House of Commons - Explanatory Note
Education Bill [HL] - continued          House of Commons

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COMPATIBILITY WITH THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

273.     There are only four provisions in the Bill which the Department considers engage the European Convention on Human Rights: supply of information for the administration of the education maintenance allowance; supply of information for the administration of free school lunches and milk; supply of information about the school workforce; the disposal of land by foundation schools. These provisions are covered by clauses 107 to 114 of the Bill.

274.     The Department considers that while the creation of a database (clause 114) and the sharing of information (clauses 108 to 112) may constitute an interference with Article 8 rights (the right to respect for private and family life), the interference is proportionate and justified under Article 8.2.

275.     The Department also considers that while Article 1 of Protocol 1 (protection of property) is potentially engaged by the provisions regarding the disposal of land by foundation schools (clause 107), this interference can be justified as being in the public interest and in accordance with the law.

276.     Section 19 of the Human Rights Act 1998 requires the Minister in charge of a Bill in either House of Parliament to make a statement about the compatibility of the provisions of the Bill with the Convention rights (as defined by section 1 of that Act). This statement has to be made before second reading. Ruth Kelly, Secretary of State for Education and Skills has made the following statement:

     "In my view the provisions of the Education Bill [HL] are compatible with the Convention rights"

COMMENCEMENT

277.     It is proposed that the following clauses should come into force on Royal Assent: clauses 62 and 63 concerning the power of the Assembly to change the inspection framework in Wales and the interpretation of Part 1; clauses 75(5) and 78(3) concerning definitions relating to the training of the school workforce; clauses 96, 97 and 100 concerning references to training, institutions of a denominational character, institutions in Wales and the interpretation of Part 3; and clauses 119 to 122, and 124 to 128 which are general provisions.

278.     It is proposed that the following clauses should come into force two months after Royal Assent: clause 102, on the requirement for local education authorities in England to set annual targets; clause 107 and Schedule 17 on restrictions on disposal of land; clauses 108 to 112 on the sharing of information for the administration of education maintenance allowances and free school lunches; and clauses 113 and 114 on the supply of information about the school workforce.

279.     Most of the provisions of Part 3 will come into force on 1 September 2005 or, if the Bill is passed after 1 July 2005, two months after the date on which it is passed.

280.     All other provisions in the Bill will come into force on dates appointed by the Secretary of State or, where specified, by the Assembly by commencement order.

ANNEX A - TERRITORIAL APPLICATION

     Part/Chapter     Clause number     Title     Application of clause
     Part 1: School inspections and other inspections by school inspectors
     Chapter 1 - School inspectors and school inspections: England
     1     Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Schools in England     England Only
           2     Functions of Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools in England      England Only
           3     Annual and other reports to Secretary of State      England Only
           4     Powers of entry etc. for purposes of clause 2      England Only
           5     Duty to inspect certain schools at prescribed intervals      England Only
           6     Duty to notify parents of clause 5 inspection      England Only
          7     Duty to have regard to views of certain persons     England Only
           8     Inspection at discretion of Chief Inspector      England Only
           9     Power of Chief Inspector to treat other inspection as clause 5 inspection      England Only
           10     Power of entry etc. for purposes of inspection under clause 5 or 8      England Only
           11     Publication of inspection reports      England Only
           12     Interpretation of Chapter 1     England Only
     Chapter 2 - Procedure for Inspections under Chapter 1      13     Duties of Chief Inspector where school causes or has caused concern     England Only
           14     Destination of reports: maintained schools      England Only
           15     Measures to be taken by local education authority      England Only
           16     Destination of reports: non-maintained schools      England Only
           17     Statement to be prepared by proprietor of school      England Only
           18     Interpretation of Chapter 2      England Only
     Chapter 3 - School Inspectors and School Inspections: Wales     19     Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education and Training in Wales      Wales only
           20     Functions of Chief Inspector     Wales Only
           21     Annual and other reports to Assembly      Wales Only
           22     Power of Assembly to establish advisory panel      Wales Only
           23     Powers of entry etc. of Chief Inspector      Wales Only
           24     Power of Chief Inspector to arrange for inspections     Wales Only
           25     Registration of Inspectors in Wales     Wales Only
           26     Removal from register and imposition or variation of conditions     Wales Only
           27     Appeals in relation to registration     Wales Only
           28     Duty to arrange regular inspections of certain schools      Wales Only
           29     Publication of inspection reports      Wales Only
           30     Payment of fees into Consolidated Fund     Wales Only
           31     Interpretation of Chapter 3      Wales Only
     Chapter 4 - Procedure for Inspections under Chapter 3     32     Inspections by members of the Inspectorate     Wales Only
           33     Duty to report on clause 28 inspections      Wales Only
           34     Clause 28 inspections by registered inspectors      Wales Only
           35     Reports of inspections by members of the Inspectorate      Wales Only
           36     Timing of clause 28 inspections by registered Inspectors      Wales Only
           37     Duty to notify where inspection shows maintained school causing concern      Wales Only
           38     Destination of reports: maintained schools     Wales Only
           39     Statement to be prepared by appropriate authority for school     Wales Only
           40     Statement to be prepared by local education authority      Wales Only
           41     Destination of reports: non-maintained schools     Wales Only
           42     Statement to be prepared by proprietor of school     Wales Only
           43     Interpretation of Chapter 4      Wales Only
     Chapter 5 - Schools causing concern     44     Categories of schools causing concern     England and Wales
           45     Cases where Secretary of State or Assembly may direct closure of school      England and Wales
           46     Sixth forms requiring significant improvement      England and Wales
     Chapter 6 - Other Inspections: England and Wales     47     Meaning of "denominational education"      England and Wales
           48     Inspection of religious education: England      England Only
           49     Procedure for inspections under clause 48      England only
           50     Inspection of religious education: Wales      Wales only
           51     Power of LEA to inspect maintained school for specific purpose      England and Wales
           52     Provision of inspection services by LEAs in Wales     Wales Only
           53     Inspection of child minding, day care and nursery education      England and Wales
           54     Inspection of independent schools      England and Wales
           55     Inspection of careers services in Wales      Wales only
           56     Inspection of services related to careers services in Wales      Wales only
           57     Inspections under clauses 55 and 56     Wales only
     Chapter 7 - Supplementary     58     Inspection of computer records      England and Wales
           59     Combined reports      England and Wales
           60     Repeal of School Inspections Act 1996      England and Wales
           61     Further amendments relating to school inspection      England and Wales
           62     Power of Assembly to change inspection framework for Wales      Wales only
           63     Interpretation of Part 1     England and Wales
     Part 2: School organisation     64     Proposals not requiring consent of Secretary of State      England and Wales
           65     Publication of proposals with consent of Secretary of State      England only
           66     Proposals for new secondary schools in England      England only
           67     Rationalisation of school places in England      England only
           68     Proposals for establishment of federated school      England and Wales
           69     LEA not to establish school on opposite site of Welsh border      England and Wales
          70     Closure of rural primary schools     England and Wales
           71     School organisation: Further amendments      England and Wales
          72     Closure of special schools: statutory consultation     England and Wales
           73     Interpretation of Part 2      England and Wales
     Part 3: Training the school workforce     74     The Training and Development Agency for Schools      England and Wales
           75     Functions of Agency      England and Wales
           76     Powers of Agency in relation to Wales      England and Wales
           77     Membership etc. of Agency      England and Wales
           78     Powers of Agency to provide financial support      England and Wales
           79     Forms of financial support under clause 77     England and Wales
           80     Provisions supplementary to clauses 76 and 78      England and Wales
           81     Grants to agency by Secretary of State      England only
           82     Grants to Agency by Assembly      Wales only
           83     Non-funding functions of Agency      England and Wales
           84     Directions by Secretary of State and Assembly      England and Wales
           85     Qualifying activities and eligible institutions in relation to HEFCW funding      Wales only
           86     Grants, loans and other payments by HEFCW      Wales only
           87     Provisions supplementary to clause 85      Wales only
           88     Grants to HEFCW      Wales only
           89     Power of HEFCW to carry out or commission research      Wales only
           90     Supplementary and ancillary functions of HEFCW      Wales only
           91     Directions by Assembly      Wales only
           92     Joint exercise of functions      England and Wales
           93     Efficiency studies      England and Wales
           94     Duty to provide information      England and Wales
           95     Power of maintained schools to provide training for the school workforce     England and Wales
           96     Interpretation of references to training      England and Wales
           97     Institutions of a denominational character      England and Wales
           98     Further amendments relating to Part 3      England and Wales
           99     Transitional provisions and savings relating to Part 3      England and Wales
           100     Interpretation of Part 3      England and Wales
     Part 4: Miscellaneous     101     Funding of maintained schools     England and Wales
           102     LEA targets: England      England only
           103     Removal of requirements for governors' reports and parents' meetings      England and Wales
           104     School profiles      England only
           105     Provision and funding of higher education in maintained schools      England and Wales
          106     Admission arrangements to make special provision for looked-after children     England and Wales
           107     Restrictions on disposal of land      England and Wales
           108     Supply of information: education maintenance allowances      United Kingdom
           109     Unauthorised disclosure of information received under clause 108      United Kingdom
           110     Supply of information: Free school lunches etc      England and Wales
           111     Unauthorised disclosure of information received under clause 110      England and Wales
           112     Power to provide that function of determining eligibility remains with LEA      England and Wales
           113     Information about the school workforce: introductory     England and Wales
           114     Supply of information about school workforce      England and Wales
           115     Power of governing body to make alternative provision for excluded pupils      England and Wales
           116     Failure of parent to secure regular attendance of child at alternative provision      England and Wales
           117     Further amendments relating to Part 4      England and Wales
           118     Meaning of "the 2002 Act" in Part 4      England and Wales
     Part 5: General     119     Functions to be exercisable by National Assembly for Wales      Wales only
           120     Subordinate legislation: general provisions      England and Wales
           121     Parliamentary control of subordinate legislation      England and Wales
           122     General Interpretation      England and Wales
           123     Repeals      England and Wales
           124     Power to make further supplementary and consequential provision etc.      England and Wales
           125     Commencement      England and Wales
           126     The appropriate authority by whom commencement order is made      England and Wales
           127     Extent     England and Wales
           128     Short title, etc.     England and Wales
Schedules     Schedule number     Title     Application of Schedule
          1     Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools in England      England only
           2     Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education and Training in Wales      Wales Only
           3     Registration of Inspectors in Wales: tribunals hearing appeals under clause 27      Wales Only
           4     School Inspections in Wales under clause 28      Wales Only
           5     Sixth forms requiring significant improvement      England and Wales
           6     Inspections of denominational education in Wales      Wales only
           7     Inspection of child minding, day care and nursery education      England and Wales
           8     Inspection of independent schools     England and Wales
           9     Further amendments relating to school inspection      England and Wales
           10     Proposals under clause 66 for establishment of secondary schools: supplementary      England and Wales
           11     Rationalisation of school places in England      England only
           12     School organisation: Further amendments      England and Wales
           13     The Training and Development Agency for Schools      England and Wales
           14     Amendments relating to the training of the school workforce      England and Wales
           15     Transitional provisions and savings relating to Part 3      England and Wales
           16     Funding of maintained schools      England and Wales
           17     Foundation, voluntary and foundation special schools: disposal of land     England and Wales
           18     Further amendments related to Part 4      England and Wales
           19     Repeals      England and Wales
 
 
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Prepared: 7 March 2005