Contents of penalty notice
state the alleged offence, and
give such particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute it as
are necessary for giving reasonable information about it.
A penalty notice must also state—
the name and address of the enforcement authority on whose behalf
the authorised officer was acting when he gave the notice,
the amount of the penalty and the period for its payment,
the discounted amount and the period for its payment,
the consequences of not paying the penalty or the discounted
amount before the end of the period mentioned in paragraph (b) or
the person to whom and the address at which payment may be
by what method payment may be made,
the person to whom and the address at which any representations
relating to the notice may be made.
The person mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(e) and (g) must be the
enforcement authority referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a).
A penalty notice must also—
inform the person to whom it is given of his right to be tried for the
explain how that right may be exercised.
A penalty notice must be in a form specified in regulations made by the
appropriate national authority.
Amount of penalty and period for payment
The penalty is such amount as the Secretary of State may specify in
The period for payment of the penalty is the period of 29 days beginning
with the day on which the notice is given.
Discounted amount and period for payment
A discounted amount is payable instead of the amount specified in
regulations under paragraph 5 if payment is made before the end of the
period for payment of the discounted amount.
That period is the period of 15 days beginning with the day on which the
notice is given, unless the 15th day is not a working day.
If the 15th day is not a working day, that period is the period beginning with
the day on which the notice is given and ending immediately after the first
working day following the 15th day.
In this paragraph, “working day” means any day which is not Saturday,
Sunday, Christmas Day, Good Friday or a day which is a bank holiday in
England and Wales under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971
The discounted amount is such amount as the Secretary of State may specify
Effect of notice and payment
Proceedings for the offence in respect of which a penalty notice was given
may not be brought before the end of the period for payment of the penalty.
Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the person to whom the notice was
given has asked in accordance with paragraphs 14 and 15 to be tried for the
If the penalty is paid in accordance with the penalty notice before the end of
the period mentioned in paragraph 9(1), no proceedings for the offence may
be brought, and paragraph 14 does not apply.
If the discounted amount is paid in accordance with the penalty notice
before the end of the period for payment of the discounted amount, no
proceedings for the offence may be brought, and paragraph 14 does not
If proceedings have been brought pursuant to a request under paragraph 14,
but then the penalty or discounted amount is paid as mentioned in
paragraph 10 or 11, those proceedings may not be continued.
In any proceedings, a certificate is evidence of the facts which it states if it—
purports to be signed by or on behalf of the person responsible for
the financial affairs of the enforcement authority on whose behalf the
authorised officer who gave a penalty notice was acting, and
states that payment of the penalty or discounted amount in
pursuance of the notice was or was not received by a date specified
If the person to whom a penalty notice has been given asks to be tried for the
alleged offence, proceedings may be brought against him.
Any request to be tried must be made—
by notice given to the enforcement authority in question before the
end of the period for payment of the penalty,
in the manner specified in the penalty notice.
This paragraph applies if an enforcement authority considers that a penalty
notice which an authorised officer acting on its behalf has given to a person
(“P”) ought not to have been given.
The enforcement authority may give notice to P withdrawing the penalty
it must repay any amount which has been paid by way of penalty in
pursuance of the penalty notice, and
no proceedings may be brought or continued against P for the
“authorised officer” means authorised officer of an enforcement
“premises” includes any place and any vehicle.
An authorised officer has the right to do any of the following, on production
(if required) of his written authority—
at any reasonable hour, enter any premises (other than premises
used only as a private dwelling house not open to the public) which
he considers it is necessary for him to enter for the purpose of the
proper exercise of his functions by virtue of Part 1 of this Act,
there carry out such inspections and examinations as he considers
necessary for that purpose,
if he considers it necessary for that purpose, require the production
of any substance or product, and inspect it, and take and retain
samples of or extracts from it,
take possession of any substance or product on the premises, and
retain it for as long as he considers necessary for that purpose,
require any person to give him such information, or afford him such
facilities and assistance, as he considers necessary for that purpose.
An authorised officer may, if he considers it necessary for the purpose of the
proper exercise of his functions by virtue of Part 1 of this Act, arrange for any
substance, product, sample or extract mentioned in paragraph 2(c) or (d) to
An authorised officer may make such purchases and secure the provision of
such services as he considers necessary for the purpose of the proper
exercise of his functions by virtue of Part 1 of this Act.
A person may not be required under paragraph 2 to give any information
which he would be entitled to refuse to give in proceedings in the High
Court on grounds of legal professional privilege.
A justice of the peace may exercise the power in sub-paragraph (3) if he is
satisfied on sworn information in writing—
that for the purpose of the proper exercise of the functions of an
enforcement authority under Part 1 of this Act there are reasonable
grounds for entry into any premises other than premises used only
as a private dwelling house not open to the public, and
of either or both of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (2).
that admission to the premises has been, or is likely to be, refused,
and that notice of intention to apply for a warrant under this
Schedule has been given to the occupier or a person who reasonably
appears to the enforcement authority to be concerned in the
management of the premises,
that an application for admission, or the giving of such notice, would
defeat the object of the entry, or that the premises are unoccupied, or
that the occupier is temporarily absent and it might defeat the object
of the entry to await his return.
The justice may by warrant signed by him authorise any authorised officer
to enter the premises, if need be by force.
Such a warrant continues in force until the end of the period of one month
beginning with the date on which the justice signs it.
An authorised officer entering any premises by virtue of paragraph 2, or of
a warrant under paragraph 6, may take with him such other persons and
such equipment as he considers necessary.
If premises which an authorised officer is authorised to enter by a warrant
under paragraph 6 are unoccupied, or if the occupier is temporarily absent,
then on leaving them that officer must leave the premises as effectively
secured against unauthorised entry as he found them.
If by virtue of paragraph 2(d) an authorised officer takes possession of
anything, he must leave on the premises from which it was taken a statement
giving particulars of what he has taken and stating that he has taken
If a direction of the appropriate national authority has effect under section
10(4), this Schedule has effect, in relation to any case or case of a description
specified in the direction, as if references to an authorised officer were to a
person acting on behalf of the appropriate national authority.