trade dispute" has the same meaning as in Part IV of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992,|
|(a) ||add a description of person to the list of connected persons in subsection (6),|
|(b) ||remove a description of person from that list,|
|(c) ||amend the list in some other way.'.|
Racial and religious hatred: procedure
Dr Evan Harris
Mr David Heath
To move the following Clause:
'Section 27 of the Public Order Act 1986 (c. 64) (procedure and punishment) is amended after subsection (1) by inserting
"(1A) Before consenting to the institution of proceedings under this Part the Attorney General shall consider whether, having regard to all of the circumstances of the alleged offence, such proceedings are likely to be consistent with the Human Rights Act 1998, Sechedule 1, in particular the rights and freedoms set out under Articles 9 and 10, and the prohibition of abuse of rights under Article 17.
(1B) In particular he shall consider whether the act or acts of the proposed defendant gave rise to incitement to racial or religious hatred so as to be likely to imperil the safety of persons of a particular race, religion or belief as set out in sections 17 and 17A.
(1C) In reaching his decision the Attorney General shall take into acount such circumstances as he considers to be relevant to the proper balance between the rights contained in the Articles referred to in subsection (1A), including the way in which any speech or other means of expression is conveyed, the content of such expression, and the occasion on which it occurred.
(1D) The Attorney General shall each year publish details of each and every request for a prosecution for racial or religious hatred, showing the racial or religious groups involved, whether a decision was made to prosecute, and the outcome of any such prosecution.".'.
Racially or religiously aggravated public order offences
Dr Evan Harris
Mr David Heath
*To move the following Clause:
'Section 31 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c. 37) (racially or religiously aggravated public order offences) is amended after subsection (7) by inserting
|"(7A) ||No proceedings for an offence under this section may be initiated in England and Wales except by or with the consent of the Attorney General.".'.|
NEW SCHEDULE RELATING TO PARTS 4 AND 5
To move the following Schedule:
'PARENTAL COMPENSATION ORDERS
|1 || ||The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c.37) is amended as provided in paragraphs 2 to 5.|
|2 || ||After section 13 insert|
"13A Parental compensation orders
(1) Subject to subsection (2) below, a magistrates' court may make an order under this section (a "parental compensation order") if on the application of a local authority it is satisfied, on the civil standard of proof
|(a) ||that the condition mentioned in subsection (3) below is fulfilled with respect to a child under the age of 10; and|
(2) A court shall not make a parental compensation order unless it has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for implementing such orders are available in the area in which it appears that the child resides or will reside and the notice has not been withdrawn.
|(b) ||that it would be desirable to make the order in the interests of preventing a repetition of the behaviour in question.|
(3) The condition is that the child has taken, or caused loss of or damage to, property in the course of
|(a) ||committing an act which, if he had been aged 10 or over, would have constituted an offence; or|
(4) A parental compensation order is an order which requires any person specified in the order who is a parent or guardian of the child (other than a local authority) to pay compensation of an amount specified in the order to any person or persons specified in the order who is, or are, affected by the taking of the property or its loss or damage.
|(b) ||acting in a manner that caused or was likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to one or more persons not of the same household as himself.|
(5) The amount of compensation specified may not exceed £5,000 in all.
(6) The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (5) above so as to substitute a different amount.
(7) For the purposes of collection and enforcement, a parental compensation order is to be treated as if it were a sum adjudged to be paid on the conviction by the magistrates' court which made the order of the person or persons specified in the order as liable to pay the compensation.
(8) In this section and section 13B and 13C, "local authority" has the same meaning as in the 1989 Act.
13B Parental compensation orders: the compensation
(1) When specifying the amount of compensation for the purposes of section 13A(4) above, the magistrates' court shall take into account
|(a) ||the value of the property taken or damaged, or whose loss was caused, by the child;|
|(b) ||any further loss which flowed from the taking of or damage to the property, or from its loss;|
|(c) ||whether the child, or any parent or guardian of his, has already paid any compensation for the property (and if so, how much);|
|(d) ||whether the child, or any parent or guardian of his, has already made any reparation (and if so, what it consisted of);|
|(e) ||the means of those to be specified in the order as liable to pay the compensation, so far as the court can ascertain them;|
(2) If property taken is recovered before compensation is ordered to be paid in respect of it
|(f) ||whether there was any lack of care on the part of the person affected by the taking of the property or its loss or damage which made it easier for the child to take or damage the property or to cause its loss.|
|(a) ||the court shall not order any such compensation to be payable in respect of it if it is not damaged;|
(3) The court shall specify in the order how and by when the compensation is to be paid (for example, it may specify that the compensation is to be paid by instalments, and specify the date by which each instalment must be paid).
|(b) ||if it is damaged, the damage shall be treated for the purposes of making a parental compensation order as having been caused by the child, regardless of how it was caused and who caused it.|
(4) For the purpose of ascertaining the means of the parent or guardian, the court may, before specifying the amount of compensation, order him to provide the court, within such period as it may specify in the order, such a statement of his financial circumstances as the court may require.
(5) A person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with an order under subsection (4) is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.
(6) If, in providing a statement of his financial circumstances pursuant to an order under subsection (4), a person
|(a) ||makes a statement which he knows to be false in a material particular;|
|(b) ||recklessly provides a statement which is false in a material particular; or|
|(c) ||knowingly fails to disclose any material fact,|
he is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.
(7) Proceedings in respect of an offence under subsection (6) may, despite anything in section 127(1) of the 1980 Act (limitation of time), be commenced at any time within two years from the date of the commission of the offence or within six months of its first discovery by the local authority, whichever period expires earlier.
13C Parental compensation orders: supplemental
(1) Before deciding whether or not to make a parental compensation order in favour of any person, the magistrates' court shall take into account the views of that person about whether a parental compensation order should be made in his favour.
(2) Before making a parental compensation order, the magistrates' court shall obtain and consider information about the child's family circumstances and the likely effect of the order on those circumstances.
(3) Before making a parental compensation order, a magistrates' court shall explain to the parent or guardian of the child in ordinary language
|(a) ||the effect of the order and of the requirements proposed to be included in it;|
|(b) ||the consequences which may follow (under subsection (4)(b) below) as a result of failure to comply with any of those requirements;|
(4) A magistrates' court which has made a parental compensation order may make an order under subsection (5) below if while the order is in force
|(c) ||that the court has power (under subsection (4)(a) below) to review the order on the application either of the parent or guardian or of the local authority.|
|(a) ||it appears to the court, on the application of the local authority, or the parent or guardian subject to the order, that it is appropriate to make an order under subsection (5); or|
(5) An order under this subsection is an order discharging the parental compensation order or varying it
|(b) ||it is proved to the satisfaction of the court, on the application of the local authority, that the parent or guardian subject to it has failed to comply with any requirement included in the order.|
|(a) ||by cancelling any provision included in it; or|
(6) Where an application under subsection (4)(a) above for the discharge of a parental compensation order is dismissed, no further application for its discharge shall be made under that subsection by any person except with the consent of the court which made the order.
|(b) ||by inserting in it (either in addition to or in substitution for any of its provisions) any provision that could have been included in the order if the court had then had power to make it and were exercising the power.|
(7) References in this section to the magistrates' court which made a parental compensation order include any magistrates' court acting in the same local justice area as that court.
13D Parental compensation orders: appeal
(1) If a magistrates' court makes a parental compensation order, the parent or guardian may appeal against the making of the order, or against the amount of compensation specified in the order.
(2) The appeal lies to the Crown Court.
(3) On the appeal the Crown Court
|(a) ||may make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to its determination of the appeal;|
(4) Any order of the Crown Court made on an appeal under this section (other than one directing that an application be re-heard by a magistrates' court) shall, for the purposes of section 13C above, be treated as if it were an order of the magistrates' court from which the appeal was brought and not an order of the Crown Court.
|(b) ||may also make such incidental or consequential orders as appear to it to be just.|
(5) A person in whose favour a parental compensation order is made shall not be entitled to receive any compensation under it until (disregarding any power of a court to grant leave to appeal out of time) there is no further possibility of an appeal on which the order could be varied or set aside.
13E Effect of parental compensation order on subsequent award of damages in civil proceedings
(1) This section has effect where
|(a) ||a parental compensation order has been made in favour of any person in respect of any taking or loss of property or damage to it; and|
(2) The damages in the civil proceedings shall be assessed without regard to the parental compensation order, but the claimant may recover only an amount equal to the aggregate of the following
|(b) ||a claim by him in civil proceedings for damages in respect of the taking, loss or damage is then to be determined.|
|(a) ||any amount by which they exceed the compensation; and|
(3) The claimant may not enforce the judgment, so far as it relates to such a sum as is mentioned in subsection (2)(b), without the permission of the court."
|(b) ||a sum equal to any portion of the compensation which he fails to recover.|
|3 ||(1) ||Section 8 (parenting orders) is amended as follows.|
|(2) ||In subsection (1), after paragraph (a) insert|
|"(aa) ||a parental compensation order is made in relation to a child's behaviour;".|
|(3) ||In subsection (6)(a)|
(a) after "paragraph (a)" insert ", (aa)",
(b) after "child safety order," insert "parental compensation order,".
|4 || ||In section 18 (interpretation of Chapter 1), in subsection (1), after the definition of "local child curfew scheme" insert|
""parental compensation order" has the meaning given by section 13A(1) above;".
|5 || ||In section 114 (orders and regulations), in subsection (3), after "section" insert "13A(6),".|
|6 || ||The amendments made by paragraph 2 of this Schedule do not apply in relation to any conduct which occurred before the coming into force of that paragraph.'.|